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Full text of "Memorial of the celebration of the Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh, Pa., April 11, 12, 13, 1907 : comprising a complete description of the exercises connected with the eleventh celebration of Founder's Day of the Carnegie Institute and opening of the enlarged Carnegie Library Building, containing the library, museum, music hall, and art galleries, founded by Andrew Carnegie"

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l^atbatb  College  library 

Coattlilcujl  V 






APRIL  11, 12, 13 











APRIL  11, 12, 13 












^c)a<A  ^IflDO"! 

•  v.-.- 

"^  FEB  1S1908" 

('   ' 

ft       f- 


Copyright,  1907,  by 

The  Board  of  Trustees  of 
The  Carnegie  Institute 


W.  N.  Frew,  President 

S.  H.  Giurch,  Secretary 

Albert  J.  Barr 

Edward  M.  Bigelow 

John  A  Brashear 

William  Brand 

Hon.  Joseph  BufRngton 

John  Caldwell 

S.  H.  Church 

George  H.  Clapp 

Hon.  Josiah  Cohen 

W.  N.  Frew 

Hon.  George  W.  Guthrie 

Durbin  Home 

James  F.  Hudson 

Jdm  B.  Jackson 

S.  C.  Jamison 

Rev.  A  A  Lambing 

William  McConway 

George  A  Macbeth 

Robert  Pitcaim,  Vice  President 
James  H.  Reed,  treasurer 

Hon.  James  R.  Macf  arlane 

P.  A  Manion 

Andrew  W.  Mellon 

C.  C.  Mellor 

William  Metcalf ,  Jr. 

Dr.  M.  E.  O'Brien 

George  T.  Oliver 

Robert  Pitcaim 

Hon.  Henry  K.  Porter 

Hon.  James  H.  Reed 

W.  L.  Scaife 

Hon.  John  D.  Shafer 

Charles  L.  Taylor 

A  Bryan  Wall 

J.  C.  Wasson 

Dr.  E.  R.  Walters 

John  Werner 

Joseph  R.  Woodwell 

Anderson  H.  Hopkins,  Ph.B. 

Li^aridM  Cantggii  Lihrary 

John  W.  Beatty,  AM.  W.  J.  Holland,  LL.D. 

Diriet$r  $f  Fiat  Arts  Dincfr  $f  tbi  MMstum 

A.  A.  Hamerschlag,  Sc.D. 

Dirict9r  Carmgii  Technical  ScKhIs 


George  H.  Wilson 


Charles  R.  Cimningham 


FoRBWoiU) 3 


Address  of  Mayor  Guthrie 32 

The  Procession 37 


Scripture  Lesson Doctor  John  Rhfs  47 

Invocation Rev.  Doctor  E.  S.  Roberts  49 

Letter  from  Presideat  Roosevelt 52 

Address  :  Andrew  Carnegie 54 

The  Popular  Significance  of  the  Carnboie  In- 
stitute      72 

His  Excellency,  Theodor  von  Moellcr 

Address  by  M.  Paul  Doumer 77 



Thb  Organization  of  Peace 78 

Baron  D'Estoumelles  de  Constant 

A  Review  of  the  Work 89 

Samuel  Harden  Church 

Announcement  of  Awards 96 

W.  N.  Frew 


Program  of  Concert 100 


Reading  of  Letters  of  Congratulation 102 


Address  :  International  Cooperation  in  Zoology  .     .     267 

P.  Chalmers  Mitchell 

French  Sculpture  of  the  Middle  Ages     .     .     .     279 

Camille  Enlart 

Dunfermline's  Son       290 

James  Currie  Macbeth 

TheRelationshipof Pittsburgh andDunfermline    296 

Dr.  John  Ross 

TheConnection  BETWEEN  Science  andEngineering  303 
Sir  William  Henry  Preece,  K.C.B.,  F.R.S. 

DevelopmentofArchitecturalStyleinGermany    315 

E.  von  Ihne 

•  •  • 




Thb  Solution  of  a  Great  Scientific  Difficulty    327 

Sir  Robert  S.  Ball 

The  German  Military  Constitution     ....     335 

His  Bbccellency  Lieutenant-Gcneral  Alfred 
von  Loewenfeld 

The  Mission  of  an  Art  Museum 344 

L^once  Benedite 

The  Next  Step  Toward  International  Peace    .     351 

William  T.  Stead 

The  Dunfermline  Trust 364 

William  Robertson 


The  Banquet 

Remarks  of  S.  H.  Church 371 

Telegram  from  John  D.  Rockefeller 372 

Response  from  Andrew  Carnegie 373 

Remarks  of  W.  N.  Frew 373 

Hon.  James  H.  Reed 374 

Andrew  Camegie 379 

Baron  Edmondo  Mayor  des  Planches      .     •     .  387 

General  von  Loewenfeld 391 

Sir  Robert  Cranston 394 

"Maarten  Maartens" 397 

Poem  :  The  Scottish  Guests  to  Andrew  Camegie   .     .    401 

William  Archer 





Presentation  of  Gifts  from  the  German  Emperor  .     408 
Remarks  of  Chancellor  Samuel  Black  McCormick    412 

Conferring  of  Honorary  Degrees 415 

Appendix  A 425 

Gifts  of  His  Imperial  Majesty  the  German  Emperor 
to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

Appendix  B 447 

Thanks  to  the  Gemian  Emperor 

Appendix  C 449 

Some  Jewels  Set  Together 

Index 453 


The  Main  Building Frontispieee 

Portrait  of  Andrew  Carnegie fadng  page 

Foyer  of  Auditorium 

Souvenir  badge  worn  at  Dedication  .     .     . 

Hall  of  Music 

Grand  Stairway,  east  entrance 

Gallery  of  Vertebrate  Paleontology    .     .     . 

Camc^e  Technical  Schools  (uncompleted)  . 

Maigaret  Morrison  Carnegie  School  for 

Children's  Departoient  in  the  Library 
Grallery  of  Painting 

Porch  of  Sl  Gilles,  Hall  of  Architecture      . 

Repradnad  ftom  the  Chorch  of  St.  OiDa,  it  Gnd,  Fnocc 

Pittsbu^  Orchestra — Emil  Paur,  Director 





A  Machine-shop  in  the  Technical  Schools     .    facing  page     lOO 

Hall  of  Bronzes "              150 

Kitchen— Margaret  Morrison  Carnegie 

School  for  Women "             208 

Reference  Room  in  the  Library     ....  "             256 

The  Reference  Library  of  the  Museum    .     .  "             268 

Hall  of  Sculpture "             280 

Illuminated  Address  from  the  City  of  Dim- 
f  ermline  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute  .......  "              294 

Engine  Room "             304 

Hall  of  Architecture "             314 

Gallery  of  Birds "             336 

Hall  of  Architecture "             344 

Gallery  of  Ethnology "             350 

Gallery  of  Mammals ''             364 

Banquet  in  honor  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Andrew 

Carnegie "             372 

Hotel  Schcfiley,  Friday  ETening,  April  12,  1907 

Gifts  presented  by  His  Majesty,  William  II, 

German  Elmperor "             408 

Restoration  of  Diplodocus  Camegiei  ''             410 

PreUmiiMrily  moanted  for  pmentation  to  the  German  Emperor 
and  the  President  of  the  French  Republic 

•  • 







APRIL  11,  12,  13 



>    t 

>  > 

>>  -^  ^ 




pHE  beautiful  building  standing  at  the  en- 
^  trance  of  Schenley  Park,  which  was  dedi- 
i  cated  to  a  larger  public  service  on  April 
/  1 1,  12,  and  13,  1907,  is  not  only  a  gift,  as 
^  the  epigraph  on  the  building  declares,  to 
"The  People  of  Pittsburgh";  it  is,  indeed,  a  gift  to 
America  and  the  world;  and  the  extraordinary  atten- 
tion which  the  inaugural  ceremonies  have  attracted  is 
the  best  evidence  that  in  the  world's  opinion  it  is  the 
creation  of  institutions  like  this  which  gives  real  eleva- 
tion and  dignity  to  any  people. 

The  original  purpose  of  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie  was 
to  found  a  great  library  for  the  use  of  the  community  in 
which  his  business  triumphs  had  been  won.  Provision 
was  made  for  a  board  of  trustees,  eighteen  in  number, 
nine  of  whom  were  chosen  by  Mr.  Carnegie  with  the 
power  to  elect  their  successors,  the  other  nine  being  the 
official  representatives  of  the  city  of  Pittsburgh.  In 
1890  Mr.  Carnegie  gave  to  this  Board  one  million  dol- 


lars  for  the  erection  of  a  central  building,  with  branch 
library  buildings;  and  from  time  to  time  he  has  made 
large  additions  to  that  simi.  The  Board  proceeded  to 
the  erection  of  the  central  building,  which  was  com- 
pleted and  first  dedicated  on  November  5,  1895.  After- 
ward branch  library  buildings  were  put  up,  until  now 
six  of  them  have  been  opened.  These  agencies,  with 
others,  such  as  schools,  deposit  stations,  call  stations, 
home  libraries,  reading  clubs,  and  the  like,  make  a  total 
of  one  hundred  and  seventy  centers  of  activity  in  li- 
brary work  which  have  been  established,  all  of  which 
are  maintained  in  their  current  operations  by  the  city 
of  Pittsburgh. 

On  the  night  of  the  dedication  of  the  Library,  nearly 
twelve  years  ago,  when  no  other  thought  than  the  read- 
ing of  books  had  come  into  the  minds  of  his  auditors, 
Mr.  Carnegie  announced  that  he  had  determined  to  in- 
augurate in  association  with  the  Library  a  Department 
of  Fine  Arts,  and  a  Museum,  which  should  find  their 
permanent  home  within  the  same  building;  and  he 
provided  a  fund  of  one  million  dollars  for  their  sup- 
port.  In  his  speech  at  that  time  Mr.  Carnegie  said : 

The  taste  for  reading  is  one  of  the  most  precious 
possessions  of  life.  I  would  much  rather  be  instru- 
mental in  bringing  to  the  working  man  or  woman  this 
taste  than  mere  dollars.  When  this  Library  is  sup- 
ported by  the  community,  as  Pittsburgh  is  wisely  to 
support  her  Library,  all  taint  of  charity  is  dispelled. 
Every  citizen  of  Pittsburgh,  even  the  very  humblest, 
now  walks  into  this,  his  own  Library ;  for  the  poorest 



laborer  contributes  his  mite  indirectly  to  its  support. 
The  man  who  enters  a  library  is  in  the  best  society 
this  world  affords;  the  good  and  the  great  welcome 
him,  surround  him,  and  humbly  ask  to  be  allowed  to 
become  his  servants ;  and  if  he  himself,  from  his  own 
earnings,  contributes  to  its  support,  he  is  more  of  a 
man  than  before.  .  .  . 

The  newspaper  of  my  native  town  recently  pub- 
lished a  history  of  the  free  library  in  Dunfermline, 
and  it  is  there  recorded  that  the  first  books  gathered 
together  and  opened  to  the  public  were  the  small  col- 
lections of  three  weavers.  Imagine  the  feelings  with 
which  I  read  that  one  of  these  three  was  my  honored 
father.  He  founded  the  first  library  in  Dunfermline, 
his  native  town,  and  his  son  was  privileged  to  found 
the  last.  Another  privilege  is  his — to  build  a  li- 
brary for  the  people,  here  in  the  community  in  which 
he  has  been  so  greatly  blessed  with  material  success. 
I  have  never  heard  of  a  lineage  for  which  I  would 
exchange  that  of  the  library-founding  weaver. 

We  now  come  to  another  branch,  the  Art  Grallery 
and  Museum,  which  the  city  is  not  to  maintain. 
These  are  to  be  regarded  as  wise  extravagances,  for 
which  public  revenues  should  not  be  given,  not  as 
necessaries.  These  are  such  gifts  as  a  citizen  may 
bestow  upon  a  community  and  endow,  so  that  it  will 
cost  the  city  nothing.  .  .  . 

There  remains  to  notice  this  Hall  [the  Hall  of 
Music]  in  which  we  are  assembled.  You  know  from 
the  public  press  what  has  already  been  arranged,  and 
what  the  masses  of  the  people  are  to  obtain  here. 
That  this  Hall  can  be  and  will  be  so  managed  as  to 
prove  a  most  potent  means  for  refined  entertain- 
ments, and  instruction  for  the  people  and  the  devel- 



opment  of  the  musical  taste  of  Pittsburgh,  I  enter- 
tain not  the  slightest  doubt,  and  Goethe's  saying 
should  be  recalled,  that  "Straight  roads  lead  from 
music  to  everything  good/' 

For  the  administration  of  these  new  departments 
which  he  had  described  as  "wise  extravagances"  Mr. 
Carnegie  named  a  Board  consisting  of  eighteen  citizens 
of  Pittsburgh,  and  added  to  this  number  all  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Library, 
making  a  strong  and  resourceful  organization  of  thirty- 
six  representative  men,  who,  after  first  choosing  for 
their  designation  in  1896  the  title  of  "The  Board  of 
Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Fine  Arts  and  Museum  Col- 
lection Fund,"  later  on,  in  1898,  exchanged  this  cum- 
bersome name  for  that  of  "The  Board  of  Trustees  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute."  In  1903  Mr.  Carnegie  pro- 
vided additional  funds  and  placed  them  in  the  hands 
of  this  larger  Board  for  the  erection,  maintenance,  and 
control  of  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools.  Subse- 
quently, he  gave  it  special  funds  for  the  operation  of 
the  Hall  of  Music  and  for  the  maintenance  of  a  Train- 
ing School  for  Children's  Librarians. 

It  was  not  long  before  the  capacity  of  the  original 
building  was  overtaxed  by  the  rapid  growth  of  its  col- 
lections, and  as  soon  as  this  situation  was  made  known 
to  him,  Mr.  Carnegie  gave  his  trustees,  in  addition  to 
the  $1,120,000  for  the  first  building,  $5,000,000  for  its 
enlargement,  and  $2,500,000  for  the  Technical  School 
buildings,  besides  $9,000,000  as  an  endowment  fund 



for  the  Carnegie  Institute,  and  about  $5CX),CXX)  for 
branch  libraries,  making  a  total  expenditure  on  his 
part,  at  the  moment  of  the  second  dedication,  not 
counting  special  sums  for  exploration  and  for  objects 
purchased  for  the  Art  Gallery  and  the  Museum,  of 


The  whole  institution  embraces  the  main  Library 
and  its  branches,  under  control  of  the  Board  of  Trus- 
tees of  the  Carnegie  Library  and  maintained  by  the  city 
of  Pittsburgh,  and  the  Department  of  Fine  Arts,  the 
Department  of  the  Museum,  the  Hall  of  Music,  the 
Training  School  for  Children's  Librarians,  and,  in  sepa- 
rate buildings,  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools,  under 
the  control  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  In- 
stitute, and  maintained  by  Mr.  Carnegie's  endowments. 
The  original  building  was  enlarged  expressly  in  order 
that  these  departments  might  have  room  together  for 
their  unrestricted  growth,  and,  by  Mr.  Carnegie's  direc- 
tion, perpetual  assignment  has  been  given  to  them 
within  the  new  structure,  a  fair  share  of  the  cost  of 
maintenance  and  operation  being  paid  by  the  Trustees 
of  the  Carnegie  Institute  out  of  the  endowment  income. 
The  institution  comprises,  therefore,  a  noble  and  har- 
monious group  of  creations,  each  one  of  which  seems  to 
be  the  natural  associate  and  supplement  of  all  the 
others,  housed  (excepting  the  Technical  Schools,  which 
are  in  adjacent  halls) ,  in  the  building  that  now  stands 
among  the  world's  great  pieces  of  architecture,  and  all 
administered  by  the  two  Boards  of  Trustees  with  a 
single  purpose  of  public  usefulness.  This  splendid  gift 



with  all  its  stimulating  influences  seems  sure  to  ex- 
ercise a  cumulative  force  on  the  mind  of  the  community, 
lifting  the  people  up  above  the  material  drudgery  of  our 
industrial  life,  here  a  little  and  there  a  little,  and  each 
year  more  and  more,  until  the  inspirations  which  flow 
from  it  will  touch  the  remotest  corners  of  our  social  body. 

With  this  benefaction  in  their  hands,  Mr.  Carnegie's 
trustees  felt  that  the  opportunity  for  doing  useful  work 
was  not  confined  to  their  own  conununity,  but  that  the 
influence  of  these  institutions  of  literature,  science,  art, 
education,  and  music  would  be  world-wide;  and  they 
determined  to  signalize  the  opening  of  the  enlarged 
building  by  a  conunemoration  which  should  possess  in- 
ternational interest  and  value. 

From  the  moment  of  the  first  inauguration  it  had 
been  the  annual  custom  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute  (embracing  the  Board  of  Trustees 
of  the  Carnegie  Library)  to  celebrate  as  Founder's  Day 
the  first  Thursday  in  November,  and  already  ten  such 
observances  had  occurred.  The  character  of  the  men 
participating  in  these  annual  Founder's  Day  functions, 
including  two  who  had  occupied  the  office  of  President 
of  the  United  States,  and  other  speakers  almost  equally 
renowned,  had  made  the  Founder's  Day  celebration 
one  of  the  most  notable  platform  occasions  occurring  in 
America.  It  would  be  difficult  indeed  to  surpass  the 
standard  already  attained  in  these  past  years. 

But  through  the  active  cooperation  of  the  entire 
membership  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute  a  celebration  was  planned  which  was  in- 



tended  to  be  entirely  worthy  of  so  important  an  occa- 
sion; and  when  the  invitations  were  ready  they  were 
sent  to  those  men  and  women  who  have  won  the  most 
distinction  in  performing  their  share  of  work,  repre- 
senting substantial  achievements  in  science,  art,  litera- 
ture, and  statesmanship  throughout  the  world.  Partic- 
ular care  was  taken  to  include  those  men  who  had 
performed  signal  service  in  promoting  the  principles 
of  peace  by  arbitration  as  against  the  brutal  arbitra- 
ments of  war. 

The  celebration  fell  at  a  time  when  parliaments  and 
universities  were  in  session,  when  journalists  feared 
to  leave  their  papers,  when  painters  were  executing 
important  conmiissions,  when  affairs  were  holding 
other  people  at  their  work.  In  some  cases  age  placed 
its  barriers  before  the  feet  of  those  who  longed  to  come, 
and,  again,  death  overtook  more  than  one  of  those  who 
had  accepted.  Yet  the  roll  of  those  who  did  attend  is 
representative  of  the  best  thought  and  action  of  our 
present  civilization.  The  list  for  America  included 
nearly  all  of  her  distinguished  men  and  women  in 
every  rank  and  profession,  but  only  the  names  of  those 
who  were  present  are  given  here.  A  complete  list  of 
the  guests  invited  from  outside  the  United  States  is 
given,  and  those  who  attended  from  foreign  countries 
are  marked  with  an  asterisk : 


Mr.  Frank  E.  Alden,  Architect  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  and 

Mr.  Alfred  B.  Harlow,  Architect  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

and  Library 


w  -., 



Mr.  William  S.  Aldrich,  Director  Thomas  S.  Clarkson 
Memorial  School  of  Technology 

Mr.  John  W.  Alexander,  Painter 

Dr.  F.  W.  Atkinson,  President  Brooklyn  Polytechnic 

Mr.  Herman  Balz,  Special  Correspondent  "Cologne  Grazette" 

Hon.  Richard  Bartholdt,  Member  of  Congress 

Hon.  James  A.  Beaver,  Elx-Govemor  and  Justice  of  the  Su- 
perior Court  of  Pennsylvania 

Dr.  Hill  McClelland  Bell,  Vice-Chancellor  Drake  University 

Mr.  James  Bertram  r^ ; 

Dr.  John  S.  Billings,  Director  New  York  Public  Library 

Dr.  Elmer  Ellsworth  Brown,  Commissioner  United  States 
Bureau  of  Exlucation 

Dr.  H.  C.  Bumpus,  Director  American  Museum  of  Natural  -[^^ 


Mr.  George  W.  Cable,  Author 

Dr.  W.  W.  Campbell,  Director  Lick  Observatory  -fj 

Mr.  T.  Morris  Carnegie,  Treasurer  Carnegie  Foundation  for  *i::S 

the  Advancement  of  Teaching  E  G- 

Mr.  John  H.  Chapin,  Art  Editor  "Scribner's  Magazine"  ^^jfj 

Rear-Admiral  Colby  M.  Chester,  United  States  Navy  ^;,^ 

Sir  Caspar  Purdon  Clarke,  Director  Metropolitan  Museum  >[)f: 

of  Art 

Dr.  Edwin  B.  Craighead,  President  Tulane  University  of 

Dr.  William  H.  Crawford,  President  Allegheny  College 

Prof.  William  Morris  Davis,  Professor  of  Geology,  Har- 
vard University  ^'i"^* 

Dr.  George  H.  Denny,  President  Washington  and  Lee  :& .  ^ 

University  ^  ""^  J 

Mr.  J.  S.  Dickerson,  Editor  "The  Standard"  ^^^ 

Dr.  Henry  S.  Drinker,  President  Lehigh  University  ^   ft 

Brigadier-General  William  P.  Duvall,  United  States  Army  j>^^ 

Prof.  David  Emmert,  Jimiata  College  vn  "'^J 

Dr.  Edwm  A.  Engler,  President  Worcester  Polytechnic  In-  , ,  "^^< 

StltUtC  s  "^'^ 





Prof.  Thomas  C.  Evans,  Dean  Medical  Faculty,  University 
of  Kentucky 

Mr.  C.  Norman  Fay 

Dr.  John  H.  Finley,  President  College  of  the  City  of  New 

Mr.  William  Henry  Fox,  Director  John  Herron  Art 

Mr.  Robert  A.  Franks 

Mr.  W.  M.  R.  French,  Director  Art  Institute  of  Chicago 

Dr.  H.  B.  Frissell,  President  Hampton  Noraial  and  Agri- 
cultural Institute 

Mr.  J.  H.  Gcst,  Director  Cincinnati  Museum  Association 

Mr.  Richard  Watson  Gilder,  Editor  "Century  Magazine" 

Mr.  Benjamin  Ives  Gilman,  Director  Boston  Museum  of 
Fine  Arts 

Prof.  Frederick  A.  Goetze,  Columbia  University,  New  York 

Dr.  William  H.  Goodyear,  Art  Director  Brookljm  Institute 

of  Arts  and  Sciences 

Mr.  A.  H.  Griffith,  Director  Detroit  Museum  of  Art 

Dr.  Arthur  T.  Hadley,  President  Yale  University 

Dr.  G.  Stanley  Hall,  President  Clark  University 

Dr.  Richard  D.  Harlan,  President  Lake  Forest  University 

Dr.  I.  Minis  Hays,  Secretary  American  Philosophical  Society 

Miss  Helen  W.  Henderson,  Special  Correspondent  "Phila- 
delphia Inquirer** 

Mr.  John  G.  Heywood,  Director  Worcester  Art  Museum 

Mr.  Arthur  Hoeber,  Art  Critic  and  Painter;  Special  Corre- 
spondent "Boston  Transcript** 

Dr.  L.  E.  Holden,  President  University  of  Wooster 

Mr.  Joseph  A.  Holmes,  United  States  Geological  Survey 

Mr.  Franklin  W.  Hooper,  Director  Brooklyn  Institute  of 
Arts  and  Sciences 

Dr.  W.  T.  Homaday,  Director  New  York  Zoological  Park 

Mr.  Henry  Hombostel,  Architect  Carnegie  Technical  Schools 

Dr.  Charles  Sumner  Howe,  President  Case  School  of  Applied 

Dr.  E.  J.  James,  President  University  of  Illinois 




Mr.  Charles  Sears  Kates 

Dr.  I.  C.  Ketler,  President  Grove  City  College 

Mr.  Alexander  King 

Dr.  Henry  C.  King,  President  Oberlin  College 

Mr.  Theodore  W.  Koch,  Librarian  University  of  Michigan 

Mr.  Henry  E.  Krehbeil,  Musical  Critic  "New  York  Tribune" 

Mr.  Charles  M.  Kurtz,  Director  Buffalo  Academy  of  Fine 

Dr.  Henry  Lefavour,  President  Simmons  College 

Mr.  F.  A.  Lucas,  Chief  Curator  Brookljm  Institute  of  Arts 
and  Sciences 

Dr.  Flavel  S.  Luther,  President  Trinity  College 

Mr.  Hamilton  Wright  Mabie,  Editor  "The  Outlook*' 

Mr.  S.  S.  McClure,  Editor  "McClure's  Magazine" 

Dr.  Thomas  McClelland,  President  Knox  College 

Dr.  S.  B.  McCormick,  Chancellor  Western  University  of  '^- 

Pennsylvania  .^i 

Dr.  Henry  M.  MacCracken,  Chancellor  New  York  Uni-  ::t 

versity  <^ 

Dr.  George  Grant  McCurdy,  Professor  Ethnology,  Yale  ':  ^^ 

University  c^j 

Dr.  W  J  McGce,  Director  St.  Louis  Public  Museum  ^.^ 

Dr.  F.  W.  McNair,  President  Michigan  College  of  Mines  i!«S 

Mr.  Gari  Melchers,  Painter  *           '--^^ 

Mr.  Daniel  Merriman,  President  Worcester  Art  Museum  '-^l 

Mrs.  Annie  Nathan  Meyer,  Special  Correspondent 
"Harper's  Weekly*' 

Dr.  James  D.  Moffat,  President  Washington  and  Jefferson  '  T^t 

College  >>f 

Mr.  Thomas  L.  Montgomery,  State  Librarian  of  Pennsyl-  ^^^ 

vania  ^ 

Mr.  Harrison  S.  Morris,  Editor  "Lippincott's  Magazine"  ^5)7 

Mr.  F.  W.  Morton,  Editor  "Brush  and  Pencil"  ^i- 

Dr.  Charles  W.  Needham,  President  George  Washington  jf^ 

Mr.  George  C.  Palmer,  Architect  Carnegie  Technical  Schools  L ' 

Dr.  Samuel  Plantz,  President  Lawrence  University 




50.  ? 


Mr.  Edward  Porrit,  American  Correspondent  "Glasgow 

Mr.  Frederick  B.  Pratt,  Secretary  Pratt  Institute 

Mr.  David  C.  Pieyer,  Editor  "The  Collector*' 

Dr.  Henry  S.  Pritchett,  President  Massachusetts  Institute  of 

Mr.  Edward  W.  Redfield,  Painter 

Dr.  George  Exlward  Reed,  President  Dickinson  College 

Dr.  Ira  Remsen,  President  Johns  Hopkins  University 

Mr.  Joseph  G.  Rosengarten,  President  Philadelphia  Free 

Dr.  Nathan  C.  Schaeffer,  Superintendent  of  Public 
Instruction,  Pennsylvania 

Mr.  J.  G.  Schmidlapp,  Financier  and  Philanthropist 

Dr.  Jacob  G.  Schurman,  President  Cornell  University 

Mr.  Charles  M.  Schwab,  Manufacturer  and  Philanthropist 

Dr.  S.  F.  Scovel,  late  President  Wooster  University 

Dr.  Samuel  Sheldon,  President  American  Institute  of  Elec- 
trical En^neers 
Dr.  W.  F.  Shxnrni,  President  Colorado  College 

Dr.  Charles  Sprague  Smith,  Managing  Director  People's 
Institute,  New  York 

Mr.  Charles  Stewart  Smith,  late  President  New  York  Cham- 
ber of  Commerce 

Mr.  William  R.  &nith.  Superintendent  National  Botanic 
Gardens,  Washington 

Dr.  Winthn^  E.  Stone,  President  Purdue  University 

Mr.  J.  F.  Thomas 

Prof.  Dwinel  F.  Thompson,  Rensselaer  Polytechnic  Institute 

Mr.  John  Thompson,  Secretary  Carnegie  Fund  Committee, 

Dn  Charles  F.  Th wing,  President  Western  Reserve  University 
Mr.  George  Vanderhoef 

Mr.  G.  D.  Waetzholdt,  Imperial  German  Consulate 
Dt.  Charles  D.  Walcott,  Secretary  Smithsonian  Institution 

Dr.  Booker  T.  Washington,  President  Tuskegee  Normal  and 
Industrial  Institute 

Dr.  William  H.  Welch,  Johns  Hopkins  University 





Mr.  Grcorge  Westing^ouse 

Mr.  Joseph  Wharton 

Mr.  Henry  D.  Whitfield,  Architect 

Mr.  Arthur  Willert,  American  Correspondent  ''London  ^^ 

Times"  {:^?^ 

Dr.  R.  S.  Woodward,  President  Carnegie  Institution  of  -^'^  ^-'-^ 

Washington  ri  Md 


Dr.  Manuel  Quintana,  President  of  Argentine  Republic  ^^-^^'on 

Seiior  Don  Epif anio  Portela,  Envoy  Elxtraordinary  and 

Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States  :ra.Foi 

Dr.  Florentino  Ameghino,  Director  of  the  National  Museum, 
Buenos  Aires 

Mr.  Henry  C.  L.  Anderson,  Librarian  Public  Library  of  New 
South  Wales 

Mr.  James  S.  Battye,  Librarian  Victoria  Public  Library  of  :\i:x, 

Western  Australia 

•-1   ».N 



Mr.  Ladislaus  Hegelmiiller  von  Hengervar,  Ambassador  Ex-  --^'  Fe: 

traordinary  and  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Count  Albert  Apponyi,  Minister  of  Public  Instruction 

Mr.  Albert  de  Berzeviczy,  Member  of  Hague  Court  of 

Arbitration  :V»:  \ 

Dr.  Emil  Frida  ("Jaroslav  Vrchlicky*'),  Professor  of  Litera- 
ture, Karl  Ferdinand  University,  Prague 

Dr.  Julius  Hann,  Professor  of  Physics,  University  of  Vienna 

Privy  Councilor  Prof.  Dr.  Hans  Hofer,  Geologist  and 

Dr.  Heinrich  Lammasch,  Professor  of  Jurisprudence,  Uni- 
versity of  Vienna 

Dr.  Franz  Steindachner,  Director  of  the  K.  K.  Naturhistori-  ^' -^ 

sches  Hof  museum,  Vienna  ^  t: 

Dr.  Arminius  Vdmbcty,  Traveler  and  Orientalist  ^fe 




'Baron  Moochcur,  Envoy  Ejctraordinary  and  Minister  Pleni- 
potentiary to  the  United  States 

Mr.  A.  M.  F.  Beeraaert,  Member  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Bann  Edouard  Descamps,  Minister  of  State,  Professor  of 
Intcmaticmal  Law,  University  of  Louvaine 

Banm  Lambennont,  Member  of  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Mr.  Maurice  Maeterlinck,  Author 

Mr.  Polydore  de  Paepe,  Statesman 

Dr.  Max  Rooses,  Curator  of  the  Plantin-Moretus  Museum, 

Mr.  Emile  Veihaeren,  Poet 


Scnor  Don  Ignacio  Calderon,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Min* 
ister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Scnor  Joaquim  Nabuco,  Ambassador  Extraordinary  and 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Dr.  E.  M.  Goeldi,  Director  of  the  Museu  Goeldi,  Pari 

Dr.  Joio  B.  de  Lacerda,  Director  of  the  Museo  Nacional 

Dr.  Manoel  Cicero  Peregrino  da  Silva,  Director  National 


Mr.  Stojran  Daneff,  Member  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 
Mr.  Dimitri  StancioflF,  Member  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 


Earl  Grey,  Govemor  General  of  Canada 

^Dr.  Henry  T.  Bovey,  Dean  of  Faculty  of  Applied  Science, 
McGill  University 

Dr.  William  Henry  Drummond,  Poet  and  Author 

Sir  Sandf ord  Fleming,  Engineer 

Mr.  Phineas  Gagnon,  Bibliographer  and  Collector  of 



*Dt.  John  Galbraith,  Dean  of  Faculty  of  Applied  Science  and 
Engineering,  Toronto  University 

Mr.  Charles  H.  Gould,  Librarian  of  McGill  University 

Sir  William  Christopher  McDonald,  Governor  of  McGill 

♦Dr.  William  Peterson,  Vice-Chancellor  McGill  University 

Mr.  Goldwin  Smith,  Historian 


Sefior  Don  Joaquim  Walker-Martinez,  Envoy  Elxtraordinary 
and  Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Sefior  C.  Silva  Cruz,  Minister  of  Public  Instruction 

Don  Juan  Madrid 


Sir  Chentung  Liang-Cheng,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Sefior  Don  Diego  Mendoza,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


^Sefior  Don  Joaquim  Bernardo  Calvo,  Envoy  Extraordinary 
and  Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


'^'Sefior  Don  Gonzalo  de  Quesada,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and 
Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Mr.  Constantin  Brun,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Prof.  Dr.  Georg  Brandes,  Historian  and  Critic,  University 
of  Copenhagen 

Prof.  Dr.  H.  Matzen,  Statesman,  and  Member  of  Hague 
Court  of  Arbitration 




'^'Sefior  Don  Emilio  C  Joubert,  Minister  Resident  in  the 
United  States 


Senor  Don  Luis  Felipe  Carbo,  Envoy  Ebctraordinary  and 
Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Mr.  J.  J.  Jusserand,  Ambassador  Extraordinary  and  Pleni- 
potentiary to  the  United  States 

Prof.  Dr.  Antonie  Henri  Becquerel,  Membre  de  I'Acad&nie 
dcs  Sciences;  Discoverer  of  die  "Becquerel  Rays" 

^Dr.  Leonce  Benedite,  Director  Mus^e  du  Luxembourg 

Prof.  Dr.  Marcellin  Boule,  Paleontologist  of  the  Museum  of 
Natural  History,  Jardin  des  Plantes 

Dr.  Leon  Victor  Auguste  Bourgeois,  President  of  the  Cham- 
ber of  Deputies 

Mr.  Paul  Bourget,  Membre  de  TAcad^mie  Frangaise;  Author 
and  Critic 

Prof.  Dr.   Ferdinand  Brunetiere,   Membre  de  TAcadAnie 
Fran^aise ;  Director  of  the  "Revue  des  Deux  Mondcs'* 

Mr.  Jules  Claretie,  Membre  de  1' Academic  Frangaise ;  Author 

"^Baron  d'Estoumelles  de  Constant,  Publicist ;  Member  of  the 
French  Senate  and  of  the  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Madame  Dr.  Curie,  Physicist  and  Chemist 

Mr.  Th6ophile  Delcass6,  Late  Minister  of  Foreign  Affairs 

*Dr.  Paul  Doumer,  late  Governor  Greneral  of  Cochin  China 

*Dr.  Camille  Enlart,  Director  of  the  Trocadero  Museum 

Mr.  Jacques  Anatole  Thibault  France,  Membre  de  TAcadd- 
mie  Fran9aise ;  Author 

Mr.  J.  Th.  Homolle,  Membre  de  TAcademie  des  Inscriptions 
ct  Belles  Lettrcs;  Directeur  de  Tficole  du  Louvre 

Mr.  M.  de  Laboulaye,  Statesman;  Member  of  the  Hague 
Court  of  Arbitration 

Prof.  Anatole  Le  Roy-Beaulieu,  College  de  France 

Mr.  J.  E.  F.  Massenet,  Composer 



Prof.  Henri  Moissan,  Membre  dc  Tlnstitut;  Professor  of 
Chemistry,  University  of  Paris 

♦Mr.  Jules  Rais,  Archivist 

Mr.  Louis  Renault,  Statesman;  Membre  de  I'Academie  des 
Sciences  Morales  et  Politiques 

Mr.  Auguste  Rodin,  Sculptor 

Mr.  Edmond  Rostand,  Membre  de  I'Academie  Fran^aise ; 
Dramatist  and  Author 

Mr.  Camille  Saint-Saens,  Composer 


Baron  Speck  von  Sternberg,  Ambassador  Extraordinary  and 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

*His  Excellency  Lieutenant-Greneral  Alfred  von  Loewenfeld, 
IX.D.,  Adjutant-Greneral  to  his  Majesty  the  Emperor 

♦His  Excellency  Theodor  von  Moeller,  LL.D.,  Staatsminister 

*Dr.  Friedrich  S.  Archenhold,  Director  Treptow  Observatory 

Privy  Councilor  Prof.  Dr.  Karl  L.  v.  Bar,  Jurist  and  Author 

His  Excellency  Privy  Coimcilor  Dr.  Wilhelm  Bode, 
Director-General  of  the  Royal  Museums 

♦Colonel   Gustav   Dickhuth,   LX..D.,   Lecturer  on   Military 
Science  to  the  Royal  Household 

Privy  Councilor  Dr.  Emil  Fischer,  Professor  of  Chemistry, 
University  of  Berlin 

Mr.  M.  de  Frantzius,  Member  of  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Dr.  Amim  Graesel,  Chief  Librarian  of  the  Royal  Library, 

Prof.  Dr.  Adolph  Hamack,  Director  in  Chief  of  the  Royal 

Mr.  Gerhart  Hauptmann,  Poet 

Dr.  Paul  J.  L.  Heyse,  Author  and  Novelist 

Dr.  Jacobus  Henricus  van't  Hoff,  Honorary  Professor  of 
Chemistry,  University  of  Berlin 

♦Dr.  Ernst  von  Ihne,  LL.D.,  Hof-Architekt  Sr.  Maj.  d. 

Privy  Councilor  Prof.  Dr.  Robert  Koch,  Bacteriologist 





"^Dr.  Reinhold  Koser,  LL.D.,  Principal  Director  of  the 
Prussian  State  Archives 

Mr.  Ferdinand  v.  M artitz.  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of 

His  Excellency  G>unt  Posadowsky-Wehner,  Staatsminister 

Privy  Councilor  Prof.  Dr.  Wilhelm  K,  Rontgen,  Discoverer 
of  the  Rontgen  Rays;  Professor  of  Physics,  University  of 

Dr.  Peter  Rosegger,  Author 

♦Prof.  Dr.  Fritz  Schaper,  Sculptor 

Judgie  Dr.  Ernst  Friedrich  Sieveking,  Member  of  the  Hague 
Court  of  Arbitration 

Mr.  Herman  Sudennann,  Author 

Privy  Councilor  Anton  von  Werner,  Historical  Painter;  Di- 
rector of  the  School  of  Pictorial  Arts,  Berlin 


Rt.  Hon.  James  Bryce,  Ambassador  Extraordinary  and 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Mr.  Edwin  A.  Abbey,  R.A.,  Painter 

Sir  Lawrence  Alma-Tadema,  R.  A,  Painter 
*Mr.  William  Archer,  Author  and  Critic 

Major-General  Sir  John  Charles  Ardagh,  Statesman 

Mr.  Alfred  Austin,  Poet  Laureate 

Rt.  Hon.  Arthur  J.  Balfour,  Statesman 

Lord  Balfour  of  Burleigh,  Statesman 
♦Sir  Robert  S.  Ball,  Director  of  Cambridge  Observatory 

Mr.  James  M.  Barrie,  Author 
♦Dr.  C.  F.  Moberly  Bell,  Manager  "The  Times' 

Dr.  George  Earle  Buckle,  Editor  "The  Times' 

Rt.  Hon.  Sir  Henry  Campbell-Bannerman,  Statesman 

Lord  Hugh  R.  H.  Cecil,  Statesman 

Mr.  Sidney  Colvin,  Keeper  of  Prints  and  Drawings,  British 
*Sir  Robert  Cranston,  late  Lord  Provost  of  Edinburgh 

Lord  Curzon  of  Kedleston,  Statesman 

Sir  George  H.  Darwin,  F.R.S.,  Astronomer. 



Mr.  Spyridon  P.  Lampros,  Author  and  Historian 

Mr.  Denys  Stephanos,  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of 

Mr.  George  Streit,  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of 


Sefior  Don  Jorge  Munoz,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Mr.  J.  N.  Leger,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister  Pleni- 
potentiary to  the  United  States 


Syed  Ameer  Ali,  Judge  of  his  Majesty's  High  Court  of  Judi- 
cature, Fort  William,  Bengal,  1890-1904;  Author  and 

Romesch  Chunder  Dutt,  CLE.,  Lecturer  on  Indian  History, 
University  College,  London ;  Statesman  and  Author 


♦Baron  Edmondo  Mayor  des  Planches,  Ambassador  Extraor- 
dinary and  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Signor  Edmondo  de  Amicis,  Traveler  and  Author 

Prof.  Dr.  Guido  Biagi,  Chief  Librarian  Biblioteca  Riccardi- 
ana,  Florence 

Chevalier  Giuseppe  Biancheri,  Statesman ;  Member  of  Hague 
Court  of  Arbitration 

Signor  Giacomo  Boni,  Archaeologist 

Senator  Dr.  Domenico  Comparetti,  Professor  in  R.  Accade- 
mia  dei  Lincei 

Commander  Jean  Baptiste  Pagano  Guamaschelli,  Member  of 
Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Commendatore  Rodolf o  Lanciani,  Archaeologist ;  Professor  of 
Ancient  Topography,  University  of  Rome 



_      r- 




Chevalier  Dr.  Guglielmo  Marconi,  Electrical  Engineer;  In- 
ventor of  System  of  Wireless  Telegraphy 

Senator  Count  Costantino  Nigra,  Statesman;  Member  of  the 
R.  Accademia  dei  Lincei 

Madame  Matilde  Serao,  Novelist  and  Journalist 

Signor  Giovanni  Verga,  Novelist  and  Dramatist 

Count  Tomielli  Brusati  di  Vergano,  Statesman;  Member  of 
Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 


Viscount  Siuzo  Aoki,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Mr.  Henry  Willard  Denison,  Member  Hague  Court  of 

Baron  Dr.  Kentaro  Kaneko,  Statesman;  Member  of  the 
House  of  Peers 

Mr.  I.  Motono,  Statesman ;  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of 

Mr.  Kakasu  Okakura,  Archaeologist ;  Director  of  Nippon 
Bijitsuin,  Tokio 

Baron  Dr.  Kencho  Suyematsu,  late  Minister  of  Education 
and  Interior ;  Author 

Mr.  Kogoro  Takahira,  late  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Seflor  Don  Joaquin  D.  Casasus,  Ambassador  Extraordinary 
and  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Sefior  Manuel  de  Aspiroz,  Member  Hague  Court  of 

Sefior  Alfred  Chavero,  Publicist 

Sefior  Jose  M.  Gramboa,  Statesman ;  Member  Hague  Court  of 

Sefior  Jose  Maria  Iglesias,  Publicist  and  Historian 

Sefior  Genan  Raigosa,  Statesman ;  Member  Hague  Court  of 

Sefior  Justo  Sierra,  Minister  of  Public  Instruction  and  Fine 




♦  Jonkheer  R.  de  Marees  van  Swinderen,  Envoy  Extraordinary 
and  Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Prof.  Dr.  T.  M.  C.  Asser,  Professor  International  Law,  Uni- 
versity of  Leiden 

Jonkheer  G.  L.  M.  H.  Ruys  de  Beerenbrouck,  Member 
Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Jonkheer  A.  P.  C  van  Kamebeek,  Statesman 

Dr.  F.  B.  Connick  Liefstring,  Member  Hague  Court  of 

Jonkheer  A.  F.  de  Savonini  Lohman,  Member  Hague  Court 
of  Arbitration 

♦Dr.  Joost  Marius  Willem  Van  der  Poorten-Schwartz 
("Maarten  Maartens"),  Author 

Prof.  Dr.  Hugo  de  Vries,  University  of  Amsterdam 

Prof.  Dr.  Pieter  2^eman,  Physicist,  University  of  Amster- 


♦Sefior  Don  Luis  F.  Corea,  Diplomatist ;  Envoy  Extraordinary 
and  Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Mr.  Christian  Hauge,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Mr.  Samuel  Ludwig  Annerstedt,  Member  of  Hague  Court  of 

Mr.  Bjomstjeme  Bjomson,  Poet,  Dramatist,  Novelist 

Mr.  M.  G.  Gram,  Statesman 

Mr.  Edward  Grieg,  Composer 

Mr.  George  Francis  Hagerup,  Statesman 

Mr.  Fridtjof  Nansen,  Arctic  Explorer 

Dr.  Hans  H.  Reusch,  Director  of  the  Geological  Survey 


Seiior  Don  J.  Domingo  de  Obaldia,  Envoy  Extraordinary 
and  Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 



Sefior  Don  Cecelio  Baez,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Greneral  M onteza,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Mr.  Felipe  Pardo,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 


Count  Stanislaus  Tamovski,  Professor  University  of  Cracow ; 


Viscount  de  Alte,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister 
Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Senhor  Joaquim  Theophilo  Braga,  Professor  of  Literature, 
Academia  Real  das  Sciencias  de  Lisbon 

Senhor  Antonio  Emilio  Correia  de  Sa  Brandao,  Publicist 

Senhor  Luiz  Frederico  de  Bivas  Goma  de  Costa,  Statesman 

Senhor  Antonio  Ennes,  Librarian  of  the  National  Library 

Count  de  Macedo,  Professor  of  Higher  Mathematics,  Escola 
Polytechnica,  Lisbon 

Senhor  Fernando  Mattoso  Santos,  Statesman 


Mr.  Jean  Kalindem,  President  Academia  Romana, 
Bucharest ;  Historian 

Mr.  Jean  N.  Lahovari,  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of 

Mr.  Theodore  Rosetti,  Statesman ;  Member  of  the  Hague 
Court  of  Arbitration 

Mr.  Eugene  Statesco,  Publicist 



Baron  Rosen,  Ambassador  Extraordinary  and  Plenipoten- 
tiary to  the  United  States 

Mr.  E.  V.  Frisch,  Statesman;  Privy  Councilor,  Member 
Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Mr.  Frederick  de  Martens,  Privy  Councilor;  Hon.  Professor 
of  International  Law,  University  of  St.  Petersburg 

Mr.  Dimitri  Ivanovitch  Mendeleeff,  Scientist.  (This  illus- 
trious scholar  accepted  the  invitation,  but  died  while  mak- 
ing preparations  to  come  to  America.) 

Dr.  Nikolai  Konstantinovitch  Mikhailovski,  Author  and 

Mr.  N.  V.  Muravieff,  Statesman ;  Minister  of  Justice 

Mr.  M.  Ostrogorski,  Publicist  and  Author 

Very  Reverend  C.  P.  PobiedonostseflF,  Procurator  of  the  Holy 
Synod ;  Privy  Councilor,  Member  of  the  Council  of  State. 
(Died  after  accepting.) 

Coimt  Leo  Tolstoi,  Novelist  and  Social  Reformer 


Mr.  Glicha  Geschitsch,  Statesman ;  Member  of  the  Hague 
Court  of  Arbitration 

Dr.  Milovan  Milovanovitsch,  Publicist 

Mr.  Greorge  Pavlovitch,  Statesman 

Dr.  Milanki  Vesnitch,  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of 


Mr.  Edward  Henry  Strobel,  Professor  International  Law, 

Harvard  College 
Mr.  Phya  Akharaj  Varadhara,  Diplomatist 


Seflor  Don  Bernardo  Jacinto  de  Cologan,  Envoy  Extraordi- 
nary and  Minister  Plenipotentiary  to  the  United  States 

Seflor  Manuel  Torres  Campos,  Statesman 

Seflor  Jose  Ex:hegaray,  Author 

Seflor  Bienvenido  Oliver,  Statesman 



Duke  d'Almodovar  del  Rio,  Statesman 
Scfior  Armando  Palacio  Valdes,  Author 
Sefior  Rominuelo  F.  Villaverde,  Statesman 


Mr.  A.  Grip,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister  Plenipo- 
tentiary to  the  United  States 

Prof.  Dr.  Svante  August  Arrhenius,  Physicist 

Dr.  Christopher  Per  Olaf  Aurivillius,  Secretary  of  the  Royal 
Swedish  Academy  of  Sciences 

Mr.  Vemer  von  Heidenstam,  Poet  and  Novelist 

Miss  Selma  Lagerlof,  Novelist 

Dr.  Gustav  de  Laval,  Engineer  and  Inventor 

Prof.  Dr.  N.  O.  G.  Nordenskjold,  Antarctic  Explorer  and 

Mr.  S.  R.  D.  K.  d'Olivcrona,  Statesman 

Mr.  Gustav  Sundbarg,  Statistician  and  Economist 


Mr.  Leo  Vogel,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister  Plenipo- 
tentiary to  the  United  States 

Mr.  Charles  Hilty,  Professor  International  Law,  University 
of  Berne 

Mr.  Charles  Lardy,  Member  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Dr.  George  Lunge,  Professor  of  Chemistry  in  the  Polytech- 
nicum,  Zurich 

Mr.  Emile  Rott,  Member  of  the  Hague  Court  of  Arbitration 

Dr.  Joseph  Viktor  Widmann,  Editor  and  Author 


Chekib  Bey,  Envoy  Extraordinary  and  Minister  Plenipo- 
tentiary to  the  United  States 


Sefior  Dr.  Eduardo  Acevedo  Diaz,  Publicist 


Sefior  Dr.  Rafael  Garbinas  Guzman,  Statesman 



When  these  guests  were  assembled,  the  following 
program  was  arranged  for  their  information  and  guid- 

THURSDAY,  APRIL  11,  1907 

9.45  a.m. 

The  President  of  the  Board  of  Trustees,  Mr.  William  N. 
Frew,  will  welcome  the  guests  in  the  Founder's  Room. 

10.30  a.iii. 

Municipal  reception  to  visiting  guests  by  the  Mayor  of  Pitts- 
burgh, Hon.  George  W.  Guthrie,  and  Mrs.  Guthrie,  in  the 
Foyer.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Andrew  Carnegie  will  assist.  The 
President  of  the  Board  of  Trustees,  assisted  by  Mrs.  Frew, 
will  present  the  guests.  This  reception  will  be  followed  by 
an  inspection  of  the  Library,  Museum,  and  Galleries  of  Fine 
Arts,  including  the  Intemational  Annual  Exhibition  of 

12.00  noon. 

Guests  may  go  to  their  domiciles  for  luncheon,  and  to  prepare 
for  the  later  functions  of  the  day. 

1.30  p.m. 

Academic  procession  from  the  Hotel  Schenley  to  the  Car- 
negie Institute,  under  escort  of  the  Faculty  and  Students  of 
the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools.  Those  who  are  entitled  to 
wear  academic  dress  are  requested  to  do  so. 

2.00  p.m. 

Dedication  of  the  New  Building  by  exercises  in  the  Hall  of 
Music.    The  President  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  will  preside. 

3.00  p.m. 

The  Building  will  be  thrown  open  to  the  general  public,  ex- 
cept the  Hall  of  Music  and  the  Foyer,  admission  to  which 
will  be  by  ticket. 



4.00  p.111. 

Upon  the  conclusion  of  the  exercises  in  the  Hall  of  Music, 
guests  will  be  invited  to  spend  the  time  until  five  o'clock  in 
the  various  halls  of  the  Building. 

5.00  p.m. 

Guests  will  be  given  an  opportunity  to  go  to  their  domiciles. 

&15  p.111. 

Concert  of  the  Pittsburg  Orchestra,  conducted  by  Mr.  Emil 
Paur.  Sir  Edward  Elgar,  of  London,  will  be  present,  and, 
upon  invitation  of  Mr.  Paur  and  the  Orchestra  Committee, 
will  conduct  one  of  his  own  compositions. 

FRIDAY,  APRIL  12, 1907 

9.30  a.o[L 

The  members  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  who  compose  the 
Technical  Schools  Committee  will  welcome  the  guests  at  the 
Carnegie  Technical  Schools,  and  conduct  them  on  a  tour  of 
the  school  buildings. 

10.30  a.m.  to  12.00  noon. 

Presentation  of  addresses  from  universities,  colleges,  and 
kindred  institutions,  by  their  delegates,  in  the  Hall  of  Music. 
The  President  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  will  preside.  (Note : 
Academic  dress.) 

12.00  noon. 

Drive  in  automobiles  throu^  the  parks  and  aroimd  the 
boulevards  of  Pittsburgh.  A  stop  will  be  made  at  the  Pitts- 
burgh Country  Club  for  luncheon. 

2.00  p.m. 

Addresses  by  distinguished  guests  in  the  Hall  of  Music,  and 
possibly  in  one  or  more  of  the  other  halls.  The  President  of 
the  Board  of  Trustees  will  preside. 



4.00  to  S.OO  p.m. 

Tea  for  the  ladies  at  the  Margaret  Morrison  Carnegie  School 
for  Women. 

5.00  p.m. 

Guests  may  repair  to  their  homes  for  rest. 

7.00  p.m. 

Banquet  at  Hotel  Schenley  by  the  Trustees  in  honor  of  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Andrew  Carnegie  and  the  invited  guests,  including 
the  ladies  of  the  party. 

SATURDAY,  APRIL  13,  1907 

10.00  to  11.00  a.m. 

Conferring  of  honorary  degrees  on  foreign  guests  by  the 
Western  University  of  Pennsylvania,  in  the  Hall  of  Music. 
The  Chancellor  of  the  University  will  preside.  (Note: 
Academic  dress.) 

11.30  a.m. 

Leave  Hotel  Schenley  by  trolley-cars  to  Brown's  Landing 
(Homestead  Bridge),  Monongahela  River. 

12.00  noon  to  5.00  p.m. 

Boat  ride  on  the  Monongahela  and  Ohio  Rivers,  giving  a  view 
of  "Industrial  Pittsburgh."  Visit  to  Homestead  Steel  Works 
of  the  Carnegie  Steel  Company.  Luncheon  to  be  served  on 
the  boat. 


White  Ribbon . .  signifies Foreign  Guest 

Red  Ribbon signifies ....  American  Guest 

Blue  Ribbon  . . .  signifies . ,  Carnegie  Institute 



T  ten  o'clock  on  Thursday  morning  the 
doors  of  the  great  building  were  thrown 
open  for  the  first  time,  and  the  trustees, 
together  with  their  American  and  foreign 
guests,  all  wearing  the  souvenir  silver 
badge  which  had  been  prepared  for  the  occasion,  as- 
sembled in  the  Founder's  Room,  where  the  guests 
were  presented  to  Mr.  W.  N.  Frew,  the  president  of 
the  Board  of  Trustees.     Immediately  afterward  the 
trustees  escorted  their  guests  to  the  grand  foyer,  where 
a  thousand  electric  lights  illuminated  that  beautiful 
apartment  with  its  massive  columns  of  Tinos  marble, 
and  the  gilded  roof  threw  back  the  lights  upon  an  ani- 
mated scene.    At  a  central  point  in  the  foyer  stood  the 
Honorable  George  W.  Guthrie,  mayor  of  Pittsburgh, 
with  Mrs.  Guthrie,  and  beside  them  were  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Andrew  Carnegie.    When  all  were  assembled.  Mayor 
Guthrie  delivered  the  following,  address  of  welcome : 


Ladies  and  Gentlemen: 

It  is  my  very  pleasant  duty  as  chief  executive  of  the 
city  of  Pittsburgh  to  extend  to  you  a  hearty  welcome, 
and  to  give  expression  to  the  appreciation  by  the  people 
of  this  city  of  your  kindness  in  coming  here  to  assist  us 
in  the  dedication  of  the  enlarged  Carnegie  Institute,  of 
which  we  are  justly  proud,  and  from  which  we  expect 
so  much  good  to  all  within  the  reach  of  its  influence. 

It  is  indeed  a  great  honor  to  us  that  you,  who  have 
already  earned  honorable  recognition  for  your  distin- 
guished public  services  in  the  various  departments  to 
which  you  have  devoted  your  lives,  many  of  you  rep- 
resenting great  institutions,  some  of  them  venerable 
with  age,  and  all  of  them  loved  and  honored  for  their 
services  in  the  uplifting  of  himianity,  should  come  so 
far  to  welcome  us  as  fellow-laborers,  and  wish  us  God- 
speed in  our  work. 

It  is  a  very  striking  expression  of  the  world-wide 
interest  in  every  effort  tending  toward  the  elevation 
of  man  and  the  improvement  of  his  condition,  mentally, 
morally,  and  physically.  It  shows  the  fellowship  and 
sympathy  which  exists  between  all  those  of  whatever 
country,  who  are  engaged  in  that  work.  It  is  an  inspira- 
tion to  hope  that  this  feeling  will  continue,  and  bring 
all  men  into  closer  and  closer  bonds  of  friendship  and 
appreciation, — 

Till  each  man  sees  his  own  in  all  men's  good. 
And  all  men  work  in  noble  brotherhood. 


Fover  of  Auditorium 


We  hope  that  when  the  institution  we  are  now 
founding  becomes  venerable  with  years,  and  honored 
for  the  lives  which  have  there  been  trained  for  great 
and  useful  works,  the  remembrance  of  your  graceful 
courtesy  in  assisting  at  our  dedication  shall  still  remain 
in  the  minds  and  hearts  of  its  children. 

Many  nations  are  represented  among  you  by  their 
ambassadors  or  ministers  to  the  United  States,  and 
some  also  by  special  delegations  representative  of  their 
arts  and  industries.  By  your  presence,  you  grace  our 
ceremonies,  show  sympathy  with  our  work,  and  pay 
respect  to  our  founder,  who  regards  his  great  wealth, 
not  as  a  toy  to  be  used  for  his  own  pleasure,  but  as  a 
high  trust;  who  does  not  make  use  of  it  as  "a  vantage 
ground  for  winged  ambition,"  but  for  the  benefit  of 
humanity,  exercising  in  its  disbursement  the  same  labor 
and  intelligence  he  used  in  its  acquisition. 

If  our  laws  and  customs  permitted  it,  I  know  the 
people  of  Pittsburgh  would  approve  of  presenting  to 
you  the  freedom  of  the  city  in  return  for  your  courtesy, 
but  it  is  not  possible.  It  is  not  necessary  for  me  to  ex- 
plain to  our  American  guests  the  reason  for  this ;  they 
know  why  we  have  no  such  way  of  showing  special 
honor  to  visitors  whom  we  esteem.  Any  one  who  comes 
in  peace  and  good-will  enters  our  city  and  dwells  there 
of  his  own  free  will,  and  may  at  any  time,  when  he  has 
complied  with  the  requirements  of  the  law,  acquire 
citizenship  as  a  right;  but  citizenship  can  never  be 
given  as  a  favor.  I  am  not  willing  to  tarnish  our  cere- 
monies by  a  sham;  what  I  can  do,  I  do  sincerely,  and 



that  is  to  assure  you  that  you  are  welcome,  and  that  our 
hearts  and  homes  are  open  to  you. 

It  seems  proper,  however,  that  I  should  make  some 
special  acknowledgment  to  those  of  you  who,  at  great 
sacrifice  of  time  and  effort,  have  come  from  Europe  to 
grace  our  ceremonies  with  your  presence. 

To  your  Excellency,  who,  I  understand,  bears  a  per- 
sonal message  from  his  Majesty,  the  Emperor  of  Ger- 
many, and  your  associates,  I  desire  to  say  that  the  peo- 
ple of  the  United  States  have  never  forgotten  how  in 
the  time  of  our  great  need  Frederick  the  Great  of  Prus- 
sia gave  us  his  sympathy  and  support  in  the  struggle 
which  made  us  a  nation.  We  remember,  too,  that  in 
every  phase  of  our  national  life,  both  in  war  and  in 
peace,  the  American  citizens  of  German  birth  or  an- 
cestry, have  never  been  surpassed  by  any  others  in  their 
loyalty  and  devotion,  nor  have  they  ever  fallen  behind 
in  any  effort  demanded  for  the  defense  of  the  nation, 
or  to  promote  its  prosperity.  It  gives  me  pleasure  to 
say  to  your  Excellency  that  in  this  city  there  are  many 
thousands  of  such  citizens  who  have  and  deserve  the 
respect  of  all  who  know  them.  I  have  been  honored 
with  the  personal  friendship  of  many  of  them,  and  I 
know  that,  while  their  first  loyalty  is  to  this  nation 
where  they  now  make  their  homes,  they  still  look  with 
pride  and  affection  to  what  they  lovingly  call  "the 
Fatherland,"  and  place  their  wish  for  its  prosperity  and 
happiness  second  only  to  that  which  they  have  for 


And  to  you  who  come  from  our  sister  republic  of 



France,  permit  me  to  say,  that  the  tie  which  grew  up 
between  us  in  1776,  a  tie  due  to  common  aspirations 
and  mutual  helpfulness,  has  never  been  weakened  by 
the  intervening  years.  We  acknowledge  with  gratitude 
the  help  in  war  we  received  from  you  then,  and  the 
benefits  in  the  blessings  of  peace  which  we  have  re- 
ceived from  you  since,  in  your  contributions  to  art, 
literature,  science,  and  industry. 

We  also  remember  with  gratitude  the  debt  which  we, 
in  common  with  all  free  people,  owe  to  the  Nether- 
lands. It  is  to  the  courage  and  devotion  of  the  people 
of  that  country  that  the  world  to-day  enjoys  such  a 
large  measure  of  civil  and  religious  liberty.  The 
history  of  the  world  would  have  been  different  had 
Holland  yielded  under  the  terrible  pressure  to 
which  she  was  subjected,  and  we  are  glad  to  have  a 
representative  from  her  to  honor  this  occasion  with  his 

I  am  beggared  in  language  to  express  to  the  repre- 
sentatives of  Great  Britain  the  feelings  with  which  we 
welcome  them.  Down  to  a  certain  point  in  your  history 
your  past  is  ours — ^your  heroes  and  statesmen  are  ours, 
and  we  share  in  your  glories;  our  Constitution,  laws, 
and  jurisprudence  rest  upon  the  same  foundations  and 
are  underlaid  by  the  same  principles  as  yours;  your 
Magna  Charta  enshrines  the  principles  of  civil  liberty 
which  are  guaranteed  to  us  by  our  own  Constitution. 
Those  who  laid  the  foundation  of  our  government  drew 
their  inspiration  largely  from  the  struggles  of  the  Eng- 
lish people,  and  many  of  them  were  trained  at  English 



institutions  of  learning,  some  of  which  are  represented 
here  to-day.  Your  presence  renews  the  ties  of  kindred, 
of  a  conmion  past,  and  a  common  standard  of  liberty 
and  justice. 

In  the  friendship  of  the  nations  represented  here  to- 
day lies  the  best  assurance  of  the  peace  of  the  civilized 
world.  We  are  glad  to  believe  that  your  presence 
will  tend  to  promote  that  mutual  knowledge  and  re- 
spect— that  kindly  touch  of  personal  interest — that  is 
essential  to  a  friendship  which  has  the  possibility  of 
such  great  blessings  to  all  mankind. 

The  enlargement  of  the  work  of  this  institution,  and 
the  placing  of  it  upon  a  solid  foundation,  which  we 
owe  entirely  to  the  generosity  and  wisdom  of  Mr.  An- 
drew Carnegie — a  generosity  not  exceeded  in  history — 
means  much  to  the  people  of  Pittsburgh;  and  it  is  a 
matter  of  great  gratification  to  them  that  Mr.  Carnegie 
himself  is  present  to  receive  our  thanks  and  to  join  with 
them  in  extending  to  you  a  most  hearty  welcome.  [Ap- 

At  the  conclusion  of  Mayor  Guthrie's  speech,  all  those 
present  were  introduced  first  to  the  Mayor  and  Mrs. 
Guthrie,  and  afterward  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Andrew  Car- 
negie, who  spoke  gracious  words  of  welcome  to  each 
guest  in  turn.  When  all  had  been  presented,  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Carnegie  led  their  guests  in  a  tour  of  the  various 
departments  of  the  Institute,  and  the  trustees  explained 
many  objects  of  interest  to  the  little  groups  as  they 
filed  through  the  great  halls.    When  this  most  inter- 


Souvenir  badge  worn  at  Dedication 


csting  inspection  had  been  accomplished,  the  guests  re- 
turned to  the  Hotel  Schenley,  where  informal  luncheons 
were  served. 


At  half  past  one  o'clock,  the  visiting  guests  were 
formed  in  procession  by  Mr.  George  H.  Wilson,  acting 
as  Marshal,  and  were  escorted  to  the  new  building  by 
the  Director  and  Faculty  of  the  Carnegie  Technical 
Schools  in  the  following  order  : 

Dr.  Arthur  Arton  Hamerschlag 

Director  Carnegie  Technical  Schools 

Prof.  Alexander  J.  Wurts,  Prof.  William  E.  Gibbs, 

Mr.  Clifford  B.  ConncUcy, 

Head  of  Apprentices  and  Journeymen  School 

Prof.  Henry  Hombostel,  Prof.  Samuel  S.  Keller, 

Mr.  John  H.  Lcete, 


Prof.  George  H.  Follows,  Prof.  Willibald  Trinks, 

Mr.  William  P.  Field, 


Prof.  Allen  H.  Willett,  Prof.  Joseph  H.  James, 

Prof.  John  S.  McLucas, 

Prof.  Fred  Crabtree,  Mr.  Henry  K.  McGoodwin, 

Prof.  Walter  F.  Knox, 


Dr.  P.  J.  Eaton,  Dr.  James  I.  Johnston, 

Dr.  J.  H.  Anderson, 



Dr.  Herbert  F.  Sill,  Mr.  Henry  S.  Hower, 

Mr.  H.  Leland  Lowe 

Mr.  William  R.  Work,  Mr.  Horace  R.  Thayer, 

Mr.  Martin  Hokanson 

Mr.  Percy  L.  Reed,  Mr.  Charles  C.  Leeds, 

Mr.  R.  S.  Tombau^ 

Mr.  Oliver  L.  Bear,  Mr.  William  A.  Bassett, 

Mr.  William  Pfouts 

Mr.  J.  S.  Sproull,  Mr.  William  B.  Doyle, 

Mr.  Albert  Mamatey 

Mr.  Charles  S.  Parsons,  Mr.  David  Bums, 

Mr.  John  H.  Nolen 

Mr.  C.  W.  Howard,  Mr.  John  H.  Hill. 

Dr.  William  J.  Holland,  Mr.  John  W.  Beatty, 

Director  of  the  Museum  Director  of  Department  of  Fine  Arts 

Mr.  Charles  Heinroth 


President  William  N.  Frew,        Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie. 



Mr.  H.  S.  Lightcap,  Mr.  Fred  F.  Mcintosh,  i 

Mr.  Enoch  George  i 




Mr.  Anderson  H.  Hopkins,  Mr.  Emil  Paur, 

Librarian  Carnegie  Library  Director  Pittsburgh  Orchestra  "iy 



His  Excellency  Lieutenant- 
Gcneral  Alfred  von  Loewen- 
f  eld,  Germany 

Dr.  Ernest  S.  Roberts,  Vice- 
Chancellor  of  Cambridge 
University,  England 

Baron  Edmondo  Mayor  des 
Planches,  Italy 

Senator  Paul  Doumer,  France 

Dr.  Reinhold  Koser,  Germany 

Sir  Robert  Cranston,  Scotland 

Colonel  Gustav  Dickhuth,  Ger- 

Mr.     Joost    Marius    Willem 
Van    der   Poorten-Schwartz 
("Maartcn  Maartens"), 

Mr.  Camille  Enlart,  France 

Dr.  P.  Chalmers  Mitchell, 

Sefior  Don  Joaquin  Bernardo 
Calvo,  Costa  Rica 

Scnor  Don  E.  C.  Joubert, 
Dominican  Republic 

Jonkheer  R.  de  Marees  van 
Swinderen,  Netherlands 

Dr.  Friederich  S.  Archenhold, 

Mr.  C.  F.  Moberly  Bell,  Eng- 

Provost  James  Currie  Mac- 
beth, Scotland 

Mr.  William  Archer,  England 

Baron  d'Estouraelles  de  Con- 
stant, France 

Dr.  John  Rh^s,  Principal  of 
Jesus  College,  Oxford  Uni- 
versity, England 

His  Excellency  Theodor  von 
Moeller,  Germany 

Sir  Robert  S.  Ball,  England 

Baron  Moncheur,  Belgium 

Mr.  Leonce  Benedite,  France 

Sir  William  Henry  Preece, 

Mr.  Emst  von  Ihne,  Germany 

Prof.  Fritz  Schaper,  Germany 
Sir  Edward  Elgar,  England 

Sefior  Don  L.  F.  Corea,  Nica- 

Sefior  Don  Gonzalo  de  Que- 
sada,  Cuba 

Sefior  Don  Epifanio  Portela, 
Argentine  Republic 

Dr.  John  Ross,  Scotland 

Mr.  William  T.  Stead,  Eng- 

Mr.  William  Robertson,  Scot- 

Mr.  Jules  Rais,  France 

Coimt  Tcherep  Spiridovitch, 

Bishop  Canevin, 

Bishop  Whitehead 

Mayor  George  W.  Guthrie 



President  Robert  S.  Wood- 
ward, Carnegie  Institution, 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Hon.  Elmer  Ellsworth  Brown, 
Commissioner  Bureau  of 

Mr.  Richard  Watson  Gilder, 
Editor  "Century  Magazine" 

Hon.  Richard  Bartholdt,  Con- 

Mr.  Joseph  Wharton,  Phila- 

President  Arthur  T.  Hadley, 
Yale  University 

President  Jacob  G.  Schurman, 
Cornell  University 

Principal  William  Peterson, 
McGill  University 

President  Ira  Remsen,  Johns 
Hopkins  University 

Prof.  William  H.  Welch, 
Johns  Hopkins  University 

President  Flavel  S.  Luther, 
Trinity  College 

President  G.  Stanley  Hall, 
Clark  University 

President  Charles  S.  Howe, 
Case  School  of  Applied 

President  John  H.  Finley,  Col- 
lege of  the  City  of  New 

Chancellor  Henry  M.  Mac- 
Cracken,  New  York  Univer- 

President  Samuel  Plantz,  Law- 
rence University 

Secretary  Charles  D.  Walcott, 
Smithsonian  Institution 

President  Henry  S.  Pritchett, 
Massachusetts  Institute  of 

Mr.  George  Westinghouse 

Rear-admiral  Colby  M.  Chester 

Mr.  J.  G.  Schmidlapp,  Cincin- 

Sir  Caspar  Purdon  Clarke,  Di- 
rector Metropolitan  Museum 
of  Art 

President  E.  J.  James,  Uni- 
versity of  Illinois 

President  Henry  S.  Drinker, 
Lehigh  University 

President  Winthrop  E.  Stone, 
Purdue  University 

Prof.  William  M.  Davis,  Har- 
vard University 

President  Edmund  A.  Engler, 
Worcester  Polytechnic  Insti- 

Chancellor  S.  B.  McCormick, 
Western  University  of  Penn- 

President  Charles  F.  Thwing, 
Western  Reserve  University 

Governor  James  A.  Beaver, 
Acting  President  Pennsyl- 
vania State  College 

President  Charles  W.  Need- 
ham,  George  Washington 

President  Henry  C.  King, 
Oberlin  College 



President  Thomas  McClelland, 
Knox  College 

President  George  H.  Denny, 
Washington  and  Lee  Uni- 

President  James  D.  MoflFatt, 
Washington  and  Jefferson 

President  I.  C.  Ketler,  Grove 
City  College 

President  Edwin  B.  Craighead, 
Tulane  University  of  Louisi- 

Director  William  S.  Aldrich, 
Clarkson  School  of  Technol- 

Dean  H.  T.  Bovey,  McGill 

Prof.  Thomas  Evans,  Univer- 
sity of  Cincinnati 

Mr.  Joseph  A.  Holmes,  United 
States  Geographical  Survey 

President  Booker  T.  Washing- 
ton, Tnskegee  Institute 

President  Henry  D.  Lindsay, 
Pennsylvania  College  for 

Dr.  I;  Minis  Hays,  Secretary 
American  Philosophical  So- 

Director  John  S.  Billings,  New 
York  Public  Library 

Dr.  Richard  H.  Harlan,  Lake 
Forest  University 

Director  W.  W.  Campbell, 
Lick  Observatory 

President  F.  W.  Atkinson, 
Brooklyn  Polytechnic  Insti- 

President  Henry  Lefavour, 
Sinunons  College 

President  George  E.  Reed, 
Dickinson  College 

President  William  H.  Craw- 
ford, Allegheny  College 

Vice-chancellor  H.  M.  Bell, 
Drake  University 

Dean  John  Gralbraith,  Toronto 

Dean  Frederick  A.  Goetze, 
Columbia  University 

Prof.  George  Grant  McCurdy, 
Yale  University  Museum 

Prof.  Dwinel  F.  Thompson, 
Rensselaer  Polytechnic  Insti- 

Secretary  Frederick  B.  Pratt, 
Pratt  Institute 

Prof.  David  Emmert,  Juniata 

Dr.  Nathan  C.  Schaeffer,  Super- 
intendent of  Public  Instruc- 
tion of  Pennsylvania 

Director  H.  C.  Bumpus,  Amer- 
ican Musetim  of  Natural 

Director    Exlward    Robinson, 
Boston  Museum  of  Fine  Arts 

President  Samuel  Sheldon, 
American  Institution  of 
Electrical  Engineers 



Director  Franklin  W.  Hooper, 
Brooklyn  Institute  of  Arts 
and  Sciences 

Director  A.  H.  Griffith,  Detroit 
Museum  of  Art 

Director  W.  T.  Homaday, 
New  York  2k>dlogical  Park 

Ex-President  S.  F.  Scovel, 
University  of  Worcester 

Chief  Curator  F.  A.  Lucas, 
Brooklyn  Institute  of  Arts 
and  Sciences 

Director  Benjamin  Ives  Gil- 
man,  Boston  Museum  of 
Fine  Arts 

Director  William  H.  Fox, 
John  Herron  Art  Institute 

Mr-  Hamilton  Wright  Mabie, 
Associate  Editor  of  "Outlook" 

President  J.  G.  Rosengarten, 
Philadelphia  Free  Library 

Mr.  John  W.  Alexander, 

Mr.  Frank  E.  Alden, 

Mr.  Alfred  B.  Harlow, 

Director  W.  M.  R,  French, 
Art  Institute  of  Chicago 

President  Daniel  Merriman, 
Worcester  Art  Museum 

Manager  John  G.  Heywood, 
Worcester  Art  Museum 

Director  Charles  M.  Kurtz, 
Buffalo  Academy  of  Fine 

Managing  Director  Charles  S. 
Smith,  People's  Institute, 
New  York 

Mr.  George  W.  Cable,  Author 

Curator  William  H.  Goodyear, 
Brookljm  Institute  of  Arts 
and  Sciences 

Director  J.  H.  Gest,  Cincin- 
nati Museum  Association 

Colonel  S.  S.  McClure,  Editor 
of  "McClure*s  Magazine" 

Mr.  Thomas  L.  Montgomery, 
State  Librarian,  Pennsyl- 

Mr.  Henry  Krehbeil,  Musical 
Critic  and  Author 

Mr.  Greorge  C.  Palmer, 


Mr.  S.  H.  Church 


Mr.  Robert  Pitcaim, 


Hon.  James  H.  Reed 


Mr.  C.  C.  Mellor 



Nf  r.  John  Caldwell,  Mr.  George  A.  Macbeth, 

Mr.  J.  C.  Wasson 

Or.  John  A.  Brashear,  Mr.  William  Metcalf,  Jr., 

Hon.  James  R.  Macfarlane 

Hon.  Joseph  BufHngton  Hon.  John  D.  Shafer, 

Hon.  Josiah  G>hen 

Hon.  Henry  Kirke  Porter,  Rev.  A.  A.  Lambing, 

Mr.  George  T.  Oliver 

Mr.  Albert  J.  Barr,  Mr.  James  F.  Hudson, 

Mr.  William  Brand 

Mr.  W.  Lucien  Scaife,  Mr.  Edward  M.  Bigelow 

Dr.  E.  R.  Walters 

Mr.  Charles  L.  Taylor  Mr.  Joseph  R.  Woodwell 

Mr.  A.  Bryan  Wall 

Mr.  Durbin  Home  Dr.  M.  E.  O'Brien 

Mr.  P.  A.  Manion 

Mr.  S.  C.  Jamison  Mr.  John  Werner 

Mr.  Andrew  W.  Mellon 

Mr.  William  McConway  Mr.  John  B.  Jackson 

Mr.  George  H.  Clapp 

Students  of  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools 



0  o'clock  was  the  hour  set  for  the  com- 
lencement  of  the  dedication  ceremonies 
Q  the  Hall  of  Music,  and  at  that  time 
very  seat  in  the  auditorium  was  oc- 
cupied, while  several  thousand  persons 
stood  outside  to  witness  the  approach  of  the  guests  in 
procession.    The  audience  represented  all  sections  of 
Pittsburgh  society,  including  the  different  professional, 
business,  social,  and  labor  circles,  one  hundred  men 
chosen  from  the  various  mills  having  seats  with  their 
wives  beside  them.   The  first  box  was  occupied  by  Mrs. 
Andrew  Carnegie  and  a  party  of  relatives  and  friends. 
The  second  box  contained  Mrs.  William  N.  Frew  as 
hostess,  and  Lady  Cranston,  Mile.  Benedite,  Mme. 
Ernst  von  Ihne,  Mme.  Fritz  Schaper,  and  Mrs.  W.  T. 
Stead.    In  the  third  box  was  Mrs.  George  W.  Guthrie 
as  hostess,  and  Mme.  Friedrich  S.  Archenhold,  Mrs. 
C.  F.  Moberly  Bell,  Mme.  Camille  Enlart,   Miss 
Van  der  Poorten-Schwartz,  and  Mrs.  P.  Chalmers 


Mitchell.  The  fourth  box  was  occupied  by  Mrs.  S.  H. 
Church  as  hostess,  Miss  Use  Dickhuth,  Miss  Oliven 
Rh^s,  Mrs.  Ernest  S.  Roberts,  Mrs.  George  Westing- 
house,  and  Mrs.  James  H.  Reed. 

When  the  audience  had  been  seated,  the  foreign 
guests  were  escorted  to  the  platform  by  Mr.  George  H. 
Wilson,  acting  as  Marshal ;  and  as  the  familiar  faces  of 
the  distinguished  men  were  recognized  from  time  to 
time  the  audience  broke  into  enthusiastic  manifesta- 
tions of  welcome.  The  last  to  come  into  view  was  Mr. 
Andrew  Carnegie,  who  was  greeted  with  such  a  stirring 
cheer  as  must  have  given  him  a  new  conception  of 
the  admiration  and  affection  of  his  neighbors,  and  it 
was  prolonged  for  several  minutes.  With  the  guests 
seated  on  the  front  chairs  on  the  platform  and  the 
trustees  at  the  center,  the  speakers  then  occupied  their 
seats  in  the  following  order :  Dr.  John  Rh^s,  Dr.  Ernest 
S.  Roberts,  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie,  Mr.  W.  N.  Frew, 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church,  Mr.  Paul  Doumer,  his  Excellency 
Theodor  von  Moeller,  and  Baron  d'Estournelles  de 
Constant.  The  military  dress  of  the  soldiers  and  the 
many-colored  gowns  of  the  doctors  of  learning,  flanked 
on  either  side  by  the  women  in  the  boxes,  with  a  gaily 
dressed  audience  in  front  and  a  garden  of  roses  and 
palms  at  the  rear  of  the  platform,  made  the  scene  one  of 
great  animation  and  splendor.  When  all  had  been 
seated,  Mr.  Charles  Heinroth,  at  the  organ,  played 
"Ein  feste  Burg,"  by  Martin  Luther,  and  "Festal  Pre- 
lude," by  Gaston  M.  Dethier,  and  when  the  last  swell- 
ing note  had  died  away.  Dr.  John  Rh^s,  Principal  of 



Jesus  College,  Oxford  University,  stepped  forward 
and  read  a  passage  of  Scripture  from  the  third  chapter 
of  Proverbs,  on  the  beauty  of  wisdom- 





Provbrbs  m,  9-27 

9  Honor  the  Lord  with  thy  substance,  and  with 
the  first  fruits  of  all  thine  increase : 

10  So  shall  thy  bams  be  filled  with  plenty,  and  thy 
presses  shall  burst  out  with  new  wine. 

1 1  My  son,  despise  not  the  chastening  of  the  Lord ; 
neither  be  weary  of  his  correction : 

12  For  whom  the  Lord  loveth  he  correcteth;  even 
as  a  father  the  son  in  whom  he  delighteth. 

13  Happy  is  the  man  that  findeth  wisdom,  and  the 
man  that  getteth  understanding : 

14  For  the  merchandise  of  it  is  better  than  the 
merchandise  of  silver,  and  the  gain  thereof  than  fine 

15  She  is  more  precious  than  rubies:  and  all  the 
things  thou  canst  desire  are  not  to  be  compared  unto 

16  Length  of  days  is  in  her  right  hand;  and  in  her 
left  hand  riches  and  honor. 



17  Her  ways  are  ways  of  pleasantness,  and  all  her 
paths  are  peace. 

18  She  is  a  tree  of  life  to  them  that  lay  hold  upon 
her :  and  happy  is  every  one  that  retaineth  her. 

19  The  Lord  by  wisdom  hath  founded  the  earth; 
by  understanding  hath  he  established  the  heavens. 

20  By  his  knowledge  the  depths  are  broken  up, 
and  the  clouds  drop  down  the  dew. 

21  My  son,  let  not  them  depart  from  thine  eyes: 
keep  sound  wisdom  and  discretion  : 

22  So  shall  they  be  life  unto  thy  soul,  and  grace  to 
thy  neck. 

23  Then  shalt  thou  walk  in  thy  way  safely,  and 
thy  foot  shall  not  stumble. 

24  When  thou  liest  down,  thou  shalt  not  be  afraid  : 
yea,  thou  shalt  lie  down,  and  thy  sleep  shall  be  sweet. 

25  Be  not  afraid  of  sudden  fear,  neither  of  the 
desolation  of  the  wicked,  when  it  cometh. 

26  For  the  Lord  shall  be  thy  confidence,  and  shall 
keep  thy  foot  from  being  taken. 

27  Withhold  not  good  from  them  to  whom  it  is 
due,  when  it  is  in  the  power  of  thine  hand  to  do  it. 




Grand  Stairway 

The  Reverend  Doctor  Ernest  S.  Roberts,  Vice-Chan- 
cellor  of  Cambridge  University,  delivered  the  invoca- 





Let  us  pray 

For  all  churches  and  all  associations  united  in  endeav- 
ors for  the  amelioration  of  mankind ; 

For  all  sovereigns  and  governors,  and  especially  here 
and  to-day  for  the  President  of  the  United  States ; 

For  all  great  councils  and  parliaments  that  they  may 
be  wise  in  legislation  and  pure  in  purpose ; 

For  all  ministers  and  dispensers  of  God's  Holy 
Word,  that  in  their  several  stations  they  may  serve 
truly  and  faithfully  to  the  honor  of  God  and  the  wel- 
fare of  His  people ; 

And  that  there  never  may  be  wanting  a  supply  of 
persons  duly  qualified  to  serve  God  both  in  Church  and 
State,  let  us  pray  for  a  blessing  on  all  seminaries  of 
sound  learning  and  religious  education,  especially  the 
universities  of  the  world  and  all  centers  of  higher  edu- 
cation and  training,  and  the  arts  and  sciences ;  and  here- 



in  I  desire  your  prayers  for  the  president,  the  professors 
and  the  students  of  the  Western  University  of  Penn- 
sylvania, and  for  the  president  and  trustees  of  this  in- 
stitution, and  for  all  who  are  to  benefit  therefrom. 

Pray  we  likewise  for  the  civil  government  of  this 
city,  for  the  Honorable  the  Mayor,  the  aldermen,  and 
all  that  bear  office  therein. 

Lastly,  let  us  pray  for  all  people  of  all  races  in  all 
lands,  that  they  may  come  to  live  in  the  true  faith  and 
fear  of  God,  in  dutiful  allegiance  to  their  country's 
laws,  in  sincere  and  conscientious  conmiunication  with 
the  fellowship  of  all  good  men,  and  in  brotherly  love 
and  Christian  charity  one  toward  another. 

And  as  we  pray  for  future  mercies  so  let  us  praise 
Grod's  most  holy  name  for  those  that  we  have  already 
received,  and  in  particular  here  and  to-day  let  us  praise 
Him  for  that  He  did  prompt  Andrew  Carnegie  to  lay 
the  foundation  of  this  stately  establishment,  and  later 
did  put  into  the  heart  of  the  same  man.  His  servant, 
greatly  to  further  that  beginning,  and  generously  to 
make  provision  for  the  intellectual  welfare  of  genera- 
tions to  come. 

These  prayers  and  praises  let  us  humbly  offer  up  to 
the  throne  of  Heaven  in  the  words  which  Christ  Him- 
self hath  taught  us : 

Our  Father,  who  art  in  heaven.  Hallowed  be  thy 
Name.  Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done  on 
earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.    And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we  forgive 



those  who  trespass  against  us.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation ;  But  deliver  us  from  evil :  For  thine  is  the 
kingdom,  and  the  power,  and  the  glory,  for  ever  and 
ever.    Amen. 


Mr,  S.  H.  Church  then  read  the  following  letter  from 
the  President  of  the  United  States,  being  frequently  in- 
terrupted by  applause : 



April  11,  1907. 
My  dear  Sir: 

I  am  not  able  to  be  present  myself  with  you,  there- 
fore let  me  through  you  express  my  appreciation  of  the 
great  work  done  by  the  founding  of  the  Carnegie  In- 
stitute. Wealth  is  put  to  a  noble  use  when  applied  to 
purposes  such  as  those  the  Carnegie  Institute  is  so  well 
designed  to  serve.  Every  such  institute,  every  founda- 
tion designed  to  serve  the  educational  uplifting  of  our 
people,  represents  just  so  much  gain  for  American  life, 
just  so  much  credit  for  us  collectively  as  a  nation.  The 
success  of  our  republic  is  predicated  upon  the  high  in- 
dividual efficiency  of  the  average  citizen ;  and  the  Car- 
negie Institute  is  one  of  those  institutions  which  tends 
to  bring  about  this  high  individual  efficiency.  Many 
things  go  to  make  up  such  efficiency.  There  must  be  a 
sound  body;  there  must  be  physical  hardihood  and  ad- 
dress in  the  use  of  trained  nerve  and  muscle ;  there  must 



also  be  a  high  degree  of  trained  intellectual  develop- 
ment,  a  high  degree  of  that  intelligence  which  can  only 
be  obtained  when  there  is  both  power  to  act  on  indivi- 
dual initiative,  and  power  to  act  in  disciplined  coordi- 
nation with  others.  And,  finally,  there  must  be  that 
training  on  the  moral  side  which  means  the  production 
in  the  average  citizen  of  a  high  type  of  character — the 
character  which  sturdily  insists  upon  rights,  and  no  less 
whole-heartedly  and  in  the  fullest  fashion  recognizes 
the  fact  that  the  performance  of  duty  to  others  stands 
even  ahead  of  the  insistence  upon  one's  own  rights. 

Through  you  I  extend  my  heartiest  congratulations 
to  Mr.  Carnegie,  and  my  wishes  that  he  may  have  many 
happy  returns  of  this  day,  together  with  the  acknow- 
ledgment which  all  of  us  must  make  of  the  public  ser- 
vice he  so  signally  renders  when  he  founds  institutions 

of  this  type. 

Sincerely  yours, 

Theodore  Roosevelt. 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary^  Carnegie  Institute, 

Pittfburgh,  Pa. 


President  Frew,  in  presenting  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie, 
said :  "It  is  unnecessary  for  me  to  introduce  him  to  you. 
Mr.  Carnegie — '' 

The  mention  of  Mr.  Carnegie's  name  was  greeted 
with  a  great  cheer  from  the  audience.  When  quiet  was 
restored,  Mr.  Carnegie  said : 

Mr.  President^  Ladies^  and  Gentlemen: 
I  HAVE  been  in  a  dream  from  the  moment  I  entered  this 
Institute  yesterday.  I  have  been  in  a  dream  all  morn- 
ing, and  I  am  not  yet  awake.  [Laughter  and  applause^ 
I  really  can  not  understand  it  all.  I  think  there  is  a 
defect  in  my  nature.  I  confess  to  you,  as  I  have  had 
to  confess  to  several,  that  I  am  totally  unable  to  real- 
ize that  I  have  had  any  part  in  creating  this  Institute. 
[Applause^  I  have  the  same  feeling  about  our  sum- 
mer home  in  Scotland.  I  do  not  think  any  man  ever 
loved  the  moors,  lochs,  and  mountains  more  deeply 
than  I,  and  yet  I  walk  over  them  and  can  not  feel  the 
slightest  sense  of  ownership.  I  doubt  whether  there  is 
a  man  or  woman  living  who  can  really  own  mountains 
and  streams  and  lochs  and  miles  of  heather.  I  do  not 
see  how  he  can  grasp  the  fact  that  they  belong  to  him.  I 
utterly  fail.  And  here  I  can  no  more  get  a  conception 
that  this  Institute,  this  great  and  beautiful  gem,  which 
astonishes  Mrs.  Carnegie  and  me  alike,  is  my  work. 


^— ^ 


Yesterday,  when  I  was  telling  Mrs.  Carnegie  that  I  felt 
that  Aladdin  and  his  lamp  had  been  at  work,  that  genii 
had  created  the  Institute,  she  said,  ''Yes,  and  we  did 
not  even  have  to  rub  the  lamp/'  [Laughter']  I  assure 
you  this  is  not  make-believe.  I  am  truly  serious  in  say- 
ing that  I  can  not  feel  where  my  connection  with  all 
this  comes  in.  I  said  to  myself,  "Yes,  you  gave  Mr. 
Frew  a  little  piece  of  paper  addressed  to  Mr.  Franks 
saying  that  he  would  honor  the  draft."  Very  well,  I 
did,  but  I  have  never  seen  the  bonds  which  they  tell  me 
I  possess, — never!  [Laughter]  I  know  Mr.  Franks 
says  he  has  them,  and  that  is  all.  Ladies  and  gentle- 
men, there  is  no  realizing  sense  of  possession  possible 
to  me  under  such  circumstances.  I  can  honestly  ex- 
claim in  a  sense  with  Falstaff  that  "there 's  no  purchase 
in  money."  I  do  not  miss  what  I  gave.  As  far  as  I 
know  there  are  as  many  bonds  lying  in  the  vault  as 
there  were  before.  [Laughter]  Therefore,  I  hope  you 
will  believe  me  that  all  this  talk  about  what  I  have 
done,  and  how  I  must  feel  about  it,  is  positively  with- 
out foundation.  I  can  not  feel  so.  And,  ladies  and 
gentlemen,  with  your  permission,  I  propose  to  dream 
on.    [Applause] 

1  made  a  few  notes  to  which  I  will  refer,  because 
there  are  so  many  names  and  so  many  things  which  I 
wish  to  mention,  that  I  would  be  apt  to  forget. 

It  is  just  eleven  years  since  I  stood  here  and  handed 
over  the  then  Carnegie  Institute  to  Pittsburgh.  It  was 
a  combination,  as  I  believe  not  before  attempted,  of 
library,  art  gallery,  museum,  and  hall  of  music.    The 



city  was  to  maintain  the  Library,  and,  let  me  say  in 
passing,  most  generously  has  she  done  so.  {^Applause^ 
There  are  seven  branch  libraries  required  for  her  swell- 
ing population.  I  congratulate  Pittsburgh  upon  being 
among  the  foremost  cities  of  the  world  in  public  library 
development.  [Applause^  She  certainly  has  no  su- 
perior,— ^in  the  presence  of  gentlemen  from  many  cities, 
I  hesitate  to  say  more  than  that  she  has  no  superior, — 
but  I  think  a  little.  [Applause']  I  do  not  express  my 
thought.  [Laughter]  Mr.  Hopkins,  the  present  li- 
brarian, has  proved  himself  a  fit  successor  to  Mr. 
Anderson.  Higher  praise  it  would  be  difficult  to  be- 
stow. [Applause]  The  Department  of  Fine  Arts, 
Museum,  Hall  of  Music,  and  Technical  Schools,  since 
added,  were  to  be  endowed  by  me  as  unconditional 
gifts  to  the  community.  The  Library  may  be  considered 
a  necessity  for  the  city;  the  other  departments,  in  our 
day,  may  be  thought  of  somewhat  as  luxuries. 

The  project  took  form  in  this  way.  A  sum  was  of- 
fered by  me  for  a  free  library,  which  the  officials  of 
Pittsburgh  in  their  wisdom  at  that  time  refused.  Our 
first  home  in  the  new  land,  Allegheny  City,  fortunately 
for  both  parties,  recently  married  to  Pittsburgh,  then 
asked  whether  the  rejected  gift  would  be  given  to  her. 
I  was  delighted.  The  Allegheny  Library  and  Hall  are 
the  result  of  what  was  really  Pittsburgh's  money,  fortu- 
nately now  part  of  the  bride's  dowry.  [Applause] 
The  matter  was  not  allowed  to  rest,  for  a  young,  pure, 
and  public-spirited  citizen,  a  member  of  council,  moved 
that  a  committee  of  three  be  appointed  to  confer  with 



me  upon  the  subject.  The  motion  carried,  and  the  com* 
mittee  came,  the  chairman  being  the  gentleman  who 
presides  to-day.  [Applause']  It  is  fortunate  that  there 
exists  in  American  cities  a  class  which  responds  to  the 
call  of  duty,  and  has  in  all  emergencies  arisen  to  hon- 
estly and  well  serve  or  save  the  state.  I  place  in  that 
class  the  Mayor  whom  you  have  to-day.  [Applause'] 
I  said  to  the  committee  that  the  sum  I  originally  pro- 
posed was  too  small,  and  instead  of  $250,000  given  to 
Allegheny,  I  would  now  give  Pittsburgh  $1,000,000. 
The  matter  stood  in  this  position  until  President  Harri- 
son accompanied  me  here  to  open  the  Library  and  Hall 
in  Allegheny.  This  was  too  much  for  Pittsburgh.  A 
President  had  never  visited  Pittsburgh  before  for  such 
an  occasion.  To  think  that  the  first  one  should  pass 
over  the  river  and  visit  Allegheny !  The  next  morning 
that  public-spirited  citizen,  Christopher  L.  Magee,  and 
some  councilmen  came  to  see  me.  They  could  not  stand 
what  had  happened.  My  offer  was  accepted  and  the 
Institute  appeared.    [Applause] 

A  little  bit  of  history  may  be  told  here,  since  it  brings 
into  view  one  of  the  greatest  of  modern  philosophers. 
I  received  a  letter  from  Herbert  Spencer,  who  had  vis- 
ited Pittsburgh  with  me  just  after  the  Library  was 
refused.  He  was  bitter  about  some  letters  from  cor- 
respondents in  the  papers,  who  explained  to  their  own 
satisfaction,  no  doubt,  that  my  aim  was  only  to  erect  a 
monument  for  myself.  When  I  made  the  larger  offer, 
he  wrote  that  after  Pittsburgh's  former  rejection  it 
should  have  been  allowed  to  suffer  the  consequences,  to 



which  I  replied  that  if  I  had  offered  the  gift  in  order  to 
please  Pittsburgh  or  court  popularity,  or  to  erect  a 
monument,  I  should  probably  have  felt  as  he  indicated ; 
but  as  my  sincere  desire  was  to  promote  the  good  of 
Pittsburgh  and  not  my  own  good,  I  was  not  wounded 
at  its  refusal,  and  I  rejoiced  when  Pittsburgh  changed 
its  mind  and  was  willing  to  maintain  a  public  library, 
for,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  it  is  not  what  a  man  gives, 
but  what  he  induces  communities  to  give,  or  to  perform, 
that  produces  the  most  precious  fruit.  [^Applause^ 
What  we  do  for  ourselves  is  more  stimulating  than 
what  others  do  for  us.  In  this  case  Pittsburghers  knew 
I  was  one  of  themselves,  for  here  it  was  that  fortune 
came  to  me,  and  it  is  as  a  Pittsburgher  I  have  labored 
for  Pittsburgh.  This  Institute  is  built  by  a  Pittsburgher 
with  Pittsburgh  money  for  Pittsburgh.  You  all  know 
the  beneficent  results  which  have  followed. 

The  Hall  of  Music,  under  Mr.  Wilson's  able  control, 
led  to  the  organization  of  your  permanent  orchestra, 
how  rare  an  acquisition,  of  which  neither  London  nor 
New  York  can  boast.  There  are  only  three  in  America, 
and  not  one  in  Great  Britain;  one  in  Russia;  one  in 
France;  and,  I  have  no  doubt,  several  in  that  great 
home  and  birthplace  of  the  musical  masters,  Germany. 
Pittsburgh,  I  trust,  is  not  to  be  deprived  of  that  unique 
distinction.  Assuredly  such  an  orchestra,  under  Mr. 
Paur's  fine  direction,  brings  far-reaching  and  most  de- 
sirable fruits  in  plenteous  measure.  [Applause']  The 
organ  recitals  are  not  to  be  overlooked.  Many  are  the 
youths  of  Pittsburgh,  who  through  these  will  have  their 



finer  natures  touched  and  attuned,  the  results  being 
lifelong.  I  attach  so  much  importance  to  music.  I  be- 
lieve with  him  who  wrote:  "Oh!  music,  sacred  tongue 
of  God,  I  hear  thee  calling,  and  I  come."  Cherish  your 
orchestra  and  develop  your  musical  facilities  here. 
Believe  me,  music  is  the  highest  expression  which  the 
human  race  has  yet  attained.    [Applause'\ 

The  Museum,  under  the  indefatigable  Dr.  Holland, 
one  of  yourselves,  and  a  Pittsburgher,  can  scarcely  be 
spoken  of  in  sober  terms.  With  only  a  small  portion  of 
the  fund  enjoyed  by  two  or  three  similar  institutions, 
which  I  understand  will  be  largely  augmented,  how- 
ever, by  the  trustees,  it  has  produced  results  not  less, 
and  in  some  respects  even  greater,  than  these  larger  in- 
stitutions. Indeed,  some  of  the  remarkable  finds  of 
ancient  animals  have  placed  it  foremost  in  all  the  world 
in  this  department.  Dr.  Holland's  gift  of  his  unsur- 
passed entomological  collection  was  the  first  chief  ac- 
quisition of  the  Museum,  but  the  Doctor  has  made  a 
much  more  valuable  gift  since.  He  has  given  himself. 
[Applausel  [As  Mr.  Carnegie  continued  to  mention 
the  names  of  his  friends,  the  audience  caught  the  spirit 
of  his  amiability  and  applauded  until  each  one  arose  on 
the  platform  and  bowed  his  thanks  for  the  compliment. 
This  play  between  the  orator  and  his  audience  greatly 
quickened  the  animation  of  the  speech.]  The  Museum 
has  attained  international  position  as  one  of  the  world's 
institutions  and  reflects  infinite  credit  upon  its  director 
and  his  staff.  Of  Dr.  Holland  it  may  be  said  he  grows 
more  famous  as  he  travels  from  home.    I  am  very  apt 



to  forget  what  he  is,  and,  while  he  is  with  me  in  New 
York  or  here,  treat  him  as  only  one  of  ourselves.  And 
the  same  way  with  Professor  Brashear,  to  whom  the 
Institute  owes  much.  [^Great  applause^  These  great 
men  are  all  very  modest.  You  do  well  to  cheer  Brashear 
and  Holland.  It  is  only  when  they  are  met  in  Europe 
that  one  is  brought  to  realize  the  great  gulf  between 
these  two  men  and  the  like  of  me  and  the  others. 

The  Boys'  Naturalists  Club  is  an  outgrowth  of  the 
Museum,  and  of  much  moment. 

Now  there  comes  the  Department  of  Fine  Arts,  under 
the  management  of  Mr.  Beatty,  also  a  Pittsburgher, 
which  has  also  achieved  a  high  position,  and  reflects  in- 
finite credit  upon  the  man  who  has  been  its  director 
from  the  beginning.  Its  annual  exhibitions  are  events 
looked  forward  to  both  here  and  in  Europe.  Pictures 
are  sent  here  by  the  first  artists  of  Europe,  I  am  in- 
formed, to  a  greater  extent  than  to  any  other  American 
exhibition,  those  of  New  York  not  excepted.  I  often 
hear  the  story  of  our  jury  skying  a  picture  by  the  great 
Detaille.  I  should  like  all  these  celebrated  Frenchmen, 
and  all  the  other  gentlemen,  to  listen  to  this  story. 
There  is  a  lesson  in  it  for  all  of  us :  They  skied  one  of 
the  pictures  by  the  great  Detaille.  By  the  by,  I  take 
credit  myself  for  just  a  little  artistic  sense,  and  I  never 
could  favor  the  pictures  by  Meissonier ;  I  always  said, 
no,  no,  Detaille  is  the  greater  artist.  I  only  want 
Beatty  and  these  men  in  the  artistic  class  to  know  that 
I  can't  be  fooled  all  the  time,  that  is,  I  do  know  a  little. 
[Laugh ter"]    When  the  gentlemen  of  the  jury  were  in- 




formed  that  they  had  skied  Detaille  the  reply  was  su- 
perb. Mr.  John  Caldwell's  jury  said:  "We  can't  help 
that;  we  don't  regard  names  here,  but  art.  It  would 
have  been  the  same  if  it  had  been  painted  by  Rem- 
brandt." \_Applause  and  laughter']  I  congratulate 
Pittsburgh  upon  this  exhibition  of  triumphant  demo- 
cracy. [Laughter]  Pedigree  does  not  count  in  the 
Pittsburgh  Institute ;  and  the  manner  in  which  we  elect 
our  jury  is  thoroughly  democratic.  Every  artist  who 
exhibits  is  sent  a  ballot  to  vote  for  eight  or  nine  men  for 
a  j  ury .  Those  who  receive  a  ma j  ori ty  of  votes  are  elected 
judges,  and  they  render  the  verdict.  I  am  bound  to  say 
it  is  not  always  satisfactory  to  all  the  exhibitors.  Yet, 
I  remark,  you  do  not  hear  any  of  their  complaints 
through  the  omnipotent  press.  They  are  silent. 

Our  ceremony  to-day  embraces  the  Technical  Schools. 
These  are  part  of  the  Institute,  and  no  mean  part.  In 
direct  practical  results,  under  the  magical  sway  of  Dr. 
Hamerschlag,  [L^;2^  applause] — it  is  astonishing  what 
good  judges  this  audience  is  of  men!  [Laughter  and 
applause] — ^perhaps  it  is  to  overshadow  any  other  part, 
for  it  opens  to  students  of  both  sexes,  through  the  doors 
of  knowledge,  new  and  improved  scientific  modes  of 
reaching  higher  results  through  better  means.  It  ele- 
vates mere  manual  labor,  making  it  more  the  product  of 
the  brain  and  less  of  the  hand,  of  skill  rather  than  of 
force.  Based  upon  science  and  more  refined  methods,  it 
must  create  finer  tastes.  All  the  Technical  students 
have  free  access  to  Library,  Department  of  Fine  Arts, 



Music  Hall,  and  Museum.  Our  Technical  Schools, 
therefore,  while  resting  upon  the  severely  practical 
foundation  of  teaching  young  men  and  women  how 
best  to  fit  themselves  to  earn  their  bread  by  the  sweat 
of  their  brows,  may  be  regarded  as  also  educational  in 
esthetic  fields  in  no  small  degree.  Thus,  while  giving 
them  the  best  of  all  foundations  for  building  up  char- 
acter, there  are  also  the  refining  and  broadening  in- 
fluences of  culture  in  other  directions.  The  students 
feel  that  they  are  to  be  no  mere  drones  living  upon 
others,  but  are  preparing  to  become  of  use  in  the  world, 
winning  the  respect  of  others  because  possessed  of  their 

I  am  told  there  arc  to-day  thirteen  hundred  and 
ninety  students,  young  men  and  young  women,  and 
several  thousands  waiting  admission.  In  every  depart- 
ment there  exist  obvious  proofs  of  intense  earnestness, 
great  esprit  de  corps^  and  a  determination  to  profit  by 
the  advantages  offered.  Already  there  have  been  de- 
veloped strong  feelings  of  pride  in  and  love  for  the 

Thus,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  wherever  we  look 
around  us,  in  every  branch  of  the  Institute,  we  find 
success  written  in  large  and  unmistakable  letters.  The 
tree  has  borne  good  fruit  abundantly,  year  after  year 
in  the  past,  and  promises  to  continue  to  do  so  increas- 
ingly, year  after  year,  generation  after  generation. 
The  end,  no  man  can  foretell.  \^Applause\  This 
proves  the  presence  of  an  able  and  devoted  organizer  at 
the  head  of  the  Commission  to  whom  especial  thanks 



»     1 

^  i 






•   I 


are  due.    Mr.  Frew  has  been  a  harmonizing  and  con-  [  I 

stnictive  force  throughout.     [^Applause]    Hence  the  |  j  I' 

success  of  the  Institute.    He  would  be  the  first  to  ac-  \ 

knowledge  the  invaluable  services  rendered  by  Mr. 
Church,  the  all-pervading  secretary  [Applause^  and 
historian,  remember,  of  the  Institute.  Then  there  is 
Judge  Reed,  the  treasurer  without  bond.  [Applause] 
Ladies  and  gentlemen,  even  all  the  reports  in  these  days  >   M 

of  failure  to  perform  fiduciary  duties  have  never  moved  *       P 

us  to  ask  a  bond  from  Judge  Reed.  If  he  should  fall,  I 
should  feel  as  Shakspere's  Henry  V  did  when  he  said 
of  Lord  Scroop:  "For  this  revolt  of  thine,  methink,  is 
like  another  fall  of  man."  Then  there  is  Mr.  John 
Caldwell,  chairman  of  the  Fine  Arts  Committee  \^Ap- 
plause] ;  and  my  fellow  Sunday-school  scholar,  Charlie 
Mellor.  [Applause]  We  both  went  to  the  same  church,  •   ^  ^ 

and  I  do  not  believe  there  is  one  in  a  hundred  knows  .    |  ||; 

what  kind  of  a  church  it  was  we  went  to.    It  was  the  .   ?  \i 

Swedenborgian.  I  do  not  believe  Mr.  Mellor  lives  any- 
where else  than  in  the  Museum.  I  hope  you  will  call  *  ^  i^ 
on  him.  [Applause]  Then  there  is  another  man  of  the 
same  persuasion,  Mr.  Macbeth  [Applause] ;  and  Mr. 
McConway,  chairman  of  the  Technical  Schools  Com- 
mittee, he  is  another.  [Applause]  Where  is  he?  He 
is  not  here.  He  is  out  of  the  city.  Well,  ladies  and 
gentlemen,  I  will  make  a  graceful  bow  for  him.  [Ap- 
plause]  [Mr.  Carnegie  made  a  deep  obeisance  amid 
great  laughter  and  applause.]  And  Mr.  Metcalf, 
chairman  of  the  Conunittee  of  Buildings  and  Grounds. 
[Applause]     Last,  Mr.  Wasson,  of  the  Music  Hall 



- 1/ 


1  ( 





!   ■ 

.  V 








Committee,  a  town  councilor,  whose  heart  is  in  this 
work  as  well.  Now,  let  us  call  on  him.  [Applause^ 
Ah,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  not  one  of  these  men  whom  I 
have  named,  the  chairmen  of  the  various  committees, 
could  be  induced  to  take  a  dollar  for  all  the  labor  and 
all  the  thought  he  has  given  to  this  Institute.  [Ap^ 
plausel^  I  would  say  to  our  foreign  guests,  who  read  a 
great  deal  about  the  troubles  we  have  in  this  country, 
that  our  troubles  are  only  skin-deep.  Partizanship  is 
only  skin-deep.  Why,  deep  down  below,  we  are  all 
good  friends.  It  is  a  great  country;  I  am  a  great  optim- 
ist. I  can  not  see  anything  wrong  in  the  joyous  repub- 
lic, and  especially,  not  even  with  a  magnifying  glass, 
could  I  find  anything  wrong  with  Pittsburgh !  [Long 

Now,  you  see,  judging  by  the  past,  the  Institute's 
future  promises  well.  There  is  no  question  of  Pitts- 
burgh's continued  growth,  no  indications  that  she  will 
not  retain  her  commanding  position  as  a  manufacturing 
city,  foremost  in  certain  important  lines;  and  in  my 
view  there  is  no  question  of  the  continued  growth  and 
usefulness  of  the  Institute.  In  after  days  when  the 
Founder  becomes  merely  a  name,  as  Harvard  and  Yale 
and  Cornell  and  many  founders  are  to-day,  the  future 
Pittsburgh  millionaire,  loyal  to  the  city  where  he  has 
prospered,  will  see  that  his  bequests  can  be  best  be- 
stowed upon  needed  extensions  or  new  departments  or 
collateral  institutions  now  unthought  of.  [Applause] 
It  will  become  more  and  more  the  fashion,  may  I  not  say 
the  duty,  of  Pittsburghers  to  consider  what  return  they 



can  make  to  the  city  which  has  done  so  much  for  them. 
[^Applause^  Wealth  will  be  less  prized  for  itself  in 
future  generations,  and  the  chief  aim  will  be  to  bestow 
it  wisely,  and,  I  may  add,  justly;  for  surely  the  city, 
where  wealth  is  made,  has,  after  the  family,  the  first 
claim.  I  read  a  will  in  your  newspapers  yesterday,  I 
wish  I  could  remember  the  name,  it  was  familiar.  The 
man  left  his  estate  to  institutions  of  this  city.  I  hope 
the  press  will  look  that  up  and  insert  that  benefactor's 

A  Voice :  John  Porterfield.    [Applause'] 

Yes,  that 's  it;  that  was  the  name,  and  I  knew  him. 
Was  it  Porterfield  alone  ? 

A  Voice :  Porterfield  and  Stevenson. 

Yes,  I  thought  he  had  a  partner.  There  is  an  ex- 
ample for  you !  [Applause]  What  a  poor  legacy  does 
a  man  leave  to  his  children  and  his  children's  children, 
who  prospers  here,  and  dies  without  remembering  his 
city.  [Applause]  Oh,  I  speak  now  the  word  of  sober- 
ness to  you  men.  Here  lies  your  duty.  "For  he  that 
loveth  not  his  brother  whom  he  hath  seen,  how  can  he 
love  God  whom  he  hath  not  seen?"  I  think  that  is  a 
very  good  text.  Now  when  this  fact  is  realized,  Pitts- 
burgh will  be  abundantly  supplied,  and  this  Institute 
will  have  become  the  precursor  of  other  institutions, 
the  gifts  of  Pittsburgh  men  for  Pittsburgh.  [Applause] 

Now  I  wish  to  speak  of  a  very  pleasant  feature.  The 
gifts  to  the  various  departments  of  the  Institute  have 
already  been  so  nimierous  that  mention  of  the  donors 
is  impracticable.    More  than  twenty  have  been  given 


»   \i 


to  the  Art  Gallery;  between  four  and  five  hundred  to 
the  Museum,  some  of  the  gifts  being  extremely  valu- 
able; no  less  than  seven  hundred  to  the  Library;  and, 
here  is  a  bright  spot,  even  the  Technical  School,  which 
has  just  started,  has  received  $15,CXX)  to  found  a  schol- 
arship to  be  given  to  a  poor  but  worthy  student.  {^Ap- 
plause^  I  was  happier  when  I  received  that  letter  than 
I  have  been  for  a  long  time.  This,  within  a  few  months 
of  its  creation,  is  only  one  of  the  many  proofs  that  we 
have  there  the  right  man  in  the  right  place,  and  that  the 
school  is  to  be  heard  from  in  the  future.  [Applause'] 
The  names  of  the  donors  arc  recorded  in  the  annals  of 
the  Institute,  and  will  furnish  pleasant  reading  to  their 
descendants  in  future  generations.  These  proofs  of 
genuine  Pittsburgh  cooperation  are  the  sweetest  of  all 
possible  rewards.  They  have  enabled  me  to  dwell  upon 
the  fact  that  I  am  not  alone  in  this  work,  and  at  inter- 
vals they  whisper,  "You  are  not  alone,  you  have  Pitts- 
burgh with  you,"  delicious  music  that  comes  to  my 
heart  and  makes  me  glad. 

There  is  room  for  many  things  of  the  spirit  in  our 
city.  Things  material  are  abundant.  Our  mills  and 
factories  are  nimierous,  large  and  prosperous,  but  things 
material,  including  money  itself,  should  only  be  the 
foundation  upon  which  we  build  things  spiritual.  Our 
mines  of  iron  and  coal  have  not  completed  their  mission 
when  transmuted  into  articles  for  use;  not  even  com- 
pleted their  mission  when  transmuted  into  dollars.  All 
is  still  upon  the  material  plane.  Not  until  the  dollars 
are  transmuted  into  service  for  others,  in  one  of  the 



many  forms  best  calculated  to  appeal  to  and  develop 
the  higher  things  of  the  moral,  intellectual  and  esthetic 
life,  has  wealth  completely  justified  its  existence.  [Ap- 
plause^  Dollars  are  only  dross  until  spiritualized,  a 
means  to  an  end ;  and  miserable  is  the  man,  mean  and 
squalid  his  life,  who  knows  no  better  than  to  deaden  his 
soul  by  mere  possession,  counting  over  the  hoard  which 
holds  him  down,  or  using  his  faculties  in  old  age  in 
augmenting  the  useless  stuff  which  ministers  not  to  any 
taste  worthy  of  man.    [^Applause] 

There  is  surely  to  arise  from  the  wealth  created  here 
a  body  of  men  who  will  find  in  the  distribution  of  their 
gains  where  they  were  made,  the  genuine  reward  which 
surplus  wealth  can  give,  the  knowledge  that  it  is  cer- 
tain in  after  years  to  elevate,  refine,  and  purify  the 
lives  of  those  who  succeed  us,  and  that  we  have  left  one 
spot  of  earth  at  least  a  little  better  than  we  found  it. 

There  is  one  body  of  men  to  whom  the  Institute  pri- 
marily owes  its  success :  the  Commission  which  has  la- 
bored so  generously  as  trustees  from  the  beginning.  The 
chairmen  of  all  the  conmiittees  you  have  called  for  and 
thanked.  But  the  silent  members  of  the  Commission 
can  not  even  be  mentioned  here  this  afternoon.  We 
thank  them,  however,  and  congratulate  them  upon  the 
crowning  success  of  to-day.    [^Applause] 

Now,  it  has  been  my  rare  privilege  as  years  have 
passed  to  become  more  and  more  intimate  with  the  class 
of  men  whose  delight  it  is  to  labor  not  for  self,  but  for 
others ;  not  for  their  own  gain,  but  for  the  gain  of  the 
conmiunity.    Much  of  self-sacrifice  I  have  seen  that 


i  f 








elevates  human  nature.  Little  does  and  little  can 
the  speculator  on  the  exchange,  or  the  mere  dollar- 
grabber  in  any  line  of  activity,  know  of  the  higher 
pleasures  of  human  existence.  Only  when  a  man  labors 
for  the  general  good,  and  for  other  than  miserable  aims 
that  end  with  self,  can  he  know  and  enjoy  the  high  spir- 
itual rewards  of  life.  We  have  such  men  in  Pitts- 
burgh, deeply  interested  in  this  Institute,  a  large  body 
of  them;  and  also  in  the  Hero  Fund  and  in  the  Pension 
Fund,  and  in  many  other  philanthropic  fields,  men  who 
have  their  hearts  in  the  work.  If  it  were  not  invidious 
to  name  some  who  are  exceptional  where  all  have  done 
so  well,  I  should  like  to  do  so  now;  but  they  seek  no 
popularity,  or  other  reward,  beyond  the  return  received 
from  laboring  for  the  general  good.  Many  are  the  men 
and  women  in  Pittsburgh  who  are  laborers  in  the  vine- 
yards of  self-abnegation.  The  highest  type  of  human- 
ity, believe  me,  is  that  which  does  most  to  make  our 
earthly  home  a  heaven.  The  highest  worship  of  God  is 
service  to  man.    [Applause'\ 

Special  acknowledgment  is  due  to  the  press  of  Pitts- 
burgh [Applause^ ,  which  has  from  the  inception  of  the 
Institute  been  lavish  of  their  space  and  labor  to  keep  it 
before  the  people ;  and  much  of  the  general  acceptance 
and  popularity  obtained  has  been  owing  to  this.  The 
medical  profession  is  justly  credited  with  giving  an 
enormous  amount  of  service  gratuitously,  but  I  judge 
the  press  to  be  abreast  of  it.  Every  good  non-partizan 
work  has  its  powerful  support.  All  parties  are  found 
in  happy  agreement  here. 



We  wish  also  to  express  our  thanks  to  the  eminent 
men  from  many  parts  of  our  own  country,  and  from 
many  foreign  lands,  who  honor  us  to-day  by  their  pres- 
ence. [Applause']  Pittsburgh  has  never  seen  a  gath- 
ering comprising  so  many  distinguished  men  from  the 
Old  World.  It  has  welcomed  them  with  pleasure.  It 
is  highly  honored  in  receiving  men  whose  names  are 
household  words  in  both  the  Old  and  the  New  World; 
honored,  also,  in  having  so  many  of  our  own  land  whose 
names  are  known  in  both,  and  who  have  made  the  world 
their  debtor  for  services  rendered.  Such  assemblages 
presage  the  coming  federation  of  the  world.  Many  be- 
fore you  to-day,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  are  more  than 
Americans,  more  than  Italians,  more  than  Frenchmen, 
more  than  Dutchmen,  more  than  Germans.  They  are 
citizens  of  the  world,  and  the  world  owns  itself  their 
debtor.  [Applause]  It  will  not  be  considered  in- 
vidious if  special  mention  be  made  of  the  interest  dis- 
played in  our  Institute  by  that  remarkable  man,  the 
German  Emperor  [Applause]^  very  like  another  re- 
markable man  of  whom  we  hear  so  much  in  our  coun- 
try,— very  much  alike,  these  two  men  are.  [Applause] 
We  owe  the  Emperor  much  for  sending  General  von 
Loewenfeld  as  his  representative,  and  his  Minister  of 
State,  von  Moeller,  and  other  eminent  men.  I  ask 
them  to  convey  to  the  Emperor  the  profound  acknow- 
ledgment of  all  interested  in  the  Institute.  We  ear- 
nestly wish  for  him  a  continuance,  a  long  continuance, 
of  the  reign  of  peace  and  prosperity  which  has  so  long 
blessed  his  sway;  for,  be  it  remembered  to  his  credit, 


that  since  he  has  reigned  his  hands  are  guiltless  of 
human  blood  shed  in  international  war.  [^Applause'] 
That  is  the  reason  I  think  the  Emperor  the  coming  man 
of  destiny  who  will  perhaps  perform  a  miracle  before 
he  passes  away.  He  has  it  in  his  power  to  abolish  war 
from  this  world.  [Applause^  He  has  only  to  ask 
America,  Britain,  and  France  to  join  with  him  in  creat- 
ing an  International  Police  Force  to  tell  the  other  lands 
of  the  world  that  since  it  has  become  interdependent  no 
nation  has  the  right  to  disturb  the  general  peace  of  the 
world.  [Applause']  That  is  true, — the  German  Em- 
peror could  do  that  to-day  at  The  Hague  Conference, 
and  he  would  find  powers  that  would  rally  around  him 
and  say,  "Yes,  we  have  had  this  killing  of  men  by  men 
long  enough.  Let  it  no  longer  disgrace  humanity." 
[Great  applause]  We  must  also  remember  that  our 
Technical  Schools  have  Charlottenburg  to  follow  as 
their  model.  We  can  not  forget  what  we  owe  to  Ger- 
many as  the  teacher  of  the  nation  in  industrial  educa- 
tion. [Applause]  Again,  we  can  not  omit  recognition 
of  the  valued  congratulations  brought  to  us  by  the 
friends  from  our  sister  republic  of  France,  [Great  ap- 
plause] to  whom  this  country  owes  so  much.  They  can 
never  be  forgotten.  One  can  not  imagine  the  two  re- 
publics in  variance  upon  any  subject  whatever,  and  as 
we  have  had  Germany  as  a  teacher  in  industrial  devel- 
opment, so  we  have  had  for  our  Art  Department  the 
guidance  of  France,  the  leader  in  things  artistic.  [Ap- 

Now,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  for  the  last  word.    I  beg 



your  pardon  for  exercising  your  patiei 
is  present  to-day  one  of  my  oldest  an 
that  good  Quaker,  Joseph  Wharton, 
[^Applause"]  I  ask  him  to  rise.  [M 
amid  great  cheering,  and  bowed]  H 
years  ago  when  I  stood  here  and  han 
Institute,  and  he  is  here  to-day,  God 
reminded  me  the  other  day  in  Philadt 
at  his  house,  how  I  ended  my  oration- 
is  the  proper  name  for  it — oration — 
that  I  made,  but  which  he  handled 
such  dramatic  effect  that  I  can  onli 
him.  I  said,  "Those  are  the  very  wi 
will  close  at  the  forthcoming  celebrati 
of  the  enlarged  Institute."  I  wish  he 
say  it  for  you.  But  I  will  try  to  imit 
I  can.  [Extending  his  hands,  and  sp 
solemnity]  Take,  then,  people  of  P 
stitute  from  one  who  owes  Pittsburg! 
her  deeply,  and  who  would  serve  her  i 

The  other  addresses  of  the  day  wen 
order  in  which  they  are  here  printed : 





In  the  name  of  my  colleagues,  to  whom,  as  to  myself, 
has  fallen  the  good  fortune  to  participate  in  this  festive 
occasion  as  the  delegates  of  his  Majesty,  the  German 
Emperor,  I  have  the  honor  to  express  his  Majesty's, 
as  well  as  our  own,  most  heartfelt  congratulations. 
First  of  all,  these  congratulations  are  due  to  the  mag- 
nanimous founder  of  the  Institute  bearing  his  name, 
the  donor  of  the  grand  structure,  the  dedication  of 
which  has  brought  us  here  together.  We  also  congratu- 
late the  Board  of  Trustees  of  this  ingenious  creation, 
upon  whom  devolves  the  honorable  and  pleasant,  yet 
highly  responsible  duty  of  administering  this  rare  com- 
bination of  institutes  for  propagating  and  popular- 
izing education  in  the  arts  and  sciences.  Theirs  it  is  to 
develop  it  and  make  its  blessings  permanently  acces- 
sible to  the  changing  and  widening  circles  of  the  people 
of  this  Union.  And — last,  but  not  least — we  felicitate 
the  citizens  of  Pittsburgh  on  calling  such  a  magni- 
ficent educational  institute  their  own ;  for  deriving  for 
themselves,  at  first  hand,  its  beneficial  effects;  and, 
above  all,  for  having  raised  within  their  walls  a  man 
of  such  immense  energy,  of  such  wonderful  success 






and,  withal,  of  such  noble  munificence,  who  has  not 
only  very  materially  contributed  to  the  astonishing  de- 
velopment of  your  industries,  but  who,  with  a  clear  per- 
ception of  his  duties  toward  the  conmiunity,  has  placed 
this  rare  Institute  at  the  disposal  of  his  fellow-citizens, 
who  here  may  find  the  means  for  either  supplementing 
and  replenishing  their  education  out  of  the  riches  of  the 
library,  the  museimis,  or  through  musical  performances, 
procure  for  themselves  the  intellectual  enjoyments  in- 
dispensable for  their  recuperation  from  the  effects  of 
their   arduous  daily  work.    They,  thus,  may  gather 
strength  for  keeping  up  that  high  degree  of  activity  es- 
sential to  life  in  this  wonderful  country,  which,  as  it 
has  for  generations  produced  treasures  without  limita- 
tion out  of  its  seemingly  inexhaustible  virgin  soil, 
makes  demand  upon  the  working  capacity  of  its  in- 
habitants unknown  to  the  Old  World,  yet  undoubt- 
edly as  exhausrible  as  even  the  best  soil.    He  who  thus 
affords  mental  relief  to  the  worker  is,  therefore,  a  bene- 
factor to  mankind  in  a  double  sense  of  the  word.    The 
principal  object  of  the  Institute,  however,  I  find  in  its 
educational   establishments   of   various   descriptions, 
which  are  primarily  intended  to  train  ambitious  young 
people  of  either  sex  for  new  and  remunerative  lines  of 
human  activity,  and,  by  this  means,  foster  the  economic 
progress  of  this  country  in  general. 

To  my  mind  it  is  a  well  established  fact  that,  in  the 
development  of  our  present  era  of  substitution  of  me- 
chanical power  in  the  place  of  human  and  animal  labor, 
with  all  its  wonders  of  progress,  but  also  with  its 



1  1 


estrangement  between  employed  and  employers  and  the 
educated  classes  in  general,  the  latter  have  come  face  to 
face  with  duties,  the  discharge  of  which  is  not  only  de- 
manded by  the  commands  of  justice,  but  is  one  of  the 
leading  problems  with  which  all  nations  employing 
modern  methods  of  production  have  to  deal,  in  order  to 
avert  the  serious  conflict  between  the  different  classes 
of  society  which  endangers  the  existence  of  our  modern 

There  is  still  a  great  diversity  of  opinions  as  to  the 
proper  means  to  be  employed  in  combating  the  symp- 
toms of  social  disease,  and  it  would  be  out  of  place 
here  to  discuss  this  subject  at  any  length.  The  fact, 
however,  that  the  conveyance  of  education  to  the  more 
industrious  among  the  uneducated  workers,  as  a  means 
of  elevating  them  into  the  higher  spheres  of  life  and 
finally  into  the  propertied  classes,  is  one  of  the  most 
effective  instrumentalities  in  effacing  the  existing  so- 
cial contrasts,  is  universally  recognized,  especially 
among  people  of  a  democratic  trend  of  thinking,  such 
as  the  people  of  this  country.  In  the  Old  World,  too, 
^  the  number  of  those  who  incline  to  regard  education  as 
a  privilege  of  the  higher  classes  only,  is  becoming  less 
and  less,  until  it  has  almost  reached  the  point  of  ex- 
tinction. Thus,  in  Germany,  it  is  to-day  considered 
a  social  obligation  of  the  highest  order,  devolving 
alike  upon  conununities  and  states,  to  extend  the  train- 
ing given  to  the  young  in  public  schools,  through 
schools  for  adults,  into  the  first  years  of  their  working. 
Attendance  upon  these  schools,  at  first  optional,  was 






*         ■ 









5       , 
*      • 



later,  in  the  case  of  mechanics  at  least,  made  obligatory, 
and  the  time  for  instruction,  formerly  evenings  and 

Sundays,  transferred  into  the  working  hours  in  order  .^ 

not  to  have  overworked  pupils,  and  not  to  deprive  the 
latter  of  their  Sunday's  rest.  During  the  first  years  of 
the  new  century  we  have  made  good  progress  in  that  di- 
rection, and  the  time  is  not  far  distant  when  instruction 
for  adults  will  be  obligatory  upon  all  young  workers  in 
factories  who  received  their  first  training  in  public 

schools.    The  ambitious  young  man  may,  at  his  option,  ^ 

still  further  fit  himself  for  his  calling  in  special  and  1    . 

evening  classes,  which  are  held  with  particular  refer- 
ence to  the  peculiar  needs  of  the  various  crafts  and  . 
trades.    For  full-aged  laborers  there  are  likewise  eve- 
ning  courses  arranged  in  connection  with  the  schools  for 

special  branches  of  instruction:  the  middle  technical  J    M 

schools  for  the  building,  machinery,  shipbuilding,  tex- 
tile, and  pottery  trades,  mechanical  arts,  etc.,  etc., 
where  they  may  avail  themselves  of  the  rich  resources 
of  instruction  of  these  schools.  It  has  been  a  source  of 
special  gratification  to  me  to  learn  from  the  brief  me- 
morial sent  us  with  reference  to  the  Carnegie  Institute, 
that  you  are  proceeding  on  the  same  lines  as  we ;  that 
here,  too,  instruction  is  given  not  only  in  day,  but  in 
night  schools  as  well,  which  latter  do  now,  but  still 
more  in  the  grand  new  edifice,  place  a  vast  educational 
apparatus  at  the  disposal  of  the  worker  of  higher  as- 

The  fact  that  we  thus  work  harmoniously  seems  to 
fully  justify  the  encouraging  conclusion  that  our  ef- 









forts  toward  elevating  the  intellectual  level  of  the 
working  classes  are  moving  in  the  right  direction. 

In  Germany,  municipalities  in  the  first  place,  and 
the  state  in  a  subsidiary  way,  are  held  to  make  pro- 
vision, not  only  for  public,  but  also  for  higher  schools. 
Our  universities  and  technical  high  schools  are  state 
establishments,  exclusively.  Nevertheless,  we,  too, 
pride  ourselves  on  possessing  educational  institutions, 
especially  in  the  field  of  commercial  training,  which, 
originated  by  individual  initiative,  owe  their  existence 
to  mercantile  corporations  or  chambers  of  commerce. 
Of  that  class  are  numerous  schools  for  adults  in  mer- 
cantile pursuits :  the  commercial  high  school  of  Berlin ; 
the  commercial  high  school  of  Cologne,  the  latter  the 
gift  of  the  late  Mr.  von  Mewissen;  and  the  Academy 
of  Social  and  Commercial  Science  of  Frankfort  on  the 
Main,  a  donation  of  Mr.  Merton,  of  the  same  city. 

In  this  country,  where  the  work  of  many  centuries 
had  to  be  crowded  into  the  narrow  space  of  little  more 
than  a  hundred  years,  our  gait  seemed  rather  slow,  and 
successful  men  in  various  walks  of  life  have  in  numer- 
ous instances  anticipated  any  action  on  the  part  of  the 
community  by  erecting  and  supporting,  out  of  their 
own  means,  large  educational  institutions  of  higher  or- 
der. Admiringly  we  stand  here  before  one  of  the  most 
remarkable  illustrations  of  this  generous,  high-minded 
spirit  among  American  citizens. 

In  order  to  add  our  own  mite  to  the  treasures  of  the 
Institute's  collections,  we  have  the  honor  to,  herewith, 
offer  a  series  of  official  publications  of  the  German  Em- 



pire,  of  the  Kingdom  of  Prussia,  and  of  the  City  of  Ber- 
lin, together  with  a  narration,  published  by  the  Mining 
Society  of  Dortmund,  of  the  development  of  coal-pro- 
ducing in  the  Rhenish- Westphalian  District,  and  to 
ask  permission  to  present  the  same  at  the  proper  time. 
Our  heartiest  thanks,  in  conclusion,  are  due,  above 
all,  to  Mr.  Carnegie  and  to  the  trustees  of  this  Insti- 
tute, to  whom  we  are  indebted  for  the  opportunity  thus 
afforded  us  to  attend  this  beautiful  celebration  and  to 
visit  the  city,  the  rich  resources  of  which  have  prepared 
the  way  for  the  donor  of  this  beautiful  edifice  to  prac- 
tise his  most  liberal  munificence.    [Applause] 




M.  Paul  Doumer  was  introduced  at  this  moment  and 
delivered  an  extemporaneous  speech  of  great  force  and 
beauty.  He  pleaded  for  the  recognition  of  intellectual 
ideals  against  the  domination  of  force  the  world  over. 
His  discourse,  in  the  French  language,  was  keenly  en- 
joyed by  the  audience,  and  it  is  greatly  to  be  regretted 
that  M.  Doumer  declares  himself  unable  to  recall  the 
speech  for  the  purpose  of  publication. 


'    u 






This  Institute  which  we  open  to-day  does  not  require 
our  eulogy.  It  is  in  itself  a  fact  more  eloquent  than 
words.  It  is  a  positive  act,  an  act  of  faith  in  the  future 
of  our  civilization.  If  we  try  to  conceive  the  amount 
of  effort  required  to  realize  our  common  aspirations 
of  progress  and  justice,  we  perceive  only  too  clearly 
our  own  weakness ;  but  if,  face  to  face  with  these  monu- 
ments raised  to  science  by  labor,  we  estimate  the  diffi- 
culties that  have  already  been  surmounted  in  spite  of 
everything,  we  hail  man's  work  with  confidence.  Ruins 
may  be  accumulated  on  ruins,  ignorance  and  barbarism 
may  humiliate  us  by  their  return,  but  in  the  end  reason 
wins  the  day,  and  at  the  very  moment  when  we  might 
be  tempted  to  despair,  it  is  preparing  its  most  brilliant 

Where  can  we  find  better  than  in  America  evidence 
of  the  constant  advance  of  human  activity?  In  spite 
of  the  vicissitudes  and  failures  which  visit  you,  as  well 
as  ourselves,  what  a  decisive  lesson  of  optimism  you 
are  offering  to  the  Old  World !  It  is  barely  six  years 
since  I  made  my  last  trip  to  America,  and  yet  I  find  it 
difficult  to  calculate  the  services  rendered  by  your 
country  to  humanity  during  such  a  short  period.  I  came 
in  February,  1902,  visiting  Washington,  New  York,  and 



'      1: 

I  . 



•  1 


K        * 


Chicago,  pleading  the  cause  so  dear  to  me,  demonstrat- 
ing the  need  of  a  new  international  policy  and  the 
urgency  of  an  organization  of  peace.  There  are  suffi- 
cient inevitable  catastrophes,  like  those  of  Courri^res 
and  San  Francisco,  and  so  many  others,  that  take  us  by 
surprise,  leaving  behind  them  sorrow  and  even  death, 
for  us  to  abstain  from  adding  wittingly  to  them  other 
calamities,  and  to  induce  us  to  devote  to  works  of  life  a 
part  of  the  essential  resources  we  now  lavish  on  works 
of  destruction.    And  lo,  on  every  side  is  beginning  to 

appear  that  organization  which  was  deemed  chimerical.  l    \ 

We  can  celebrate  in  advance  its  success,  more  or  less 
remote.  No  matter,  we  are  content  with  the  perspec- 
tive of  the  harvest.  To  be  sure,  the  cultivator  sees  with 
pride  his  ripe  corn-fields,  ready  to  be  transformed  into 
force,  wealth,  and  intelligence;  but  long  before  the 
simuner-time  he  has  already  tasted  a  pleasure  of  quite 
another  depth:  the  joy  of  triumphant  effort  over  the 
resistance  of  men  and  things;  victorious  over  winter 
and  ignorance,  utilizing  the  bad  days  for  the  prepara- 
tion of  good  ones,  he  has  seen  his  fields  grow  green  un- 
der the  stormy  sky  of  March. 

It  was  impossible  that  America  should  not  contribute 
largely  toward  this  success.  She  is  in  full  growth,  she 
favors  the  development  of  new  ideas,  while  Europe  too 
often  sees  in  them  a  menace  for  what  she  calls  estab- 
lished order.  How  many  noble  and  fruitful  ideas  that 
have  had  their  origin  in  Europe  could  not  exist  there ; 
and  veritable  wandering  souls,  during  years  and  even 
centuries,  surviving  the  men  who  conceived  them, 


«         t 


•    « 




\        ' 

i     ' 

I  \ 


have  bided  their  time  around  their  tombs.  How  many 
of  them  are  still  waiting !  In  vain  they  call — we  do  not 
hear  them,  or,  if  we  do,  perhaps  they  wake  in  us  as  many 
doubts  as  hopes.  Our  history  is  old,  glorious  with 
many  sublime  examples,  but  interspersed  also  with 
many  injustices;  it  shows  us  might  trimnphing  over 
right  with  impunity,  and  such  memories  are  lessons  so 
painful  as  to  paralyze  our  initiative.  Your  history,  on 
the  contrary,  dates  from  only  the  other  day,  and  when, 
in  despair,  our  ideas  emigrate  and  come  to  your  shores, 
they  find  in  America  an  open  field  and  men  freer 
than  ourselves  to  apply  them.  Thus  the  scheme  of  a 
pacific  organization,  denounced  as  culpable  or  ridicu- 
lous in  our  own  old  divided  European  states,  was  intel- 
ligently received  by  your  own  young  United  States  of 
America;  your  patronage  first  won  for  it  a  certain  at- 
tention in  our  own  government  spheres. 

Let  no  one  raise  against  me  the  fatality  of  our 
European  divisions,  since  the  present  regime  is  per- 
petuating them;  since  it  has  not  advanced  by  a  single 
hour  the  Franco-German  reconciliation  upon  which 
the  rest  depends ;  since  it  has  not  even  revealed  the  mu- 
tual concessions  necessary  for  this  reconciliation. '  An 
improvement,  however  slow,  would  be  better  for  every- 
body than  the  acceptance  of  such  a  regime.  No,  every 
effort  in  the  sense  of  an  improvement  has  been  ham- 
pered. By  tacit  agreement,  the  European  governments 
organized  the  boycott  of  The  Hague  Tribunal;  they 
have  not  understood  the  advantage  of  developing  that 
germ.    At  one  time  popular  enthusiasm  was  led  to  be- 



lieve  that  the  burdens  of  armed  peace  were  going  to  be 
diminished;  the  representatives  of  the  governments,  as- 
sembled for  the  first  time  in  a  world-assembly,  had  been 
inspired  by  generous  emulation  more,  perhaps,  than  by 
their  original  instructions.  As  a  matter  of  fact,  the 
work  of  the  Conference  of  1899  was  not  in  vain.  Al- 
though it  did  not  give  the  reduction  of  armaments,  it 
finished  by  establishing  a  permanent  tribunal  of  arbi- 
tration; all  that  remained  was  to  provide  that  juris- 
diction, so  eagerly  anticipated,  with  the  means  of  exist- 
ence. It  was  deprived  of  them.  The  governments, 
surprised  at  its  birth,  refused  to  believe  in  it.  None  of 
them  wanted  to  intrust  it  with  the  slightest  litigation. 
Incredible  though  it  may  appear,  while  the  baptism  of 
the  most  insignificant  of  princes  is  celebrated  to  the 
sound  of  ringing  bells  and  salvos  of  artillery,  the  Court 
of  The  Hague  was  not  even  inaugurated. 

What  a  contrast  between  this  chilly  reception  by  the 
public  authorities  and  the  aspirations  of  the  whole 
world!  I  did  not  believe  that  this  contrast  could  be 
prolonged  without  danger,  and  I  and  my  friends  took  it 
upon  ourselves  to  oppose  to  this  sterile  skepticism  what 
I  designedly  called  "the  results  of  The  Hague  Confer- 
ence.'' Everywhere,  throughout  France  and  in  the 
majority  of  European  countries,  I  found  the  same  sym- 
pathy, but  nowhere  more  than  among  yourselves. 
What  a  mysterious  harmony  between  French  hopes  and 
American  energies!  And  it  is  not  the  first  time  that 
the  hopes  of  the  two  peoples  have  been  associated. 
How  living  appeared  to  me  the  memories  of  that  tradi- 








I       Ite 


tional  agreement  when  I  was  allowed  to  celebrate  on 
your  soil  the  heroic  days  of  your  liberation,  and  of 
uniting  in  one  and  the  same  homage  the  names  of 
Washington  and  Lafayette !  But  what  are  the  duties 
imposed  upon  us  by  memories  such  as  these  ^  ''Our 
fathers,'"  I  said  at  Chicago,  "gave  to  their  descendants 
liberty;  it  is  for  us  to  give  peace  to  ours." 

History  will  award  to  President  Roosevelt  the 
honor  of  having  clearly  laid  down  the  elements  of  the 
present  problem.  I  presume  that  in  the  first  place  he 
sought  to  serve  his  own  country  by  taking  the  initiative 
of  a  rational  evolution  at  the  same  time  as  advantage- 
ous and  indispensable  for  the  United  States  as  for 
every  other  power.  However  that  may  be,  he  has  given 
the  world  a  fine  lesson  in  true  patriotism.  He  has 
shown  that  it  is  not  enough  to  be  ready  to  die  for  one's 
country,  as  we  all  are,  but  that  it  is  also  necessary  to 
work  toward  the  development  of  its  progress ;  to  insure 
its  security,  not  only  by  the  organization  and  the  re- 
newal of  its  strength,  but  by  avoiding  to  exhaust  or 
compromise  it  in  useless  complications;  by  improving 
its  relations  with  foreign  powers;  and  by  preparing  a 
long  time  in  advance  honorable  reconciliations  and  the 
amicable  solution  of  new  conflicts  which  are  always 

President  Roosevelt  took  office  at  the  moment  when 
Europe  was  still  mourning  over  the  loss  of  two  of  the 
best  servants  of  civilization — Gladstone  and  Gam- 
betta.  Like  them  he  understood  the  growing  solidarity 
which  is  bringing  peoples  together,  and  which,  notwith- 




standing  the  infinite  variety  of  their  conditions,  even 
the  opposition  of  their  interests,  is  uniting  in  the  same 
superior  need  for  justice  and  truth;  and  like  them 
too,  he  had  pleaded  the  great  causes,  knowing  that, 
while  a  country  may  be  proud  of  its  territorial  impor- 
tance and  its  economic  prosperity,  it  is  nevertheless  not 
truly  great  except  by  the  radiation  of  its  thought  and 
of  its  generous  activity. 

An  elite  of  the  American  people  seconded  President 
Roosevelt  in  his  noble  enterprise.  I  will  name  only 
those  who  are  no  longer  with  us — the  lamented  John 
Hay  and  George  Frederick  William  HoUs.  The  first 
act  of  their  campaign  was  the  rehabilitation  of  The 
Hague  Court.  In  the  spring  of  1902,  the  government 
of  the  United  States  decided  to  give  Europe  a  good  ex- 
ample. In  agreement  with  the  Mexican  government  it 
confided  to  the  new  International  Tribunal  its  first  case. 
That  lesson  not  being  understood,  President  Roosevelt 
subsequently  declined  the  arbitration  submitted  to  him 
during  the  Venezuela  affair  and  sent  the  litigants  to 
the  Court  which  they  had  persisted  in  wishing  not  to 
recognize.  Mr.  Carnegie,  for  his  part,  noted  the  fact 
that  The  Hague  Court  had  not  been  provided  with  a 
home  and  he  therefore  endowed  it  with  one.  He 
thought  to  himself,  ''poor,  it  is  ignored,  but  once  it  is 
luxuriously  housed,  consideration  will  come.''  Mis- 
fortune was  charmed  away. 

On  the  other  hand,  a  powerful  Arbitration  Group 
was  formed  in  the  French  Parliament  toward  the  end 
of  1902,  and  continued  without  cessation  to  bring  pres- 


'  I 




sure  to  bear  on  the  different  governments.  A  new  at- 
mosphere was  created  as  favorable  to  the  new  ideas  as 
it  had  before  been  contrary  to  them.  Then  a  decisive 
event  occurred.  The  new  sovereign  of  Great  Britain, 
Edward  VII,  took  it  upon  himself  to  undertake,  in 
1903,  his  famous  visit  to  Paris,  which  touched  the  heart 
of  France,  and  decided  the  entente  cordiale.  Treaties 
of  arbitration,  friendly  conventions,  settlements,  and 
agreements  were  multiplied,  and  parliaments  ex- 
changed visits  and  formed  relations  of  friendship.  The 
Conventions  of  The  Hague  became  an  unhoped-for  re- 
source. Their  automatic  action  sufficed  to  settle  the 
Hull  or  Dogger-Bank  Incident,  thus  saving  civiliza- 
tion from  a  general  conflagration.  It  is  true  that  the 
world  was  not  saved  from  trials  during  this  short  pe- 
riod. The  Russo-Japanese  War  is  an  example,  out  of 
many  others,  of  wars  that  might  have  been  avoided 
and  which  broke  out  notwithstanding  everything,  be- 
cause the  education  of  public  opinion  is  too  imperfect. 
It  is  nevertheless  thanks  to  American  initiative  that 
this  war  was  terminated.  The  Algeciras  affair  also  tes- 
tifies to  the  instability  of  the  regime  of  armed  peace; 
but  it  has  been  possible  to  settle  it  without  the  effusion 
of  blood,  by  means  of  a  species  of  tribunal  composed  of 
representatives  of  the  powers.  Formerly,  and  not  so 
long  since,  either,  diplomatic  conferences  met  after  the 
war  to  remedy  the  disasters.  Is  it  not  a  progress  that 
they  now  unite  before,  in  order  to  prevent  them"? 

There  remains  the  limitation  of  armaments  as  well 
as  the  organization  of  international  justice,  and  the 



to-day  will  appear  precarious  and  insufficient  to  our 
children ;  and  that  which  they  will  prepare  in  their  turn 
will  be  but  steps  toward  other  improvements  which, 
too,  will  doubtless  be  thwarted,  though  certain  to  come. 

Grentlemen,  I  have  now  sununarized  for  you  the  im- 
provements recently  gained.  War  has  ceased  to  be  the 
classic  and  glorious  solution  of  international  conflicts ; 
it  is  no  longer  but  the  barbarous  and  perilous  ultima 
ratio  of  the  oppressor  and  the  last  resource  of  the  op- 
pressed. Far  from  disappearing,  we  must  always  be 
prepared  for  economic  antagonisms,  arising  out  of  busi- 
ness activities;  but  a  government  which  allows  these 
antagonisms  to  degenerate  into  local  or  national 
hatreds,  and,  still  worse,  into  racial  hatreds,  and  which 
makes  war  on  the  territory  of  a  rival,  will  arouse 
against  it  an  unexpected  solidarity  of  natural  mistrust 
and  perhaps  hostility.  Nolens  volens  arbitration  also 
appears  to  be  the  modem  solution  of  the  majority  of 
conflicts,  and  the  development  of  arbitration  will  have 
for  its  natural  corollary  the  limitation  of  armaments. 

But  arbitration  will  very  soon  not  be  enough;  it  is 
only  a  remedy, — ^we  ought  to  prevent  the  evil.  Con- 
ciliation will  be  the  duty  of  to-morrow.  It  will  in  each 
country  impose  itself  more  even  at  home  than  abroad ; 
a  thankless  task  and  a  particularly  disinterested  mis- 
sion, since  it  consists  in  preventing  difficulties  from 
arising,  while  malevolent  people  will  always  be  able 
to  pretend  that  these  difficulties  would  never  have 
arisen.  It  is  toward  that,  however,  that  our  principal 
efforts  must  be  directed,  and  it  is  that  which  this  ad- 





Institute  will  teach  you.  Leave  the  diplomat- 
ist his  role,  which  will  be  all  the  more  useful  as  the 
points  of  contact  between  peoples  become  greater.  Let 
us  facilitate  his  task  by  instructing  public  opinion. 
This  work  of  education  should  commence  at  the  begin- 
ning, with  the  child,  the  mother,  with  the  schools,  form- 
ing masters  and  men,  raising  the  conscience  to  a  level 
where  it  can  disengage  itself  from  its  isolation  and 
know  itself.  In  other  words,  in  each  country  there 
should  be  groups  of  men  capable  of  exercising  a  benefi- 
cent influence  on  governments  and  on  public  opinion, 
and  capable  of  neutralizing  Chauvinistic  passions. 
That  much  being  done,  these  national  groups  should 
be  united  into  one  vast  International  Association.  This 
is  for  our  generation  the  last  phase  of  pacific  evolution. 
The  international  education  which  we  promote  can 
only  be  efficacious  on  condition  that  it  has  its  starting- 
point  in  national  education.  What  good  could  arise 
from  attempting  to  improve  the  morals  of  our  time,  if 
we  neglect  the  morals  of  our  own  country? 

That  is  why  we  have  come  so  far  and  from  so  many 
different  countries  to  take  part  in  this  grand  manifesta- 
tion of  individual  and  national  initiative  to  which  you 
have  done  us  the  honor  to  invite  us,  and  from  which 
we  can  draw  a  universal  lesson.  Elevating  the  moral, 
intellectual,  and  material  level  of  a  people,  is  at  the 
same  time  serving  that  particular  people  and  other 
peoples  as  well  in  giving  all  an  example  and  a  guide. 
Creating  a  library,  a  museum,  a  hospital,  an  institute, 
on  any  part  of  the  globe  is  to  stir  up  emulation  at  thou- 







v  • 



■  I 


sands  of  other  points,  is  to  contribute  to  general  educa- 
tion, and  to  prepare  the  conciliation,  the  progress,  and 
the  peace  of  the  world. 

Such  is  the  work  that  we  honor  to-day.  The  ancients 
considered  that  they  had  done  their  duty  toward  the 
people  in  giving  them  panem  et  circenses;  modern  so- 
ciety consecrates  to  their  instruction  its  most  generous 
initiatives  and  its  palaces.    [^Applause] 



(A     E 





The  building  which  is  thrown  open  to  you  to-day  for 
the  first  time  was  designed  by  Messrs.  Alden  &  Har- 
low, from  whom  it  will  always  stand  as  the  noble  proof 
of  a  beautiful  architectural  conception.  The  style, 
as  you  will  see,  is  that  of  the  Italian  Renaissance. 
The  building  has  a  frontage  of  four  hundred  feet,  and 
a  depth  of  six  hundred  feet.  At  either  end  are  steps 
leading  into  the  main  halls,  these  entrances  being  strik- 
ingly effective  with  their  great  bronze  figures  of  Shak- 
spere  and  Bach  at  one  end,  and  Gralileo  and  Michelan- 
gelo at  the  other.  There  are  also  large  bronze  groups 
representing  Art,  Science,  Music,  and  Literature  above 
the  comer  piers  at  the  roof,  Mr.  J.  Massey  Rhind  being 
the  sculptor.  The  frieze  which  encircles  the  building 
bears  the  names  of  distinguished  men.  The  building 
itself  occupies  four  acres  of  ground.  The  beauties  of 
the  interior  you  must  discover  for  yourselves.  The 
many  marble  halls,  corridors,  and  stairways,  the  mural 
paintings,  the  spacious  foyer  with  its  twenty-four  col- 
umns of  Grecian  marble,  each  twenty-eight  feet  high, 
and  its  gilded  ceiling,  the  mighty  engine-room,  full  of 
throbbing  energy,  and  the  many  other  wonders  of  this 


/  ( 

i  < 












great  institution  will  be  appreciated  better  to  be  seen 
than  described. 

At  this  moment,  the  Carnegie  Institute,  embracing 
the  five  departments,  the  Library,  Fine  Arts,  Museum, 
School  of  Music,  and  Technical  Schools  under  one  ad- 
ministration, represents  an  outlay  for  cost,  equipment, 
and  endowment  of  nearly  $20,000,CXX)^a  sum  stagger- 
ing to  the  mind,  even  in  this  age  of  great  fortunes  and 
stupendous  gifts.  In  the  Old  World,  under  the  slow 
growth  of  royal  patronage  and  state  aid,  such  an  insti- 
tution could  not  reach  so  great  a  mark  in  less  than  a 
century.  Here  in  Pittsburgh  the  loving  kindness  of  a 
single  man  has  created  in  the  short  space  of  ten  years  an 
institution  unique  in  its  great  breadth  of  purpose,  and 
already  well  advanced  in  its  mission  for  the  high  ser- 
vice of  humanity. 


When  the  Carnegie  Library  of  Pittsburgh  was  opened 
in  1895  it  had  one  library  building,  a  collection  of 
16,000  volumes,  a  clerical  staff  of  sixteen  persons,  and 
its  annual  home  circulation  for  the  first  year  was  1 15,- 
394  volumes.  During  the  year  just  ended,  the  Library 
system,  with  a  staff  of  135,  has  occupied  its  enlarged 
quarters  in  this  building,  besides  six  branch  libraries 
housed  in  convenient  and  attractive  structures,  erected 
especially  for  the  purpose,  and  fourteen  deposit  sta- 
tions. It  has  conducted  during  the  year  twenty-nine 
home  library  groups,  and  fifty  reading  clubs  of  boys 



and  girls  who  live  in  districts  remote  from  the  central 
or  branch  libraries.  It  has  sent  collections  of  books  to 
sixty-six  schools,  and  in  the  summer  it  supplied  four 
playgrounds  with  small  circulating  libraries,  and  assis- 
tants to  distribute  the  books.  Through  these  170 
agencies,  762,190  books  were  circulated  in  1906,  a  gain 
of  15.15  per  cent,  over  the  previous  year,  while  the 
total  number  of  books  and  magazines  circulated  and 
used  in  reading-rooms  was  1,463,207. 

The  total  number  of  books  in  the  central  and  branch 
libraries,  and  all  other  parts  of  the  system,  is  now  250,- 
000.  The  number  of  registered  borrowers  is  63,550, 
with  an  equal  number  of  unregistered  readers. 

The  activities  of  all  departments  continue  to  in- 
crease. The  number  of  books  purchased  by  the  Library 
was  42,952,  which  was  14,605  more  than  ever  before. 
The  total  number  of  volumes  catalogued,  47,063, 
shows  an  increase  of  9332  over  any  previous  year. 


In  the  Department  of  Fine  Arts,  a  great  hall  of  archi- 
tecture was  established,  in  which  has  been  arranged  an 
inspiring  group  of  architectural  casts,  representing 
some  of  the  great  buildings  and  temples  of  antiquity, 
and  including  examples  of  the  Romanesque,  Grothic, 
and  Renaissance  periods.  Behind  the  columns  sur- 
rounding this  hall,  under  the  balcony,  will  be  arranged 
a  much  larger  number  of  casts  in  chronological  order, 



representing  the  development  of  the  art  from  the 
earliest  period. 

In  the  hall  of  sculpture  there  has  been  assembled  a 
collection  of  casts,  reproducing  some  of  the  master- 
pieces of  the  Egyptian,  Chaldean,  Assyrian,  Persian, 
Grecian,  and  Roman  periods. 

A  complete  collection  of  over  three  hundred  repro- 
ductions of  the  Bronzes  found  in  and  near  Hercula- 
neimi  and  Pompeii  has  been  installed. 

The  annual  international  exhibition  this  year  in- 
cludes five  hundred  and  fifteen  works,  twice  as  many 
as  have  been  shown  heretofore,  exhibited  in  eight  gal- 
leries, and  representing  America,  England,  Scotland, 
Holland,  France,  Germany,  Switzerland,  Italy,  and 
Norway.  The  exhibition  is  broadly  representative  of 
the  contemporaneous  painting  of  the  world,  and  is  the 
most  important  exhibition  ever  shown  in  Pittsburgh. 


The  Pittsburgh  Orchestra  is  just  completing  its 
twelfth  season  of  prosperous  work.  Some  forty-two 
generous  men  have  agreed  to  continue  to  provide  a 
substantial  backing  for  this  organization,  which  is  con- 
stantly going  forward  to  higher  artistic  achievement 
under  its  able  Director,  Mr.  Emil  Paur.  Mr.  Hein- 
roth,  who  has  played  to-day,  is  now  the  organist,  and 
he  will  give  the  usual  free  recitals  twice  every  week, 
commencing  in  the  near  future. 




The  Museum,  like  the  other  departments,  has  already 
won  a  noble  fame.  Its  activities  are  very  great.  It 
has  sent  thirty  expeditions  into  the  western  coun- 
try to  search  for  the  extinct  life  of  the  past.  The 
result  has  been  the  discovery  of  many  specimens  of 
manmials  and  reptiles  new  to  science,  some  of  them  of 
colossal  size.  Not  satisfied  with  prompting  original 
research  along  these  lines  in  North  America,  Mr.  Car- 
negie has  purchased  the  entire  collection  of  Baron 
Ernst  Bayet,  of  Brussels,  containing  one  hundred  and 
twenty  thousand  specimens  in  paleontology,  and  pre- 
sented them  to  the  Museum. 

The  collection  of  birds  now  numbers  twenty-seven 
thousand  specimens.  The  herbarium  contains  fifty 
thousand  species  of  plants.  An  almost  perfect  group  of 
models,  illustrating  the  history  and  development  of  the 
art  of  transportation,  has  been  made  in  the  workshops 
of  the  Museum.  The  collections  illustrating  the  indus- 
tries of  the  North  American  Indians  are  very  extensive. 
The  other  sections  have  commenced  their  development 
on  similar  broad  lines* 

In  all,  the  Museum  contains,  at  the  present  time,  a 
million  and  a  half  of  objects  ranging  in  size  from  a 
microscopic  beetle  to  the  huge  Diplodocus.  Among  its 
antiquities  is  a  piece  of  jewelry  taken  from  the  mimmiy 
of  the  second  king  of  the  first  Egyptian  Dynasty,  a 
razor  with  which  a  cotemporary  of  Joseph  shaved  his 



face,  and  a  boat  which  floated  on  the  Nile  sixteen  hun- 
dred years  before  Abraham  left  Ur  of  the  Chaldees,  So 
even  in  a  young  country  antiquity  sometimes  touches 
us  with  its  hoar-frost. 






The  Carnegie  Technical  Schools  are  located  adjacent 
to  the  Carnegie  Institute.  The  city  of  Pittsburgh  has 
provided  for  them  a  site  of  thirty-two  acres  adjoining 
Schenley  Park,  Although  the  first  foundations  were 
laid  only  two  years  ago,  the  following  departments 
have,  thus  far,  been  established : 

The  School  of  Applied  Science,  oflFering  day  and  night 
courses  in  Civil,  Mechanical,  Electrical,  Mining, 
Metallurgical,  and  Chemical  Engineering  practice. 

The  School  for  Apprentices  and  Journeymen,  offering 
day  and  night  courses  for  the  training  of  skilled 
mechanics,  journeymen,  and  foremen  in  the  build- 
ing and  manufacturing  trades. 

The  School  of  Applied  Design,  offering  day  and  night 
courses  in  Architecture  and  Architectural  Design. 

The  Margaret  Morrison  Carnegie  School  for  Women, 
offering  day  and  night  courses  for  the  training  of 
women  for  the  home,  and  for  distinctly  women's 
trades  and  professions. 

The  School  opened  its  doors  for  students  in  October, 
1905,  and  already  the  total  number  of  students  en- 




rolled  is  nearly  fourteen  hundred,  of  whom  two  hun- 
dred are  women  students.  The  geographical  distribu- 
tion of  the  students  includes  twenty-six  states  of  the 
United  States,  and  approximately  one  hundred  and 
fifty  cities.  The  teaching  force  exceeds  ninety  indi- 

A  nominal  tuition  fee  is  charged  all  students.  The 
chances  for  employment  in  an  industrial  community 
like  Pittsburgh  affords  an  opportunity  for  even  the 
poorest  boy  to  secure  remunerative  work  while  attend- 
ing school. 


Three  years  ago,  the  suggestion  was  made  at  this  point 
on  the  program  that  it  might  be  advantageous  to  the  in- 
terests of  the  intellectual  life  to  establish  an  annual  cele- 
bration in  all  the  institutions  which  have  been  created 
by  Mr.  Carnegie's  generous  use  of  wealth,  not  to  ex- 
ploit the  personality  of  any  man,  but  to  discuss  simul- 
taneously upon  many  platforms  the  ideas  which  his 
institutions  are  constantly  promoting.  It  seemed  at 
first  that  the  suggestion  fell  upon  unheeding  ears,  but 
by  and  by  it  gained  favor,  and  the  trustees  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  have  learned  that  the  great  themes  of 
literature  and  character  and  international  peace  are  be- 
ing discussed  this  afternoon  in  five  hundred  Carnegie 
auditoriums  in  various  portions  of  the  world. 

We  cannot  forget  that  this  splendid  creation  is  the 
rallying-ground  for  the  whole  culture  of  the  people  of 



this  community.  The  people  are  thronging  through  its 
halls  to  study  its  paintings,  to  investigate  the  wonders 
of  its  Museum,  to  listen  to  its  music,  and  to  read  its 
books.  Besides  this,  ten  thousand  boys  and  girls  are 
pleading  for  admission  to  its  Technical  Schools.  The 
Carnegie  Institute  has  risen  up  to  stand  like  a  torch  of 
light  in  this  community.    [^Applausel 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  speeches,  Mr.  W.  N.  Frew,, 
president  of  the  Board  of  Trustees,  announced  the  fol- 
lowing awards,  which  were  made  by  the  International 
Jury  for  the  six  best  paintings  in  the  exhibition  of 

Medal  of  the  First  Class  (gold) ,  carrying  with  it  a  prize 
of  $15CX),  awarded  to  Gaston  La  Touche,  St.  Cloud, 
France,  for  his  painting  entitled  "The  Bath." 

Medal  of  the  Second  Class  (silver) ,  carrying  with  it  a 
prize  of  $icxx>,  awarded  to  Thomas  Eakins,  Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania,  for  his  painting  entitled  "Portrait 
of  Professor  Leslie  Miller.'' 

Medal  of  the  Third  Class  (bronze) ,  carrying  with  it  a 
prize  of  $500,  awarded  to  Olga  de  Boznanska,  for  her 
painting  entitled  "Portrait  of  a  Woman." 

Honorable  Mention,  W.  Granville-Smith,  New  York, 
for  his  painting  entitled  "The  Old  Mill." 

Honorable  Mention,  Maurice  Greiffenhagen,  London, 
England,  for  his  painting  entitled  "Portrait  of  Mrs. 
Maurice  Greiffenhagen." 



Honorable  Mention,  Lawton  S.  Parker,  Chicago,  Illi- 
nois, for  his  painting  entitled  "An  English  Girl." 

These  announcements  were  received  with  great  ap- 

Mr.  Heinroth  then  played  "Toccato,"  by  Edwin 
Fleuret,  on  the  organ,  completing  the  program  for  the 






Jhe  Hall  of  Music  was  occupied  by  a  bril- 
>  liant  and  splendid  audience  on  Thursday 
p\  evening,    assembled   to   hear    the   per- 
^  formance  by  the  Pittsburgh  Orchestra, 
^  which  was  conducted  by  the  Director,  Mr. 
Emil  Paur,  except  that  the  selection  "Variations  for 
Orchestra,  op.  36,"  was  played  under  the  direction  of 
Sir  Edward  Elgar,  the  composer.    The  intermission  af- 
forded an  opportunity  for  the  citizens  of  Pittsburgh  to 
be  introduced  to  the  foreign  guests  of  the  Carnegie  In- 
stitute in  the  beautiful  foyer.    The  program  of  the  con- 
cert was  as  follows : 


Symphonic  Poem,  "Les  Preludes'' Liszt 

Symphony,  "Pathetic,"  No.  6    .     .     .     Hschaikowsky 

Adagio :  Allegro  non  troppo. 
Allegro  con  grazia. 
Allegro  molto  vivace. 
Finale :  Adagio  Lamentoso. 
(By  request.) 


Variations  for  Orchestra,  op.  36 Elgar 

(Fint  time  in  Pittsburgh) 
Conducted  by  the  Composer 

Two  Preludes,  from  Acts  I  and  III  of 

Waldweben,  from  "Siegfried 


•  •  •  . 


Ride  of  the  Walkiiries,  from  "Die  Walkiire" 





JLN  Friday  morning,  after  the  visiting  guests 
I  had  made  a  most  interesting  inspection  of 
\  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools,  they  were 
M  escorted  to  the  Hall  of  Music,  where  an- 
other great  audience  awaited  their  coming 
upon  the  platform.  Representatives  were  present  from 
a  very  large  number  of  the  universities  and  colleges 
throughout  the  world,  and  addresses  of  congratulation 
and  good-will  were  presented  in  the  following  order : 






April  10, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Mr.  Church: 

The  dedication  of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute  can  not  be  regarded  as  a  merely  local  event. 
It  is  an  event  of  national  interest  and  importance.  In 
a  hundred  different  ways  this  Institute,  with  its  greatly 
enlarged  and  improved  equipment,  is  a  contribution  to 
the  higher  life  of  the  country  at  large.  The  immediate 
event  and  the  continued  influence  of  which  it  marks  the 
beginning  can  not  fail  to  quicken  the  finer  artistic  ten- 
dencies of  our  people  to  the  remotest  community.  I 
believe,  accordingly,  that  the  country  at  large  shares  in 
the  satisfaction  which  this  occasion  must  bring  to  the 
people  of  Pittsburgh. 

With  cordial  greeting, 

I  am,  believe  me, 

Very  truly  yours, 
Elmer  Ellsworth  Brown 

!  Commissioner 





Philadelphia,  March  18, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

The  Academy  of  Natural  Sciences  of  Philadelphia, 
watching  with  satisfaction  the  rapid  development  of 
scientific  and  educational  activity  in  the  busy  center  of 
industry  at  the  opposite  end  of  the  great  state  in  which 
we  are  both  situated,  takes  much  pleasure  in  congratu- 
lating the  Carnegie  Institute  of  Pittsburgh  on  its  past 
contributions  to  scientific  progress,  and  felicitates  it 
on  the  becoming  available  of  the  splendid  plant  and 
equipment,  the  dedication  of  which  should  stand  as  a 
milestone  in  the  progress  of  our  nation. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  on  behalf  of  this  Academy, 

Yours  very  truly, 

J.  Percy  Moore 

Corresponding  Secretary 




St.  Louis,  Mo.,  April  i,  1907 

The  Academy  of  Science  of  St.  Louis  extends  greet- 
ings and  sincerely  regrets  its  inability  to  accept  the  in- 
vitation of  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  to 
participate  in  the  Dedication  of  the  New  Building  on 
Thursday,  Friday,  and  Saturday,  April  the  eleventh, 
twelfth,  and  thirteenth,  one  thousand  nine  hundred 
and  seven,  Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania. 

H.  Aug.  Hunicke 

Corresponding  Secretary 

St.  Louis,  Mo. 




Auburn,  Ala.,  March  20th,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  am  just  in  receipt  of  your  cordial  invitation  to  the 
faculty  and  myself  to  attend  the  public  ceremonies  of 
the  dedication  of  the  Carnegie  Institute,  April  11-12- 
13,  1907.  In  reply,  I  wish  to  express  to  you  our  appre- 
ciation of  the  cordial  words  of  your  invitation  and  to 
say  that  were  it  in  the  range  of  possibility  we  should  be 
greatly  pleased  to  be  present  on  the  delightful  occa- 
sion. The  magnitude  of  the  enterprise  is  certainly  im- 
pressive. It  is  a  colossal  monument  to  the  generosity 
of  the  patron,  Mr.  Carnegie,  and  is  certainly  a  colossal 
agency  for  the  betterment  not  only  of  the  community 
of  Pittsburgh  but  of  the  entire  nation.  We  wish  you 
all  success. 


Very  sincerely  yours, 

Chas.  C.  Thach 





The  faculty  of  Allegheny  College  extends  hearty  con- 
gratulations to  the  Board  of  Trustees  and  Officers  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  the  dedication  of  their  new 
building.  Highly  favored  with  an  unusually  generous 
foundation,  through  the  liberality  of  one  whose  bene- 
factions to  the  cause  of  higher  education  are  potent  for 
culture  and  enlightenment,  the  uplifting  and  richly 
beneficent  influence  of  your  institution  is  not  limited  to 
a  city  or  commonwealth ;  the  entire  nation  participates 
in  your  benefits  and  feels  the  impulse  of  your  endeavor. 
Our  debt  as  a  college  is  greater,  our  appreciation  of 
your  acknowledged  ascendency  the  more  vital,  by  rea- 
son of  our  proximity;  and  in  consequence  we  desire, 
upon  this  occasion,  not  only  to  express  our  pleasure 
over  your  enlarged  good  fortune  but  to  acknowledge 
as  well,  our  deep  sense  of  obligation. 

William  H.  Crawford 


C.  F.  Ross 


Meadville,  Pennsylvania 
April  the  eleventh 
Nineteen  Hundred  and  Seven 




Braddock,  Pa.,  April  i,  1907 
To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 

On  behalf  of  the  public  schools  of  Allegheny  County, 
which  we  have  the  honor  to  represent,  we  beg  to  offer 
our  sincere  congratulations  upon  the  completion  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute. 

The  public  schools  make  it  possible  for  every  child  to 
learn  to  read ;  the  library  makes  it  possible  for  each  to 
read  to  learn.  The  public  schools  open  the  way  to 
science,  art,  and  culture ;  the  Carnegie  Institute  offers 
the  best  in  these  fields.  The  public  schools  deal  largely 
with  the  knowledge  of  things  essential,  practical,  and 
useful;  the  Carnegie  Institute  offers  both  culture  and 
utility.  The  public  schools  need  the  aid  of  this  Insti- 
tute to  open  the  realms  of  culture  that  lie  beyond  the 
limits  of  elementary  education ;  the  Carnegie  Institute 
needs  the  aid  of  the  public  schools  to  open  the  avenues 
that  lead  to  these  feeding  grounds  of  culture.  Thus, 
the  elementary  schools  and  the  Carnegie  Institute  are 
complementary.  Each  needs  what  the  other  can  give. 
And,  on  behalf  of  the  seventeen  hundred  teachers  and 



the  seventy  thousand  pupils  in  the  schools  of  our 
county,  we  again  offer  our  congratulations. 

Every  man  is  either  a  moral  beggar  or  a  moral  bene- 
factor; he  leaves  the  world  poorer  or  richer  than  he 
found  it.  We  commend  Mr.  Carnegie  for  his  altruistic 
efforts.  He  has  maintained  his  interest  in  humanity; 
his  faith  in  what  knowledge,  science,  art,  and  culture 
will  do;  he  has  invested  his  money  in  this  Institute;  he 
has  recognized  one  of  the  many  obligations  of  wealth, 
and  our  hope  is  that  the  angels  will  write  his  reward  in 
the  record  of  the  lives  made  better  by  his  generosity. 

Sam'l  Hamilton 






Washington,  D.  C,  March  14, 1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 


I  wish  to  extend,  on  behalf  of  the  American  Associa- 
tion for  the  Advancement  of  Science,  to  your  Board,  to 
the  City  of  Pittsburgh,  and  to  all  interested  in  Amer- 
ican Science  and  Art,  very  hearty  congratulations  on 
the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of  your  new  building. 
The  establishment  of  your  Institute  upon  such  a  broad 
basis  marks  an  epoch  in  the  history  of  American  pro- 

Very  truly  yours, 

L.  O.  Howard 

Pirmamnt  Secntary 




New  York,  April  2nd,  1907 
To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

The  American  Institute  of  Electrical  Engineers  con- 
gratulates the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  its  opportunity 
to  make  Pittsburgh  as  prominent  educationally  as  it  is 
industrially,  upon  the  high  artistic  and  scientific  ideals 
of  its  founders,  and  upon  the  magnificent  equipment 
made  available  by  the  wise  beneficence  of  Andrew  Car- 

Samuel  Sheldon 





The  American  Museum  of  Natural  History  sends  its 
greetings  to  the  Carnegie  Institute  and  rejoices  that  the 
ceremonies  of  April  eleventh,  twelfth  and  thirteenth 
will  dedicate  to  Science,  Art,  and  Education  an  institu- 
tion that  is  grand  in  its  conception,  wide  in  its  scope, 
impressive  in  its  execution,  an  agent  for  the  improve- 
ment of  men  and  a  fit  monument  to  the  wisdom  of  its 


Morris  K.  Jesup 


New  York 

March  thirteenth 

One  thousand  nine  hundred  and  seven 




The  President  and  Faculty  of  Amherst  College  pre- 
sent greetings  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 
and  tender  their  congratulations  upon  the  dedication 
of  the  new  and  splendid  building  to  be  devoted  under 
their  direction  to  the  promotion  of  sound  learning  and 
the  advancement  of  natural  science. 

We  rejoice  that  through  the  munificence  of  one  who 
has  already  done  so  much  to  aid  the  cause  of  education 
and  the  prosecution  of  scientific  research  you  are  en- 
abled to  join  the  group  of  learned  institutions  that  has 
made  your  State  famous  from  the  foundation  of  the 

Given  at  Amherst,  Massachusetts,  on  the  eighth  day  of 
April  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  nineteen  hundred  and 

The  President  and  Faculty  of  Amherst  College 


George  D.  Olds 

Acting  President 

Edward  Hitchcock 









on  the  completion  of  its  organization  with  all  its  de- 
partments exerting  their  beneficent  influence  in  pro- 
moting useful  knowledge. 

This  Society  feels  pride  in  the  fact  that  it  is  one  of 
its  own  members,  who,  with  rare  intelligence,  conceived 
the  Institute  and  endowed  it  on  a  scale  of  liberality 
which  is  without  parallel  in  history. 

As  the  oldest  Society  in  America,  itself  consecrated 
by  the  immortal  Franklin  to  the  promotion  of  useful 
knowledge,  the  American  Philosophical  Society  takes 
pleasure  in  recording  its  high  appreciation  of  the  mag- 
nificent benefaction,  and  in  expressing  the  hope  that 
the  Carnegie  Institute  through  all  time  may  justify  the 
high  anticipation  of  its  distinguished  founder. 

Signed  and  sealed  on  behalf  of  the  American  Philosoph- 
ical Society  held  at  Philadelphia  for  promoting  Use- 
ful Knowledge,  April  5,  1907. 

Edoar  F.  Smith 



I.  Minis  Hays 




Chicago,  III.,  March  15, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  authorities  of  the  Armour  Institute  of  Technol- 
ogy in  the  City  of  Chicago  desire  most  cordially  to  con- 
gratulate you  upon  the  event  of  dedication,  which 
marks  so  splendidly  the  progress,  and  announces  so 
fully  the  hopes,  of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  Perhaps  no 
institution  in  the  Central  West  will  be  more  intimately 
acquainted  with  the  appeal  which  the  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute must  make  to  the  young  manhood  of  our  country 
than  our  own  Armour  Institute  of  Technology.  There 
can  be  no  competition  where  there  is  such  boundless 
opportunity,  save  that  noble  emulation  which  must  be 
forceful  in  binding  two  such  institutions  together  in 
the  common  cause  of  education,  especially  in  the  realms 
we  have  chosen. 

With  the  late  Mr.  P.  D.  Armour,  I  surveyed  several 
years  ago  the  magnificent  field  into  which  you  now  go 
with  such  inspiring  prospects.    His  successors  and  our 




officers  hereby  congratulate  you  and  rejoice  in  this 

hour  of  ahnost  unmatched  significance  to  the  youth  of 

our  land.  t:^  •  i  r  n 

r  aithiuUy  yours, 




Chicago,  April  9, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

The  pleasant  duty  falls  to  me  of  conveying  to  the 
Carnegie  Institute  the  congratulations  of  the  Trustees 
of  the  Art  Institute  of  Chicago  upon  the  opening  of  the 
new  building. 

We  count  upon  a  continuance  of  the  cooperation  be- 
tween the  two  institutions  which  has  been  so  agreeable 
and  beneficial  in  the  past. 

It  can  not  be  doubted  that  the  influence  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  will  be  increased  in  proportion  to  the 
enlargement  of  its  facilities. 

Assurances  are  not  needed  of  the  friendship  of  the 

Art  Institute. 

Yours  most  cordially, 

W.  M.  R.  French 






To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 

The  President  and  Faculty  of  Bowdoin  College  de- 
sire to  offer  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 
their  cordial  felicitations  upon  the  dedication  of  the 
new  building  which  adds  the  charm  of  architectural 
stateliness  to  the  Institute,  as  well  as  the  promise  of  in- 
creased efficiency  in  the  work  to  which  it  is  dedicated, 
and  in  which  it  is  honorably  engaged. 

They  embrace  the  opportunity,  also,  to  express  their 
profound  appreciation  of  the  generous  and  noble  pur- 
pose of  the  Founder  of  the  Institute,  and  of  the  very 
important  service  which  it  has  already  rendered,  and  is 
now  still  better  fitted  to  render,  to  its  students,  to  the 
public,  and  to  the  cause  of  Art  and  Learning  in  this 


William  DeWitt  Hyde 

President  rf  Bnodein  College 

Brunswick,  Maine 
30th  March,  1907 




Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  April  ist,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

The  dedication  of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute  marks  the  beginning  of  the  second  decade  of 
its  existence  and  the  best  wish  that  can  possibly  be  ex- 
pressed is  that  its  progress  in  the  future  may  be  as  rapid 
and  sure  as  has  been  its  progress  during  the  past  ten 


Sincerely  yours, 

Frederic  A.  Lucas 

CurMfr-in-  ChUf 




Providence,  R.  L,  April  4, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  Brown  University,  I  beg  leave  to  join 
the  representatives  of  hundreds  of  educational  institu- 
tions all  over  the  world  in  extending  warmest  felicita- 
tions to  the  Carnegie  Institute  on  the  occasion  of  the 
dedication  of  its  new  building.  Other  events  may  take 
more  space  in  the  newspapers,  and  arouse  more  public 
discussion ;  but  no  event  could  possibly  mean  more  for 
the  future  of  education  in  America.  Not  only  will  the 
work  done  under  the  roof  of  the  new  building  be  in  it- 
self significant,  but  the  influence  of  that  work  in 
moulding  ideals  and  conceptions  of  education  through- 
out the  country  and  the  world  will  be  most  weighty 
and  enduring.  The  Corporation  and  Faculty  of  Brown 
University  join  in  wishing  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute  all  possible  success  and  constant 


Sincerely  yours, 

W.  H.  L.  Faunce 





Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  April  8, 1907 
S.  H.  Church,  Esq. 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  the  Directors  of  the  Buffalo  Fine  Arts 
Academy,  I  desire  to  express  to  your  Board  the  hearty 
congratulations  of  our  institution  upon  the  important 
increase  in  your  facilities  for  doing  good  work  for  art. 
The  splendid  liberality  of  Mr.  Carnegie  should  do  a 
great  deal  toward  advancing  interest  in  art  not  only  in 
Pittsburgh  but  throughout  the  United  States. 

Your  institution,  with  its  splendid  facilities  and  the 
reputation  which  it  is  acquiring  by  reason  of  its  annual 
exhibition,  should  be  the  means  of  attracting  many  vis- 
itors to  Pittsburgh  and  of  encouraging  increased  know- 
ledge of  and  interest  in  the  contemporary  art  of  our 

With  the  hope  that  the  future  efforts  of  the  Carnegie 



Institute  may  be  attended  with  even  greater  success 
than  that  which  has  crowned  them  in  the  past, 

On  behalf  of  the  Buffalo  Fine  Arts  Academy,  I  am. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Charles  M.  Kurtz 

•  Dirui§r 


Bryn  Mawr,  Pennsylvania,  March  20, 1907 

The  Faculty  of  Bryn  Mawr  College  desires  to  offer  its 
congratulations  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  on  the  completion  of  its  new  building, 
— a  notable  addition  not  merely  to  the  magnificent 
equipment  of  the  Institute  but  to  the  educational  forces 
of  the  state  and  the  nation. 

In  behalf  of  the  Faculty, 

M.  Carey  Thomas 


Joseph  W.  Warren 

To  the  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 






The  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institution  of  Washing- 
ton  extend  Greetings  and  Congratulations  to  the 
Trustees  and  the  Officers  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  of 
Pittsburgh  on  the  occasion  of  the  Dedication  of  their 
New  Building  and  the  Celebration  of  their  Eleventh 

Along  with  sentiments  of  admiration  for  the  achieve- 
ments of  the  Carnegie  Institute  during  the  first  decade 
of  its  history,  all  sister  organizations  must  entertain 
confident  hopes  that  this  is  but  the  first  of  many  dec- 
ades of  notable  achievement  and  progress. 

Animated  especially  by  such  sentiments  and  hopes, 
the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institution  of  Washing- 
ton salute  the  Trustees  and  the  Officers  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  of  Pittsburgh  and  wish  for  them  and 
their  enterprise  a  prolonged  era  of  prosperity  in  the 
dissemination  of  knowledge  and  in  the  promotion  of 
public  good. 

Robert  S.  Woodward 






Cleveland,  Ohio,  March  21, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Cam^e  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  Trustees  and  Faculty  of  the  Case  School  of 
Applied  Science  wish  to  congratulate  the  Carnegie  In- 
stitute upon  the  completion  of  its  new  building.  We 
believe  that  this  institute  with  its  various  departments 
will  appeal  to  every  class  of  people,  and  will  be  the 
means  of  doing  an  infinite  amount  of  good.  We  heartily 
congratulate  not  only  you  but  the  citizens  of  Pitts- 
burgh upon  the  magnificent  work  which  you  are  doing 
and  which  you  will  do  more  eflFectively  because  of  this 
addition  to  your  equipment. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Charles  S.  Howe 





Cincinnati,  Ohio,  9th  April,  1907 

To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sirs: 

On  the  occasion  of  the  Dedication  of  the  New 
Building  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  the  Cincinnati  Mu- 
seum Association  tenders  its  congratulations  to  the  citi- 
zens of  Pittsburgh  in  possessing  an  institution  so  effi- 
ciently equipped  for  the  advancement  of  art  and 
science  through  the  public  spirit  of  Mr.  Andrew  Car- 

Respectfully  yours, 

J.  H.  Gest 





Worcester,  Mass.,  March  14, 1907 
Mil  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Cam^e  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  present  to  the  Carnegie  Institute  herewith  the  con- 
gratulations of  the  Trustees  and  Faculty  of  Clark  Uni- 
versity upon  the  inauguration  of  what  promises  to  be 
the  most  comprehensive  and  effective  hi^er  technical 
school  in  the  world.  Your  founder  has  already  done 
more  for  the  cause  of  education  both  in  its  special  and 
in  its  popular  field,  and  that  for  two  continents,  than 
any  man  who  has  ever  lived  in  either.  This  institution 
is  a  fit  culmination  of  the  educational  system  of  one  of 
the  greatest  industries  of  the  world  where  mastery  of 
technical  processes  gave  our  country  command  in  this 
field  of  the  world's  market. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

G.  Stanley  Hall 






Clemson  College,  S.  C,  March  ii,  1907 
President  W.  N.  Frew 

Carafe  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

Wc  extend  to  you  and  the  Institute  over  which  you 
so  ably  preside,  our  congratulations  in  the  successful 
completion  of  the  new  building.  You  are  fortunate  in 
having  placed  under  your  administration  such  large 
sums  of  money  for  the  equipment  of  the  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute, and  we  wish  the  institution  the  full  enjoyment  of 
the  bright  future  before  it. 

Very  truly  yours, 

P.  H.  Mell 





I  HAVE  the  honor  to  present  to  the  Carnegie  Institute 
of  Pittsburgh,  standing  on  the  edge  of  the  great  valley 
that  lies  between  the  mountains,  the  cordial  salutation 
of  The  College  of  the  City  that  lies  at  the  eastern  gate 
of  the  continent. 

The  future  of  the  Nation  is  to  depend  increasingly 
upon  its  urban  populations,  and  Democracy  can  not 
triumph  except  through  their  enlightening  and  en- 

I  bear  the  Institute,  its  founder,  its  nourishers  and  its 
teachers  the  best  of  good  wishes  in  their  great  plans  and 

John  H.  Finley 


April  12,  1907 




Colorado  Springs,  Colo.,  Mar.  14, 1907 
Mr.  W.  N.  Frew 

President,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  President  Frew: 

The  Board  of  Trustees  and  Faculty  of  Colorado  Col- 
lege extend  very  warm  congratulations  to  the  Board  of 
Trustees  and  Faculty  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  over 
the  completion  of  their  buildings  and  the  great  promise 
of  usefulness  which  the  institution  offers  to  the  whole 
country.  Nothing  that  our  great  philanthropist  has 
done  promises  more  than  the  creation  of  this  great 

With  high  regard, 
Believe  me. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

William  F.  Slocum 




Golden,  Colo.,  March  15th,  1907 

The  Colorado  School  of  Mines  desires  to  express  its 
appreciation  of  the  importance  of  this  event — ^the  pass- 
ing of  another  milestone  in  the  upward  progress  of 
education  and  civilization — ^and  to  add  a  word  of  com- 
mendation to  the  generous  donor  who  sees  humanity 
writ  large. 




New  York,  April  lo,  1907 

Columbia  University  offers  hearty  greeting  to  the 
Carnegie  Institute  on  the  occasion  of  the  formal  dedica- 
tion of  its  buildings  and  equipment  to  the  work  for 
which  they  have  been  planned.  That  work  is  nothing 
less  than  bringing  to  a  great  population,  gathered  at 
an  industrial  center  of  the  first  magnitude,  the  re- 
sources of  modem  science,  modem  art,  and  modem 
skill,  with  a  view  to  preparing  better  young  men  and 
women  for  the  actual  work  of  life,  and  to  the  develop- 
ment of  those  traits  and  characteristics  which  enter 
most  largely  into  good  citizenship  and  the  highest 
personal  usefulness. 

Columbia  University  welcomes  this  new  and  power- 
ful agency  to  affect  and  uplift  the  educational  system 
of  the  United  States.  It  offers  greeting  cordial  and  sin- 
cere, with  every  wish  for  a  long  career  of  uninterrupted 
prosperity  and  usefulness. 

Nicholas  Murray  Butler 





FOUNDED  IN    I799 

New  Haven,  Conn.,  April  9, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

The  President  and  Council  of  the  Connecticut  Acad- 
emy of  Arts  and  Sciences  herewith  transmit  to  you  their 
hearty  congratulations  upon  the  dedication  of  your 
building.  We  honor  the  founder  of  your  Institute, 
welcome  you  to  the  circle  of  learned  societies,  in  which 
we  have  labored  more  than  one  hundred  years,  and 
wish  you  the  largest  measure  of  success  in  the  work  be- 
fore you,  which  you  approach  under  such  happy  and 
favorable  auspices. 

Respectfully  yours, 

John  Christopher  Schwab 

For  the  President  and  Council  of  the 
Connecticut  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences 




To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

Cornell  University  extends  to  the  Carnegie  Institute 
salutations  and  hearty  congratulations.  It  welcomes 
with  high  hopes  the  inauguration  of  a  noble  enterprise 
in  which  the  true,  the  beautiful,  and  the  useful  appear 
as  parts  of  one  splendid  plan.  It  recognizes  with  ad- 
miration the  munificence  and  far-seeing  purpose  of  one 
who  has  done  so  much  for  the  City  of  Pittsburgh  and 
for  the  advancement  of  the  higher  interests  of  the 
whole  nation.  That  the  Carnegie  Institute  through 
the  centuries  may  be  a  benediction  to  the  Republic  is 
the  ardent  wish  and  confident  expectation  of  Cornell 




Cornell  University 
Ithaca,  New  York 

April  12th,  1907 




Detroit,  Mich.,  April  1 1, 1907 

To  THE  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sirs: 

In  behalf  of  the  officers  and  trustees  of  the  Detroit 
Museum  of  Art,  I  beg  to  present  to  the  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute of  Pittsburgh,  the  sincere  congratulations  of  this 
institution  in  having  such  a  magnificent  building  en- 
dowed with  such  ample  means. 

The  City  of  Pittsburgh  is  also  to  be  congratulated  in 
having  among  her  citizens  a  gentleman  endowed  with 
the  boundless  generosity  of  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie. 

The  Carnegie  Institute, — among  the  greatest  if  not 
the  greatest  of  its  kind, — ^is  made  possible  through  his 
loyalty  to  the  city  where  he  won  success,  and  in  whose 
success  he  was  so  large  a  factor.  It  is  not  only  a  monu- 
ment to  Mr.  Carnegie,  but  a  monument  to  the  whole 
country,  and  can  not  fail  to  be  far-reaching  in  its  in- 
fluence in  inspiring  others,  in  other  cities,  to  follow  up 

the  splendid  work  that  leads  to  the  betterment  of  man- 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

A.  H.  Grifffth 





Carlisle,  Pa.,  March  14th,  1907 

To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 


As  President  of  Dickinson  College,  one  of  the  oldest 
institutions  of  collegiate  rank  in  the  country,  permit 
me,  in  the  name  of  the  Trustees  and  Faculty,  to  extend 
hearty  congratulations  upon  the  completion  of  the 
splendid  New  Building  to  be  dedicated  April  11-13, 
and  which  will  stand  as  a  further  illustration  of  the 
broad  public  spirit  and  thoughtfulness  of  its  distin- 
guished donor. 

Very  truly  yours, 

George  Edward  Reed 

President  §f  Diekinson  C§llege 




Des  Moines,  Iowa,  April  4, 1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sirs: 

It  is  not  saying  too  much  to  assert  that  no  educa- 
tional institution  in  the  history  of  the  world  at  the 
time  of  its  dedication  has  started  with  such  splendid 
equipment  and  endowment  as  the  Carnegie  Institute. 
It  is  a  just  source  of  pride  to  every  citizen  of  the 
United  States  that  we  have  among  us  a  man  of  such 
foresight  and  ability  as  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie.  Per- 
haps from  no  other  private  citizen  have  come  such  bene- 
ficent gifts  to  higher  education ;  nor  is  it  probable  that 
in  this,  his  example  will  be  surpassed  in  the  future. 
The  Carnegie  Institute  is  one  of  the  greatest  monu- 
ments to  his  name  and  fame  throughout  the  world. 
The  work  that  it  is  equipped  to  do  needs  to  be  done. 
The  surpassing  excellence  of  the  equipment  of  this  in- 
stitution gives  assurance  that  it  will  be  well  done. 

Rejoicing  in  this  auspicious  occasion,  Drake  Uni- 
versity felicitates  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  Carnegie 
Institute  upon  the  dedication  of  one  of  the  most  re- 
markable educational  foundations  that  has  ever  been 
established  in  any  country  in  all  the  world's  history. 

Very  sincerely, 

Hill  M.  Bell 



-  J 



To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

The  Trustees  of  the  Free  Library  of  Philadelphia, 
beneficiaries  of  the  generous  gift  of  Mr.  Andrew  Car- 
negie for  branch  library  buildings  in  Philadelphia, 
ask  leave  to  join  in  hearty  congratulations  on  the  open- 
ing of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  of 
Pittsburgh.  This  munificent  endowment  will  per- 
petuate the  name  of  Mr.  Carnegie  in  the  city  which 
saw  his  successful  establishment  of  the  great  industries 
that  have  made  Pittsburgh  famous.  Now  the  Car- 
negie Institute  will  extend  to  thousands  the  benefit  of 
manual  training  and  higher  education  in  the  arts  and 
sciences  that  owe  so  much  to  the  wise  gifts  of  Mr.  Car- 
negie in  this  and  other  countries. 

The  Trustees  of  the  Free  Library  of  Philadelphia 
wish  the  Carnegie  Institute  of  Pittsburgh  a  long  and 
prosperous  career  of  usefulness  as  the  best  monument 
to  its  great  founder  and  benefactor.  Pittsburgh  and 
Philadelphia  join  in  acknowledgment  of  the  debt  of 
the  people  of  Pennsylvania  to  its  great  citizen,  An- 
drew Carnegie. 

J.  G.  Rosengarten 


John  Thomson 

Librarian  and  Sieretary 




New  York,  5  April,  1907 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  Geological  Society  of  America  certainly  con- 
gratulates the  Carnegie  Institute  most  heartily  upon 
the  completion  of  its  building  and  the  opening  of  its 
valuable  collections  to  the  public.  The  establishment 
in  Pittsburgh  of  the  five  great  departments  in  science, 
literature  and  art  provided  for  through  the  munifi- 
cence of  Mr,  Andrew  Carnegie  has  already  had  a  great 
effect  upon  the  encouragement  and  advancement  of 
learning  in  the  world,  and  the  outlook  for  future  good 
from  the  same  endowment  seems  almost  unlimited. 

Expressing  thus  the  felicitations  of  all  the  working 
geologists  of  the  country,  I  am. 

Sincerely  yours, 

E.  O.  Hovey 


Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Camegie  Institute 





Washington,  D.  C,  March  ii,  1907 

To  THE  President  and  Board  of  Trustees 
OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 


I  am  directed  by  the  Board  of  Trustees  and  the  Fac- 
ulties of  The  George  Washington  University  to  pre- 
sent their  congratulations  to  you  upon  the  completion 
and  dedication  of  the  new  building,  and  upon  the 
splendid  equipment  and  endowment  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute.  The  future  greatness  of  your  institution 
seems  already  assured.  Its  broad  and  comprehensive 
plans  for  its  departments  of  Fine  Arts,  Scientific  Mu- 
seum, Public  Library,  School  of  Music,  and  the  Car- 
negie Technical  Schools  will  make  it  one  of  the  great- 
est educational  centers  in  the  United  States.  Surely 
Mr.  Carnegie  has  never  been  more  wise  nor  more  gen- 
erous than  he  was  when  he  established  and  endowed 
the  Camegie  Institute  at  Pittsburgh. 

On  behalf  of  the  University  and  also  personally  I 
wish  for  you  the  great  success  to  which  your  equip- 
ment and  location  entitle  you. 

With  very  great  respect,  I  am, 

Sincerely  yours. 

Chas.  W.  Needham 





Grove  City,  Pa.,  March  15, 1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  the  Carnegie  Institute 


The  Trustees  and  Faculty  of  Grove  City  College 
desire  to  congratulate  you  on  the  conspicuous  place  in 
the  great  educational  world  which  the  institution  you 
have  the  honor  to  direct  has  already  attained,  and  to 
assure  you  of  our  appreciation  of  the  reflex  influence  in 
this  great  educational  force  upon  the  smaller  and  less 
conspicuous  schools  and  colleges  of  this  country. 

We  assure  you  it  is  our  sincere  belief  that  the  Car- 
negie Institute  will  occupy  no  second  place  among  the 
educational  institutions  of  this  country. 

With  most  hearty  felicitations,  we  are, 

Yours  most  sincerely, 

Isaac  C.  Ketler 









We  send  the  congratulations  of  Harvard  University 
to  the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  the  dedication  of  its  Li- 
brary Building  and  upon  the  strong  foundation  on 
which  the  work  of  the  whole  Institute  now  rests.  We 
rejoice  that  the  Institute,  enlarged  and  strengthened, 
has  now  so  great  an  opportunity  to  demonstrate  the 
saving  benefits  of  education  in  a  democracy  and  we  be- 
lieve that  the  fruits  of  that  demonstration  will  be  per- 
vasive. The  universities  and  colleges  of  America  have 
already  welcomed  the  Carnegie  Institute  as  a  vigorous 
fellow- worker  in  education;  they  renew  that  welcome 
to-day  as  they  see  the  Institute  emphatically  proclaim- 
ing, in  this  presence,  its  faith  in  the  dependence  of  a 
people's  industrial  and  social  well-being  upon  their  in- 
tellectual and  moral  progress. 

The  President  and 
Fellows  of  Harvard  College 

By  Jerome  D.  Greene 

Secretary  t»  the  Cerperatien 


Cambridge,  April  12, 1907 




Haverford,  Pa.,  March  12, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carafe  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

In  common  I  doubt  not  with  all  other  men  interested 
in  education  in  the  State  of  Pennsylvania,  it  affords  me 
much  pleasure  to  note  the  approaching  public  cere- 
monies in  connection  with  the  opening  of  the  Camcgie 
Institute.  Pittsburgh  and  the  whole  State  are  to  be 
congratulated  upon  the  possession  of  such  a  beneficent 

Please  accept  the  congratulations  of  Haverford  Col- 

Very  truly  yours, 

Isaac  Sharpless 



The  John  Herron  Art  Institute,  through  the  directors 
of  the  Art  Association  of  Indianapolis,  the  Institute's 
parent  organization,  congratulates  the  Trustees  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute  on  the  noble  trust  they  are  called 
upon  to  administer.  The  directors  of  the  Art  Associa- 
tion express  the  belief  that  the  hope  of  the  generous 
founder  that  the  art  department  will  direct  the  Amer- 
ican people  to  the  highest  esthetic  ideals  will  be  fully 
realized,  and  that  the  people  of  the  Middle  West  will 
especially  profit  by  his  great  benefaction. 

Indianapolis,  Ind. 
April  10,  1907 




The  Johns  Hopkins  University  sends  fraternal  greet- 
ing to  the  Carnegie  Institute,  on  the  day  of  the  auspi- 
cious beginning  of  a  renewed  career,  with  the  sincere 
hope  that  it  may,  by  reason  of  its  comprehensive  plans 
and  its  munificent  resources,  contribute  in  an  eminent 
degree  through  all  the  generations  to  the  progress  and 
the  welfare  of  the  community  in  which  it  is  placed,  of 
the  nation,  and  of  the  world. 

Ira  Remsen 


Edward  H.  Griffin 

Secretary  $f  the  Academic  Council 

Baltimore,  Md. 

March  the  twenty-second 
nineteen  hundred  and  seven 




The  President  and  Faculty  of  Lafayette  College 
heartily  congratulate  the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  the 
completion  of  its  new  building  and  upon  the  further 
development  of  the  great  work  which  has  been  en- 
trusted to  its  Board  of  Trustees.  Lafayette  College 
feels  that  every  advance  in  the  great  work  of  education 
and  the  cultivation  of  a  higher  appreciation  of  litera- 
ture and  art  is  of  great  significance  to  the  larger  usef  ul- 
;iess  of  the  American  people.  It  especially  rejoices  in 
the  combination  of  departments  embraced  in  the  Car- 
negie Institute,  so  happily  joining  music  and  the  fine 
arts  with  science  and  literature. 

Ethelbert  D.  Warfield 


Easton,  Pennsylvania 
March  16th,  1907 




Appleton,  Wisconsin,  March  16, 1907 

To  THE  President  and  Trustees 

OF  the  Carnegie  Institute 

Lawrence  University  extends  its  hearty  congratula- 
tions to  The  Carnegie  Institute  on  the  occasion  of  the 
eleventh  celebration  of  Founder's  Day,  and  the  dedica- 
tion of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie  Library.  It 
felicitates  the  Institute  on  the  great  work  it  is  doing  for 
society,  and  expresses  the  belief  that  in  the  domain  of 
art  and  useful  learning  it  occupies  an  especially  con- 
spicuous place.  With  this  new  building,  erected  by  the 
munificence  of  its  founder,  it  is  equipped  to  contribute 
more  largely  than  would  otherwise  be  possible  to  the 
enrichment  of  the  country's  civilization.  May  the  In- 
stitute under  the  wise  management  of  its  officers  and 
Trustees  attain  a  prosperity  and  usefulness  that  shall 
exceed  their  greatest  expectations. 

Samuel  Plantz 






Lehioh  University  sends  cordial  greeting  to  the  Car- 
negie Institute  on  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  and 
f onnal  opening  of  its  New  Building. 

To  the  Carnegie  Institute  Lehigh  is  already  bound 
by  close  ties;  her  sons  find  honored  place  among  the  In- 
stitute's Trustees  and  teachers,  with  the  educational 
purpose  of  the  Institute  the  University  is  in  peculiar 
sympathy,  and  of  the  bounty  of  the  munificent  founder 
of  the  Institute  Lehigh  has  herself  received.  These 
ties,  and  the  belief  that  the  work  planned  and  so  auspi- 
ciously begun  by  the  Institute  will  redound,  not  merely 
to  the  benefit  of  the  youth  of  Pittsburgh,  but  to  a  larger 
culture  and  truer  ideals  of  education  throughout  our 
land,  evoke  from  Lehigh  at  this  time  the  sincerest  con- 
gratulations and  heartiest  good  wishes,  and  an  earnest 
expression  of  hope  that  the  cordial  relations  between 
the  two  Institutions  may  continue  and  intensify  with 
succeeding  years. 

Accepting  with  much  pleasure  the  invitation  of  the 
Institute  to  be  represented  at  the  ceremonies,  the  Uni- 
versity has  appointed  thereto  her  President,  Henry  S. 



Drinker,  LL.  D.,  who  will  convey  to  the  Institute  as- 
surance in  person  of  the  University's  regard  and  felici- 

Lehigh  University 

by  Henry  S.  Drinker 



C.  L.  Thornburg 

Secretary  of  the  Faculty 


April  12,  1907 




Stanford  University,  California,  March  12, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H,  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

The  Leland  Stanford  Junior  University  of  Palo 
Alto,  California,  sends  her  greetings,  her  good  wishes, 
and  her  highest  hopes  to  the  Carnegie  Institute  on  the 
dedication  of  her  new  building. 

Alfred  Mosely  recently  said  that  the  keynote  of 
American  education  is  this:  It  trains  for  efficiency. 
"What  strikes  me  most,"  he  says,  "is  that  your  work- 
shops are  filled  with  college-bred  men.  In  England 
the  university  man  is  graduated  into  a  frock  coat  and 
gloves;  here  he  is  educated  into  overalls.'* 

We  of  Stanford  hope  that  this  statement  is  true,  and 
that  through  the  centuries  to  come  Stanford  and  Car- 
negie will  stand  shoulder  to  shoulder  in  educating  uni- 
versity men  into  overalls — in  training  men,  not  prima- 
rily for  culture,  nor  for  erudition,  nor  for  social  ad- 
vancement, but  for  efficiency. 

Very  truly  yours, 

David  Starr  Jordan 











The  Board  of  Managers  of  the  Lewis  Institute,  of 
Chicago,  joins  with  profound  pleasure  in  the  con- 
gratulations which  are  extended  to  the  Trustees  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute  on  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of 
their  New  Building.  The  humane  enterprise  which  is 
celebrated  in  this  dedication  is  worthy  of  the  sanest 
ideals  of  the  great  democracy  in  the  midst  of  which  it 
finds  a  home.  It  is  not  too  much  to  say  that  an  adequate 
understanding  of  the  possibilities  of  this  enterprise 
would  awaken  a  thrill  of  admiration  and  of  aspiration 
in  the  entire  body  of  this  generation  of  our  common 

Chicago,  April  5,  1907 




Representing  the  Lick  Observatory  and  its  staflF  of 
astronomers,  I  beg  to  offer  cordial  congratulations  upon 
the  completion  of  the  buildings  and  organization  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute.  The  Lick  Observatory  is  in  full 
sympathy  with  the  educational  purposes  of  the  Insti- 
tute. Whatever  investigational  work  is  worthy  of  the 
astronomer's  effort  is  well  worth  giving  to  the  people. 

W.  W.  Campbell 

Director  Lick  Observatory 
University  of  California 


The  Government  and  Faculty  of  the  Massachusetts 

Institute  of  Technology  desire  herewith  to  express  to 

the  Carnegie  Institute,  to  its  Founder,  its  Trustees  and 

its  Teachers,  heartiest  congratulations  on  an  auspicious 

opening  and  best  wishes  for  a  splendid  and  useful 


Henry  S.  Pritchett 


April  9, 1907 




New  York,  April  1 1, 1907 

To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 


The  Trustees  of  the  Metropolitan  Museum  of  Art 
of  the  City  of  New  York,  on  the  occasion  of  the  dedica- 
tion of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie  Institute,  de- 
sire most  heartily  to  congratulate  the  Institute  not  only 
on  the  completion  of  its  building,  and  on  the  recent 
large  increase  of  its  endowment,  but  on  the  final  con- 
summation of  the  broadly  conceived  plans  of  its  gen- 
erous founder. 

The  persons  most  to  be  congratulated  on  this  occa- 
sion are  the  people  of  Pittsburgh  and  the  still  wider 
circle  of  those  who  avail  of  the  opportunities  for  use- 
fulness which  the  Institute  affords.  The  wise  and  able 
manner  in  which  those  opportunities  have  been  placed 


at  the  disposal  of  the  public  hitherto  is  the  best  proof 
that  the  Institute  has  needed  and  deserved  its  present 
enlargement,  and  the  best  guaranty  of  its  success  in  the 
f iiture.  For  this  you  may  be  sure  that  you  have  the 
hearty  good  wishes  of  all  who  are  working  for  the  de- 
velopment of  art  as  a  factor  of  the  educational  system 

of  this  country. 

Robert  W.  de  Forest 

Secretary,  Metropolitan  Museum 
of  Art 




The  Board  of  Control  and  the  Faculty  of  the  Michigan 
College  of  Mines  send  greeting  and  congratulation  to 
the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  of  Pittsburgh  on 
the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  magnificent  build- 
ing which  is  hereafter  to  be  its  home. 

We  hereby  express  our  earnest  wish  that  the  Insti- 
tute so  happily  founded  and  so  generously  endowed, 
embodying  such  broad  designs  for  the  betteraient  of 
human  conditions  may  meet  with  the  largest  success; 
and  that  within  its  sphere  of  influence  it  may  widely 
diffuse  the  higher  ideals  of  American  citizenship. 

William  Kelly 

Chairman  9f  the  Board  of  Control 

F.  W.  McNair 

Frtsiient  of  the  College 


Houghton,  Michigan 
April  5,  1907 









Minneapolis,  Minn.,  April  8, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Cam^e  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  the  Minnesota  Academy  of  Science, 
having  its  headquarters  here  in  Minneapolis,  I  wish  to 
express  the  high  appreciation  of  the  members  of  this 
Academy  towards  the  magnificent  Art  and  Science  In- 
stitute built  in  your  city  through  the  agency  and  contri- 
bution of  the  great  fund  presented  by  your  illustrious 
citizen,  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie.  As  workers  in  this  line 
of  public  educational  facilities  which  I  and  my  asso- 
ciates have  been  engaged  in  seeking  to  build  up  and 
make  useful  to  the  common  citizenship  of  our  common- 
wealth, and  from  the  smaller  work  which  we  are  able  to 
accomplish,  we  can  yet  perceive  the  broad  and  exten- 
sive range  of  educational  influence  that  will  undoubt- 
edly come  from  the  great  institution  to  be  dedicated  by 
your  Board  on  the  11  th,  12  th,  and  13th  of  this  month. 

On  behalf  of  the  Academy,  I  send  our  greetings,  and 
wish  to  express  our  high  appreciation  of  this  great  insti- 
tution of  knowledge  and  learning,  and  hope  and  expect 


for  it  a  w 
better  citi 
that  will  1 
future  gee 
With  hi 

My  dear  S 

tions  upoi 
Every  Am 




Boston,  Mass.,  April  i,  1907 

The  Trustees  of  the  Museum  of  Fine  Arts  in  Boston 
have  the  honor  to  present  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  in  Pittsburgh  their  cordial  congratula- 
tions on  the  dedication  of  the  new  building  to  its  three- 
fold purpose.  They  welcome  the  advent  of  another 
splendid  symbol,  and  abundant  source  of  popular  en- 
lightenment in  literature,  science,  and  art.  To  the 
founder  of  the  Institute  they  wish  many  years  of  happi- 
ness in  giving  happiness,  and  to  his  foundation  success- 
ful administration  in  perpetuity. 

For  the  Trustees, 

Ben  J.  Ives  Gilman 

Temporary  Director 





I . 


r  . 

:   i 


■      ■ 




New  York  City,  April  6th,  1907 
Mr,  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  sincerely  congratulate  the  Trustees  and  the  City 

of  Pittsburgh  on  the  completion  of  this  imposing  edifice 

which  marks  an  important  step  in  public  education  in 

the  United  States, 

Yours  respectfully, 

N.  L.  Britton 

Direttor-in-  Chief 



•»    ; 





New  York,  March  15, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  Trustees  are  to  be  congratulated  on  the  con- 
siunmation  of  the  great  work  which  has  been  inaugu- 
rated and  carried  forward  under  their  direction.  The 
opportunities  which  the  various  departments  of  the  In- 
stitute afford  for  the  training  of  the  mind  and  hand, 
and  for  the  attainment  of  knowledge  and  culture,  mean 
an  enlarged  field  of  usefulness  and  a  richer  life  to 
many  thousands.  Incalculable  good  will  result,  not 
only  to  the  City  of  Pittsburgh,  but  to  the  country  at 
large,  through  the  philanthropy  of  Mr.  Carnegie. 

Particularly  gratifying  is  the  provision  made  in  the 
Carnegie  Technical  Schools  for  the  teaching  of  the 
handicrafts,  for  no  small  percentage  of  the  youth  of 
our  land  take  to  the  various  trades  as  a  means  of  liveli- 
hood. Owing  to  the  disappearance  of  the  old-time 
system  of  apprenticeship,  it  is  not  only  difficult  but  fre- 
quently impossible  under  existing  trade  conditions  for 




lads  who  are  mechanically  inclined  to  acquire  a  trade. 
We  do  not  lack  in  schools  for  those  who  wish  to  enter 
the  professions  or  who  desire  to  follow  a  business  ca- 
reer, but  as  yet,  little  has  been  done  in  this  country  to 
afford  practical  training  to  those  who  must  work  with 
the  hand. 

As  a  co-worker  in  the  field  of  trade  school  endeavor, 
we  welcome  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools. 

Very  sincerely, 

H.  V.  Brill 


1   • 

fc  « 





New  York,  April  6,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

New  York  University,  through  its  Senate,  represent- 
ing all  the  Faculties,  rejoices  that  the  intellect  which 
has  wrought  for  a  generation  at  Pittsburgh,  will  now, 
by  entering  into  wedlock  with  the  Carnegie  Institute, 
raise  up  a  family  of  sons  to  help  subdue  nature  to  the 
welfare  of  man  through  coming  generations. 

f  Very  truly  yours, 

I  Henry  Mitchell  MacCracken 





New  York,  March  18th,  1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  the  Carnegie  Institute 


It  is  the  world  at  large  which  is  to  be  congratulated 
upon  the  completion  of  the  Greater  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute ;  but  the  Founder  and  the  Trustees  are  entitled  to 
the  felicitations  of  all  lovers  of  science,  art,  and  litera- 
ture on  this  splendid  consummation  of  their  labors. 

It  is  profoundly  gratifying  to  see  an  institution 

created  on  a  plan  of  such  magnificent  scope,  and  its 

abiding-place  fashioned  and  perfected  without  a  long 

and  wearisome  delay.    It  is  good  to  see  a  great  center 

of  higher  educational  development  rise  full-fledged 

into  front-rank  existence,  and  stand  forth  as  a  model 

for  other  Founders  and  other  Trustees  to  follow.    The 

world  hopes  much  of  the  Carnegie  Institute,  and  is 

bound  to  offer  it  perpetual  sympathy,  good-will,  and 


Yours  faithfully, 

William  T.  Hornaday 





.  EvANSTON,  Illinois,  March  22, 1907 

I  To  THE  Carnegie  Institute 

The  President  of  Northwestern  University,  on  be- 
half of  the  University  and  its  Trustees,  offers  to  the 
Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  most  sincere  con- 
gratulations upon  the  completion  of  its  new  building. 
The  establishment  and  endowment  of  the  Institute 
marks  an  epoch  in  the  history  of  education.  Its  prog- 
ress will  be  watched  with  great  interest  by  every  friend 

of  education  and  culture. 


Abram  W.  Harris 







Obbrlin,  Ohio,  March  12, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

Oberlin  College  is  very  glad  indeed  to  join  in 
heartiest  congratulations  to  the  Carnegie  Institute 
upon  the  completion  of  its  splendid  new  building,  and 
the  working  out  of  the  comprehensive  and  significant 
plans  that  must  mean  so  much,  not  only  for  Pittsburgh 
and  its  vicinity,  but  for  the  country  at  large. 

Sincerely  yours, 

Henry  Churchill  Kino 















•    I 







■  Salem,  Mass.,  March  21, 1907 

East  India  Marine  Hall 

',  j-  Board  of  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

The  Peabody  Academy  of  Science  sends  greetings  to 
the  Camegie  Institute  and  to  its  founder  whose  wise 
benefactions  parallel  the  work  of  the  free  public  school 
system  of  the  country  in  the  diffusion  of  knowledge 
among  the  masses. 

G.  A.  Peabody 

PreiiJnl,  BtMrd  »f  TrusUtt 

Edward  S.  Morse 

Direfttr  ef  tht  Muiium 




New  York,  April  12, 1907 

The  Peoples  Institute  heartily  congratulates  the  Car- 
negie Institute  on  the  splendid  gift  it  has  received  upon 
its  Eleventh  Anniversary. 

Any  city  of  the  country  would  be  proud  and  happy 
to  possess  such  rich  means  for  education  and  inspira- 
tion in  all  directions  as  the  renewed  Institute  with  its 
Halls,  Museums,  and,  not  the  least,  its  abundant  facil- 
ities for  technical  instruction  affords.  It  has  been  a 
pleasure  and  a  privilege  for  a  representative  of  the  In- 
stitute to  participate  in  the  exercises  of  the  festival. 

With  the  wish  that  each  year  may  bring  increasing 
success  to  the  work  so  well  begun,  the  Peoples  Insti- 
tute rejoices  with  the  Carnegie  Institute  in  the  rich 
future  opening  before  it. 

Charles  Sprague  Smith 

Managing  Director 











To  the  Carnegie  Institute  of  Pittsburgh,  with  its  splen- 
did endowment  of  means  and  men  and  ideals,  the 
Polytechnic  Institute  of  Brooklyn  brings  cordial  greet- 
ing. For  the  achievements  of  this  foimdation,  present 
and  to  come,  the  Polytechnic  feels  admiration  and  a 
sympathy  bom  of  kindred  aims.  In  the  practical  phil- 
anthropy here  exhibited  it  recognizes  a  boon,  not  only 
to  Pittsburgh,  but  to  the  country  at  large.  For  Amer- 
ica may  well  rejoice  that  through  the  wisdom  and  munifi- 
cence of  one  of  her  sons  she  is  here  enabled,  in  an  era 
marked  by  the  development  of  technical  education  and 
the  upbuilding  of  an  efficient  democracy,  to  realize  in 
this  great  Institute  an  ideal  that  can  not  fail  to  make 
for  the  fullest  manhood  and  the  finest  citizenship. 

Fred  W.  Atkinson 


April  eleventh,  1907 





Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  March  26, 1907 

To  THE  President  and  Trustees 

The  Carnegie  Institute 


In  behalf  of  the  Pratt  Institute,  I  beg  to  extend  to 
you  our  congratulations  and  best  wishes  on  the  happy 
occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  Carnegie  Institute. 
We  understand  and  appreciate  the  unique  opportunity 
that  presents  itself  to  you.  You  have  a  wonderful 
equipment;  you  have  earnest,  intelligent  men  to  direct 
and  conduct  your  work ;  and  you  have  in  Mr.  Carnegie 
a  wise  benefactor,  who  has  learned  to  safeguard  his 
enthusiasms,  and  who  knows  how  to  give  to  help  and 
not  to  harm. 

This  is  an  eventful  day  in  the  history  of  art  and  in- 
dustrial education  in  this  country,  and  the  entire  nation 
looks  to  you  for  pioneer  effort  in  these  two  lines  of 
work.  Pratt  Institute  believes  you  will  be  equal  to 
your  opportunity  and  sends  you  its  good  wishes  for 

your  success. 

Cordially  yours, 

Frederic  H.  Pratt 




•    • 









j[  The  Trustees  and  Faculty  of  Purdue  University  unite 

*  in  extending  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

t  congratulations  upon  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of 

the  New  Building,  and  in  expressing  the  hope  that  the 
great  enterprises  included  in  the  Carnegie  Institute 
may  long  continue  to  serve  humanity  through  the  me- 
dium of  rational  education. 
;  W.  E.  Stone 

^  President 

j  Lafayette,  Indiana 

1  March  twentieth 

•^  Nineteen  Hundred  Seven 







Cambridge,  Mass.,  April  4,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  Council  of  Radcliffe  College  sends  congratula- 
tions to  the  Carnegie  Institute,  and  wishes  it  all  success 
in  its  great  work. 

Yours  very  truly, 

L.  B.  R.  Briggs 



















Troy,  N.  Y.,  Mar.  18, 1907 

The  Board  of  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 


The  Board  of  Trustees  of  Rensselaer  Polytechnic 
Institute  send  sincere  congratulations  to  your  Board 
upon  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  new  build- 
ing of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  They  appreciate  the 
wonderful  work  which  the  splendid  gifts  of  Mr.  An- 
drew Carnegie  will  permit  you  and  your  successors  to 
do  in  the  future  and  recognize  the  Carnegie  Institute 
of  Pittsburgh  as  one  more  monument  among  the  many 
which  this  great  philanthropist  has  erected  in  the 

cause  of  education. 

Very  respectfully, 

Palmer  C.  Ricketts 





Terre  Haute,  Ind.,  April  7, 1907 

Carnegie  Institute 
To  THE  Honorable 


THE  Board  of  Trustees 


The  Rose  Polj^echnic  Institute  sends  to  the  Car- 
negie Institute,  upon  this,  the  auspicious  day  of  the 
dedication  of  its  buildings.  Greeting. 

It  congratulates  the  Institute  upon  having  accom- 
plished so  much  in  its  brief  history  and  predicts  for  it 
in  the  future  far  greater  usefulness,  success,  and 

Especially  to  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools  do  we 
oflFer  felicitation;  engaged  in  kindred  fields  of  work, 
our  greetings  are  especially  fraternal.  Through  it, 
as  well  as  all  departments,  will  the  welfare  and  happi- 
ness of  our  people  be  furthered.  The  Institute  will 
stand  for  all  time  a  monument  in  testimony  of  the 
philanthropy,  wise  sympathy,  and  generosity  of  its 



C.  L.  Mees 














The  Corporation  of  Simmons  College  sends  its 
heartiest  congratulations  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  on  the  completion  of  their  magnificent 
edifice  and  wishes  for  them  the  greatest  success  in 
their  generous  efforts  for  the  encouragement  of  art, 
literature,  science,  and  industry. 

Transmitted  by  direction  of  the  Corporation  this 
eleventh  day  of  March,  one  thousand  nine  hundred 
and  seven. 

Henry  Lefavour 


Boston,  Mass. 







Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  the  Smithsonian  Institution  and  its 

branches,  including  the  United  States  National  Mu- 
seum, I  have  the  honor  and  pleasure  to  express  sincere 
congratulations  to  the  Carnegie  Institute,  which  is  to 
dedicate  its  new  building  at  Pittsburgh,  April  ii,  12, 
and  13,  1907,  with  imposing  public  ceremonies. 

It  is  a  subject  of  universal  satisfaction  that  the  mu- 
nificent endowment  of  the  Institute  enables  it  to  take 
a  place  at  once  in  the  front  rank  of  establishments  de- 
voted to  the  advancement  of  Science  and  Art,  and  the 
Smithsonian  Institution  rejoices  heartily  that  the 
founder  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  has  so  wisely  and 
abundantly  equipped  the  Institute  for  its  great  work. 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

Charles  D.  Walcott 









HoBOKEN,  N.  J.,  April  8, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Mr.  Church: 

I  can  not  let  this  occasion  go  by  without  attempting 
to  convey  through  you  to  the  Trustees,  the  Directors, 
and  especially  to  Mr.  Carnegie  the  hearty  good  wishes 
of  the  Stevens  Institute  of  Technology,  the  pioneer 
in  the  college  education  in  Mechanical  Engineering. 
Mr.  Carnegie  has  given  you  gentlemen  of  Pittsburgh 
an  opportunity  to  do  a  work  which  should  be  epoch- 
making.  I  can  not  help  reflecting  on  the  inmiense  re- 
sponsibility which  will  rest  upon  you  gentlemen  in 
connection  with  this  colossal  benefaction.  While  we 
at  the  Institute  are  concentrating  upon  a  single  line  of 
effort,  you  will  be  called  upon  to  be  active  along  many 
lines  of  activity,  for  you  have  before  you  the  whole 
field  of  instruction  in  technology,  art,  and  the  applica- 
tion of  art  to  technical  work.    In  this  connection  you 

will  be  able  to  do  much  towards  the  solution  of  the 



problems  now  facing  this  nation  in  connection  with  the 
relations  between  capital  and  labor. 

Stevens  Institute  wishes  you  Grodspeed  in  the  work 
intrusted  to  you. 

Respectfully  and  sincerely  yours, 

Alex.  C.  Humphreys 



SwARTHMORE,  Pa.,  March  12, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary  of  the  Board  of  Trustees 

of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

Permit  me  on  behalf  of  Swarthmore  College  to  most 
heartily  congratulate  the  Trustees  of  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute of  Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania,  on  the  tremendous 
promise  of  usefulness  of  the  great  institution  of  learn- 
ing which  you  are  about  to  dedicate.  It  will  far  sur- 
pass, so  far  as  I  know,  any  other  such  institution  in  the 
world,  and  it  bids  fair  to  be  one  of  the  most  useful  of 
the  many  great  benefactions  of  Andrew  Carnegie  for 
which  he  has  become  so  justly  famous. 


Joseph  Swain 





Syracuse,  N,  Y.,  March  26th,  1907 

Board  of  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

Pittsburgh,  Pa. 


We  all  take  a  deep  and  lively  interest  in  the  great 
Institute  and  congratulate  you  upon  the  extension  of 
its  facilities  by  the  erection  of  this  new  building. 

We  feel  that  something  of  a  kinship  is  established 
between  the  Carnegie  Institute  and  Syracuse  Uni- 
versity by  the  erection  of  a  magnificent  library  upon 
our  campus  by  your  renowned  founder. 

The  character  and  scope  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 
does  not  only  great  credit  to  Mr.  Carnegie's  philan- 
thropy but  also  to  his  clear  and  broad  concept  of  the 
educational  demands  of  his  time  and  his  country. 

Very  truly  yours, 

James  R.  Day 





Kansas  City,  Mo.,  April  8, 1907 

To  Andrew  Carnegie,  Esq., 

AND  THE  City  of  Pittsburgh, 


Accept  the  unbounded  congratulations  of  the  Tech- 
nological Society  of  Kansas  City  upon  the  completion 
of  the  invaluable  Schools  for  Technical  Advancement, 
the  opening  of  which  you  now  celebrate,  and  the  be- 
stowal of  which  is  an  act  of  imparalleled  philanthropy. 

Science  and  art  as  fostered  and  developed  in  your 
new  institution  are  the  keystone  and  pillars  of  civilized 

Pittsburgh's  son,  Andrew  Carnegie,  is  strengthening 
his  home  city  by  this  foundation  as  perhaps  no  other 
may  do. 

Beneficial  results  beyond  imagination  will  be  the 
heritage  of  Pittsburgh,  and  Pennsylvania,  and  Amer- 
ica, and  the  whole  world  from  this  Fountain  of  Know- 



















Potsdam,  New  York,  April  1 1, 1907 

The  Founders  and  Trustees  of  the  Thomas  S.  Clark- 
son  Memorial  School  of  Technology  extend  greetings 
and  heartiest  congratulations  to  Mr.  Carnegie  and  the 
Trustees  of  the  Institute  upon  the  opening  and  dedica- 
tion of  its  new  buildings. 







Trinity  College,  in  Hartford,  Connecticut,  extends 
its  heartiest  greetings  to  the  Carnegie  Institute  of 
Pittsburgh,  upon  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the 
new  building,  and  the  College  congratulates  the  Insti- 
tute upon  that  most  happy  union  of  forces  making  for 
civilization  and  progress  which  the  associated  depart- 
ments so  notably  represent. 

From  the  Library,  the  Present  may  gather  all  that 
is  best  in  the  Past,  and  hand  it  on,  splendidly  trans- 
muted, to  the  Future.  The  Gallery  of  Art  and  School 
of  Music  will  minister  perpetually  to  the  influences 
that  beautify  life,  exalt  the  spirit  and  ennoble  the 
imagination.  The  Scientific  Museum,  broadly  con- 
ceived, will  provide  the  materials  for  the  study  and 
interpretation  of  Nature  in  its  countless  phases.  And, 
finally,  the  Technical  Schools,  with  their  high  mission 
of  applying  knowledge  to  the  great  problems  of  civil- 
ization, of  dignifying  labor  and  rendering  its  service 
more  and  more  beneficent  and  useful,  will  contribute 
vastly  to  the  betterment  of  life  and  living  in  this  our 
nation;  for  through  their  development  of  the  genius 
of  the  great  engineer,  through  their  skilled  guidance  of 



the  worker's  hand  and  head,  and  through  their  inculca- 
tion of  the  lesson  that  to  the  humblest  handiwork  the 
highest  art  may  be  brought,  a  nobler  ideal  of  citizen- 
ship will  certainly  be  uplifted  before  the  eyes  of  all 


Flavel  S.  Luther 


W.  N.  Carlton 

Secretary  of  the  Faculty 


April  12th,  1907 




New  Orleans,  12  April,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary,  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Mr.  Church: 

I  am  happy  to  bring  from  the  Faculty  of  the  Tulanc 
University  of  Louisiana  sincerest  greetings  to  the  Fac- 
ulty of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  I  am  happy  to  bring 
from  New  Orleans  congratulations  to  the  great  and 
growing  city  of  Pittsburgh,  which  to-day  becomes  the 
seat  of  the  most  splendidly  housed,  equipped,  and  en- 
dowed Institute  of  Art,  Science,  and  Technology  in  the 
world.  I  am  happy  to  bring  from  the  people  of  the  en- 
tire Southland  a  message  of  affection  and  esteem  to 
Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie,  the  foremost  citizen  of  the 
Anglo-Saxon  World,  upbuilder  of  the  invisible  yet 
ever-advancing,  ever-widening,  and  immortal  empire 
of  knowledge;  the  master  spirit  in  the  coming  Parlia- 
ment of  Man,  the  first  real  President  of  the  United 
States  of  the  World. 

Very  truly  yours, 

E.  B.  Craiohead 





TusKEGEE  Institute,  Alabama,  March  25, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  have  the  honor  on  behalf  of  the  Faculty  of  the  Tus- 
kegee  Normal  and  Industrial  Institute  to  extend  most 
cordial  greetings  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  on  the  occasion  of  the  formal  dedica- 
tion of  the  Institute  on  Thursday,  Friday,  and  Satur- 
day, April  11,  12,  and  13,  1907. 

We  rejoice  with  you  that  that  great  citizen  of  the 
Republic,  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie,  has  erected  at  Pitts- 
burgh a  monument  to  education  which  will  for  all  time 
serve  as  a  torch  to  enlighten  mankind  in  the  arts  and 

We  heartily  congratulate  you  upon  the  great  oppor- 
tunity for  service  which  has  so  splendidly  been  pro- 
vided for  you. 

Faithfully  yours, 

Booker  T.  Washington 





Schenectady,  N.  Y.,  March  12, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

Union  College  wishes  to  have  a  place  among  those 
who  present  their  congratulations  to  the  Carnegie  In- 
stitute upon  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  new 
building.  We  rejoice  in  everything  that  promises  large 
usefulness  for  the  Institute,  and  with  these  greetings 
we  offer  our  best  wishes  for  the  future. 

Yours  sincerely, 

Andrew  V.  V.  Raymond 

President  Union  College 





West  Point,  N.  Y.,  March  14, 1907 
The  Trustees,  Carnegie  Institute 


On  behalf  of  the  Military  Academy  I  beg  to  offer 
congratulations  upon  the  auspicious  occasion  of  the 
dedication  of  the  magnificent  new  building  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute,  marking  as  it  does  a  momentous  in- 
crease in  the  educational  and  scientific  equipment  of 
the  United  States. 

Very  respectfully, 

H.  L.  Scott 

Colonel,  U.  S,  Army, 





Annapolis,  Md.,  April  12, 1907 
To  THE  Trustees 
THE  Carnegie  Institute 


The  United  States  Naval  Academy  was  one  of  the 
first  organizations  of  the  country  to  take  up  the  tech- 
nical training  of  young  men  for  scientific  pursuits  on 
lines  somewhat  similar  to  those  adopted  by  the  Car- 
negie Institute,  and  is  at  the  present  time  one  of  the 
largest  colleges  carrying  on  such  work. 

With  such  common  interests  existing  between  the 
two  institutions,  I  feel  warranted  in  expressing  upon 
the  auspicious  occasion,  in  behalf  of  the  Faculty  of  the 
Naval  Academy,  and  its  alumni  who  are  engaged  in 
applying  the  science  there  learned  to  the  arts  of  ship 
construction  and  navigation  in  the  various  depart- 
ments of  the  Navy,  their  congratulations  and  good 
wishes  for  the  success  of  this  wonderful  and  beautiful 
"temple  of  love"  which  will  send  forth  into  the  world 
young  men  who  must  prove  monuments  to  its  great 
and  generous  founder,  Andrew  Carnegie — a  man  that 
will  ever  be  honored  and  revered  as  one  who  has  done 





so  much  for  his  fellow-men,  ennobling  their  aspirations 
and  opening  up  to  them  possibilities  of  unlimited 
knowledge,  which  means  power  that  may  rival  in 
strength  his  own  remarkable  deeds  that  have  so  won 
the  admiration  of  the  whole  civilized  world. 

Colby  M.  Chester 

RiMr-Admirai,  U>  S.  N. 


The  University  of  California  begs  to  extend  to  the 
Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  its  most  cordial 
greetings  on  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  at  Pitts- 
burgh of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie  Institute. 
It  represents  one  of  the  most  significant  contributions 
in  the  history  of  man  toward  the  uplifting  of  society 
and  the  betterment  of  human  conditions. 

Berkeley,  March  16,  1907 





March  8th,  1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute 


The  University  of  Chicago  begs  to  extend  to  the 
Carnegie  Institute  congratulations  and  greeting  on  the 
occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  new  building.  The 
Institute  is  calculated  to  do  a  great  work  for  educa- 
tion, and  indeed  for  civilization  in  its  widest  sense. 
That  this  work  may  be  accomplished  in  the  best  way 
possible,  and  that  the  largest  vision  of  the  founder  and 
of  the  trustees  of  the  Institute  may  be  realized,  is  the 
sincere  wish  of  the  University  of  Chicago. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Henry  Pratt  Judson 






CURATORiBus  Instituti  Carnegiani  Salutem  Dant 

Plurimam  : 

Quod  vos  supera  in  annis  parte  communis  siti  novo 
Musarum  alnmno  domnm  tantis  opibus  operibusque 
praeditam  estis  coUocaturi,  ergo,  quod  bonum  felix 
fortunatumquc  sit  vobis  vestroque  Municipio,  Urbs, 
quae  Solis  occidui  Regina  audit,  artium  technicarum 
alma  mater  et  fautrix,  per  nostram  civicam  Universi- 
tatem  vobis  gratulationes  verbis  profert  ampUssimis. 

Carolus  Guilielmus  Dabney 



CiNCINNATIS,   A.  D.   XI   KaL.   ApRIL.,   ANNO 

Christi,  MDCCCCVII 




Ann  Arbor^  March  8, 1907 
The  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 


In  behalf  of  the  authorities  of  this  University  I  beg 
to  send  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  our 
hearty  congratulations  on  the  completion  of  your  new 
building.  The  generous  endowment  which  the  founder 
has  provided  for  the  Institute  should  make  it  of  great 
service  to  the  nation.  We  wish  the  highest  success  for 
the  enterprise. 

Yours  respectfully, 

James  B.  Angell 





Minneapolis,  March  ii,  1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 


The  dedication  of  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute  at  Pittsburgh,  April  nth,  12th,  and  13th, 
1 907,  is  an  occasion  of  such  importance  to  the  world  of 
learning  that  it  might  well  gather  together  representa- 
tives of  all  the  universities  and  learned  societies  of  the 
world  to  witness  a  ceremony  in  connection  with  an  in- 
stitute that  in  its  endowment,  equipment,  and  prospects 
of  usefulness  can  hardly  be  equaled  by  any  other  insti- 
tution in  the  world  and  certainly  not  by  any  whose 
field  of  work  is  the  same  as  that  of  the  Carnegie  Insti- 

The  Universitv  of  Minnesota  sends  to  the  Board  of 
Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  its  heartiest  congrat- 
ulations on  what  the  Board  has  already  accomplished 
and  its  best  wishes  for  the  perfect  realization  of  the 
great  idea  of  the  founder  of  the  institute,  and  for  that 
measure  of  mighty  influence  for  good  which  the  insti- 



tute  was  established  to  accomplish.  The  University  of 
Minnesota  welcomes  to  the  field  of  learning  an  insti- 
tution which  can  not  fail  to  exert  a  powerful  influence 
in  the  special  direction  in  which  its  efforts  will  be  ex- 

Very  truly  yours, 

Cyrus  Northrop 



Columbia,  Mo.,  14  March,  1907 

To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 


In  behalf  of  the  University  of  Missouri,  and  in  my 
own  behalf,  I  congratulate  you  heartily,  and  indeed 
our  country,  upon  the  progress  which  you  have  made 
towards  the  dedication  of  the  buildings  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

R.  H.  Jesse 





The  University  of  Nebraska  heartily  joins  in  the  vol- 
ume of  congratulations  offered  to  Pittsburgh,  to  the 
Trustees  and  friends  of  the  Carnegie  Institute,  and  to 
the  entire  World  of  Science,  on  the  completion  of  the 
Institute's  new  building,  which  must  increase  incal- 
culably its  power  as  a  creator  of  Mentality,  Culture, 

and  Citizenship. 

E.  Benj.  Andrews 


Lincoln,  Nebraska 
March  thirteenth 
Nineteen  hundred  and  seven 




Philadelphia,  Pa.,  March  26, 1907 

The  Provost,  Trustees,  and  Faculties  of  the  University 
of  Pennsylvania  extend  Greetings  and  Felicitations 
to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  upon 
the  occasion  of  the  formal  Dedication  of  the  new 
building  of  the  Institute  in  Pittsburgh,  and  further  ex- 
press their  congratulations  upon  this  great  achieve- 
ment, and  the  sincere  admiration  of  the  University  of 
Pennsylvania  for  the  noble  work  of  the  Carnegie  In- 

Chas.  C.  Harrison 


Clayton  F.  McMichael 

Sigihi  Custos 




Knoxville,  Tenn.,  26  March,  1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees, 

The  Carneoie  Institute 


Allow  me  to  extend  the  congratulations  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Tennessee  on  the  occasion  of  the  dedication 
of  your  new  building.  The  magnificent  plan  on  which 
your  institution  is  laid  out  is  one  that  is  almost 
dazzling  in  its  contemplation.  The  City  of  Pitts- 
burgh and  its  environment  should  be  highly  apprecia- 
tive of  the  treasure  that  it  possesses  in  such  an  insti- 
tution and  of  the  extraordinary  opportunities  which  it 
offers  to  its  citizens. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Brown  Ayres 

President 9  University  of  Tennessee 




Charlottesville,  Va.,  March  12, 1907 

To  THE  Trustees,  Carnegie  Institute 


The  University  of  Virginia  sends  greetings  of  pride 
and  faith  to  the  Carnegie  Institute.  It  congratulates 
its  far-seeing  founder  upon  the  impulse  to  do  this  high 
service;  the  institution  itself,  upon  boundless  oppor- 
tunity; and  the  community,  upon  the  possession  of  an 
unfailing  source  of  intellectual  and  moral  strength. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Edwin  A.  Alderman 





Madison,  Wis.,  April  4, 1907 
President  W.  N.  Frew 

Came^e  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  University  of  Wisconsin  sends  wannest  con- 
gratulations and  felicitations  to  the  Carnegie  Institute 
upon  the  dedication  of  her  magnificent  new  building. 

It  is  fortunate  that  the  scope  of  the  Institute  is  dif- 
ferent from  the  ordinary  college  or  university.  The 
emphasis  placed  upon  the  fine  arts  and  music  recog- 
nizes the  backwardness  of  America  in  these  fields  as 
compared  with  Europe.  The  strong  development  of 
these  subjects  will  fill  a  pressing  need  which  few  insti- 
tutions of  the  country  have  been  able  to  meet.  The 
interests  of  the  people  are  recognized  by  the  scientific 
museum,  by  the  public  library,  and  by  the  technical 

The  great  Carnegie  Institute,  supported  as  it  is  with 
adequate  endowment,  can  not  fail  to  accomplish  a 
mighty  educational  work  for  the  City  of  Pittsburgh, 
the  State  of  Pennsylvania,  and  for  the  nation. 

Yours  very  sincerely, 

Charles  R.  van  Hise 



J  ••  \^i 



WoosTER,  Ohio,  April  1 1, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

The  University  of  Wooster  takes  this  opportunity  to 
present  to  the  President  and  honored  members  of  the 
Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  and 
through  them  to  the  citizens  of  Pittsburgh  and  the 
Commonwealth  of  Pennsylvania  its  most  sincere  and 
hearty  congratulations  on  this  most  auspicious  occasion. 

You  have  the  honor  of  being  the  Trustees  of  the 
largest  single  gift  made  to  an  educational  institution 
in  the  world.  An  endowment  which  usually  takes  cen- 
turies to  gather,  the  result  of  the  gifts  and  sacrifices  of 
thousands  of  givers,  has  come  to  you  in  a  moment  by 
the  gift  of  one  of  your  own  well  beloved  citizens.  We 
are  proud  for  you  to-day.  We  salute  you,  our  youngest 
sister,  pride  of  thy  father,  who  has  made  your  cup  of 
blessing  to  be  full  and  running  over.  We  wish  you 
every  success  in  your  great  and  world-wide  mission. 

We  also  congratulate  the  man  who  has  made  this  an 
auspicious  day  for  the  Middle  West.  We  are  proud  that 
the  rich  men  of  America  are  becoming  wise  enough  to 



be  their  own  executors.  Men  who  have  had  the  brain 
and  skill  to  amass  great  fortunes  should  have  sense 
above  their  heirs  to  dispense  them*  Blessed  is  the  man 
who  is  master  and  not  slave  of  his  wealth,  who  has  the 
vision  of  the  seer  and  uses  his  wealth  to  encourage  vir- 
tue, reward  industry,  promote  reforms,  awaken  in  the 
undeveloped  youth  the  desire  to  put  his  talents  at  in- 
terest, and  places  before  the  poor  opportunities  which 
will  give  them  an  equal  chance  with  the  rich  to  make 
their  lives  worth  the  living.  All  these  things  Mr.  Car- 
negie has  done.  He  is  coining  his  money  into  character 
for  the  generations  to  come.  All  honor  to  him.  He  is 
not  only  a  citizen  of  Pittsburgh  and  the  Commonwealth 
of  Pennsylvania,  but  he  has  shown  himself  to  be  a 
friend  and  a  brother  to  men  of  all  nations,  a  citizen  of 
the  world  of  whom  we  are  all  proud. 

We  therefore  congratulate  the  man  who  to-day 
makes  us  all  happy  by  the  wisdom  with  which  he  dis- 
penses his  beneficent  gifts  to  all  mankind.  We  honor 
him  that  he  has  so  multiplied  the  talents  which  God 
gave  him  and  while  in  the  full  use  of  all  his  faculties 
set  himself  to  the  task  of  planning  so  beneficently  for 
the  present  and  future  generations  of  the  youth  of  his 

own  country. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Louis  Edward  Holden 






Nashville,  Tenn.,  March  12, 1907 
Mr,  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  Vanderbilt  University  I  beg  to  con- 
gratulate the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  on  the 
completion  of  their  new  building  and  the  successful 
launching  of  one  of  the  most  important  educational 
enterprises  of  the  present  time.  It  is  rarely  the  case 
that  an  institution  has  an  opportunity  to  begin  its  work 
with  so  splendid  an  equipment  and  so  bright  a  future  as 
the  Carnegie  Institute  now  has.  Older  institutions 
that  have  had  to  work  their  way  through  difficulties  of 
every  kind  rejoice  that  your  institution  will  have  an 
easier  road  and  be  enabled  to  do  its  work  with  greater 
facility  and  success.  May  the  splendid  beginning  you 
have  made  be  a  prophecy  of  great  achievement  and  per- 
manent success. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Chancellor^  Vanderbilt  University 




PouGHKEEPSiE,  N.  Y.,  March  7, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  Vassar  College  I  heartily  congratulate 
the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  and  the  citizens 
of  Pittsburgh  upon  the  dedication  of  the  new  building 
of  the  Institute.  This  unparalleled  gift  to  your  city 
is  an  advantage  to  our  entire  nation  and  is  a  cause  of 
rejoicing  on  the  part  of  all  who  are  interested  in  the 
liberal  and  technical  training  of  Americans. 

Respectfully  yours, 

J.  M.  Taylor 







St.  Louis,  Mo.,  March  27, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

Washington  University  extends  its  heartiest  greet- 
ings and  congratulations  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  the  completion  of  its  new 
building,  which  is  to  be  dedicated  in  April.  With  its 
splendid  endowment,  its  strong  Board  of  Trustees,  and 
its  young  and  energetic  faculty  there  can  be  no  doubt 
that  the  Institute  has  the  brightest  future  before  it. 
Washington  University  extends  its  best  wishes  for  the 
rapid  and  full  development  of  the  work  of  the  Insti- 


W.  S.  Chaplin 





Washington,  Pa.,  April  3, 1907 

The  President  and  Professors  of  Washington  and  Jef- 
ferson College  offer  their  congratulations  to  the  Trus- 
tees of  the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  the  completion  of 
the  splendid  group  of  buildings,  which  will  hereafter 
constitute  the  home  of  the  Institute,  with  its  literary, 
esthetic,  and  educational  departments. 

We  also  congratulate  the  Trustees  upon  the  posses- 
sion of  funds  so  ample  that  they  may  work  out  ideals 
unhampered  by  the  limitations  that  so  often  cramp  the 
efforts  of  educational  institutions.  The  munificence 
of  the  founder  has  placed  it  in  their  power,  not  only 
to  offer  to  the  young  opportunities  to  train  themselves 
for  a  useful  life,  but  to  place  before  all  the  people  the 
higher  enjojmients  of  a  cultivated  life. 

In  behalf  of  the  Faculty  of  Washington  and  Jeffer- 
son College, 

James  D.  Moffat 






Lexington,  Va.,  April  12,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary,  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  desire  to  say,  not  merely  on  behalf  of  the  Washing- 
ton and  Lee  University,  but  also  on  behalf  of  all  the 
universities  and  colleges  of  the  South,  that  we  con- 
gratulate you  and  rejoice  with  you  in  this  splendid 
consummation  of  civic  and  educational  pride  and  as- 

This  great  gift  of  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie  is  felt  and 
appreciated  throughout  the  nation,  which  has  already 
been  enriched  by  the  gracious  influence  and  inspiring 
example  of  his  unselfish  life. 

Good  men  everywhere  will  wish  you  happiness  at 
this  hour,  and  for  this  institution  will  arise  to-day  many 
hopes  and  prayers  that  it  may  prosper  in  its  work  with 
an  ever  enlarging  sphere  of  influence  until  it  shall 
make  adequate  response  to  the  ideal  of  its  great  founder 
and  to  the  needs  of  this  great  city. 

I  assure  you,  one  and  all,  that  in  no  section  of  the 
country  does  the  heart  of  humanity  beat  more  warmly 





with  your  heart  to-day  than  in  the  ancient  Common- 
wealth of  Virginia  which  I  have  the  gracious  honor  to 
represent  and  whose  greetings  I  bear. 

Very  truly  yours, 

George  H.  Denny 



Wellesley,  Mass.,  April  3, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

the  Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Mr.  Church: 

In  President  Hazard's  extended  absence  abroad  I 
have  the  honor  to  extend  to  the  Trustees  of  Carnegie 
Institute  the  good  wishes  of  Wellesley  College,  on  the 
occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  new  building. 

The  Trustees  of  Carnegie  Institute  and  the  citizens 
of  Pittsburgh  are  to  be  congratulated  upon  the  advan- 
tages which  this  generous  gift  offers  to  the  young  peo- 
ple of  America. 


Very  truly  yours, 

Ellen  J.  Pendleton 





Cleveland,  Ohio,  13  March,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 


My  dear  Mr.  Church: 

The  Trustees  of  Western  Reserve  University  would 
through  me  convey  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute  heartiest  felicitations.  The  confederation 
of  five  great  departments  under  one  administration 
represents  one  of  the  noblest  movements  of  the  world 
in  educational  and  administrative  affiliation.  Such  a 
confederation,  also,  aids  each  of  the  affiliating  so- 
cieties to  become  more  efficient  in  the  eflFort  which  it 
makes  for  human  betterment. 

Believe  me,  my  dear  sir,  with  considerations  of  great 


Very  truly  yours, 

Charles  F.  Thwing 





Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  April  12,  1907 

Resolved^  That  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Western 
University  of  Pennsylvania  congratulates  the  Carnegie 
Institute  upon  the  completion  and  dedication  of  the 
magnificent  new  buildings  and  upon  the  splendid  and 
remarkably  successful  exercises  of  dedication ;  and  upon 
the  new  gift  of  six  millions  made  by  the  founder, 
Andrew  Carnegie,  to  the  Institute  to  enable  it  the  bet- 
ter to  carry  on  its  great  work  in  its  various  depart- 

Resolved^  That  representing  the  Western  University, 
an  institution  of  Greater  Pittsburgh,  now  in  the  one 
hundred  and  twentieth  year  of  its  corporate  life,  the 
Trustees  extend  to  Andrew  Carnegie,  a  member  of  this 
Board,  a  sincere  tribute  of  thanks  and  appreciation  for 
this  gift  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  to  the  people  of 
Pittsburgh  and  for  the  generous  endowment  for  carry- 
ing on  its  work.  Already  the  Institute  has  made  a 
splendid  impression  upon  the  community  and  in  the 
years  to  come  the  good,  in  knowledge,  culture,  and 
skill,  will  be  multiplied.  The  University  joins  all  the 
people  of  our  city  in  expressing  gratification  and  ap- 
preciation to  the  founder  for  his  donation  to  the  city  he 





Resolved^  That  the  Trustees  express  their  appreciation 
of  the  courtesy  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  in  permitting 
the  University  to  have  a  part  in  the  program  of  dedica- 
tion in  conferring  the  degrees  on  Saturday  morning 
and  thus  enabling  the  University  to  honor  the  distin- 
guished men  who  have  come  across  the  sea. 

Attest,  The  Board  of  Trustees 

S.  B.  LiNHART  Alexander  Dempster 

Secretary  President 




MoRGANTOWN,  W.  Va.,  March  1 1, 1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

Carnegie  Institute 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  learn  with  great  pleasure  of  the  approaching  cere- 
monies at  the  opening  of  your  new  building,  April  1 1, 
12,  and  13,  proximo.  Permit  me  for  myself,  and  on 
behalf  of  the  West  Virginia  University,  to  congratu- 
late the  Board  of  Trustees  upon  the  most  auspicious 
opening  of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  It  is  a  magnificent 
example  of  the  wise  and  benevolent  dedication  of 
money  to  the  good  of  mankind.  The  Institute  will  be 
of  inestimable  value,  especially  to  this  active  and  opu- 
lent region,  of  which  Pittsburgh  is  the  center.  Our  own 
location  makes  us  at  this  University  especially  and  per- 
sonally interested  in  the  Carnegie  Institute. 

Kindly  accept  our  heartiest  felicitations  and  con- 
gratulations in  view  of  the  interesting  occasion  to 
which  I  have  already  referred. 


Very  truly  yours, 






WiLLiAMSTOWN,  Mass.,  March  30th,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

The  Carnegie  Institute,  with  its  five  great  depart- 
ments, is  one  of  the  crowning  and  most  notable  prod- 
ucts of  our  American  civilization. 

The  thought  which  has  devised  it,  the  expert  skill 
and  strong  initiative  which  has  set  in  order  its  begin- 
nings, and  the  wise  generosity  which  has  provided  for 
its  continuance,  are  worthy  of  all  honor.  Williams 
College  joins  in  the  acclaim  of  congratulations  called 
forth  on  this  Dedication  Day. 

With  high  regards, 

Henry  Hopkins 








Williamson  School  P.  O.,  Pa. 

(Delaware  County), 

March  14, 1907 
S.  H.  Church,  Esq. 

Secretary,  Board  of  Trustees 

of  the  Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Sir: 

Our  State  and  country  are  to  be  congratulated  on  Mr. 
Carnegie's  noble  foundation.  Especially  are  we  glad 
that  trade  schools  are  to  be  included  in  your  work. 
There  is  an  overwhelming  demand  for  intelligent  arti- 
sans, and  our  somewhat  extended  experience  clearly  in- 
dicates that  those  given  a  broad  training  of  ample 
length  in  schools  are  best  fitted  to  become  America's 
skilled  workmen. 

With  hearty  wishes  for  the  success  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly, 

John  M.  Shrigley 





To  Carnegie  Institute 

The  Worcester  Art  Museum  situated  in  the  "Heart 
of  the  Commonwealth" — one  of  the  best  industrial  and 
educational  centers  of  New  England — sends  greetings 
and  hearty  congratulations  to  the  Carnegie  Institute 
of  Pittsburgh,  on  the  occasion  of  its  dedication. 

Your  field  of  operations,  and  your  buildings,  collec- 
tions, and  endowment  far  surpass  ours ;  yet  the  spirit  of 
genuine  art  is  one  spirit,  and  we  are  together  seeking  to 
serve  the  great  body  of  the  people,  by  promoting  the 
noblest  aspirations  and  standards  in  the  realm  of  the 

It  is  significant  that,  in  the  midst  of  our  abounding 
material  prosperity,  the  American  people,  both  rich  and 
poor,  are  turning  with  such  enthusiasm  to  the  establish- 
ment of  institutions  that  lift  up  the  highest  ideals  in 
education,  art,  and  life. 

Among  these  the  Carnegie  Institute  at  Pittsburgh, 
with  its  great  resources,  is  destined  to  have  a  most  im- 
portant place  and  influence. 

Daniel  Merriman 

President  Wercester  Art  Museum 

Worcester,  Mass. 
April  lo,  1907 




I  • 



Worcester,  Mass,  April  i,  1907 

Worcester  Polytechnic  Institute  joins  with  insti- 
tutions of  like  aim  the  world  over  in  appreciation  of 
Mr.  Carnegie's  great  gift. 

Congratulations  to  the  Carnegie  Institute  upon  its 
splendid  opportunity  and  best  wishes  for  success  in  the 
accomplishment  of  the  highest  purposes. 

Edmund  A.  Engler 


Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary,  Carnegie  Institute 






New  Haven,  Conn.,  April  9, 1907 

To  THE  Board  of  Trustees, 

Carnegie  Institute 


Yale  University  takes  special  pleasure  in  sending  its 
greeting  and  its  representative  to  the  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute on  the  occasion  of  the  opening  of  its  new  buildings. 

In  common  with  all  other  universities,  we  appreciate 
its  importance  for  the  future  of  education ;  and  we  have 
a  special  interest  in  its  work  in  view  of  the  fact  that  an 
honored  graduate  of  Yale,  Mr.  William  N.  Frew,  is 
President  of  the  Board  of  Trustees. 

We  sincerely  hope  and  believe  that  the  Carnegie  In- 
stitute will  become  one  of  the  great  educational  factors 
in  this  country  and  add  to  the  well-deserved  fame  of  its 


Very  truly  yours, 

Anson  Phelps  Stokes,  Jr. 









acad£mi£  imp^riale 




18  Mars,  1907 
Institut  Carnegie 

J'ai  rhonneur  dc  presenter  a  Tlnstitut  Carnegie  de 
la  part  de  rAcademie  Imperiale  des  Sciences  de  St.- 
Petersbourg  ses  sinccres  felicitations  a  Toccasion  de 
rinauguration  des  nouveaux  batiments  eriges  pour 
ITnstitut.  Ces  temples  de  la  Science  et  des  Arts  seront 
la  juste  gloire  de  votre  grand  pays.  U Academic  Im- 
periale des  Sciences  souhaite  a  I'lnstitut  des  succes 
brillants  et  une  longue  prosperitc. 

Serge  d'Oldenburg 

Seer  hair e  Perphuelt  Membre  di  P  AcadimU 




University  de  France,  Dijon,  France 

universitas  divionensis 
carneoiano  instituto, 

8.  P,  D. 

Institute  vestro,  illustrissimi  doctissimique  viri,  gra- 
tias  persolvimus,  quod  nos  certiores  feceritis,  a  vobis 
mox,  multis  doctarum  societatum  membris  plaudenti- 
bus,  solemniter  inauguratum  iri  splendidissima  ilia 
aedificia,  quae  vir  scientiae  artiumque  pulchrarum 
amans  in  omnium  commoda  suis  sumptibus  extrui  vo- 

Itaque  per  has  litteras  iis,  qui  f  requentes  istis  f estis 
diebus  vobis  astabunt,  se  conjungit  Universitas  nostra, 
una  cum  illis  res  quam  prosperrimas  vobis  exoptans,  ut 
scientiarum  artiumque  lumen  in  populos  late  per  multa 
secula  diffundatis. 

Dabat  Divione  a.  d.  VI  kal.  Apriles  MCMVIL 


Divhnensis  AcademUe  Rict9r, 
Senatus  Universitatis  Divionensis  Praeses 








MoNTPELLiER,  France,  Ic  8  Mars,  1907 

Le  Recteur  de  l'Acad£mie  de  Montpellier  k 


Au  nom  de  TUniversite  de  Montpellier,  j'ai  Thon- 
neur  de  vous  adresser  nos  plus  cordiales  felicitations  a 
Toccasion  de  Tinauguration  de  ITnstitut  Carnegie- 
Une  vieille  ecole  telle  que  la  notre,  qui  travaille  pour 
la  science  plus  de  six  siecles,  est  heureuse  d'envoyer  ses 
souhaits  de  bonheur  et  de  succes  aux  jeunes  ecoles  qui 
se  f ondent  de  Tautre  cote  de  TAtlantique. 

Antoine  Benoist 

Ricteur,  Prisident  du  Conseil  de  P  Universiti 





Bern,  Switzerland,  den  16.  Marz,  1907 

Im  Namen  und  Auftrag  der  Universitat  Bern  gratu- 

liere  ich  herzlich  zur  bevorstehenden  Eroffnung  Ihrer 


Mit  grosser  Hochachtung, 

Prof.  Dr.  A.  Thurlings 

Rector  der  Universitat  Bern 







Prague,  Bohemia,  March  27,  1907 

To  Carnegie  Institute 

I  have  the  honor  to  send  my  congratulation  to  the 
joyful  celebration  which  will  be  held  by  opening  the 
Carnegie  Institute,  wishing  that  this  magnificent  insti- 
tution should  be  for  all  the  United  States  a  rich  source 
of  improvement  and  of  progress  for  humanity  through 
all  time. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be. 

Prof.  J.  Hlava 

Rector  of  Bohemian  University  of  Prague ^ 
Austria- Bohemia 





Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  March  20th,  1907 

To  THE  President  and  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 


The  President  and  Senate  of  Dalhousie  University 
have  heard  with  the  greatest  pleasure  of  the  magnifi- 
cent gift  of  your  founder  to  Education.  While  they 
rejoice  with  you  most  sincerely  over  the  generous  pro- 
vision made  for  your  Institute,  they  are  not  unmindful 
of  the  fact  that  the  generosity  of  Mr.  Carnegie  has  not 
been  restricted  by  local  or  national  boundaries,  but  has 
ever  been  animated  by  the  belief,  that  whatever  pro- 
motes the  intellectual  and  social  well-being  of  one  na- 
tion or  community  makes  for  the  uplifting  of  all  and 
the  approach  of  the  day  of  universal  enlightenment 
and  peace. 

They  desire  to  congratulate  you  most  heartily  upon 
the  completion  of  the  building  of  your  Institute,  and  to 
express  the  hope  that  the  splendid  gifts  with  which 
you  have  been  endowed  may  result  in  great  and  last- 
ing good  to  the  advancement  of  science  and  the  well- 
being  of  your  people. 

John  Forrest 


Walter  C.  Murray 



I  . 



Paris,  le  30  Mars,  1907 
Monsieur  V  Ambassadeur^ 

Monsieur  Vignaud  a  bien  me  demande  d'assurer  la 
remise  a  sa  haute  destination  d'une  invitation  d'assister 
a  Tinauguration  de  ITnstitut  Carnegie  que  les  adminis- 
trateurs  de  cette  Institution  adressaient  a  Monsieur  le 
President  de  la  Republique. 

Monsieur  le  President  sous  les  yeux  duquel  je  me 
suis  empresse  de  f aire  placer  cette  invitation  a  cte  tres 
sensible  a  Taimable  pensee  des  administrateurs  de 
ITnstitut  Carnegie  et,  se  trouvant  dans  Timpossibilite 
d'assister  a  I'inauguration  de  cet  etablissement,  il  m'a 
charge  de  recourir  a  Tobligeante  entremise  de  Votre 
Excellence  pour  leur  faire  parvenir  avec  ses  sinceres 
remerciements  I'assurance  du  vif  intcret  qu'il  porte  a 
leur  oeuvre. 

Agreez  les  assurances  de  la  tres  haute  consideration 
avec  laquelle  j'ai  Thonneur  d'etre. 

Monsieur  TAmbassadeur, 
De  Votre  Excellence, 
Le  tres  humble  et  tres 
obeissant  Serviteur, 


Son  Excellence  Monsieur  White, 

Ambassadeur  des  Etats-Unis  a  Paris 






GoTTiNGEN,  den  28.  Marz,  1907 

Den  Trustees  des  Carnegie  Institute 

zu  Pittsburgh 

Sprechen  Prorektor  und  Senat  der  George-August-Uni- 
versitat  zu  dem  Tage,  an  dem  es  ihnen  vergonnt  ist, 
von  den  herrlichen  Raumen  Besitz  zu  ergreifen,  die 
ihnen  die  grossartige  Freigebigkeit  eines  vielbewahrten 
Forderers  der  Wissenschaften  und  der  Volksbildung 
bereit  gestellt  hat,  ihren  herzlichen  Gliickwunsch  aus. 


An  die  Trustees  des  Carnegie  Institute 




Paris  Ic  27  Mars,  1907 

Lb  President  db  la  Commission  Administrative  Centrals  X 

Monsieur  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretaire  de  Carnegie  Institute 

Monsieur  le  Secretaire: 

Ulnstitut  dc  France  a  rcgu  la  lettrc  par  laquelle 
vous  rinformez  que  rinauguration  du  nouveau  bati- 
ment  de  Carnegie  Institute  aura  lieu  les  11,  12,  et  13 
du  mois  d' Avril  prochain. 

Nous  craignons  que  ITnstitut  de  France  ne  puisse 
etre  reprcsentc  dans  cette  solennite,  mais  il  s'y  associe 
tout  entier  par  la  pensee  et  il  adresse  ses  bicn  vives 
felicitations  au  donateur  pour  la  magnificence  de  ses 
dons  et  a  la  Cite  de  Pittsburgh  qui,  devenue  une  des 
grandes  villes  du  monde,  va  devenir  aussi  un  des 
grands  foyers  d'instruction  technique  et  artistique. 

La  science  et  Tart  fccondent  Tindustrie.  UAme- 
rique  est  heureuse  de  posscder  des  citoyens  qui  le  com- 
prennent  et  emploient  une  fortune  gagnee  par  le  tra- 
vail a  developper  les  forces  productives  de  ses  travail- 

Agreez  Texpression  de  notre  sympathie. 

Li  President  de  ut  Commusion  Adminutrativi  Centrale  di  P  Institute 
Secrhaire  Perpetuel  de  P  Acadimie  Franfaiie 

Gaston  Boissier 



WiEN,  Austria-Hungary,  am  15.  Marz,  1907 

An  die  geehrte  Carnegie  Institute 

IN  Pittsburgh 

Wir  haben  die  Ehre,  dem  sehr  geschatzten  Carnegie 
Institute  anlasslich  der  Einweihung  seines  neuen 
Heimes  die  warmsten  und  herzlichsten  Gliickwiinsche 
der  K.  Akademie  der  Wissenschaften  auszusprechen. 
Wir  geben  der  Hoffnung  Ansdruck,  dass  die  Tatigkeit 
des  geehrten  Institutes  zum  Wohle  der  Wissenschaft 
von  den  besten  Erfolgen  begleitet  sein  und  so  den  In- 
tentionen  seines  hochherzigen  Griinders  im  vollsten 
Masse  entsprechen  werde. 

Das  Prasidium  der 
K.  Akademie  der  Wissenschaften : 

E.  Suess,  Lang 






Herr  Curator  C.  V.  Hartman, 

Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

KungL  Svenska  Vetenskapsakademien,  som  mottagit 
inbjudning  att  lita  sig  representera  vid  invigningen 
af  Carnegie  institutets  nya  byggnad  den  11-13  ^pnl 
bar  beslutat  att  utse  Eder  till  sitt  ombud  vid  if  rigava- 
rande  hogtidlighet  samt  anhaller  att  Ni  behagade 
framfora  akademiens  lyckonskningar  i  anledning  af 
f  estens  stora  betydelse. 

Pi  KungL  Vetenskapsakademiens  vagnar. 

Peter  Klason 
Chr.  Aurivillius 

Stockholm,  Sweden 
den  13  mars,  1907 



l'univ£rsit£  d'aix-marseille 

Aix,  France,  le  22  Mars,  1907 

Monsieur  le  Secretaire^ 

Notre  Univcrsitc  vous  remcrcie  d' avoir  bien  voulu 
noiis  f  aire  part  de  la  prochaine  inauguration  de  Tlnsti- 
tut  Carnegie.  Nous  saluons  avec  joie  la  creation  d'un 
etablissement  qui  jettera  un  nouvel  eclat  sur  la  science 
americaine,  et  nous  vous  prions  d'agreer  nos  souhaits 
de  glorieuse  prosperite. 

Sincerement  votre, 



DE  l'Institut  Carneoib 



l'univ£Rsit£  d£  bordeaux 

Bordeaux,  France,  le  1 1  mars,  1907 


/  Monsieur  le  Secretaire  de  l'Institut  Carnegie 

L'Universite  de  Bordeaux  est  heureuse  de  feliciter 
ITnstitut  Carnegie,  a  Foccasion  de  Tinauguration  dont 
il  veut  bien  rinformer.  Le  Nouveau  Monde  fait  bien 
les  choses  pour  la  Science,  et  les  plus  riches  de  ses  ci- 
toyens  dotent  des  instituts  au  lieu  de  donner  des  jeux 
comme  dans  la  Rome  antique.  Ce  sont  de  nobles 
moeurs,  dont  nos  vieilles  Universites  tiennent  aussi  a 
vous  feliciter.  Nous  vous  envoyons  nos  vceux  pour  la 
prosperite  de  vos  etablissements,  des  maitres  et  des 

Le  Rectiur,  Frksiient  in  Conseil  de  VlJniversiti 

R.  Thamin 




UUnivcrsite  de  Paris,  la  plus  vieille  des  Univcrsites 
du  monde,  adresse  a  ITnstitut  Carnegie  son  salut  et  ses 
felicitations,  a  Toccasion  de  I'inauguration  de  ses  nou- 
veaux  batiments. 

EUe  est  heurense  qu'il  ait  ete  fondc,  dans  le  Nou- 
veau-Monde,  un  nouvel  et  puissant  organe  pour  le  de- 
veloppement  de  Tart  et  de  la  science. 

EUe  est  heureuse  que  cette  fondation  soit  due  a  la 
liberalite  d'un  citoyen  qui  fait  de  la  richesse  le  plus 
noble  des  emplois,  et  donne  ainsi  au  monde  entier  le 
plus  beau  des  exemples. 

Ayant  elle-meme  recemment  eprouvc  la  generosite 
d' Andrew  Carnegie  et  son  devouement  aux  intercts  de 
la  science,  elle  le  salue  en  mcme  temps  qu'elle  salue  son 
ceuvre  principale  et  lui  renouvelle  publiquement  Tex- 
pression  de  sa  reconnaissance. 

Le  Vice-Recteur  de  l'Universit]^  de  Paris 

Le  18  Mars,  1907. 




Montreal,  Canada,  April  3rd,  1907 
To  President  W.  N.  Frew, 

Carnegie  Institute 

Dear  Mr.  President: 

In  view  of  the  approaching  celebrations  at  Pitts- 
burgh, I  have  much  pleasure,  on  behalf  of  this  Univer- 
sity, in  congratulating  the  Carnegie  Institute  on  the  ex- 
cellence of  the  material  equipment,  and  the  extent  of 
the  endowment  with  which  it  is  about  to  enter  on  what 
we  hope  will  be  a  long  period  of  work  in  the  public 

The  union  of  Art,  Science,  and  Literature,  in  one 
magnificent  institution,  and  under  one  administration, 
is  symbolical  of  the  solidarity  of  modern  educational 
enterprise,  and  the  best  possible  guarantee  that  the  in- 
terests of  each  separate  department  will  be  worked  out 
in  relation  to  all  the  others. 

Nowhere  more  than  in  a  great  center  of  industry  can 
the  modem  attitude  to  education  be  realized  and  illus- 
trated. For  education,  in  all  its  aspects,  is  part  of  a 
great  social  problem  which  should  be  dealt  with  in  such 
a  way  that  the  corporate  life  of  the  conununity  may  be 



strengthened  and  uplifted  by  what  is  done  for  the  in- 
dividual. Through  the  generosity  of  a  munificent 
founder,  Pittsburgh  has  been  put  in  possession  of 
highly  enviable  opportunities,  and  our  hope  and  prayer 
is  that  the  Carnegie  Institute  may  be  enabled  always  to 
turn  these  to  the  best  possible  advantage. 
With  all  good  wishes,  I  am, 

Dear  Mr.  President, 

Yours  faithfully, 
W.  Peterson,  LL.D. 

Vue-ChanctlUr  rf  McGill  University 




Kingston,  Ont.,  28th  Feb.,  1907 

The  Senate  of  Queen's  University  desire  to  congratu- 
late the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Camegie  Institute  on 
the  dedication  of  their  very  handsome  and  commodious 
building,  and  to  express  the  wish  that  the  work  of  the 
Institute  may  be  carried  on  with  increasing  success,  and 
with  ever  growing  helpfulness  to  the  nation. 

The  erection,  equipment,  and  endowment  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute  are  a  splendid  illustration  of  the  wise 
liberality  of  Mr.  Camegie,  who  has  made  such  munifi- 
cent gifts  in  the  interests  of  Science,  Literature,  and 
Art,  and  from  whose  generosity  this  University  also 
has  received  assistance.  Such  benefactions  serve  not 
only  as  an  example  to  the  fellow-countrymen  of  the 
donor;  they  possess  international  influence,  and  help  to 
enlist  the  wealth  of  other  lands  in  the  cause  of  truth 
and  progress. 

The  Senate  of  this  University  cordially  desire  that 

the  work  of  the  Camegie  Institute  may  abundantly 

realize  the  highest  expectations  of  its  generous  founder 

and  of  its  Board  of  Trustees. 

Daniel  M.  Gordon 

Principal  and  Vict'ChaneelUr 





Die  RheinischcFriedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat  spricht 
dem  Carnegie  Institute  bei  Gelegenheit  der  Einweih- 
ung  seines  neuen  Gebaudes  und  des  Beginnes  seiner 
Tatigkeit  ihre  waraiste  Teilnahme  und  die  besten 
Gliickwiinsche  aus,  in  der  Hoffnung,  dass  die  erleuch- 
tete  Absicht,  welche  der  hochherzigen  Stiftung  Ihres 
Institutes  zu  Grunde  liegt,  sich  in  voUem  Masse  er- 

Wir  sind  uberzeugt,  dass  von  diesem  neuen  Sitze  der 
Studien  eine  segensreiche  Einwirkung  auf  die  Geistige 
Kultur  Ihres  Landes,  die  in  verwandtschaf tlichen  Be- 
ziehungen  zu  der  unseres  Volkes  steht,  ausgehen  und 
dadurch  nachhaltige  Forderung  Wissenschaft  und 
Kunst  zuteil  werden  wird. 

Der  Pr9rtet9r  der  Rhiinuchen 

Friedruh-  Wilkelms-  Umversitat, 

H.  Jacobi 




Berlin,  Germany,  den  8  April,  1907 

Sehr  geehrte  H  err  en : 

Ich  danke  Ihnen  sehr  fiir  Ihre  liebcnswiirdigc  Ein- 
ladung  zur  Einweihung  des  Carnegie  Institutes;  aber 
zu  meinem  grossen  Bedauern  ist  es  mir  nicht  moglich, 
der  Einladung  Folge  zu  leisten. 

Ich  wiinsche  dem  neuen  Institut  von  Herzen  eine  be- 
deutende,  ruhmvolle  Entwickelung. 

Mit  dem  Ausdruck  meiner  vorzuglichsten  Hochach- 


Ihr  ganz  ergebenster. 

Dr.  Richard  Strauss 




Roma,  Italy,  19  Marzo,  1907 

Caro  Signore: 

Ho  la  compiacenza  de  dirle  che  la  R.  Accademia  del 
Lincei  desidera  di  essere  considerata  come  presente  in 
ispirito  nei  giorni  solenni  dell'  inaugurazione  del 
nuovo  edificio  del  "Carnegie  Institute,"  ed  ammira  co- 
desta  grande  nazione,  dalla  quale  sorgono  splendide  e 
f econde  iniziative  private. 

La  R.  Accademia  dei  Lincei,  il  giomo  10  aprile,  in- 
viera  a  V.  S.  Illma.  un  telegramma  di  f elicitazioni ;  e 
spera  che  tutte  le  pubblicazioni,  che  emanano  dall'  at- 
tivita  intellettuale  di  codesto  Istituto,  possano  onorare 
la  Biblioteca  Accademica. 

Gradisca,  illustre  Signore,  i  sensi  di  def  erenza, 

V  AccadiMM  Segntarh^ 

E.  Mancini 


SiG.  Sbgretario  dell'  Ufficio 
DI  Amministrazione  del 
"Carnegie  Institute" 




Caracas,  Venezuela,  23  de  marzo  de  1907 

En  nombre  de  la  Univcrsidad,  en  via  cordial  i  entu- 
siasta  f elicitacion  al  Institute  Carnegie,  con  motivo  de 
la  dedicacion  de  su  nuevo  edificio  en  Pittsburgh,  en 
los  dias  1 1,  12,  i  13  del  proximo  abriL 

Con  la  generosa  i  esplendida  donacion  efectuada  en 
favor  del  Institute  por  el  celebre  filantropo  Carnegie, 
montante  a  veinte  i  cinco  millones  de  dollars,  el  Insti- 
tute que  Ueva  su  nombre,  hara  de  ese  suntuoso  hogar 
un  templo  admirable  de  las  Ciencias  i  de  las  Bellas 


J£sus  MufJoz  T£bar 






Havana,  Cuba,  March  15th,  1907 
Mr.  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 


It  is  for  me,  as  President  of  this  University,  of  the 

utmost  pleasure  while  acknowledging  receipt  of  your 

communication  of  March  2  to  congratulate  the  Board 

of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  by  reason  of  the 

generous  gift  which  the  great  benefactor  Mr.  Carnegie 

has  made  to  Pittsburgh,  hoping  that  said  Institute  will 

be  one  more  to  add  to  so  many  others  you  have  in  your 

country  divulging  the  light  of  science  through  all  the 


Very  respectfully  yours, 

Leopolds  Berriel 





Rostock,  Germany,  den  12.  Marz,  1907 

Dem  Carnegie  Institut  bringt  die  Landesuniversitat 
Rostock  des  Grossherzogtums  Mecklenburg-Schwerin 
(Deutschland)  zur  ErofFnung  und  Einweihung  ihrcr 
Ncubauten  die  allerherzlichsten  Gliickwiinsche  dar. 
Mogen  diese  Raume  immerdar  zum  Fortschritt  des 
Wissens  auf  alien  Gebieten  beitragen ! 

Professor  der  Pharmakologie  und  physiologbchin  Chimii,  Kaiser  lick- Russiscker 

Staatsrat  a.  D.  z.  Z.  Rektor  der  Universstit^ 


An  den  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 




Geneve,  Switzerland,  Ic  22  Mars,  1907 

Le  Recteur 
X  Monsieur  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretaire  de  Tlnstitut  Carnegie 


L'Univcrsitc  dc  Geneve,  fiUe  de  rAcademic  dc  Cal- 
vin, est  hcurcuse  dc  s'associer  aux  fetes  d'inauguration 
de  rinstitut  Carnegie  par  le  temoignage  de  sa  sym- 
pathie  et  de  ses  vceux.  Les  traditions  de  TAcadeniie 
et  du  College  de  Geneve  nous  rattachent  par  des  liens 
dcja  anciens  a  la  vie  intellectuelle  des  Etats-Unis. 
Toutes  les  occasions  nous  sont  prccieuscs,  qui  nous  per- 

mettcnt  de  les  renouvcler. 

Transmettez,  jc  vous  prie,  au  gcncreux  fondateur  dc 
votre  Institut  Tassurance  de  notre  haute  consideration ; 
a  tous  ceux  qui  doivent  y  enseigncr  et  y  apprendre, 
Texprcssion  de  notre  cordiale  sympathie. 

Permcttcz-moi,  au  nom  du  Senat  dc  rUniversitc  de 
Geneve,  de  salucr  vos  fetes  par  Tantique  formulc  hu- 
maniste : 

"Que  rinstitut  Carnegie  vive,  croisse,  et  fleurisse!'' 

Bernard  Bouvier 





Bruxelles,  Belgique,  le  9  Mars,  1907 
A  Monsieur  S.  H.  Church, 

Secretaire  du  Conseil  d'administration 

du  Carnegie  Institute 

Monsieur  le  Secretaire: 

Vous  voulez  bien  nous  convier  a  prendre  part  a 
la  ccrcmonie  de  Tinauguration  de  ITnstitut  Carnegie  en 
vous  envoyant  une  adresse,  et  vous  nous  dites  que  cet 
Institut  comprend  un  musee  de  pcinture,  un  musee 
scientifique,  une  bibliothcque  publique,  une  ccolc  de 
musique  et  des  ccoles  professionelles.  Semblable  eta- 
blissement  n'a  guere  de  rapport  avec  ce  que  nous  enten- 
dons  en  Belgique  par  une  universitc  et  aucune  des 
branches  que  nous  enseignons  ici  n'y  semble  represen- 
tee. C'est  trcs  volontiers  cependant  que  nous  vous 
adressons  tous  nos  voeux  pour  le  reussitc  d'unc  oeuvre 
qui  contribuera,  nous  n'en  pouvons  douter,  a  maintcnir 
et  a  developper,  dans  la  population  de  Pittsburgh,  le 
gout  des  plaisirs  superieurs  de  Tintelligence,  en  meme 
temps  qu'elle  la  mettra  a  meme  de  se  tenir  au  courant 
des  plus  ingcnicuscs  inventions  modemes  et  d'en  tircr 

Veuillez  agreer,  monsieur  le  secretaire,  Tassurancc 
de  ma  consideration  la  plus  distinguee. 

Le  Recteur  de  P  Universiti 

A.  Lameere 




To  THE  Board  op  Trustees  op  the  Carnegie  Institute  of 
Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania,  U.  S.  A. 

The  University  of  Aberdeen  offers  its  most  cordial 
greeting  and  niost  hearty  congratulations. 

The  Dedication  of  the  New  Building  on  the  nth  of 
April  is  an  event  of  extraordinary  interest  and  signifi- 
cance. If  circumstances  had  permitted,  it  would  have 
been  a  high  honor  and  a  sincere  gratification  to  the 
Principal,  in  response  to  the  courteous  invitation  ex- 
tended to  him,  to  have  been  associated  with  the  distin- 
guished persons  who  shall  assemble  on  that  occasion, 
to  have  enjoyed  the  privilege  of  admiring  the  archi- 
tecture and  inspecting  the  divisions  of  the  recently 
erected  Palace  of  Truth,  Harmony,  and  Industry,  and 
to  have  added  to  many  glowing  tributes  an  apprecia- 
tion of  the  generosity  and  of  the  noble  aims  of  the 
Founder  of  the  Institute. 

The  Principal  having  been  prevented  from  carry- 
ing out  his  own  wish,  the  University  Court  and  the 
Senatus  of  the  University  ask  the  Board  of  Trustees  to 
accept  this  Address  as  an  expression  of  their  best  wishes 
for  the  success  of  the  Institute. 

Their  admiration  has  been  excited  by  statements  and 



reports  which  have  reached  thenL  They  have  read  of  a 
stately  edifice,  erected  at  a  cost  of  six  millions  of  dol- 
lars; they  have  been  informed  that  this  edifice,  in  the 
midst  of  a  city  of  gigantic  industries,  is  designed  to  be 
a  center  of  intellectual,  artistic,  and  technical  activi- 
ties; they  have  been  told  of  a  vast  Library  with  many 
annexes,  of  a  well-stored  Museum,  of  a  splendid  Art 
Gallery,  of  a  prosperous  School  of  Music,  and  of  a 
varied  and  comprehensive  scheme  of  Industrial  In- 
struction; they  know  that  the  Institute  is  to  be  the 
focus  and  seat  of  all  this  organization,  attracting  to  it 
tens  of  thousands  of  workers,  and  aiming  at  the  de- 
velopment of  their  intellect,  their  taste,  their  skill. 
The  undertaking  is  vast.  The  responsibility  of  those 
in  charge  of  it  is  great.    May  the  results  be  richer  with 

benefits  than  even  the  most  sanguine  expectation  can 

In  Mr.  Carnegie,  of  whose  liberality  and  construc- 
tive genius  the  Institute  is  a  monument,  the  Scottish 
Universities  have  good  cause  for  recognizing  a  most 
generous  benefactor.  Pittsburgh  has  been  to  him  as  a 
first  charge,  and  the  twenty  millions  of  dollars  of  ex- 
penditure and  endowment  of  the  Institute  constitute 
a  magnificent  donation.  But  the  four  Universities  of 
Scotland — ^his  native  country — ^have  been  as  a  second 
charge,  and  for  their  benefit  he  has  given  to  the  half  of 
what  he  has  bestowed  on  the  Institute  of  the  city  in 
which  he  made  his  fortune.  The  Trustees  may  be  sure 
that,  though  the  wide  Atlantic  Ocean  separates  their 
shores  from  those  of  Scotland,  there  shall  be  cheers 



from  halls  and  houses  in  this  land,  answering  to 
those  with  which  Mr.  Carnegie  shall  be  received  at  the 
celebrations  in  the  ensuing  April. 

Six  months  ago,  Mr.  Carnegie  honored  Aberdeen 
with  a  visit  when  the  Quarter-Centenary  of  the  Uni- 
versity was  celebrated,  and  the  bright  and  warm  en- 
thusiasm of  his  manner  and  his  speech  are  gratefully 
remembered.  Now,  with  all  possible  emphasis,  the 
University  sends  its  salutations  to  him  and  to  those 
who  guide  and  direct  the  Institute  which  he  has  created. 

Given  at  the  University  of  Aberdeen  this  23rd  day 
of  March,  1907. 

John  Marshall  Lang,  C.V.O.,  D.D.,  LL.D. 

Hci' Chancellor  and  Principal 




Remarxs  of  Rev.  Dr.  £.  S.  Roberts 


To  THE  President  and  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 

I  HAVE  the  honor  to  present  an  address  of  congratula- 
tion from  the  ancient  University  of  Cambridge.  The 
address,  in  accordance  with  an  academic  custom,  has 
been  written  by  the  public  orator  of  the  University  in 
the  Latin  tongue  and  is  duly  authorized  by  the  grace  of 
the  Senate  and  sealed  with  the  common  seal  of  the  Uni- 
versity. In  this  address  you  are  reminded  that  the 
name  of  Pittsburgh  is  to  our  University  no  new  one. 
Your  city  as  the  home  of  a  University  of  more  than  a 
hundred  years'  standing  clauns  and  commands  our  cor- 
dial  friendship. 

And  we  have  endeavored  in  appropriate  language  to 
felicitate  you  on  the  unparalleled  munificence  of  your 
great  benefactor.  My  University,  as  is  well  known, 
has  an  age-long  and  time-honored  association  with  an- 
cient studies ;  and  nevertheless  yields  to  no  other  seat 
of  learning  in  its  prosecution  of  the  highest  develop- 



ments  of  modem  science.  We  are  bold  enough  to  think 
that  our  grand  inheritance  of  the  pioneer  names  of 
Isaac  Newton,  William  Harvey,  and  Charles  Darwin 
justify  us  in  assuring  you  that  in  your  strenuous  en- 
deavors to  bring  home  to  the  people  of  your  city  and 
your  country  an  appreciation  of  the  triiunphs  of  ap- 
plied science — ^an  appreciation  inspired  and  intensified 
by  the  hiunanizing  proximity  of  literature  and  the  arts 
— ^in  your  far-reaching  scheme  inviting  to  the  contem- 
plation of  higher  ideals  those  teeming  thousands  of 
your  citizens  who  are  absorbed  in  the  storm  and  stress 
of  a  daily  life  of  toil : — in  all  this  you  have  our  whole- 
hearted sympathy  and  our  sincere  good  wishes  for 
the  prosperity  of  your  great  Institute  in  ages  to  come. 
It  is  then  with  profound  satisfaction  that  I  hand 
over  to  your  keeping  this  document  from  my  Univer- 
sity, the  members  of  which  will  rejoice  to  hear  from  my 
lips  the  noble  welcome  which  you  have  accorded  to 
them  in  my  person  and  the  marvels  of  achievement 
which  it  will  be  my  duty  and  my  pleasure  to  report  to 
them  on  my  return  from  your  hospitable  shores. 



Instituti  Carnegiani  Praesidi  et  Fiduciariis 

S.  p.  D. 
Universitas  Cantabrigiensis 

Urbcm  vcstram,  viri  oraatissimi,  fluminum  magno- 
nim  ad  confluentes  positam,  et  Senatoris  Britannid 
nobilis  nomine  nuncupatam,  f ama  certa  novimns  quam 
inimensa  sit,  quanta  incolarum  multitudine  floreat, 
quot  artium  inter  se  diversanim  of&cinis  glorietur. 
lUud  autem  nos  profecto  vel  pluris  aestimamus,  quod 
urbs  tanta,  non  modo  Universitatis  abhinc  anno  plus 
quam  centum  conditae,  sed  etiam  Instituti  novi  sedes 
constituta  est,  quod  in  posterum  tot  civium  in  negotiis 
cotidianis  occupatorum  mentes  ad  altiora  vocabit,  et 
Reipublicae  toti  doctrinae  variae  facem  splendidam 
praef eret.  Instituti  vero  tanti  conditor  liberalissimus 
abhinc  annos  decern,  ut  accepimus  a  BibUotheca  ma- 
gna  condenda  exorsus,  nunc  demum  non  tantmn  Bi- 
bliothecam  illam  sumptu  maximo  denuo  condidit,  sed 
etiam  operi  tam  magno  Museum  rerum  naturae  mira- 
culis  instructiun,  scientiarum  musicarum  Odeum,  ar- 
tium omnium  quae  ad  industriam  pertinent  Scholam, 
Pinacothecam  denique  pulcherrimam  addidit.  Aedi- 
ficium  autem  ipsum,  arcuum  et  colmnnarum  dignitate 
decora  conspicuum,  sine  dubio  posteritati  serae  nomen 
viri  illustris  tradet,  qui  vestrarum  est  (ut  Horati  ver- 
bis utamur)  *grande  decus  colimienque  rerum/    Gra- 



tulamur  igitur  vobis  omnibus  quod  studiorum  vcstro- 
rum  omnium  patronum  tarn  munificum  estis  nacti,  et 
patroni  ipsius  et  vestrum  omniimi  in  honore  Procan- 
cellarium  nostrum,  virum  sununa  dignitate  praeditum, 
legatum  nostrum  mittimus,  qui  nostrum  omniimi  no- 
mine Instituto  tanto  dedicando  intersit,  et  epistola 
nostra  vobis  reddita  nostram  in  vos  omnes,  et  Rcm- 
publicam  vestram  maximam,  declaret  benevolentiam. 

Datum  Cantabrioiae 
PRiDiE  Kalendas  Martias  A.  S.  MCMVII® 





The  Senatus  Academicus  of  the  University  of  fklin- 
burgh  desire  to  offer  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute,  Pittsburgh,  their  cordial  congrat- 
ulations on  the  completion  of  the  magnificent  Build- 
ing under  the  administration  of  the  Board.  They  feel 
confident  that  the  Institute  will  wax  famous  as  a 
nursery  of  Science  and  Art  in  the  great  industrial  cen- 
ter in  Pennsylvania,  and  that  it  will  be  an  enduring 
monument  to  the  benefactor,  whose  name  is  indissolu- 
bly  associated  with  the  development  and  prosperity 
of  Pittsburgh  as  one  of  the  most  notable  manuf actur- 
ing  cities  in  the  world. 

The  University  of  Edinburgh  is  itself  deeply  in- 
debted to  Mr.  Carnegie  for  the  munificent  endowments 
which  have  so  greatly  promoted  higher  learning  in  the 
metropolis  of  his  native  land,  and  it  regards  with  pleas- 
ure the  corresponding  gift  which  he  has  bestowed  on 
the  city  of  the  country  of  his  adoption  in  which  he  re- 
sided for  so  many  years. 

The  Senatus  Academicus  ask  the  Board  of  Trustees 
to  accept  this  Address  as  a  testimony  of  their  esteem, 



their  good  wishes,  and  their  S3rmpathy  in  the  great 

educational  movement  which  has  this  day  been  so 

auspiciously  inaugurated. 

William  Turner 


L.  J.  Grant 

Secretary  ef  Senatus 


April,  1907 


To  THE  Board  of  Trustees 

OF  THE  Carnegie  Institute 

The  University  of  Ghent  heartily  congratulates  the 

Carnegie  Institute,  and  wishes  that  the  torch  of  Art 

and  Science  lighted  by  a  great  citizen's  generous  hand 

may  blaze  forth  in  honor  of  your  nation  through  the 

remotest  generations. 

H.  Leboucq 

The  Rect9r 

E.  Dauge 

The  Academical  Secretary 

Ghent,  Belgium, 

March  the  15th,  1907 




To  THE  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

The  Senatus  Academicus  of  the  University  of  Glas- 
gow presents  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 
its  cordial  greetings  and  congratulations  upon  the  com- 
pletion of  the  noble  buildings,  dedicated  to  Science 
and  the  Arts,  with  which  the  munificence  of  a  generous 
Scottish  benefactor  has  endowed  the  City  of  Pitts- 
burgh. The  University  of  Glasgow  has  itself  abun- 
dant reason  to  be  grateful  to  the  founder  of  the  Insti- 
tute for  his  liberal  benefactions  to  the  cause  of  learning 
in  Scotland;  and  it  rejoices  to  know  that,  in  connection 
with  the  ceremonies  about  to  be  celebrated  in  Pitts- 
burgh, many  tributes  of  honour  will  be  offered  to  his 
name.  In  these  tributes  the  Senatus  desires  with  all 
sincerity  to  join,  regretting  only  that,  owing  to  unfore- 
seen events,  it  is  unable  to  manifest  its  sympathetic  in- 
terest in  the  proceedings  by  sending  the  Principal  of 
the  University  to  deliver  this  letter  in  person. 
On  behalf  of  the  Senatus  Academicus, 

Donald  MacAlister 


William  Stewart 

Clerk  9f  Senate 

2 1st  March,  1907 




Instituti  Carnegiani  Pittsburgensis  tutoribus  et  mcm- 
bris  rogitantibus,  ut  aedificium  academicum  nuper 
pcrfectmn  dedicandum  Halcnsis  quoque  Univcrsitas 
piis  votis  prosequatur,  libcntcr  morem  gcrentes  ex 
animi  sententia  gratulantur,  ut  nobile  illud  Institutum 
doctrinae  atque  humanitatis  scgetcm  colcre  pergat, 
Americse  gloriam  inter  homines  politiores  augeat, 
laude  magistrorum,  studio  discipulorum  semper  floreat, 
orant  et  optant  iidem  voluntatemque  suam  testantur 
fausta  felicia  fortunata  omnia  precantur  Universitatis 
Fridericianae  Halensis  cum  Vitebergensi  consociatae. 


Carolus  Robert 

Rector^  cum  Senatu 

Dabamus  Halis  Saxonum  a.  d. 
V  Kal.  Apr.  MDCCCCVII 




To  THE  President  and  Members  of  the 

Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 


We,  the  Chancellor,  Masters,  and  Scholars  of  the 
University  of  Oxford,  appreciate  very  highly  your 
courtesy  in  inviting  a  representative  of  our  University 
to  be  present  at  the  dedication  of  the  new  buildings  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute  at  Pittsburgh,  on  April  nth, 

We  note  with  deep  interest  the  immense  and  rapid 

growth  of  your  great  city,  the  center  of  manufacturing 
and  industrial  activity  in  the  United  States;  and  we 
rejoice  that  this  striking  commercial  development  has 
not  proceeded  without  due  recognition  of  the  claims  of 
Literature,  Science,  and  Art.  The  establishment  of  the 
Carnegie  Institute,  on  which  we  desire  to  convey  to  you 
our  heartiest  congratulations,  is  a  splendid  illustration 
of  profound  sympathy  with  all  that  makes  for  the  most 
philosophic  research  and  the  loftiest  culture. 

This  vast  and  comprehensive  Institute,  with  its  Li- 
brary, Museum,  Art  Gallery,  Music  Hall,  and  Tech- 
nical Schools,  founded  or  rebuilt  on  a  grand  scale  by 
Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie,  stands  as  a  noble  monument  of 



the  unselfish  dedication  of  great  wealth  to  a  further- 
ance of  the  highest  education  and  the  widest  civiliza- 

We  have  great  satisfaction  in  sending  as  our  repre- 
sentative at  the  Inauguration  of  the  Carnegie  Institute 
Dr.  John  Rh^s,  Principal  of  Jesus  College  and  Profes- 
sor of  Celtic  in  the  University  of  Oxford.  We  feel 
that  in  making  this  choice  we  are  commending  to  you 
an  eminent  scholar,  who  has  made  a  deep  and  sympa- 
thetic study  of  the  progress  of  education  in  the  United 
States.  The  interesting  report  which  he  presented  as  a 
member  of  the  Mosely  Commission  in  1903,  is  ample 
proof  of  his  appreciation  of  all  that  is  best  in  American 
Education,  and  of  his  warm  recognition  of  the  liberal- 
ity with  which  it  has  been  endowed. 

Given  in  our  House  of  Convocation  on  the  fifth  day  of 
March,  one  thousand  nine  hundred  and  seven. 






Universitas  Patavina 

Magnam  nupcr  cepimus  voluptatem,  clarissimi  Viri, 
cum  vestris  litteris  ccrtiorcs  f acti  sumus,  Vos  his  proxi- 
mis  diebus  cum  soUemni  apparatu,  tot  illustribus  viris 
praesentibus,  novas  aedes  istius  praeclarae  Academiae 

In  quo  illud  maximc  admirabile  videtur,  quod  id 
factum  est  unius  hominis  munificentia,  qui,  dum  artcs 
gcneri  humano  utiles  fovet,  sibi  comparat  laudem  im- 
mortalem.  Vobis  igitur  gratulamur  nee  dubitamus 
quin  brevi  ex  praeclara  vestra  studionim  sede  flamma 
sapientiae  exsistat  per  totum  orbem  conspicua.  Valete. 

D.  Patavio  Kal.  April.  MCMVIL 







Rennes,  France,  March  14th,  1907 

The  Board  of  Trustees  of 

THE  Carnegie  Institute 


On  behalf  of  the  University  of  Rennes,  I  desire  to 
offer  you  my  warmest  congratulations  on  the  occasion 
of  the  dedication  of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  I  hope 
that  the  festivities  of  your  celebration  will  be  a  success 
and  I  have  no  doubt  that  this  new  scientific  institution 
will  be  a  torch  of  light  for  your  nation. 

I  should  be  glad  if  you  would  consider  this  address 
as  an  evidence  of  the  sympathies  which  link  together 
schools  of  learning  throughout  the  world,  and,  partic- 
ularly, of  the  friendly  feeling  which  has  always  existed 
between  our  two  nations. 

With  the  very  cordial  greetings  of  the  University  of 
Rennes  to  your  Institute  and  to  the  whole  Board  of 
Trustees,  I  have  great  pleasure  in  subscribing  myself, 

Yours  very  sincerely, 


Rector  and  President  of  the  Council 
of  the  University 




Address  of  the  University  of  St.  Andrews 

TO  THE  Board  of  Trustees  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute 

We,  the  University  Court  and  the  Scnatus  Acade- 
micus  of  the  University  of  St.  Andrews,  desire  to  ex- 
press to  you  how  much  we  share  the  satisfaction  and 
delight  which  you  feel  who  take  part  in  the  ceremony 
of  dedicating  the  new  building  of  the  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute on  April  1 1,  1907.  It  seems  to  us  a  colossal  struc- 
ture, supplied  with  materials  that  can  minister  to  the 
highest  instincts  of  man,  to  the  love  of  nature  and  in- 
terest in  all  the  forms  of  animal  life,  to  the  enjoyment 
of  what  is  beautiful  in  music  and  painting,  to  the  com- 
munion with  noble  men  of  all  the  ages  through  their 
books,  and  to  the  spirit  of  scientific  research.  It  strikes 
us  that  this  building,  with  the  ample  provision  made 
for  maintaining  the  various  departments  contained  in 
it,  the  gift  of  one  man,  forms  a  new  era  in  the  history  of 
modem  times.  The  temple  springs  into  existence  as  if 
by  the  magic  touch  of  one  wand,  and  supplies  the  in- 
habitants of  Pittsburgh  with  the  opportunity  of  pure 
joys  and  high  culture.  The  event  forms  a  marked  con- 
trast in  the  history  of  the  institution  with  which  we  are 



connected.  On  February  27,  191 1,  we  shall  have  com- 
pleted 500  years  of  our  existence.  During  this  long 
period  very  many  have  been  trained  at  our  University 
for  the  highest  walks  of  life.  Some  of  them  have  done 
notable  work  in  the  fields  of  literature,  art,  theology, 
and  statesmanship,  and  a  very  large  proportion  have 
quietly  exercised  a  beneficent  influence  on  the  lives  of 
their  fellowmen.  But  most  of  them  had  to  struggle 
with  poverty;  they  encountered  obstacles  of  every 
kind.  They  met  with  opposition  in  their  desire  to 
spread  the  truth,  and  they  had  to  endure  hardship  even 
when  they  had  reached  the  simunit  of  their  ambition. 
Their  characters  were  formed  by  the  severe  labors 
which  they  had  to  undertake.  In  your  grand  new  struc- 
ture everything  is  made  smooth.  It  indicates  the  re- 
moval of  obstacles,  and  it  points  forward  to  great 
enjoyment  of  the  highest  kind.  A  new  experiment  is 
thus  begun.  What  the  result  may  be  no  one  can  pre- 
dict. We  are  quite  sure  of  this,  that  if  the  spirit  of  the 
founder  and  donor  pervades  the  operations  of  the  In- 
stitute all  will  go  well.  He  has  been  Rector  of  this 
University  for  nearly  six  years.  We  have  come  to 
know  him  well.  Amidst  enormous  wealth  he  has  re- 
mained unspoiled.  He  is  simplicity  itself  in  all  his 
habits.  He  has  not  been  led  astray  by  any  of  the 
vulgar  ambitions  that  are  too  frequently  associated 
with  great  riches.  He  is  conscientious  in  the  use  of  the 
means  that  come  within  his  power,  and  his  name  is 
blessed  for  the  benefits  he  has  conferred  in  every  part 
of  the  world.    If  those  who  take  advantage  of  the  Car- 



negie  Institute  follow  the  example  of  the  founder,  they 
will  be  rendered  wiser,  happier,  and  more  benevolent 
by  the  privileges  which  the  Carnegie  Institute  offers 
thenL  And  we  trust  that  the  Institute  will  keep  ever 
before  it  one  of  the  aims  which  has  marked  the  whole 
career  of  the  founder,  the  desire  for  universal  peace, 
the  creation  of  confidence  between  the  nations  of  the 
world,  the  social  elevation  of  the  whole  mass  of  the 
people,  the  arrival  of  the  time  when 

Man  to  man  the  warld  o'er 
Shall  brothers  be  for  a'  that, 

and  the  realization  of  the  poet's  dream : 

Till  the  war-drum  throbb'd  no  longer,  and  the  battle  flags 
were  furled 

In  the  Parliament  of  man,  the  Federation  of  the  world. 

James  Donaldson 

Hce-  Chancellor  and  Principal  of  the 
University  of  St,  Andrews 






Cancellarius  Senatus  Praeses 

Universitatis  Torontonensis 

Praesidi  et  Sociis  Institutionis  Carneols 

S.  p.  D. 

Mittimus  hascc  literas,  viri  illustrissimi,  primum  ut 
vobis,  vestnim  templmn  et  aedem  Musanim  dedican- 
tibus,  amicitiam  testemur  et  ut  vos  f aciamus  certiores 
nihil  nobis  pulchrius,  sapientius,  amabilius  videri 
quam  ita  favere  et  subvenire  illis  studiis  et  artibus, 
quae  (ut  aiunt)  adolescentiam  agunt,  senectutem  ob- 
lectant.  Laudationis  deinde  aliquid  afferre  volumus 
illi  viro  sapientissimo,  fundatori  vestro,  qui  omnium 
hoc  aetatis  ditissimus,  ne  dives  ipse  moreretur,  ad  doc- 
trinam  scientiamque  augendam  rectisque  cultibus  fa- 
vendum  divitias  suas,  duce  sapientia  tam  sapienter 
expendit.  Hoc  tantulum  ergo  gratulationis  a  terra 
aliena  ilia  quidem  sed  amicissima,  ut  ad  vos  afferatur, 
virum  gravissimum  Johannem  Galbraith,  qui  laetitiae 
intersit  vestrae,  ad  vos  mittimus. 

Mauricus  Hutton  W.  R.  Meredith 

Praties  pr9  temf9re  Cancellarius 


Datum  ex  Aede  Academica 



Zurich,  March  15,  1907 

To  THE  Carnegie  Institute 

Mr.  President^  Gentlemen  of  the  Board  of  trustees: 

Wc,  the  Members  of  the  University  of  Zurich, 
Switzerland,  desire  to  tender  to  you  our  most  sincere 
congratulations  on  the  opening  of  the  new  building  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute.  May  this  new  seat  of  learning, 
erected  by  the  munificent  benefactor,  whose  unsur- 
passed generosity  all  the  world  knows,  become  one  of 
the  centers  of  knowledge  and  research  in  the  Great  Re- 
public, with  whose  noble  people  and  free  institutions 
the  warmest  sympathies  will  connect  us  forever. 

For  the  Rector  and  Senate  of  the  University  of 


Theodore  Vetter 

Pr$fiss9r  of  EngUsb  Phihhgj 





London,  England,  March  21, 1907 

The  Zoological  Society  of  London,  founded  in  1829, 
for  the  advancement  of  Zoological  Science,  has  commis- 
sioned Peter  Chalmers  Mitchell,  Doctor  of  Science  of 
the  University  of  Oxford,  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
of  London,  and  its  own  Secretary,  to  convey  its  greet- 
ings and  congratulations  to  the  Trustees  of  the  Car- 
negie Institute,  Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania. 

It  welcomes  the  completion  of  this  magnificent  new 
instrument  for  the  increase  of  natural  knowledge,  due 
to  the  generosity  of  Andrew  Carnegie,  and  confidently 
predicts  for  it  an  enduring  and  faithful  career. 

Signed  for  the  Council  of  the  Society. 

P.  Chalmers  Mitchell 

M.A.,  D.  Sc.»  Oxon.,  F.R.S. 



The  Secretary  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  then  read  the 
following  kind  and  thoughtful  communications  which 
had  just  been  received  by  telegraph  and  cable: 




Caroline  Hotel,  Pinehurst,  N.  C, 

April  10, 1907 
S.  H.  Church, 

Secretary,  Carnegie  Institute 

The  General  Education  Board  tenders  cordial  con- 
gratulations to  the  Carnegie  Institute  on  this  occasion. 
Technical  skill  is  essential  to  an  industrial  nation  which 
expects  to  gain  and  to  keep  the  world's  markets.    The 
Carnegie  Institute  should  lead  in  the  most  advanced 

training  to  this  end. 

Wallace  Buttrick 




Ottawa,  Canada,  April  ii,  1907 

Andrew  Carnegie, 


My  best  congratulations  and  good  wishes  on  this  great 




Chicago,  April  1 1, 1907 
S.  H.  Church, 


Unavoidable  adjournment  of  important  conference 
makes  it  impossible  to  be  present  at  your  interesting 
ceremonies.  Kindly  present  my  compliments  and  re- 
grets to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Carnegie  and  Trustees,  in  drink- 
ing whose  health,  coupled  with  success  to  the  Institute, 
I  will  join  to-morrow  evening  although  not  present  in 


Robert  S.  McCormick 




London,  England,  April  ii,  1907 

Secretary,  Carnegie  Institute 

All  hail  to  Institute  and  Carnegie. 


CAPE  university 

Cape  Town,  Africa,  April  10, 1907 

Carnegie  Institute 

Best  congratulations. 

Cape  University 

university  of  christiania 

Christiania,  Norway,  April  12, 1907 

Carnegie  Institute 

Best  congratulations  from  the  University  of  Chris 






Erlangen,  Germany,  March  4, 1907 

Carnegie  Institute 

Beste  Gliickwiinschc  zur  erhebendcn  Feicr  iibcr- 
sendet  der  akademische  Senat  der  Universitat  Er- 


Paris,  April  1 1, 1907 

Trustees,  Carnegie  Institute 

Rcgrette  profondement  de  nc  pouvoir  accepter  Tai- 
mable  invitation  des  Trustees  et  presente  souhaits  sin- 


Mme.  Curie 




Helsingfors,  Finland,  April  lo,  1907 

Carnegie  Institute 

Novas  aedes  artibus  musis  scientiis  dedicatas  populo 
Americano  gratulamur : 

Universitatis  Helsingfors 

Rector  Magnificus, 



St.  Petersburg,  Russia,  April  10, 1907 
Carnegie  Institute 

The  Imperial  Military  Academy  of  Medicine  of  St. 
Petersburg  offers  cordial  congratulations  to  the  Board 
of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  May  this  splen- 
did pillar  of  science  ever  flourish  for  the  benefit  of 
mankind  and  for  the  glory  of  the  American  nation.  A 
magnificent  monument  of  a  liberal  donor. 

President  Danilevsky 
Secretary  Dianin 





The  Hague,  Holland,  April  ii,  1907 

Church,  Carnegie  Institute 

Hearty  feeling  for  significance  of  your  glorious  fes- 
tivities.   I  regret  my  absence  and  oflFer  best  wishes  and 



NATIONAL  university  OF  LA  PLATA 

La  Plata,  Argentine  Republic,  April  12, 1907 

Carnegie  Institute 

National  University  of  La  Plata  sends  congratula- 
tions day  of  dedication  your  new  buildings. 

Joaquin  V.  Gonzalez 





Rome,  Italy,  April  12, 1907 
Secretario  Ufficio, 

Carnegie  Institute 

Reale  Accadcmia  Lincci  Roma  vuolc  csscrc  considc- 

rata  presente  in  ispirito  alia  grandiosa  cerimonia  del' 

inaugurazione  del  nuovo  f  abbricato  Carnegie  Institute, 

splendido  frutto  postero,  iniziative  private,  in  codesta 

illuminata  repubblica. 

Presidente  Blaserna. 


Muenchen,  Bavaria,  April  10, 1907 
Trustees,  Carnegie  Institute 

Thanks  for  renewed  invitation.    Cordial  wishes  for 


Professor  Rontgen 




Caen,  France,  April  lo,  1907 
President,  Institute  Carnegie 

Univcrsite  Caen  vous  adresse  cordiales  felicitations 

ct  souhaite  prosperite. 




Tokyo,  Japan,  April  10, 1907 
Secretary,  Carnegie  Institute 
Cordial  congratulations. 

President  University  Tokyo 


At  the  conclusion  of  the  presentation  of  addresses,  the 
guests  of  the  Institute  were  taken  for  an  automobile 
ride  about  the  city  and  through  the  parks  of  Pittsburgh, 
after  which  a  visit  was  made  to  the  Pittsburgh  Country 
Club  where  luncheon  was  served. 



On  Friday  afternoon  there  was  a  continuation  of 
public  addresses,  in  the  following  order: 



M.A.   (aBBRDOH.  ET  OXON.)  D.K.  (OXON.),  V.Z.I.,  F.L.t.,  F.K.I.,  SECUTAKY  TO 

We  who  have  come  as  delegates  from  other  countries 
to  the  dedication  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  at  Pitts- 
burgh rejoice  to  sec  how  splendidly  the  generous  imagi- 
nation of  Mr.  Carnegie  has  been  translated  into  this 
magnificent  instrument  for  the  advancement  and  prop- 
agation of  natural  knowledge.  There  is  no  greater 
gift  to  mankind  than  an  increase  in  the  peaceful  arma- 
ments of  knowledge,  and  we  confidently  expect  that 
this  splendid  institution  will  become  a  new  citadel  of 


learning,  a  new  brain-center  of  the  world,  a  new  force 
in  man's  struggle  to  obtain  comprehension  and  control 
of  nature.  In  the  name  of  the  societies  and  institutions 
of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland  that  have  similar  objects, 
I  offer  homage  and  greeting  to  the  Carnegie  Institute. 

At  a  meeting  such  as  this,  where  men  are  gathered  to- 
gether from  many  lands,  it  is  important  to  turn  to  those 
modes  by  which  different  institutions  and  countries  can 
cooperate  in  their  conunon  task.  We  can  rely,  for  many 
centuries  to  come,  on  the  continued  existence  of  the 
primordial  stimulus  of  ambitious  rivalry;  the  newer 
and  higher  factor  of  international  cooperation  in  work 
still  needs  to  be  fostered.  I  need  not  argue  the  point 
that  international  cooperation  in  science  must  aid  the 
advancement  of  science ;  but  science  is  only  one  of  the 
modes  by  which  man  raises  himself  from  the  natal  dust, 


divides  himself  from  the  ancestral  beast.  Many  of  us, 
at  the  invitation  of  Mr.  Carnegie,  are  going  on  from 
Pittsburgh  to  the  Conference  at  New  York  on  Inter- 
national Arbitration  and  Peace,  and  I  submit  that  in- 
ternational cooperation  in  science  is  destined  to  be  a 
growing  component  of  the  factors  that  make  for  peace. 
Put  it  in  the  crudest  way.  Is  there  a  musician  or  a 
painter,  an  astronomer  or  a  zoologist  here,  who,  finding 
himself  an  armed  man  in  the  barbaric  struggle  of  war, 
would  not  hesitate  to  shoot,  were  his  bullet  likely  to 
find  its  billet  in  another  musician  who  would  have 
added  to  the  harmonies  of  the  world,  in  another  painter 
before  he  had  set  all  his  fair  dreams  on  canvas,  in  an- 
other astronomer  who  might  have  pierced  still  further 



into  the  silent  recesses  of  space,  in  another  zoologist 
who  was  elaborating  yet  another  link  in  the  chain  of 
evolution?  In  more  general  terms — every  community 
of  interest  that  binds  unit  man  with  unit  man  of  differ- 
ent countries  makes  it  easier  to  control  the  sudden 
surges  of  primeval  passion  that  lead  to  war,  and,  if  the 
conunon  interests  transcend  the  rivalries  of  nations,  if 
our  devotion  to  the  arts  and  the  sciences  that  belong  to 
all  mankind  is  stronger  than  our  accidental  attachment 
to  the  race  of  our  birth,  then  the  arts  and  sciences  above 
and  beyond  their  intrinsic  value  have  a  supreme  im- 
portance as  agencies  in  the  consolidation  of  mankind. 

I  propose  now  to  touch  briefly  on  some  of  the  details 
in  which  increased  international  cooperation  is  urgent, 
choosing  instances  relating  chiefly  to  my  own  subject  of 


The  niunber  of  institutions  throughout  the  world  in 
which  zoological  work  is  done,  and  the  number  of 
languages  and  periodicals  in  which  such  work  is  pub- 
lished, throw  an  increasing  burden  on  the  worker  who 
wishes,  as  every  real  scientific  worker  does  wish,  to 
make  his  own  investigations  fit  into  the  investigations 
of  others,  to  prevent  wasteful  overlapping  and  to  se- 
cure harmony.  So  long  ago  as  1865,  when  the  difficulty 
was  less  acute,  a  mmiber  of  English  zoologists,  led  by 
Dr.  Albert  Gunther,  a  name  of  world-wide  honor  in 
zoology,  founded  an  Annual  Record   (published  by 



Mr.  Van  Voorst  of  London)  in  which  the  attempt  was 
made  to  publish  the  titles  and  to  give  a  brief  indication 
of  the  a>ntents  of  the  zoological  memoirs  published  in 
every  comitry  in  the  preceding  year.  Although  the 
utility  of  the  enterprise  was  apparent  from  the  outset, 
after  the  first  three  years  it  was  only  by  a  great  sacrifice 
on  the  part  of  the  editor  and  the  staff  and  by  a  grant 
from  the  British  Association  for  the  Advancement  of 
Science,  that  it  survived.  The  annual  volumes  VI  to 
XXII  were  published  by  an  association  of  subscribers, 
aided  by  grants  from  the  British  Association,  the  Royal 
Society  of  London  and  the  Zoological  Society  of  Lon- 
don. At  the  end  of  1886  the  "Zoological  Rea>rd  So- 
ciety" failed  to  secure  a  renewal  of  some  of  these 
grants,  and  the  Zoological  Society  of  London,  to  save  a 
work  of  great  importance  to  zoologists,  undertook  the 
financing  and  production  of  the  Record,  and  has  main- 
tained it  in  existence  to  the  present  day,  the  forty-sec- 
ond annual  volimie  having  been  published  early  this 
spring.  In  the  meantime,  an  international  enterprise 
of  larger  scope  has  come  into  existence.  Professor 
Henry  of  Washington,  U.  S.  A.,  at  a  meeting  of  the 
British  Association  held  at  Glasgow  in  1855",  had  urged 
the  formation  of  a  general  catalogue  of  scientific  pa- 
pers. The  Royal  Society  of  London  undertook  the  task 
and  has  now  nearly  completed  the  huge  work  of  cata- 
loguing under  author's  names,  and  of  providing  a  sub- 
ject index  to  the  scientific  literature  from  1800  to  1900. 
It  soon  became  apparent,  however,  that  the  continuance 
of  such  a  work  was  beyond  the  resources  of  any  single 


body,  and,  at  the  invitation  of  the  Royal  Society,  a  con- 
ference took  place  in  London  in  1896,  and  was  at- 
tended by  delegates  from  Canada,  Cape  Colony,  Den- 
mark, France,  Germany,  Hungary,  Greece,  India, 
Italy,  Japan,  Mexico,  Natal,  The  Netherlands,  New 
South  Wales,  New  Zealand,  Norway,  Queensland, 
Sweden,  Switzerland,  the  United  Kingdom  and  the 
United  States.  Of  this  Conference  was  bom  the  Inter- 
national Catalogue  of  Scientific  Literature,  one  of  the 
greatest  attempts  at  scientific  cooperation  of  modern 
times.  The  essential  idea  of  the  system  is  that  a  local 
bureau,  representing  each  country,  should  collect  and 
index  the  literature  of  its  own  country,  and  that  the 
material  obtained  in  this  way  should  be  sent  to  one 
center,  where,  under  a  bureau  directed  by  an  Inter- 
national Council,  it  should  be  collated  to  form  a  series 
of  annual  volmnes  representing  the  contributions  of  all 
nations  to  the  different  divisions  of  science.  The  vol- 
mne  relating  to  zoology  naturally  covered  the  same 
ground  as  that  of  the  Zoological  Record  of  the  Zoolo- 
gical Society  of  London,  although  there  were  consider- 
able differences  in  the  details  of  the  arrangement.  The 
Zoological  Society,  although  naturally  preferring  the 
mode  of  presentment  which  it  had  elaborated  itself  and 
which  had  become  familiar  by  years  of  usage,  realized 
the  importance  of  preventing  the  overlapping  of  effort, 
and,  last  year,  arranged  to  join  hands  with  the  Inter- 
national Catalogue,  practically  and  financially,  and 
beginning  with  the  literature  for  1906  the  zoological 
volumes  of  the  'International  Catalogue"  and  the 




''Zoological  Record"  will  be  identical  and  will  be  pro- 
duced by  joint  effort.  The  success  of  such  a  scheme 
will  depend  in  large  measure  on  the  degree  to  which 
the  bureaus  representing  the  different  countries  work 

I  loyally  for  the  common  good.    In  the  meantime,  Dr. 

I  Herbert  Haviland  Field,  an  able  and  devoted  Amer- 

ican bibliographer,  has  founded  and  brought  to  a  high 
degree  of  efficiency  the  ''Concilium  Bibliographicum," 

i  another  international  institution  which  by  a  different 

method  endeavors  to  place  at  the  disposal  of  zoologists 
accurate  information  regarding  the  annual  output  of 
zoological  literature.  I  venture  to  hope  that  the  next 
stage  in  international  cooperation  in  this  subject  will 
result  in  an  addition  of  the  methods  of  the  Concilium 
to  the  methods  of  the  Catalogue  and  the  strengthening 
of  the  latter  by  the  special  experience  and  devoted  ser- 
vice of  Dr.  Field-  Were  this  final  concentration  made 
zoologists  would  then  have  an  Annual  Record  of  zoolo- 
gical work  as  nearly  perfect  as  may  be,  in  the  form  of  a 
complete  Index  of  Authors  and  Memoirs,  alphabet- 
ically arranged,  and  an  elaborate  subject  index  in  four 
languages;  the  device  of  the  Zoological  Record  by 
which  specialists  could  obtain  the  part  relating  to  their 
own  subject  would  be  retained,  and  there  would  also 

-,  be  retained  Dr.  Field's  extremely  useful  prevision  by 

which  index  cards  relating  to  any  subject  can  be  sup- 
plied  to  any  worker  or  institution  that  orders  them. 
For  the  present  the  Royal  Society  of  London  has  ad- 
vanced the  capital  necessary  for  the  enterprise,  and  the 
Zoological  Society  of  London,  although  it  has  no  State 



», . 
•If  . 


or  other  endowments,  makes  a  considerable  annual 
grant  toward  the  editorial  expenses ;  but  if  the  various 
countries  and  institutions  support  the  undertaking  by 
subscribing  for  a  sufficient  number  of  copies,  the  Rec- 
ord will  very  soon  be  entirely  self-supporting. 

Looking  still  further  into  the  future,  I  hope  that  the 
International  Council,  when  it  has  satisfied  the 
zoologists  of  the  world  by  perfecting  the  scheme  of  re- 
cording zoological  literature,  will  be  able  to  influence  it. 
I  do  not  think  that  it  can  be  doubted  that  every  de- 
partment of  zoology,  but  perhaps  systematic  zoology 
in  particular,  suffers  by  the  diversity  in  the  modes  in 
which  kindred  new  facts  are  given  to  the  world.  Dif- 
ferent words  are  used  to  express  the  same  zoological 
idea,  different  scales  of  measurement  or  of  color  are 
employed  for  the  same  set  of  animals,  and  extremely 
different  conceptions  obtain  as  to  the  use  of  terms  in 
classification,  and  as  to  what  is  sufficient  for  the  diag- 
nosis of  new  races,  species,  genera  and  so  forth.  An 
International  Council  that  had  gained  the  confidence 
of  the  zoological  world  by  its  mode  of  recording  litera- 
ture might  do  much,  through  the  editors  of  the  zoolog- 
ical journals,  in  securing  uniformity  in  these  important 


The  great  task  with  which  the  systematists  of  the  day, 
and  especially  those  connected  with  musetmis,  are  en- 
gaged is  the  determination  of  the  different  kinds 
(species,  sub-species,  local  races)  of  animals  and  plants 








t  * 


■  ■■'.  ! 

•  ■ 

I  • 

r.  ' 



that  people  the  surface  of  the  globe.  There  cannot  be 
too  many  persons  or  institutions  engaged  in  this  work, 
for  not  only  is  it  colossal,  but  the  rapid  spread  of  civil- 
ization is  exterminating  vast  numbers  of  different 
kinds  of  animals.  We  hear  of  the  extinction  of  the 
great  game  animals,  of  beautiful  birds  or,  even,  of  rare 
butterflies;  but  as  forests  are  destroyed,  as  land  is 
brought  under  cultivation,  as  marshes  are  drained  and 
rivers  are  danmied,  countless  numbers  of  inconspicuous 
forms  disappear.  And  yet  these  are  materials  for  the 
study  of  evolution,  links  that,  before  we  have  know- 
ledge enough  to  understand  their  importance,  may 
have  been  lost  to  science.  The  work  of  collecting  and 
recording  them  can  not  go  on  too  quickly.  In  this  mat- 
ter there  can  not  be  too  much  cooperation  by  the  great 
museiuns  of  the  world  in  lending  type  specimens,  and 
sending  out  special  collections  on  loan,  as,  for  instance, 
has  recently  been  made  possible  by  Professor  Ray 
Lankester,  the  director  of  the  British  Museum  of  Nat- 
ural History,  in  the  case  of  the  hitherto  almost  inac- 
cessible collections  of  that  great  institution.  But  prog- 
ress is  being  delayed  by  want  of  uniformity  in  the  rule 
of  zoological  nomenclature.  American  zoologists,  and 
in  particular  those  who  deal  with  mammals,  have  been 
boldly  wise  in  seeing  that  a  temporary  confusion  of 
names,  the  unpleasant  changing  of  terms  with  which 
usage  has  made  us  familiar,  is  a  small  evil  if  it  leads  to 
a  permanent  uniformity.  I  trust  that  when  the  Zoolog- 
ical Congress  meets  at  Boston  this  August,  every  zo- 
ologist who  shares  in  the  deliberations  on  the  rules  of 





nomenclature  will  be  prepared  to  sacrifice  his  own 
inclinations  and  customs  to  the  necessity  of  a  universal 
scheme.  Names  are  but  convenient  counters,  and  the 
essence  of  their  convenience  is  that  each  name  should 
have  an  indubitable  significance.  I  do  not  propose  to 
enter  here  on  the  details  of  the  various  possible  amend- 
ments to  the  International  Rules  of  Zoological  Nomen- 
clature which  will  be  discussed  at  Boston.  A  committee 
of  the  Linnean  Society  of  London,  of  which  I  had  the 
honor  to  be  a  member,  has  discussed  these  at  great 
length  and  will  present  a  summary  of  their  suggestions 
in  due  course.  But  one  particular  matter  not  included 
in  our  report,  and  which  may  indeed  still  be  a  council  of 
perfection,  I  wish  to  set  forth.  I  dare  to  suggest  that 
one  source  of  difficulty  is  that  in  different  languages 
the  same  letters  have  different  sounds,  and  that  within 
one  language  the  same  letter  has  frequently  several 
sounds.  It  appears  to  me  that  much  confusion  would 
be  avoided  if  all  scientific  names  were  to  be  built  up 
only  from  an  agreed  upon  uniform  alphabet,  such,  for 
instance,  as  that  of  Esperanto,  in  which  each  of  the 
twenty-two  simple  and  six  accented  letters  has  a  dis- 
tinct and  invariable  sound,  and  in  which  there  are  no 
doubled  letters.  When  an  entirely  new  name  is  in- 
vented, it  should  be  formed  of  these  letters,  pronounced 
in  their  conventional  fashion;  when  the  new  name  is 
derived  from  an  existing  word,  as,  for  instance,  when  a 
species  is  named  in  honor  of  a  person,  the  author  should 
transliterate  into  the  alphabet  of,  say,  Esperanto  the 
accepted  pronunciation  of  the  parent  word.    I  suggest 




the  use  of  the  alphabet  of  Esperanto,  merely  because 
diat  has  been  medculonsly  compiled  and  is  already 
familiar  to  many  thousands  belmiging  to  different  na- 
tionalities and  tongues. 

ALPHABET.     (Esperanto) 

Ordmify  Lettcrt* 





(F«Kk  Ennplt) 

(FfchF  II  |l  ) 


a  long  (Ame) 




ts  (xsar) 


trb  (rcHeque) 


d  (petit) 

£    . 

f  closed  (iti) 

F   /(roit) 



g  hard  (oant) 


dj  (aojutant) 


b  aspirated  (Haine) 


{cb  (German)  (docH) 


/  long  (tie) 

>,  ispat^ 

{j  (Spanish)  (joCa) 

I     (ate) 


J    . 

r      (aiLLE) 

I     (aiL) 


J  (jouer) 


k  (Kilo) 




/fi  (Mon) 


n  (NOtrc) 


0  long  (apotrc) 




r  (Rirc) 


J  sharp  (sur) 


cb  (cHat) 


/  (xon) 


ou  long  (voOtc) 


au  short  (miaou) 


V  (voir) 


z  (zete) 



To  take  a  few  examples :  A  mouse  dedicated  to  Cail- 
lard  would  become  Mus  kajardi,  to  Chalmers  M.  cal- 
mersi,  to  Centaur  M.  sentauri.  It  would  then  be 
possible  to  apply  the  so-called  one-letter  rule  in  the 
strictest  way,  as  each  letter  would  have  a  definite  and 
invariable  significance.  I  would  go  still  further,  and,  as 
each  existing  name  became  determined  by  the  rules  of 
priority,  I  would  have  it  transliterated  into  the  new 
alphabet,  so  extending  backward  the  process  of  simpli- 

The  two  topics  I  have  selected  relate  to  the  mechan- 
ism rather  than  to  the  substance  of  zoology.  It  is  un- 
necessary to  do  more  than  name  some  of  the  substantive 
problems  of  zoology  for  the  solution  of  which  interna- 
tional cooperation  is  necessary. 

In  the  department  of  paleontology  for  instance,  it  is 
of  first-rate  importance  that  a  concerted  systematic 
effort  should  be  made  to  explore  the  surface  of  the 
earth  for  fossils.  The  annual  exploration  trips  of  the 
great  American  institutions  bring  a  magnificent  harvest 
of  fossil  remains  to  science,  and  the  generosity  of  the 
Carnegie  trustees  in  distributing  casts  of  their  most  im- 
portant discoveries  is  a  real  aid  to  international  science. 
But  only  a  little  portion  of  the  surface  of  the  globe  has 
yet  been  explored,  and  the  recent  marvelous  results  ob- 
tained by  Dr.  Andrews  of  the  British  Museum  in  the 
Egyptian  Fayum  show  what  wonders  still  remain  to 
be  discovered.  In  marine  zoology,  the  problems, 
whether  they  be  purely  scientific,  or  whether  they  relate 
to  the  great  industry  of  fishing,  are  essentially  intema- 



tional.  Notwithstanding  the  pioneer  work  of  piscicul- 
turists in  America  and  Europe,  the  modes  of  fishing  of 
to-day  recall  the  methods  of  primitive  hunters,  rather 
than  of  agriculturists.  And  yet  we  know  enough  to 
reject  the  old  poetical  phrase  which  spoke  of  the  "un- 
vifitageable  sea/'  The  sea  can  be  made  to  yield  a  har- 
vest of  food  for  the  human  race,  immeasurably  greater 
than  it  does  at  present,  when,  by  the  joint  efforts  of  the 
maritime  nations,  its  fisheries  are  controlled  and  culti- 
vated. But  these  and  the  many  other  problems  of  zo- 
ology, in  particular  those  relating  to  the  theory  of 
evolution,  are  in  themselves  so  attractive,  that  I  have 
preferred  to  lay  stress  on  the  duller,  but  vital  question 
of  method  as  more  urgently  requiring  consideration  at 
international  assemblies.    \^Applause\ 






Mes dames ^  Messieurs: 

Je  tiens  a  exprimer  a  mon  tour  ma  reconnaissance  et 
mon  admiration  pour  Thomme  eminent  qui  nous  a  con- 
vies  a  venir  juger  de  son  ceuvre  grandiose.  Des  voix 
plus  autorisees  que  la  mienne  ont  apprecic  le  cote  hu- 
manitaire,  pratique,  scientifique  de  cette  merveilleuse 
fondation.  Le  distingue  conservateur  de  notre  grand 
musee  f rangais  des  maitres  contemporains  vous  dira  ce 
qu'il  pense  du  musee  d'art  moderne  forme  ici  par  les 
soins  de  Mr.  Church  et  de  Mr.  Beatty;  quant  a  moi, 
mon  domaine  est  Tart  du  passe,  et  il  me  semble  qu'a  ce 
point  de  vue  aussi  c'est  sans  reserve  qu'il  faut  f eliciter 
les  organisateurs  et  Teminent  fondateur  qui  peut  dire 
avec  le  philosophe  antique  ''Homo  sum  et  nihil  humani 
a  me  alienum  puto." 

A  cote  de  T admirable  bibliotheque  qui  vient  de  se 
creer,  Tart  ancien  a  ici  sa  grande  et  juste  place,  et  les 
hommes  de  savoir  et  de  gout  qui  ont  su  former  la  selec- 
tion d'exemples  que  nous  admirons  ont  droit  a  la  recon- 
naissance des  amis  des  arts  et  de  Thistoire.  Tout  ce  qui 
s'est  fait  de  plus  beau  a  ici  sa  place  conune  tout  ce  qui 
peut  se  fairc  de  bien,  et  c'est  dans  un  ordrc  a  la  fois 




harmonieux  et  methodique  que  sont  presentes  les  mo- 
deles  les  plus  parfaits  des  arts  antique,  medieval  et 

Dans  cette  reunion  d'oeuvres  doublement  impor- 
tantes  pour  Tart  et  pour  Thistoire,  je  ne  puis  qu'ctre 
fier  de  la  place  que  tient  ma  patrie,  depuis  ce  portail  de 
Saint-Gilles,  le  plus  parfait  peut-ctre  des  monuments 
romans,  moule  ici  pour  la  premiere  f ois  avec  une  remar- 
quable  habile te,  jusqu'a  ce  Puits  de  Moise,  de  Dijon,  la 
sculpture  la  plus  puissante  de  la  dernicre  periode  go- 

Le  choix  de  ces  deux  exemples  montre  bien  comment 
nos  ancetres  ont  su  ctudier  tour  a  tour  ou  simultane- 
ment  les  modeles  classiques,  si  bien  adaptes  a  Saint- 
Gilles,  et  la  nature,  etudiee  au  Puits  de  Moise  dans  ses 
moindres  details,  mais  avec  une  singuliere  intelligence 
de  TeflFet  d'ensemble. 

Un  peu  plus  de  deux  siecles  scparent  ces  deux  oeuvres 
et  cette  periode  est  celle  de  la  plus  grande  vitalite  artis- 
tique  de  la  France.  Laissez-moi  vous  dire  quelques 
mots  de  ce  passe  glorieux. 

Le  portail  de  Saint-Gilles  qui  reprcsente  bien  Tapo- 
gce  du  style  roman,  a  cte  clevc  entre  1 150  et  1 180  en- 
viron, prccisement  a  Tepoque  ou  cet  art  fut  abandonne 
pour  le  style  gothique.  On  sait  que  Tart  roman,  conrnie 
les  langues  romanes,  s'est  forme  de  la  tradition  romaine 
simplifiee,  assouplie  aux  besoins  de  temps  plus  mo- 
dernes  et  legerement  modifiee  par  quelques  elements 
d'origine  barbare,  qui  sont  surtout  des  ornements  geo- 
metriques.    Mais  un  element  qui  n'entre  pas  dans  la 





formation  des  langues  romanes  a,  au  contraire,  une 
grande  importance  dans  les  arts,  c'est  Tinfluence  byzan- 
tine.  On  sait  qu'aprcs  les  invasions  des  IV*  et  V* 
siecles  toute  culture  intellectuelle  se  trouva  ruince 
dans  TEmpire  d' Occident,  tandis  que  T  Empire  d'O- 
rient  prosperait,  et  c'est  a  Tart  byzantin  que  Charle- 
magne emprunta  ses  modeles  lorsqu'il  provoqua  cette 
Renaissance  des  arts  qui  f ut  le  point  de  depart  du  style 

Du  V*  au  VHP  siecle,  TEmpire  d'Orient  a  crec  un 
style  et  eleve  de  nombreux  edifices  qui  en  bien  des 
points  ressemblent  a  ceux  qui  furent  batis  en  Occi- 
dent au  XIP.  Le  Marquis  de  Vogue  avait  mis  ce  fait 
en  lumiere,  et  vous  savez  que  la  demonstration  a  ete 
reprise  et  completee  depuis  plusieurs  annees  par  la 
mission  americaine  de  S3n:ie :  Mr.  Edw.  Crossby  Butler 
a  maintenant  enrichi  nos  musees  de  precieuses  collec- 
tions de  photographies  et  de  moulages  de  ces  edifices. 

En  France,  le  style  roman,  forme  de  la  fusion  har- 
monieuse  des  elements  romains,  byzantins  et  barbares, 
s'epanouit  a  la  fin  du  X*  siecle  et  disparait  avec  le 
XIP.  II  forme  des  ecoles  tres  varices  dans  nos  diverses 
provinces,  et  Saint-Gilles  montre  bien  la  caracteristique 
de  Tecole  de  Provence.  Ayant  a  sa  disposition  quan- 
tite  de  beaux  modeles  d'art  romain,  elle  a  plus  que 
toute  autre  serre  de  prcs  Timitation  de  Tantique,  avec 
ses  colonnes  corinthiennes,  ses  architraves,  ses  frontons, 
ses  proportions  savamment  reglees.  Mais  une  fois  que 
nos  artistes  furent  devenus  assez  habiles  pour  imiter 
avec  tant  de  perfection,  ils  se  sentirent  en  mesure  de 


•    i 


crcer,  par  leurs  proprcs  moyens,  un  art  original,  et  c'est 
cc  qu'ils  firent;  cct  art,  c'est  Ic  style  gothiquc,  nc  en 
France  au  cours  du  XII*  siecle,  ct  dont  le  succes  fut  tcl 
qu'en  peu  d'annees  il  avait  conquis  toute  I'Europe  et 
la  plus  grande  partie  de  I'Asie  Mineure. 

L'art  gothique  a  introduit  dans  I'architecture  et  dans 
la  sculpture  dcs  principes  tout  nouvcaux.  Uarchitec- 
ture  gothique,  dont  men  confrere  et  ami,  Mr.  Moore,  de 
rUnivcrsitc  de  Harvard,  a  si  bien  resume  les  caractcres 
en  un  petit  Uvrc  substantiel,  est  avant  tout  un  systcme 
organique.    Voici  ses  caractcres  principaux. 

C'est  d'abord  I'emploi  de  la  voute  d'ogives,  qui  pcr- 
met,  en  reportant  toutcs  les  poussccs  sur  un  petit 
nombre  de  points,  d'alleger  aussi  completement  que 
possible  le  reste  de  la  construction.  Pour  la  premiere 
fois  done,  les  edifices  voutes  purent  etre  a  la  fois  spa- 
ciexix,  solides  et  largement  eclaires. 

C'est  aussi  I'emploi  de  I'arc  boutant,  coroUairc  n^ 
ccssairc  dcs  grandes  voutes  d'ogives.  L'arc  boutant 
consiste  en  unc  demi-arche  extcrieure  appliquce  aux 
points  ou  se  concentrent  les  poussees  et  qui  les  epaule 
puissamment  en  leur  opposant  une  poussee  en  sens  con- 

Quant  a  romementation,  elle  est  empruntee  directe- 
ment  a  la  nature.  Les  sculpteurs,  en  effet,  ne  se  scrvent 
plus  alors  que  tres  librement  ou  tres  exceptioncUement 
des  modeles  antiques  et  byzantins  que  copiaient  leurs 
prcdecesseurs  romans.  lis  crcent  de  nouveaux  profils 
de  moulures,  ctudics  en  vuc  de  produire  des  effets  d'om- 
bre  et  de  lumicre  raisonnes  et  calcules;  ils  ne  reprodm- 




sent  plus  reteraelle  feuille  d'acanthc  antique  ou  by- 
zantine,  mais  tous  les  feuillages  sans  exception;  c'est 
sur  les  plantes  vivantes  de  leur  pays  qu'ils  prennent  les 
modeles  infiniment  varies  de  leur  ornementation  vegc- 
tale.  Les  figures  que  vous  voyez  au  porche  de  Saint- 
Gilles  sont  des  agrandissements  d'ivoires  byzantins  ou 
des  imitations  de  modeles  gallo-romains ;  au  contraire, 
les  statues  que  vous  verrez  aux  portails  de  toutes  nos 
grandes  eglises  au  XIIP  siecle  seront  etudiees  d'apres 
le  modele  vivant  et  la  draperie  reelle. 

Ces  statues  dont  les  plus  celebres  et  les  plus  belles 
sont  celles  des  portails  d' Amiens,  en  particulier  le  Beau 
Dieu  et  le  Saint-Firmin ;  celles  des  portails  de  Reims  et 
des  portails  lateraux  de  Chartres  peuvent  parf ois  riva- 
liser  avec  les  meilleurs  modeles  grecs. 

Uevolution  de  la  statuaire  grecque  et  de  la  statuaire 
f  ran9aise  est,  du  reste,  tout-a-f  ait  la  meme. 

Dans  la  transition  de  Tart  roman  a  I'art  gothique  au 
milieu  du  XIP  siecle  nous  trouvons,  comme  dans  Tart 
grec  d'Egine,  des  figures  maigres  et  longues  aux  yeux 
allonges,  au  sourire  hieratique,  couvertes  de  vetements 
gauf  res  de  petits  plis ;  au  temps  de  Saint-Louis  comme  a 
Tcpoquc  de  Pericles,  Tctude  trcs  savante  de  la  forme  se 
rapproche  beaucoup  plus  de  la  rcalite  mais  recherche  les 
types  les  plus  nobles,  les  traits  generaux,  les  simplifica- 
tions synthctiques.  Cest  un  art  eminemment  distin- 
gue, mais  il  ne  s'immobilise  pas :  depuis  la  fin  du  XIIP 
siecle,  il  tombe  dans  la  recherche  du  detail  et  dans  le 
manierisme;  il  prefere  la  grace  a  Tausteritc  et  ressemble 
a  la  statuaire  alexandrine.    Enfin,  depuis  la  fin  du 









♦  ■ 




XIV^  siecle,  on  tombe  dans  le  naturalisme,  dans  la  re- 
cherche de  I'expression  non  seulement  vraie  mais  f  ami- 
Here  et  du  type  individuel ;  les  artistes  reussissent  dans 
le  portrait  a  Tcgal  de  cenx  de  Tcpoque  romaine. 

C'est  de  cette  periode  que  datent  les  magnifiques  fi- 
gures du  Puits  de  Moise.  Ce  gout  du  realisme  et  du 
style  familier  n'est  pas  proprement  frangais;  c'est  le 
debut  de  ce  style  flamand  que  la  peinture  perpetuera 
jusqu'au  XVIIP  siecle.  A  partir  du  XIV^  siecle,  en 
effet,  la  plupart  des  statuaires  qui  se  rendirent  celebres 
en  France  furent  des  flamands:  au  debut  de  ce  siecle, 
c'est  Jean  Pepin  de  Huy,  auteur  des  statues  f  uneraires 
de  Robert  d' Artois ;  et  a  la  fin  du  meme  siecle  Jean  de 
Saint-Romain,  le  statuaire  frangais  de  Charles  V,  a  pour 
emules  a  Paris  et  a  Bourges  le  valenciennois  Andre 
Beauneveu  et  Jean  de  Cambrai,  et  a  la  cour  de  Bour- 
gogne  une  legion  de  flamands  dont  les  plus  celebres 
sont  Melchior  Broederlam,  auteur  du  retable  de  la  cha- 
pelle  ducale.  Jean  de  Marville,  qui  travaille  aussi  a 
Rouen,  Jean  le  Moiturier,  qui  sculpte  egalement  en 
Dauphine,  coUaborent  au  portail  de  la  chartreuse  de 
Dijon  et  aux  tombeaux  des  dues;  enfin  Claus  Sluter  et 
Claus  de  Werve,  son  neveu,  sont  les  auteurs  du  Puits 
de  Moise. 

Ce  fut  a  la  meme  epoque  que  Tarchitecture  gothique 
f rangaise,  lasse  de  travailler  sur  les  memes  themes  em- 
prunta  de  TAngleterre  les  elements  de  ce  style  de  deca- 
dence si  riche  et  parf  ois  si  gracieux  qu'on  nomme  style 
flamboyant,  et  un  siecle  plus  tard,  lorsqu'on  sera  lasse 
aussi  des  outrances  de  ce  style,  on  empruntera  a  un 




autre  peuple  etranger,  aux  italiens,  ce  renouveau  des 
formes  antiques  qu'on  nomme  la  Renaissance. 

Au  XVP  siccle  comme  au  XIP,  les  f rangais  surent 
faire  preuve  d'un  temperament  personnel  dans  Timita- 
tion  de  I'art  classique,  et  egaler  cependant  la  perfection 
de  leurs  modeles.  Je  n'en  veux  pour  preuve  que  cette 
oeuvre  magistrale  des  debuts  de  notre  Renaissance  qui 
est  le  tombeau  du  due  Francois  II  de  Bretagne  et  de  sa 
femme,  les  parents  de  notre  reine  Anne  de  Bretagne, 
sculpte  par  le  plus  grand  des  maitres  f  rangais  du  temps, 
Michel  Colombe.  On  Tadmire  encore  dans  la  cathe- 
drale  de  Nantes  et  sa  reproduction,  qui  est  ici,  me  dis- 
pense de  le  commenter. 

Mais  avant  que  d'aller  chercher  des  inspirations  chez 
ses  voisins,  la  France  leur  avait  donne  a  tous  des  en- 
seignements  d'art.  Son  expansion  au  XIP  et  au  XIIP 
siecles  avait  ete,  en  effet,  prodigieuse. 

Au  XIP  siecle  dcja,  les  moines  de  Cluny  avaient 
porte  Tart  roman  du  centre  de  la  France  dans  tout  le 
nord  de  TEspagne  et  de  ITtalie;  leur  rivaux  et  succes- 
seurs,  les  moines  de  Citeaux,  repandirent  plus  loin  en- 
core le  style  gothique.  C'est  eux  qui  Font  fait  penctrer 
en  Italic,  a  Fossanova,  de  1197  a  1208,  en  Suede,  a 
Wamhem;  dans  File  de  Gotland,  en  Danemark;  en 
Portugal,  a  Alcobaga.  Partout  alors  les  maitres  d^oeu- 
vres  de  la  France  etaient  appeles  et  ses  principaux  edi- 
fices imites. 


La  cathedrale  de  Sienne  fut  conmiencee  par  des 
moines  de  Citeaux  dans  le  style  de  la  Bourgogne.  ; 

En  Allemagne,  au  XIIP  siecle,  une  chronique  nous 

285  j 


apprend  que  Tcglisc  dc  Wimpf  en  f  ut  batie  a  la  mode  de 
France,  opere  francigeno^  par  un  maitre  mande  de  Paris. 

Pen  apres,  le  maitre  Gerard  donna  le  plan  de  la  ca- 
thedrale  de  Cologne.  S'il  n'ctait  frangais,  il  ctait  eleve 
de  maitres  fran^ais,  car  Tcdifice  est  une  copie  evidente 
des  cathedrales  d' Amiens  et  de  Beauvais.  Une  cathc- 
drale  quelque  pen  anterieure,  celle  de  Bamberg,  a  des 
clochers  qui  sont  une  copie  flagrante  de  ceux  de  Laon, 
et  dans  les  statues  de  ses  portails,  le  Dr.  Weese  a  re- 
connu  I'imitation  non  moins  evidente  de  la  statuaire 
de  Reims. 

En  Danemark,  la  cathedrale  de  Roeskilde  imite  de 
non  moins  pres  I'ancienne  cathedrale  d' Arras. 

En  Suede,  nous  savons  par  une  charte  authentique 
que  le  maitre  parisien  Etienne  de  Bonneuil  f ut  appele 
en  1278  pour  construire  a  Timitation  de  Notre  Dame 
de  Paris  la  cathedrale  encore  existante. 

En  Hongrie,  le  maitre  d'oeuvres  picard  Vilard  de 
Honnecourt  nous  apprend  par  les  notes  de  son  album 
qu'il  f  ut  appele  pour  batir  des  eglises  vers  le  milieu  du 
XIIP  siecle. 

En  Angleterre  des  la  fin  du  XIP  siecle  maitre 
Etienne  de  Sens  est  mande  a  Canterbury  pour  con- 
struire la  cathedrale  a  Timitation  de  celle  de  sa  cite 

En  Espagne,  la  cathedrale  de  Tolede,  oeuvre  d*un 
maitre  Pierre,  f  ran^ais,  et  la  cathedrale  de  Burgos  sont 
de  trcs  proches  imitations  de  celle  de  Bourges ;  celle  de 
Leon  est  du  style  champenois,  avec  un  porche  imite  de 
ceux  de  Chartres  et  une  statuaire  toute  f  rangaise. 





Lc  XI V^  sieclc  continue  ces  traditions:  en  1363,  a  la 
cour  d' Avignon,  Tempereur  Charles  IV  rencontre  le 
maitre  Mathieu  d' Arras  et  Temmene  a  Prague,  con- 
struire  la  cathedrale  qu'il  commence  dans  un  style 
avignonnais  tandis  qu'a  Milan  le  parisien  Pierre 
Mignot  execute  la  meilleure  partie  de  la  cathedrale 
commencee  jadis  sur  les  plans  de  son  compatriote 

Mais  en  ce  moment  meme,  la  guerre  de  cent  ans 
ruinait  la  prosperite  interieure  et  le  prestige  exterieur 
de  la  France.  EUe  ne  s'e'st  relevee  que  beaucoup  plus 
tard,  mais  elle  a  repris  ses  traditions  glorieuses :  Hou- 
don  a  laisse  en  Amerique  plusieurs  de  ses  plus  belles 
oeuvres;  il  est  venu  faire  les  portraits  des  heros  de  Tin- 
dependance,  Washington  et  Tamiral  Paul  Jones;  des 
artistes  f  ran^ais  sont  encore  aujourd'hui  vos  botes. 

Avant  nos  desastres  du  XV^  siecle,  Tactivite  artis- 
tique  de  la  France  avait  depasse  les  limites  de  TEu- 
rope.  Sans  parler  de  ce  maitre  orf evre  parisien,  Pierre 
Bourchier,  que  Tambassadeur  de  Saint-Louis  trouva 
travaillant  a  Canton  en  1249  pour  Tempereur  de  la 
Chine,  on  sait  qu'au  XIP  siecle  deja  le  royaume  de 
Jerusalem  etait  une  colonie  surtout  f ran^aise  de  popu- 
lation, frangaise  exclusivement  d'art  et  de  langage. 
Plus  tard,  le  royaume  de  Chypre,  fonde  en  1191,  lui 
survecut  trois  siecles,  et  c'etait  une  colonie  si  bien  assi- 
milee  qu'en  1505  un  pelerin  normand  pouvait  ccrire 
de  ses  habitants :  'lis  sont  aussi  bons  f ran9ais  que  nous 
sonmies  en  France.*' 

Dans  cette  merveilleuse  ile,  les  monuments  f rangais 


l|       I 

;     4, 

)     ^i 

)    5 

V      I 










dcs  XIIP  ct  XIV*  siecles,  Ics  cathedrales  de  Nicosic  ct 
de  Famagouste,  I'abbaye  de  Lapais,  le  chateau  de  Saint- 
Hilarion  ne  different  pas  de  ceux  de  la  mere  patrie  et 
ne  leur  cedent  pas  en  beaute. 

Quant  aux  grands  chateaux  des  Croises  de  Syrie  au 
XIP  et  XIIP  siecles,  comme  Margat  et  le  Krak  des 
Chevaliers,  ils  sont  aussi  francs  mais  plus  puissants 
encore  et  plus  majestueux  que  les  chateaux  de  France. 

Notre  France  du  temps  de  Saint-Louis,  Mesdames  et 
Messieurs,  etait  un  pays  encore  jeune,  plein  de  vigueur, 
d'intelligence  et  d'activite  feconde,  et  Ton  peut  sans 
paradoxe  le  comparer  a  ce  qu'est  aujourd'hui  TAme- 
I  i  I  Non  seulement  elle  couvrait  le  monde  de  ses  impor- 

tations et  conquerait  des  colonies,  mais  elle  jouissait  a 
rinterieur  d'une  immense  prosperite. 

Uaffranchissement  des  communes  y  avait  fait  fleurir 
des  libertes  et  des  autonomies  que  nous  n'y  connaitrons 
plus;  la  Foi  y  imposait  une  discipline  morale  qui  s'est 
aussi  perdue;  et  le  developpement  interieur  du  pays 
n'etait  pas  moins  etonnant  que  son  expansion  au 
dehors ;  partout  s'ele vaient  rapidement  ces  cathedrales 
dont  les  clochers  etaient  les  skyscrapers  de  ces  temps- 
la.    En  meme  temps  sur  tout  le  territoire  mais  princi- 
palement  dans  le  midi,  se  batissaient  des  villes  neuves 
ou  bastides.    Leur  plan  etait  souvent  d'une  rigoureuse 
I  symetrie;  et  souvent  elles  avaient  pour  marraines  les 

plus  illustres  des  vieilles  villes.  Sous  ce  double  rap- 
port, elles  rappellent  ce  qui  se  fit  en  Amerique  plusieurs 
siecles  apres.    Cordove,  Valence,  Vienne,  Milan,  Flo- 




rence,  Damiette,  Boulogne,  Toumai  ont  donne  leurs 
noms  a  diverses  bastides  du  XIIP  siecle;  d'autres, 
oomme  Lalinde,  Villeneuvc-la-Guyard,  portent  le  nom 
de  leur  fondateur;  d'autres  noms,  conime  Sauveterre  ou 
Villef ranche,  expriment  la  securite  ou  la  liberte ;  d*au- 
tres  bastides  se  contentent  de  s'appeler  Neuville. 
Quant  a  la  regularite  des  plans,  ceux  qui  n'ont  pas  ete 
defigures,  comme  a  Montpazier  (Dordogne)  surpas- 
sent  en  symetrie  les  plans  de  New  York  ou  de  Pitts- 

Dire  que  la  France  de  Saint-Louis  n'etait  pas  sans 
analogic  avec  I'Amerique  actuelle  n'est  done  pas  une 
exageration,  et  nous  pouvons  nous  reunir,  Mesdames  et 
Messieurs,  pour  souhaiter  que  cette  analogic  devienne 
plus  complete.  Dans  les  fondations  interieures  et  dans 
les  colonies  de  la  vieille  France,  je  vous  ai  dit  quelle 
place  Tart  occupait,  et  de  quelle  valeur  etait  cet  art. 
L'Amerique  comprend  aujourd'hui  la  place  importante 
que  doit  occuper  dans  I'education  Tart  qui  ennoblit  la 
vie.  La  bibliotheque  et  les  musees  de  ITnstitut  Car- 
negie nous  temoignent  assez  que  tel  est  le  sentiment 
qui  regne  ici,  et  un  peuple  qui  possede  des  statuaires 
comme  un  French  ou  un  Saint-Gaudens,  des  peintres 
comme  Stuart,  des  architectes  comme  Sullivan,  pent 
et  doit  ajouter  a  ses  gloires  toutes  les  splendeurs  des 
arts.    [^Applause'j 

1 1 






Mr.  President^  Ladies  and  Gentlemen: 
Sixteen  miles  as  the  crow  flics  to  the  northwest  of 
Edinburgh,  looking  from  the  Castle  Rock,  on  a  day 
when  the  skies  are  clear,  one  can  discern  on  the  hillside 
which  slopes  to  the  northern  shores  of  the  Firth  of 
]  Forth,  a  provincial  town,  in  birth  a  royal  city,  Scot- 

I  land's  capital  before  Edinburgh  was,  which  at  once  is 

I  *  both  the  pride  and  envy  of  Scotland. 

\  That  city,  Dunfermline,  is  not  noted  because  of  its 

extent  or  population ;  but  it  has  a  historical  past  which 
is  indissolubly  linked  with  the  Scotland  of  to-day. 

There  in  the  palace  were  born  the  kings  of  past  cen- 
turies ;  there  they  ruled,  died,  and  were  buried ;  there  in 
her  venerable  abbey  they  worshiped;  there,  in  the 
eleventh  century,  the  saintly  Queen  Margaret,  by  pre- 
cept and  example,  at  Malcolm  Canmore's  Tower  in 
PittencrieflF  Glen,  taught  her  husband.  King  Malcolm 
Canmore,  as  many  another  noble  wife  has  in  later  days, 
that  moral  worth  and  not  physical  force  must  ulti- 
mately prevail, — that,  to  paraphrase  an  ancient  Greek 
author,  well  fortified  is  the  city  whose  destinies  are 




guarded  by  a  wall  of  noble  and  honorable  men  and  not 
merely  by  a  wall  of  stone. 

That  Dunfermline  was  in  the  past  the  center  of  civil- 
ization in  Scotland  is  beyond  question,  and  that  it  is 
destined,  thanks  to  the  princely  benefactions  of  its 
loyal  and  generous  son,  Mr.  Carnegie,  to  be  a  powerful 
influence  for  good,  not  only  in  Scotland,  but  wherever 
her  sons  may  in  years  to  come  be  located,  admits  of  no 

There  are  in  the  lives  of  all  of  us,  I  know,  unseen 
powers,  whose  influence  it  is  impossible  for  others,  aye, 
even  for  ourselves,  to  estimate.  You,  Mr.  President, 
and  others  here  who  have  not  had  the  privilege  of  being 
bom  in  that  royal  city,  can  scarcely  realize  what  Dun- 
fermline is  to  its  own  children.  Besides  Mr.  Carnegie, 
there  are  here  to-day  some  who,  like  myself,  are  native 
bom.  Let  these  visualize  here  and  now  the  venerable 
abbey,  and  from  its  belfry  recall  the  tolling  of  the  cur- 
few bell  at  eventide,  and  say  if  they  can  do  so  without 
emotion,  without  realizing,  notwithstanding  all  that 
there  is  to  enthrall  and  allure  in  this  wonderful  modern 
city  of  Pittsburgh,  that  there  is,  three  thousand  miles 
away,  a  provincial  city  to  which  they  are  bound  by  ties 
which  can  not  be  broken.  My  words,  I  fear,  but  feebly 
convey  my  meaning.  But,  quoting  from  memory  (and 
he  is  present  here  who  penned  these  words,  and  will  for- 
give me  if  I  quote  inaccurately),  I  can  give  you  the 
words  of  one  who  is  not  a  mere  provincial,  as  I  am,  but 
who,  while  a  native  of  Dunfermline,  is  a  citizen  of  the 
United  States, — in  truth,  of  many  countries,  because 





his  interests  are  world-wide.  These  are  the  word; 
"What  Benares  is  to  the  Hindu,  what  Mecca  is  to  tt 
Mohammedan,  what  Jerusalem  is  to  the  Christian,  a 
this  and  more  Dunfermline  is  to  me."  The  man  wl: 
wrote  these  words  years  ago  is  Mr.  Carnegie. 

For  nearly  twenty  years  I  have  been  closely  ident 
fied  with  the  civic  life  of  Dunfermline.  For  four  yea 
I  have  had  the  honor  and  responsibility  of  being  tl 
head  of  the  municipality,  the  Provost  of  the  city.  Ii 
vested  as  I  am  to-day  with  these  purple  and  ermit 
robes  and  this  chain  of  office,  I  stand  here  as  the  accrei 
ited  representative  of  the  council  and  community  < 
Dunfermline.  I  value  exceedingly  the  honor  of  bea 
ing  an  address  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Cameg 
Institute  of  Pittsburgh  on  this  memorable  day  in  t] 
history  of  your  city. 

What  Dunfermline  owes  to  Mr.  Carnegie  is  not  n 
special  province  to  deal  with  on  this  occasion.  Bef  oi 
however,  I  present  the  address,  you  will  perhaps  fc 
give  me,  Mr.  President,  if  I  acknowledge  in  a  senten 
what  Pittsburgh,  I  am  sure,  and  what  Dunfermline, 
know,  owes  to  Mrs.  Carnegie.  Strong  personality 
Mr.  Carnegie  is,  in  whose  lips  Browning's  words,  "V 
fall  to  rise,  are  baffled  to  fight  better,"  are  most  a 
posite,  he  would  be  the  first  to  acknowledge  that  1 
wife's  sweet  and  gracious  personality  has  been  a  dor 
nating  influence  in  his  life,  a  power  behind  the  throi 
I  do  not  know  how  it  is  with  you  in  the  United  Stat 
but  in  Scotland  the  highest  honor  which  a  municipal 
can  confer  is  what  is  known  as  the  "Freedom  of  t 


City."  That  honor  has  been  jealously  guarded  in  Mr, 
Carnegie's  native  city.  When  I  tell  you  that  the  only 
living  Freemen  of  Dunfermline  are  Lord  Elgin,  who  is 
chairman  of  the  Scots  Carnegie  University  Trust;  Mr. 
Carnegie  himself;  the  Prime  Minister  of  Great  Britain 
and  Ireland,  Sir  Henry  Campbell-Bannerman,  and  the 
chairman  of  the  Carnegie  Dunfermline  Trust,  Dr. 
Ross,  you  will  at  once  realize  the  truth  of  what  I  say. 
To  that  list  will  shortly  be  added  the  name  of  one  who 
is  honored  and  beloved  for  her  own  sake  by  all  classes 
of  our  community,  Mrs.  Carnegie.  And  hers  will  be  the 
unique  honor  of  being  the  first  woman  to  be  presented 
with  the  freedom  of  that  royal  city  to  which,  I  know, 
she  also  is  devotedly  attached.  And  now  it  is  my 
privilege  to  present  an  address  from  the  municipality 
and  community  of  Dunfermline,  simple  in  its  language, 
yet  an  address  which  I  believe  will  receive  a  place  of 
honor  within  these  walls. 

These  are  the  words  I  bear  to  you  to-day : 

^o  the  Board  of  trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  of  Pittsburgh: 

We,  the  Provost,  Magistrates  and  Councilors  of  the  City  of 
Dunfennline,  assembled  in  Council  on  the  twenty-fifth  day  of 
March,  nineteen  hundred  and  seven,  desire  to  address  you  on  the 
occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the  new  buildings  about  to  be 
added  to  the  Institute. 

The  purpose  of  the  Institute  and  the  various  objects  of  use- 
fulness to  which  the  buildings  are  devoted  excite  our  liveliest 

interest.    We  have  no  doubt  the  whole  scheme  has  been  carefully  , 

and  skilfully  planned  with  a  view  to  the  promotion  of  the  high- 
est welfare  of  the  people.    We  are  aware  that  the  services  ren- 






J.        ■■' 



I      r 


dered  by  the  Institute  have  already  proved  of  the  greatest  va 
to  the  inhabitants  of  Pittsburgh,  while  they  have  at  the  s^ 
time  been  instrumental  in  adding  to  the  sum  of  human  knowle 
available  to  all  mankind.  We  do  not  doubt  that  with  the 
quisition  of  the  new  buildings  the  usefulness  of  the  Instl 
will  be  greatly  enhanced.  It  is  a  delight  to  us  to  hear  that 
inhabitants  of  Pittsburgh  have  given  evidence  of  a  warm 
preciation  of  the  blessings  which  the  Institute  is  fitted  to  afi 
and  that  all  classes  in  your  community,  especially  the  yo 
make  use  of  the  opportunities  given  for  the  increase  of  knowl 
and  for  the  culture  of  the  mind. 

You  will,  we  feel  sure,  understand  the  special  interest  ^ 
the  inhabitants  of  Dunfermline  take  in  the  dedication  pro( 
ings.  The  foimder  of  your  Institute  is  a  native  of  our  city, 
he  has  conferred  priceless  benefactions  on  the  place  of  his  I 
while  not  neglecting  the  claims  of  the  place  where  he  has  i 
his  business  life.  He  has  thus  been  the  means  of  linking  ] 
burgh  and  Dunfermline  happily  together.  Our  constituent 
joy  the  outcome  of  his  liberality  in  schemes  too  numero 
dwell  on  in  this  address,  and  we  can  not  wish  you  better 
that  the  gifts  he  has  bestowed  on  you,  and  especially  by  i 
of  the  Institute,  may  have  the  like  beneficial  effects  as  are 
experienced  by  us. 


(    )  We  are  greatly  gratified  that  our  Provost  has  been  invi 

If    )  one  of  your  guests  at  the  dedication  ceremonials.     We 


asked  him  to  accept  the  invitation  with  our  greatest  gooc 

It  gives  us  great  pleasure  to  commit  this  address  to  his  k< 

and  to  ask  him  to  deliver  it  to  you  with  our  most  friendly 


Jas.  Currie  Macbeth,  Pro\ 

Wm.  Simpson,  Town  Clerk. 

i     >  [seal] 


I  To  the  care  of  yourself  and  your  successors  in 

Mr.  President,  I  commit  the  parchment,  illumina 




our  own  city,  containing  these  words  of  greeting  and 
congratulation,  and  I  thank  you  all  most  cordially  for 
your  generous  and  enthusiastic  reception  of  the  message 
committed  to  my  charge.    [Applause^ 






As  I  appear  among  you  as  a  stranger  I  feel  bound  to 
address  you  in  the  usual  language  of  conventional 
courtesy  as  ladies  and  gentlemen,  but  I  hope  soon  to 
have  your  leave  to  abandon  that  language  and  to  ad- 
dress you  as  our  good  King  Edward  addresses  his  no- 
bility as  Right  Trusty  and  Bight  Well-beloved  Cou- 

I  have  come  with  my  colleagues,  Provost  Macbeth 
and  Mr.  Robertson,  from  Dunfermline  in  Scotland, 
and  we  bring  with  us  the  greeting  of  all  the  inhabitants 
of  that  ancient  city.  They  desire  us  to  assure  you  of 
their  warm  interest  in  these  proceedings,  and  of  their 
earnest  desire  that  the  Institute  may  be  characterized 
now  and  always  as  a  source  of  blessing  to  all  the  in- 
habitants of  Pittsburgh.  Personally,  I  have  from  its 
earliest  beginnings  felt  charmed  by  the  mission  of  the 
Institute.  It  has  seemed  to  me  a  splendid  bulwark 
against  the  material  spirit  which  might  possibly  have 
inundated  your  city  had  it  been  wholly  and  uncontrol- 
ledly  given  over  to  the  great  industries  from  which  it 
derives  its  fame  throughout  the  world.  Such  industries 
demand  untiring  energy  and  devotion  and  those  who 



are  engaged  in  them,  either  as  employers  or  employed, 
are  in  danger  of  forgetting  the  full  import  of  life,  and 
to  allow  the  urgent  claims  of  the  body  to  atrophy  the 
less  clamant  but  higher  claims  of  the  mind.  You  have, 
in  this  great  building  with  its  multifarious  organiza- 
tions, set  up  an  effectual  barrier  against  the  undue  en- 
croachment of  materialism,  and  it  here  stands  as  an 
effective  announcement  that  man  shall  not  live  by 
bread  alone,  and  also  as  an  intimation  of  the  submis- 
sion into  which  science  has  brought  all  material  forces. 
Ladies  and  gentlemen,  let  me  tell  you  why  I  think  I 
may  address  you  as  right  trusty  and  right  well-beloved 
cousins.  You  know  that  the  ground  on  which  we  stand 
was  150  years  ago  in  possession,  but  not  in  the  peace- 
ful possession,  of  the  French.  It  was  much  coveted  by 
the  settlers  from  Britain,  and  they  were  backed  by  the 
military  forces  from  that  country.  Your  Franklin  and 
your  Washington  were  young  men  at  the  time  and 
eagerly  threw  themselves  into  the  fray.  The  king's 
forces  were  equally  eager  and  these  were  composed  of 
men  largely  from  Scotland.  Among  the  officers  there 
were  Sir  Peter  Halket,  who  had  the  command  of  the 
44th  Regiment  of  Foot,  and  his  son,  James.  This  Sir 
Peter  was  at  the  time  the  Provost  of  Dunfermline,  our 
first  citizen,  the  predecessor  in  office  of  my  companion. 
Provost  Macbeth,  but  he  left  the  charge  of  our  muni- 
cipal affairs  and  his  home,  joined  General  Braddock, 
and  he  and  his  son  both  fell  in  the  unfortunate  and 
bloody  battle  which  was  fought  near  where  we  are  as- 
sembled.   The  next-door  neighbor  of  Sir  Peter  Halket 








f  I  ^ 

n  ♦ 

.  I 


was  Colonel  John  Forbes,  the  Laird  of  Pittencrieff,  a 
property  the  name  of  which  I  ask  you  to  remember. 
Nothing  daunted  by  the  fate  of  his  neighbor,  he,  three 
years  afterward,  assumed  the  command  of  another  ex- 
pedition to  avenge  the  bloody  misfortunes  of  Braddock 
and  to  wrest  this  territory  from  the  French.  I  have 
been  reminding  our  Provost  of  the  diflFerent  circum- 
stances under  which  he  and  his  predecessor  have  trav- 
eled between  Dunfermline  and  Pittsburgh  and  the  dif- 
ferent errands  which  brought  them  hither;  one  slowly 
and  painfully,  with  certain  hardship  and  possible 
death  in  view, — the  other  swiftly  and  luxuriously  with 
no  prospect  but  of  friendly  greetings  and  the  acquisi- 
tion of  increased  vigor  of  body  and  mind;  one  on  a 
mission  of  death,  the  other  of  life,  and  yet,  who  can  tell 
how  much  the  pleasures  of  the  one  are  due  to  the  pains 
of  the  other-  To  return  to  my  narrative,  Forbes,  by 
i  \  unparalleled  exertions   and  with   the   assistance   of 

Washington,  marched  here  and  captured  Fort  Du 
Quesne,  from  which  the  French  had  fled,  and  in  com- 
pliment to  his  friend,  that  great  statesman,  the  first 
Pitt,  changed  the  name  to  Pittsburgh.  Pitt,  in  thank- 
ing Forbes  for  the  compliment,  well  described  Pitts- 
burgh as  being  in  the  richest  and  most  fertile  part  of 
North  America.  Pitt  in  saying  so  had  a  certain  amount 
of  prescience,  but  little  did  he  know  how  literally  true 
were  the  words  he  was  using.  Forbes*s  health  was  shat- 
tered by  his  exertions,  and  six  months  later  he  died  in 
Philadelphia.  Thus  it  was  that  Dunfermline's  sons 
won  for  your  fathers  and  yourselves  the  territory  on 


:    \ 






which  we  stand  and  gave  the  name  to  your  city  of  which 
you  are  so  proud.  Of  this  John  Forbes  I  wish  to  say  a 
few  further  words.    His  early  biography  is  recorded  on  4- 

a  pane  of  glass  in  the  attic  of  the  Mansion  House  of  *" 

PittencriefF,  a  name  which  I  have  asked  you  to  try  and 
remember.    It  was  scratched,  I  have  no  doubt,  by  his 

father,  and  runs  "Jo.  Forbes,  merry  little  colt."     It  > 

was  this  "merry  little  colt"  who  had  such  grim  and 
bloody  work  to  do  in  founding  Pittsburgh  and  giving 
it  a  start  in  life.  About  eighty  years  subsequent  to  the 
death  of  Forbes  another  "merry  little  colt"  was  bom  in 
a  humble  home  near  to  the  Mansion  House  of  Pitten- 
criefF, and  he  was  christened  as  is  attested  in  the  bap- 
tismal  register  "Andrew  Carnegie."    Shortly  afterward 

another  was  bom,  named  Thomas,  and  a  third,  a  cousin  \ 

of  the  last  two,  appeared  about  the  same  time  and  was 

named  George  Lauder.    In  process  of  time,  but  while  ^ 

they  were  still  boys,  all  three  left  Dunfermline  and  set- 
tled in  this  town.  They  did  not  bring  with  them  im- 
plements such  as  were  carried  by  Colonel  Forbes,  but 
they  brought  something  more  powerful — all  of  them 
were  provided  with  brains.  I  need  not  tell  you  how 
their  brains  were  exercised  in  the  building  up  of  this 
city;  you  are  Pittsburghers,  and  you  know  that  to  tell 
the  history  of  your  town  is  largely  to  tell  the  history  of 
these  three  brainy  boys.  Especially  so  is  this  the  case 
as  to  that  merry  little  colt,  Andrew.  Intrepid  and  in- 
defatigable, and  an  untiring  worker,  he  remained  and 
still  remains,  and  long  may  he  remain,  the  merry  little 
colt.    While  other  men  could  let  work  kill  them,  he 


. « 

i        ^  > 



^  • 






made  fun  of  it  and  a  source  of  health  as  well  as  of 
wealth.    And  now,  having  reminded  you  how  Dun- 
f erailine  has  given  you  of  her  best  blood  and  her  best 
brains,  and  how  she  has  contributed  to  the  founding, 
the  naming,  and  the  upbuilding  of  your  city,  may  I  not 
claim  leave  to  let  aside  all  conventional  terms  and  af- 
fectionately speak  to  you  in  the  name  of  Dunfcrailine 

I  as  right  trusty  and  right  well-beloved  cousins?   But, 

:  cousins,  you  have  not  been  ungrateful.    We  of  Dun- 

•  :  *  fermline  have  not  been  mere  givers  of  gifts  to  you. 

>r  You  have  returned  them  manifold.  Especially  has  that 

»  I  .  ■  meny  little  colt,  Andrew,  rendered  himself  your  in- 

%  strument  in  redeeming  the  blood  of  our  Provost  and  his 

/  ;'  son  and  of  his  progenitor  in  the  ownership  of  Pittcn- 

crieff.    He  has  sent  many  dollars  from  Pittsburgh  to 
Dunfermline,  but  not  before  passing  over  them  the 
magician's  wand  and  spiritualizing  the  cold  metal,  into 
warm  life-blood.    I  cannot  specify  all  the  purposes  to 
which  these  dollars  have  been  applied  and  will  con- 
tinue to  be  by  means  of  a  fund  which  is  to  provide  a 
constant  stream  from  Pittsburgh  to  Dunfermline,  dur- 
ing many  years  to  come.  Suffice  it  to  say  that  their  6b 
ject  is  to  create  in  Dunfermline  an  atmosphere  o 
sweetness  and  light,  and  the  Provost,  Mr.  Robertso 
and  myself  are  officers  of  the  Trust  formed  for  tl 
purpose.  We  do  not,  however,  present  ourselves  to  y^ 
as  finished  specimens  of  Sweetness  and   Light,   h 
rather  as  illustrative  specimens  of  the  difficulties  < 
co-trustees  have  to  encounter  in  sweetening  and 
lightening  the  average  man  of  Dunfermline.     "Wli: 


f  ' 







wish  more  pointedly  to  say  is  that  one  asset  of  the 
Trast  is  that  estate  of  Pittencrieff  in  the  Mansion 
House  of  which  the  merry  little  colt,  who  afterward  be- 
came Colonel  Forbes,  was  bom,  and  which  was  pur- 
chased and  presented  to  us  in  trust  for  the  inhabitants 
of  Dunfermline  by  that  other  merry  little  colt,  with 
dollars  earned  in  Pittsburgh.  Cousins,  Pittencrieff 
was  purchased  with  Pittsburgh  dollars,  but  it  will 
never  be  sold  again, — ^its  price  will  forever  be  priceless. 
It  is  a  unique  possession,  lovely  in  all  respects,  and  as 
the  home  of  King  Malcolm  Canmore  and  his  sainted 
queen,  Margaret,  it  is  enchanted  ground  to  every  < 

Scotchman.  Thus  circles  the  whirligig  of  time,  and 
thus  the  blood  and  brains  we  gave  for  Pittsburgh  are 

being  returned  to  us  with  interest  manifold.    Right  \ 

trusty  and  right  well-beloved  cousins,  let  me  tell  you 
that  you  all  owe  a  duty  to  pay  homage  in  Pittencrieff. 
There  we  have  the  Tower  of  King  Malcolm  to  which 
he  brought  our  patron  saint.  Queen  Margaret,  our  pre- 
cursor in  the  creation  of  Sweetness  and  Light.  It  was  < 
she  who  taught  our  king  to  read  and  our  people  to  wor- 
ship ;  it  was  she  who  introduced  the  love  of  learning  and 
the  love  of  truth;  it  was  within  a  few  paces  of  her  tomb 
where  the  hero  of  to-day's  proceedings  was  cradled, 
and  it  requires  little  imagination  to  see  the  close  con- 
nection between  King  Malcolm's  Tower  and  the  Car- 
negie Institute.  Right  trusty  and  right  well-beloved 
cousins,  let  me  repeat  our  affectionate  greetings,  let 
me  also  enjoin  on  you  to  foster  the  alliance  formed  be- 
tween us  in  blood  and  brains,  by  visiting  your  relatives 


'  t 




in  Dunfermline.  If,  on  your  arrival,  you  see  no  known 
faces  you  will  only  have  to  give  the  password  "Pitts- 
burgh" and  you  will  have  a  friend  in  every  man  and 
woman  you  meet.  Be  sure  to  announce  yourselves  at 
the  office  of  the  Carnegie  Dunfermline  Trustees.  You 
will  be  shown  how  we  are  continuing  the  sacred  work 
of  our  sainted  Margaret,  and  how  especially  we  are 
caring  for  the  bodies  and  minds  of  every  child  of  the 
community  through  many  beneficent  agencies,  how  we 
are  anxious  that  all  of  these  children  physically  and 
mentally  should,  when  grown  up,  bear  the  Dunferm- 
line mark  of  honor  in  uprightness  of  character  and  wis- 
dom of  conduct.  We  shall  esteem  your  friendship,  we 
shall  be  stimulated  by  your  criticism,  and  you  and  we 
shall,  on  comparing  the  work  of  your  Institute  with  the 
work  of  our  Trust,  find  that  we  are  seeking  the  same 
ends,  the  good  of  man  and  the  glory  of  God.  [-4/?- 








(  ' 







The  term  Science  implies  knowledge  of  the  facts  and  * 

laws  of  Nature.    Engineering  is  the  practical  applica-  ' 

tion  of  these  laws  to  the  wants,  safety,  and  comforts  of  * 

man.  ^ 

The  broad  divisions  of  science  are  well  indicated  by 
the  various  departments  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  of 
Technology,  while  the  similar  subdivisions  of  engineer- 
ing are  shown  by  the  numerous  associations  which  exist 
for  the  consideration  of  its  well  developed  branches.  ^ 

Matter  is  that  which  occupies  space  and  possesses  * 

weight  and  inertia.    Energy  is  that  which  is  capable  of  '^ 

doing  work  upon  matter:  forcing  it  to  move  against  ; 

resistance.  .' 

The  conservation  of  matter  and  of  energy  are  the 
two  greatest  generalizations  of  modern  days,  for  they 
imply  that  the  quantity  of  each  in  the  universe  is  fixed 
for  ever  and  that  neither  is  capable  of  being  created  or 
of  being  destroyed.  Each  can  be  changed  only  from 
one  form  to  another. 

The  doctrine  of  everlasting  existence  is  proclaimed 
by  these  great  laws  of  nature. 








t  . 










Wc  have  recently  learned  much  of  the  structure  and 
mechanics  of  matter.  The  reign  of  the  atom  as  the 
minutest  particle  of  matter  has  ceased.  The  corpuscle 
or  "electron,"  infinitely  smaller,  reigns  in  its  place. 
Radium  and  its  disintegration,  together  with  those  re- 
markable rays  of  Rontgen,  which  enable  us  to  see  our 
own  bones,  add  to  our  marvels. 

Why  did  science  lie  smoldering  for  sixty  centuries 
ere  Galileo  and  Newton  defined  the  laws  that  deter- 
mine the  motion  of  matter,  and  that  control  the  stately 
march  of  the  bright  orbs  of  heaven?  Why  did  it  only 
in  the  nineteenth  century  burst  into  a  flame  glowing 
with  greater  brilliancy  every  year  ?  We  now  see  the  in- 
visible, we  hear  the  inaudible,  we  annihilate  space,  we 
transmit  the  human  voice  across  great  continents,  and 
we  render  transparent  the  opaque.  The  dreams  of  the 
philosopher,  the  visions  of  the  poet  are  now  the  illustra- 
tive facts  of  the  professor. 

The  simple  answer  to  the  question  is :  it  is  the  result 
of  the  unshackling  of  the  mind  from  the  thraldom  of 
ignorance,  and  the  freedom  of  intellectual  intercourse 
between  all  civilized  people.  Science  now  knows  no 
nationality;  it  is  independent  of  language;  it  is  the 
property  of  the  whole  world. 

What  has  led  to  this  emancipation? 

First.  The  cessation  of  Church  domination  led  in 
Great  Britain  by  Wycliff  and  Wesley. 

Secondly.  The  decay  of  the  old  abstract  philosophy 
which  kept  civilization  in  a  fog  for  centuries  and  the 
growth  of  modern,  organized  common  sense. 





I      Ik'' 



/  :      \     ' 



Thirdly.  The  freedom  of  speech  and  the  right  of 

Fourthly.  The  growth  of  education,  a  free  press, 
and  pure  literature. 

The  self-consciousness  of  man  has  been  elevated 
and  he  has  learnt  to  observe,  to  think,  to  reason,  and  to 

Thus  political  and  mental  freedom  aided  by  clear 
thought  and  true  reason  have  unfolded  nature's  laws, 
and  the  engineer  has  applied  them  to  expedite  trans- 
port, to  facilitate  communication,  to  eliminate  time  and 
to  annihilate  space. 

The  history  of  engineering  did  not  lag  so  much  as 
that  of  science. 

Tubal  Cain,  before  the  flood,  was,  according  to  the 
authorized  version,  "an  instructor  of  every  artificer 
in  brass  and  iron,''  but  according  to  the  revised  version, 
"the  forger  of  every  cutting  instrument  of  brass." 

The  ancient  Egj^ptians  over  5CXX)  years  ago,  reared 
the  noble  P)rramids  that  still  tower  above  the  Nile. 
The  seven  wonders  of  the  old  world  were : 

1.  The  EgjTptian  Pyramids  at  Gizeh. 

2.  The  Mausoleum  at  Halicamassus. 

3.  The  Temple  of  Diana  at  Ephesus. 

4.  The  Walls  and  Gardens  of  Babylon. 

5.  The  Colossus  of  Rhodes. 

6.  The  Statue  of  Jupiter  by  Phidias. 

7.  The  Pharos  at  Alexandria. 

Five  of  these  wonders  appertain  to  engineering  and 
two  to  Art.    The  Pyramids  alone  remain,  while  rem- 


nants  of  the  Mausoleum  and  the  Temple  of  Diana  are 
found  in  the  British  Museum. 

Moses  was  the  greatest  sanitary  engineer  that  the 
world  has  ever  known.    Archimedes  flourished  before 
the  Christian  era,  and  the  works  of  the  Romans  are  still 
plentiful  in  Great  Britain.    The  Parthenon  of  Athens 
remains  an  object  of  wonder  and  delight.  The  track  of 
the  conqueror  in  all  ages  and  countries  has  been  marked 
by  the  construction  of  roads  for  the  conveyance  of  food. 
and  the  purposes  of  trade  and  commerce — the  engineer 
has  always  been  in  evidence. 

No  marked  or  great  progress  occurred  until  "Watt  in- 
troduced his  steam  engine  in  1769 — which  was  not 
matured  until  early  in  the  nineteenth  century — since 
when  textile  works,  steel,  steamships,  railways,  tele- 
graphs, telephones,  photography,  etc.,  have  revolution- 
ized the  world — not  in  all  cases  for  the  better — auto- 
cracy and  armed  forces  still  exist  as  menaces  to  the 
weak  and  costliness  to  the  strong.    The  engineer  ha; 
still  to  apply  his  knowledge  of  nature's  laws  to  the  de 
struction  of  human  life  with  the  greatest  rapidity,  an 
at  the  greatest  distance.    War  still  rumbles  in  tiie  ai 
though  doubtless  its  amenities  have  been  softened  ai 
its  prevalence  diminished  by  the  handiwork  of  the  « 

This  is  accomplished  by  facilitating  rapid  comm\ 
cation  and  thus  checking  misleading  conclusions  f" 
imperfect  information.  The  defects  of  language,  i 
reports  and  the  errors  of  translation  are  ans\verabl< 
half  the  political  troubles  of  the  world. 


On  the  other  hand  the  engineer  is  a  great  benefactor 
to  his  race,  for  he  has  facilitated  and  economized  the 
transport  of  raw  material  and  of  food  supplies.  In- 
deed, the  railroad  and  the  steamship  render  famines 
practically  impossible.  The  recent  so-called  famine  in 
India  was  not  due  to  the  want  of  food,  but  to  the  want 
of  money  to  buy  food.  Many  who  died  were  too  proud 
to  beg  or  too  bigoted  to  accept  aid  from  Christians. 
They  preferred  to  die  rather  than  acknowledge  their 

No  one  can  deny  that  the  engineer  has  improved  the 
condition  of  life  in  the  civilized  world,  the  mean  dura- 
tion  of  life  has  increased,  and  David's  limit  has  been 
raised.  In  my  own  experience,  we  in  London  have  re- 
duced our  death  rate  from  twenty-four  in  a  thousand  to 
seventeen.  Even  life  itself  is  forced  to  help  man. 
The  biologist  finds  the  germ  of  disease  in  bacilli  and 
the  engineer  utilizes  feeding  bacteria  to  purify  his 
sewage.  Thus  life  itself  is  made  to  minister  to  the  ser- 
vice of  man.  His  works  are  tending  much  to  hasten  the 
advent  of  peace  on  earth  and  of  good-will  among  the 

The  engineer  has  become  the  necessity  of  the  age. 
Hitherto  his  education  has  been  self-acquired.  Inven- 
tion will  probably  continue  to  be  the  result  of  indi- 
vidual private  inquiry,  but  the  great  majority  of  the 
active  workers  in  the  field  must  be  educated  in  their 
science  and  trained  in  their  art.  This  is  the  function 
of  technology.  Technical  education  is  that  mode  of 
mental  training  which  prepares  the  brain  to  assist  the 



hand.    Craft — the  art  of  doing — ^is  vastly  assisted  by 
the  exercise  of  thought  and  judgment.   The  "reason- 
why"  of  every  tool  and  every  operation  is  the  science 
of  the  industry.    Thus  technology  is  the  application  of 
science  to  industrial  processes. 

Germany  in  very  early  days  grasped  the  necessity  for 
technical  education,  and  the  United  States  very  speed- 
ily followed  her  example ;  Great  Britain  is  a  bad  third. 
The  fashion  in  Great  Britain  is  to  devote  wealth  to 
hospitals,  churches,  public  gardens,  and  art  galleries. 
It  is  difficult  to  get  bequests  for  technology  from  pri- 
vate individuals.    This  is  especially  the  case  in  Lon- 
don.   There  is  great  want  of  patriotism  there.    It  is  a 
city  of  temporary  rest,  where  all  nationalities  come, 
flourish,  and  retire  to  their  coimtries  or  to  their  towns 
to  enjoy  their  wealth.    Those  who  are  inclined  to  leave 
money  do  so  for  the  local  wants  of  their  native  places 
and  not  for  the  scene  of  their  success.    It  is  different  ii 
America.  We  are  now  taking  part  in  the  more  commor 
sense  method. 

Next  to  Watt,  probably  our  most  inventive  engine 
was  Bessemer.  Here  in  America  counties  and  tow 
are  named  after  him.  His  name  is  scarcely  known 
England  outside  the  iron  and  steel  industries. 
Pittsburgh  it  is  a  household  word.  We  are  only  r 
trying  to  perpetuate  his  name,  by  fitting  up  Memo 
Metallurgical  Laboratories  in  London,  Siimingli 
Newcastle,  Sheffield,  and  other  places.  The  resp 
to  our  appeal  has  been  disappointing.  'We  liop 
make  the  scheme  international  by  establishing 



graduate  scholarships  in  Metallurgy  which  shall  be 
changeable  so  that  graduates  of  London  shall  go  to 
Pittsburgh  for  their  practical  course,  and  graduates  of 
Pittsburgh  shall  come  to  England  or  to  one  of  the 
British  colonies  for  their  practical  training. 

It  is  a  bold  idea  and  would  speedily  be  realized  if  the 
American  spirit  so  fully  developed  by  your  Camegies, 
Armours,  and  Rockefellers  were  the  fashion  at  home. 
At  present  we  can  boast  of  only  one  educational  bene- 
factor— Cecil  Rhodes — but  a  handsome  contribution 
was  bequeathed  by  Alfred  Beit  for  technological  pur- 
poses in  London.  London  as  a  whole  comes  off  badly. 
We  have  to  be  satisfied  with  a  portion  of  the  taxes  on 
whisky  and  beer,  but  even  that  source  is  on  the  down- 
ward slope,  owing  to  the  very  remarkable  and  satisfac- 
tory growth  of  temperance. 

I  have  come  over  here  to  learn  a  lesson  from  the  ex- 
ample of  Pittsburgh,  and  I  am  anxious  to  see  how  you 
have  dealt  with  the  relative  values  of  buildings,  equip- 
ment, teachers,  pensions  of  technological  colleges. 

Our  experience  in  England  is  that  too  much  inoney 
is  spent  on  buildings,  too  little  on  equipment,  the  en- 
dowment for  teachers  is  in  all  cases  inadequate,  and  no 
provision  is  made  for  the  retirement  of  the  teacher 
when  played  out.  The  whole  spirit  and  essence  of  a 
school  is  to  be  found  in  the  occupants  of  the  chairs. 
The  professors  must  be  kept  in  touch  with  their  profes- 
sion so  as  to  be  maintained  in  the  advances  that  are  so 
rapidly  occurring  in  all  branches  of  engineering.  They 
must,  therefore,  be  masters  not  only  of  the  practical, 



but  of  the  scientific  side  also,  and  to  induce  them  t 
give  their  whole  heart  to  the  work  they  must  see  bef  or 
them  the  prospect  of  an  adequate  retirement  allowance 
The  Civil  Service  of  Great  Britain  is  manned  by  th< 
pick  of  the  country.  Able  men  are  willing  to  act  fo: 
salaries  that  are  paltry  when  compared  with  those  giver 
by  private  enterprise,  but  their  promotion  in  the  Civil 
Service  is  sure,  their  pay  is  known,  and  they  can  retire 
at  sixty,  and  must  retire  at  sixty-five,  with  a  pension 
two-thirds  of  their  full  pay  if  they  have  served  forty 
years,  or  a  less  sum  if  they  have  served  a  less  number  of 
years ;  the  number  of  years  of  service  being  divided  by 
sixty  to  give  the  ratio.  This  inducement  is  a  great 
force  in  determining  the  selection  of  that  service.  We 
want  some  such  system  in  our  education  systems  all 
over  the  world  to  attract  the  men  we  want  and  the  only 
men  who  are  competent  to  teach.  The  ideal  teacher, 
like  a  poet,  is  born,  not  made.  He  must  have  enthusi- 
asm in  his  work  and  be  able  to  enthuse  those  he  teaches. 
His  selection  is,  therefore,  a  very  responsible  business, 
and  one  requiring  much  tact. 

I  am  also  anxious  to  learn  how  you  deal  with  fore- 
men and  workmen,  apart  from  the  usual  class  of  gradu- 
ates who  are  preparing  for  the  positions  of  supervisors 
and  masters.  The  latter  follow  the  regular  curriculum, 
which  generally  means  a  continuous  four  years'  course, 
but  the  former  demand  special  treatment. 

The  chief  function  of  the  education  they  require  is 
not  so  much  to  impart  up-to-date  knowledge  as  to  dis- 
pel their  acquired  ignorance.    The  almost  irrepressible 



dominion  of  evil  seems  to  facilitate  the  retention  of 
ignorance.  The  great  resistance  to  progress  is  the  de- 
termination to  remain  ignorant.  I  have  found  it  most 
beneficial  to  encourage  in  every  form  self-education, 
and  to  place  at  the  disposal  of  all  inquisitive  workmen 
works  of  reference,  apparatus  for  examination,  experi- 
ment and  test.  A  fact 'acquired  by  experiment  or  ob- 
servation makes  a  lasting  and  indelible  impression  on 
the  workman's  mind.  Evening  classes  in  England  are 
for  this  reason  a  great  success.  Self-acquired  know- 
ledge of  facts  has  a  very  beneficial  influence,  and  lends 
much  pleasure  to  these  meetings. 

America,  like  Great  Britain,  owes  much  to  the  self- 
educated  enthusiast.  The  great  iron  industry  of  Penn- 
sylvania, like  that  of  Shropshire,  owes  much  to  Parker 
of  Coalbrookdale,  who,  with  Rutter  in  1720,  built  the 
first  furnace  for  making  pig  iron  at  a  village  which 
they  christened  Coalbrookdale.  There  are  several 
places  named  after  Parker,  Parkersburgh,  Parker's 
Landing,  etc. 

We  at  home  have  a  self-educated  genius,  Tom 
Parker,  of  Wolverhampton,  who  commenced  life  as  a 
foundry  boy  in  Walbrookdale.  He  revolutionized  the 
dynamo,  invented  the  modem  electrical  production  of 
phosphorus,  and  has  now  extracted  the  smoke  in- 
gredients from  coal  and  converted  them  into  profitable 
spirits,  oils,  and  pitch. 

Bituminous  coal  becomes  "Coalite,"  a  smokeless 
steam  fuel.  He  has  thus  developed  an  oil-spring  on 
the  surface  of  the  earth. 



The  good  old  practice  of  apprenticeship  for  seven 
years  has  virtually  ceased  in  England.     Boys  came 
from  home  to  the  bench  and  worked  up  to  the   top 
round  of  their  ladder.    No  finer  mechanics  could  be 
found  in  the  world  than  the  departed  British  mill- 
wrights, but  they  have  gone  with  the  Tory  and  the 
Whig.    It  was  their  only  education,  but  they  were  the 
builders  of  the  trade  of  Great  Britain.    Schools  and 
colleges  have  superseded  apprenticeship  to  the  detri- 
ment of  craftsmanship,  but  to  the  advantage  of  mental 
capacity,  experienced  management,  and  commercial 

The  industrious,  thoughtful,  judicious  workman, 
with  true  technical  training  and  clearsightedness,  has 
his  fortune  in  his  hands  and  the  world  at  his  feet.    The 
student  of  to-day  commences  life  with  more  scientific 
knowledge  than  Watt,  Stephenson,  Fulton,  or  Eads 
ever  possessed.    The  world  is  his  stage  and  his  success 
in  it  depends  entirely  on  himself.     The  academical, 
mathematical  monist  is  an  interesting  fossil.     The 
scientific  engineer  is  the  great  civilizer.    He  has  con- 
structed the  swift  floating  palace.    He  has  pierced  the 
Isthmus  of  Suez,  and  he  will  soon  pierce  that  of  Pan- 
ama.   His  nerves  of  communication  rest  in  the  deep 
unf athomed  caves  of  ocean,  or  wend  their  undulating 
flight  among  the  gulls  and  albatrosses  in  the  blue  em- 

We  in  England  do  not  approve  of  degrees  of  en- 
gineering being  given  by  our  Universities.  They  imply 
experience  which  no  university  can  give.    The  Insti- 


tution  of  Civil  Engineers  in  Great  Britain  is  alone  in 
that  country  competent  to  certify  to  the  practical  quali- 
fication of  a  civil  engineer.  Admission  to  that  body  is 
dependent  on  practice.  Excellent  systems  of  examina- 
tion by  papers  and  theses  safeguard  the  qualiiication 
of  its  members.  Degrees  of  Science  are  of  a  different 
class.  They  imply  advanced  education.  We  welcome 
such  degrees  and  allow  them  to  waive  preliminary  ad- 
missive examinations,  but  their  possession  does  not 
make  an  engineer.  The  diploma  of  membership  of  the 
Institution  of  Civil  Engineers  is  difficult  to  obtain,  and 
its  possession  is  a  standard  of  value. 

It  seems  ungenerous  to  say  one  word  in  opposition, 
but  when  we  contemplate  such  disasters  as  the  destruc- 
tion of  San  Francisco,  the  blow-up  of  the  Jena  in  Tou- 
lon, the  loss  of  the  Berlin  at  the  Hook  of  Holland,  the 
dreadful  floods  that  have  devastated  Pittsburgh,  we 
must  feel  that,  however  much  we  engineers  may  boast 
of  our  knowledge  of  nature's  laws,  we  are  impotent 
when  nature  proclaims  her  power  in  the  abrupt  earth- 
quake, the  furious  tempest,  the  irresistible  cloudburst, 
and  the  invisible  operations  of  molecular  energy. 

It  is  something  to  have  lived  through  the  latter  half 
of  the  last  century,  and  more  to  have  taken  part  in  the 
pioneering  of  some  of  the  great  advances  made.  I  was 
bom  when  the  rushlight  was  in  use,  where  gas  had  not 
penetrated;  when  the  fowling-piece  was  fired  by  flint 
and  steel ;  where  steam  railways  were  unknown ;  where 
the  four-horse  mail-coach  brought  the  letters,  and  the 
penny  post  had  yet  to  come. 



I  have  seen  science,  engineering  and  education  grow 
up  with  such  rapidity  that  it  is  well-nigh  impossible  to 
remember  what  has  happened. 

I  am  glad  to  have  been  able  to  visit  America  for  the 
fourth  time  and  to  see  with  my  own  eyes  the  giant 
strides  she  is  making,  by  the  aid  of  her  patriotic  and 
successful  men  of  wealth,  to  solve  the  great  question 
of  cementing  the  connection  between  science  and  en- 
gineering. I  am  an  old  hand  in  technical  education, 
for  I  have  been  actively  engaged  in  teaching,  promot- 
ing, and  directing  it  since  1867,  when  I  held  the  first 
chair  in  Electrical  Engineering  in  the  Hartley  College, 
Southampton.  I  think  this  was  the  first  of  its  kind  in 
Great  Britain. 

I  congratulate  Pittsburgh  on  having  in  their  midst  a 
nature's  gentleman  who  has  solved  the  difficult  ques- 
tion, 'What  can  I  do  with  my  wealth  so  as  to  distribute 
the  greatest  good  to  the  greatest  number?"  {^Great 






It  is  with  great  difBdence  that  I  venture  to  lay  before 
you  some  views  of  my  own  on  the  modem  development 
of  architecture  in  Germany,  feeling  that  as  it  is  not  pos- 
sible to  give  a  comprehensive  survey  of  the  domain  in 
question  I  must  be  content  to  submit  to  you  my  con- 
clusions without  enabling  you  to  judge  whether  they 
are  sufficiently  supported  by  facts.  I  am  encouraged, 
however,  by  the  belief  that  it  may  be  of  interest  to  hear 
upon  this  subject  the  opinions,  not  of  an  art  historian 
but  of  an  architect,  who  has  himself  passed  through 
some  of  the  phases  of  modem  architecture,  and  who  has 
felt  the  influences  that  have  led  to  many  of  its  changes. 
Now  the  future  of  architecture  as  a  fine  art  is  in- 
separably bound  up  with  the  vexed  question  of  archi- 
tectural style,  and  with  regard  to  the  development  of 
style  a  review  of  what  the  past  century  has  produced 
would  not  at  the  first  glance  seem  to  encourage  a  very 
bright  outlook  for  the  future.  There  is  no  doubt  that 
much  of  the  best  artistic  power  of  the  nineteenth  cen- 
tury was  wasted  in  fruitless  search  for  a  style  in  archi- 
tecture and  the  industrial  arts  adapted  to  the  age. 
Though  the  great  inventions  of  that  century  brought 



about  a  more  rapid  and  frequent  interchange  of 
thought  between  nations  than  was  ever  possible  before, 
we  have  seen  in  our  own  time  as  a  consequence  of  these 
fruitless  endeavors  a  greater  diversity  in  the  architec- 
tural aspect  of  Europe  than  there  was  at  the  close  of 
the  eighteenth  century.  No  one  country  has  been  able 
to  establish  an  acknowledged  supremacy  in  architec- 
ture, as  when  France  at  the  commencement  of  the 
Gothic  period,  Italy  during  the  Renaissance,  and 
France  again  in  the  eighteenth  century,  took  the  lead 
and  was  more  or  less  closely  followed  by  the  rest  of 
Europe;  nor  does  any  such  supremacy  seem  to  be  in 
prospect  at  present. 

It  seems  strange  indeed  that  a  century  which  has 
contributed  more  than  any  other  in  the  world's  history 
to  the  advancement  of  science,  and  which  has  been  so 
fruitful  in  inventions  that  have  inuneasurably  in- 
creased the  wealth  and  power  of  mankind,  should  have 
been  stricken  with  barrenness  in  this  one  domain  of 
architectural  inventiveness.  We  architects  are  accus- 
tomed to  be  asked  reproachfully  why  our  age  has  pro- 
duced no  style  of  its  own,  as  former  periods  have  done, 
and  we  are  often  told  that  our  art  has  fallen  from  its 
high  estate  and  that  the  best  among  us  have  sunk  to  the 
part  of  more  or  less  conscientious  copyists.  In  my 
opinion  this  reproach  is  unjust,  and  the  chaotic  state  of 
modern  architecture  may  be  accounted  for  without  as- 
suming that  our  architects  have  been  lacking  in  the 
inventive  qualities  possessed  in  former  times.  The 
unsatisfactory  state  of  things  in  the  nineteenth  century 



has  been  brought  about  by  two  causes.  First,  by  the 
destruction  of  an  ancient  society  and  an  old  accumula- 
tion of  wealth  by  the  French  Revolution  and  the  Na- 
poleonic Wars,  and,  secondly,  by  the  sudden  growth 
of  a  new  society  and  new  wealth  acquired  for  the 
world  by  the  introduction  of  steam-power  and  the  in- 
ventions which  followed  in  the  wake  of  this  great 
innovation  bringing  about  a  sudden  demand  after  a 
long  standstill — a  demand  to  which  the  artistic  in- 
ventiveness of  no  age  would  probably  have  been  equal. 

A  great  break  in  the  development  of  art  followed  the 
French  Revolution  and  the  resulting  ruinous  wars. 
Both  the  population  and  the  resources  of  European 
countries  were  so  reduced  that  building  enterprise  was 
for  a  long  time  crippled,  and  the  position  of  the  privi- 
leged classes  was  destroyed  or  greatly  weakened. 

The  experienced  and  fastidious  patrons  of  art  being 
no  longer  able  to  give  employment,  the  standard  of  ex- 
cellence in  artistic  work  was  necessarily  lowered  and 
the  number  of  artists  and  craftsmen  was  reduced  cor- 
responding to  the  lesser  demand,  so  that  a  great  amount 
of  technical  and  artistic  skill  acquired  in  the  course  of 
many  generations  and  handed  down  from  father  to  son 
and  from  master  to  pupil  was  lost  to  mankind. 

For  a  considerable  time  the  Greek  revival,  which  had 
been  brought  about  by  Stuart's  work  on  Athens,  pre- 
vailed both  in  north  and  in  south  Germany,  its  most 
famous  representatives  being  Schinkel  in  Berlin  and 
Klenze  in  Munich,  but  during  this  period  the  trans- 
formation of  society  was  progressing,  and  when,  after 



the  lapse  of  half  a  century  wealth  once  more  began  to 
be  accumulated,  it  was  in  the  hands  of  new  men,  and 
the  connection  with  the  artistic  past  had  been  so  com- 
pletely severed  that  it  seemed  no  more  difficult  or  in- 
appropriate to  build  in  one  historical  style  than  in  an- 
other, and  thus  we  see  attempts  in  almost  every  style 
from  the  Gothic  to  that  of  the  Eighteenth  Century  fol- 
lowing each  other  in  a  succession  too  rapid  to  allow  of 
architects  or  craftsmen  acquiring  any  satisfactory  de- 
gree of  proficiency.     Perhaps  the  impartiality  with 
which  different  styles  were  regarded  during  the  lattei 
half  of  the  century  was  partly  due,  especially  in  Ger- 
many, to  the  influence  of  the  newly  founded  schools  oi 
architecture,  and  to  the  scientifically  impartial  treat 
ment  of  different  periods  by  art  historians.    However 
in  spite  of  its  architectural  errors  and  shortcomings,  f  o 
which  the  course  of  historical  events  must  be  mad 
responsible,  it  would  be  a  mistake  to  suppose  that  dui 
ing  the  nineteenth  century  there  was  no  progress  i 
architectural  style. 

Within  the  last  twenty  years  the  study  of  style  l 
architects  has  been  very  much  more  profound  than  w; 
the  case  with  former  eclectic  masters,  and  the  ski 
of  craftsmen  and  their  knowledge  of  ancient  metho 
of  workmanship  has  been  wonderfully  perfectc 
Great  influence  has  been  exercised  by  Semper's  book 
Style  in  the  Technical  Arts,  and  by  his  own  work  a 

But,  above  all,  general  interest  in  architecture  1 
been  awakened,  and  the  artistic  education  of  the  pul 




has  been  much  advanced  by  the  study  of  art  collections 
and  by  travel.  It  is  well  to  remember  that  art  is  not  pro- 
duced by  the  artist  alone,  but  that  the  public  has  a  large 
share  in  artistic  progress,  and  that  the  quality  of  the 
architect's  work  must  greatly  depend  on  the  artistic 
judgment  and  appreciation  of  his  client.  As  it  was  the 
ruin  of  the  more  cultivated  and  artistically  apprecia- 
tive classes  that  brought  about  the  decline  of  art  in  the 
first  half  of  the  nineteenth  century,  it  has  also  been  the 
gradual  ripening  of  the  public  judgment  that  has  pro- 
duced a  marked  progress  in  our  own  time.  One  may 
say  that  during  the  nineteenth  century  a  competition 
of  styles  has  been  carried  on  in  Europe,  a  most  costly 
competition,  in  which,  not  drawings  and  models,  but 
real  buildings  were  submitted  to  the  public.  This  com- 
petition has  not  yet  come  to  a  close,  but  many  of  the 
styles  that  have  competed  may  be  said  to  have  been 
thrown  out,  so  that  the  choice  seems  now  to  be  fortu- 
nately limited  to  few.  Speaking  of  my  own  country, 
I  may  say  that  in  bringing  about  this  result  the  prac- 
tical conmion  sense  of  the  public  has  been  chiefly  in- 
strumental. There  was  a  time  when  Grothic  competed 
on  equal  terms  with  the  style  derived  from  classical 
architecture,  but  the  domain  of  Gothic  seems  now  to 
be  limited  to  ecclesiastical  art  where  ancient  forms  do 
not  clash  with  modem  requirements,  and  even  here  it 
seems  doubtful  whether  Gothic  will  long  retain  its 
predominance  with  us,  at  any  rate,  for  Protestant 
churches.  The  classical  architecture  derived  from  the 
temples  of  ancient  Greece  represented  the  admirable 



and  refined  solution  of  comparatively  simple  architec 
tural  problems  in  a  southern  clime.  But  this  architec 
ture  which  was  practised  in  Berlin  and  Munich  fo 
nearly  two  thirds  of  the  nineteenth  century  was  even 
tually  found  to  be  not  sufficiently  adaptable  to  th 
needs  of  our  time  without  losing  its  best  and  most  chai 
acteristic  qualities. 

Travels  in  Italy,  which  were  long  considered  to  b 
the  most  essential  part  of  a  modem  architect's  artisti 
education,  had  led  to  great  admiration  for  the  Italiai 
especially  the  Florentine  Renaissance  of  the  fif teeni 
and  sixteenth  centuries,  but  it  was  ultimately  felt  I 
a  majority  of  architects  that  the  Italian  masterpiec 
most  admired  owed  their  most  characteristic  qualitic 
especially  the  bold  and  happy  contrasts  of  wall  ai 
windows,  to  conditions  of  life  and  climate  that  are  n 
to  be  found  in  our  country. 

After  the  establishment  of  Grerman  unity  the  st] 
of  the  sixteenth  and  seventeenth  centuries  in  Gi 
many  was  taken  up  with  great  enthusiasm,  first 
Munich  and  south  Grermany,  and  then  by  the  north, 
the  hope  of  developing  a  peculiarly  national  style 
architecture.  In  its  application,  however,  the  Genr 
Renaissance  presented  the  same  difficulties  as  the  els 
ical  style,  though  in  a  lesser  degree.  Low  stor: 
small  windows,  high-pitched  roofs  over  narrow  bui 
ings,  cramped  and  inconvenient  staircases  are  chai 
teristic  of  the  period,  and  when  these  character! 
features  were  removed  by  improvement,  the  buildi 
thus  modified  acquired  a  general  aspect  very  much 



proaching  eighteenth  century  work,  from  which  they 
remained  distinguished  chiefly  by  moldings  and  by 
ornament.  Thus  it  happened  that  many  architects  of 
note  gradually  drifted  into  the  style  of  the  early 
eighteenth  century,  and  it  came  to  be  widely  under- 
stood that  our  forefathers  had  already  done  much  of 
the  work  which  we  should  have  to  do  in  adapting  the 
German  Renaissance  to  our  wants,  especially  with  re- 
gard to  the  ample  provision  of  light  and  air;  but  not 
less  in  enlarging  the  scale  of  architecture,  which  dur- 
ing the  medieval  and  the  Renaissance  period  had  been 
greatly  dependent  on  the  narrow  streets  and  small 
open  spaces  of  our  ancient  walled  cities.  Especially 
within  the  last  ten  years  has  there  been  a  decided  move 
in  this  direction. 

In  Munich  many  of  the  works  of  Thieroch,  Seidel, 
Hocheder,  the  later  works  of  Hof  man,  the  City  Archi- 
tect of  Berlin,  of  Messel  and  of  Kayser  and  von  Gross- 
heim,  as  well  as  my  own  buildings,  may  be  quoted  as 
being  based  on  this  period  of  historical  architecture. 

At  the  same  time  there  is  a  decidedly  increasing  lean- 
ing toward  simplicity,  and  a  tendency  to  avoid  mean- 
ingless decoration  and  superfluous  ornament,  which 
correspond  to  a  growing  fastidiousness  of  taste  in  the 
educated  classes.  If  these  lines  are  followed  for  a  con- 
siderable time,  which  I  think  will  be  the  case,  and,  if 
architects  continue  to  aim  at  change  only  in  the  interest 
of  progress  and  not  for  the  sake  of  novelty,  it  may  be 
hoped  that  a  style  suitable  for  and  peculiar  to  our  time, 
though  not  necessarily  surprisingly  novel,  may  be  de- 



veloped  as  from  the  fifteenth  century  to  the  eighteent 
one  style  was  evolved  out  of  another,  in  the  same  mar 
ner  in  which  modem  languages  have  been  constant! 
changing  even  since  the  period  of  what  is  termed  the! 
classical  literature.  But  there  is  a  group  of  moder 
architects  chiefly  in  Germany,  in  Belgium,  in  Austrii 
and  of  late  years  also  in  Italy,  to  whom  this  system  c 
evolution  seems  too  slow,  and  who  have  been  strivin 
voluntarily  to  create  or  to  force  a  new  style.  T\x 
means  are  employed  for  this  purpose.  Ancient  el 
ments  of  architecture  are  to  be  given  up  as  too  rigi 
to  admit  of  progress  and  an  entirely  new  system  < 
ornament  is  to  be  introduced.  Now  I  object  to  bo 
these  methods.  I  can  not  bring  myself  to  believe  th: 
one  generation  or  even  one  century  will  be  able  to  i 
vent  a  substitute  for  the  orders  of  architecture,  whi( 
have  been  modified  and  perfected  through  so  mai 
ages,  though,  of  course,  they  may  be  capable  of  st 
further  modifications;  and  though  I  believe  that  nc 
life  may  be  instilled  into  ornament  by  the  introducti< 
of  new  subject-matter,  I  do  not  think  that  a  system 
ornament  of  such  meager  invention  and  such  barbai 
crudeness  as  is  presented  by  the  innovators,  can  for  ai 
length  of  time  satisfy  the  cravings  of  the  mind  whi 
sees  in  ornament  one  of  the  essential  elements  of  arc] 
tectural  beauty.  I  feel  sure,  however,  that  among  t 
advocates  of  this  new  style,  or  "Jugendstil,"  there  s 
many  architects  of  considerable  talent,  though  of  m 
taken  aims,  among  a  host  of  ungif  ted  imitators,  who  s 
working  only  for  sensational  efFect,  and  I  hope  and  1 



lieve  that  the  former  will  gradually  throw  off  many  of 
their  eccentricities  and  become  less  radical  in  their  wish 
for  novelty  at  any  price. 

Now,  apart  from  architectural  detail  and  from  orna- 
ment, the  work  of  the  new  art  group  most  frequently 
shows  more  resemblance  to  the  work  of  the  eighteenth 
century,  which  is  everywhere  gaining  ground,  than  to 
any  other  historical  period,  and  there  is,  therefore,  a 
probability  that  the  different  currents  of  modern  archi- 
tecture in  my  country  will  eventually  unite  in  one  com- 
mon channel. 

In  Prussia  where  the  greatest  patron  of  architecture 
is  the  State,  the  style  of  public  buildings  has  been  much 
influenced  and  will  I  hope  continue  to  be  influenced  in 
the  same  direction  by  the  great  interest  which  our  Em- 
peror takes  in  architecture.  Though  his  Majesty  has 
so  much  understanding  and  love  for  earlier  styles  that 
he  has  caused  the  Gothic  castle  of  Hoh-Konigsburg 
in  Alsace  to  be  restored  by  Ebhard  in  a  most  conscien- 
tious and  scholarly  manner,  he  has  early  discerned  that 
for  the  healthy  development  of  style  it  is  most  essen- 
tial that  the  efforts  of  architects  should  be  as  much  as 
possible  concentrated  toward  the  same  aim. 

It  is  in  fact  through  such  concentration  of  effort,  sup- 
ported by  stability  of  taste  in  the  building  public,  that 
the  styles  of  the  past  were  formed.  In  Berlin  the  style 
of  the  commencement  of  the  eighteenth  century  repre- 
sents with  us  the  period  of  the  foundation  of  the  Prus- 
sian monarchy,  and  the  adoption  of  this  style  as  a  start- 
ing-point for  our  modem  architecture  connects  the 



present  with  our  most  glorious  architectural  period, 
that  of  our  greatest  architect,  Schliiter,  and  thus  may 
contribute  to  give  the  city  a  unity  of  style  which  has 
long  been,  alas,  conspicuously  absent. 

At  the  commencement  of  his  reign  his  Majesty  de- 
cided that  the  buildings  to  be  newly  erected  in  Berlin 
for  the  Crown  and  for  the  State  should  be  designed  in 
a  style  harmonizing  with  the  noble  architecture  of  the 
Royal  Palace  and  of  the  Arsenal.  Among  the  first 
were  works  of  my  own — the  new  Throne  Room  in  the 
Palace  (der  Weisse  Saal),  the  Royal  stables  (Mar- 
stall)  and  the  Museum  for  Painting  and  Sculpture 
called  Kaiser  Friedrich  Museum,  in  memory  of  our  be- 
loved Emperor  Frederick.  The  new  cathedral  for  Ber- 
lin was  built  by  Raschdorff  in  a  classical  style  from 
designs  which  had  already  been  submitted  to  the  Em- 
peror Frederick,  and  to  which  our  emperor  considered 
it  a  filial  duty  to  adhere.  At  present  his  Majesty  is 
following  with  the  keenest  artistic  interest  the  work  at 
our  new  State  Library,  which  I  am  myself  building, 
and  which  will  be  one  of  the  most  important  in  the 

Not  only  the  designs  for  these  buildings,  but  all  those 
of  great  importance  for  all  departments  of  the  State,  are 
now  regularly  submitted  for  his  Majesty's  approval, 
and  are  influenced  by  his  wishes.  Continuity  of  effort  I 
believe  to  be  the  principal  condition  of  progress  in 
architecture,  and  I  consider  my  country  to  be  most  par- 
ticularly fortunate  in  possessing  at  this  critical  period  a 
far-seeing  patron  of  art  so  powerful  as  to  insure  steadi- 




ness  of  purpose  so  far  as  monumental  architecture  is 
concerned.  It  is  therefore  a  hopeful  view  which  I  take 
of  the  future  development  of  German  architecture,  and 
there  can  be  no  doubt  that  in  Germany  the  misfortunes 
which  caused  artistic  decline  in  the  nineteenth  century 
had  a  more  disastrous  effect  than  in  any  other  country, 
for  none  had  suflFered  so  severely  from  the  great  Euro- 
pean wars.  In  England  and  France  political  unity  has 
brought  about  greater  artistic  unity.  Still,  so  far  as  I  am 
able  to  judge,  the  development  of  style  in  both  coun- 
tries has  been  following  lines  almost  parallel  to  our 
own,  the  result  of  a  century's  trial  given  to  different 
styles  being  a  decided  leaning  toward  the  classical 
architecture  of  the  eighteenth  century,  based  as  with 
us  on  a  more  complete  understanding  of  that  style,  and 
therefore  on  a  greater  mastery  with  the  possibility  of 
greater  freedom  of  treatment  than  ever  nineteenth 
century  architects  attained  when  attempting  to  work 
in  the  style  of  a  former  period. 

I  may  sum  up  my  argument  by  saying  that  in  my 
opinion  there  has  been  in  the  history  of  architecture  a 
progressive  though  sometimes  interrupted  develop- 
ment of  style  as  an  expression  of  the  architectural  re- 
quirements of  society  from  the  fifteenth  century  up  to 
the  nineteenth,  and  that  in  order  to  progress  still  fur- 
ther we  must  start  from  the  advanced  point  which  had 
been  reached  before  the  continuity  of  progress  was 
interrupted.  Yet,  if  we  would  not  stand  still,  we  must 
constantly  work  at  the  adaptation  of  old  means  to  new 
wants  which  have  arisen  and  are  arising  in  our  time. 



In  domestic  architecture  much  has  been  done  in  this  re- 
spect, especially  in  England,  and  of  late  years  in  Ger- 
many. But  in  no  country  is  progress  more  likely  to  be 
brought  about  in  this  manner  than  in  the  United  States, 
where  architects  have  already  shown  themselves  well 
able  to  grapple  with  new  architectural  problems  aris- 
ing from  new  requirements,  as  in  your  admirable  li- 
braries, or  from  new  methods  of  construction,  as  in 
your  giant  conunercial  buildings ;  and  where  the  oppor- 
tunities offered  to  architects  are  more  frequent  and  the 
means  at  their  disposal  greater  than  in  any  other  coun- 
try or  age.  The  advancement  of  art  has  always  been 
promoted  by  the  peaceful  rivalry  of  nations,  and  I 
therefore  feel  sure  that  the  art  of  European  countries 
can  only  gain  by  our  finding,  as  we  certainly  shall,  in 
the  United  States  of  America,  a  competitor  as  formi- 
dable in  the  domain  of  art  as  in  commerce  and  in  in- 
dustry.   [Applause] 





A  HIGH  honor  has  been  paid  to  me  by  the  committee  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute.  The  request  has  been  made 
that  I  shall  take  a  part  in  the  interesting  ceremonies  in 
which  we  have  been  engaged  this  week.  In  response  to 
this  request  I  am  here  to  give  a  brief  address  on  a  sub- 
ject which  has  recently  engaged  very  much  attention. 
It  relates  to  the  removal  of  a  great  scientific  diflBculty. 
The  difficulty  may  be  succinctly  stated  as  follows : 
A  study  of  terrestrial  phenomena  shows  that  the  an- 
tiquity of  the  sun  appears  to  be  very  much  greater  than 
would  be  compatible  with  the  supposition  that  its  heat 
was  derived  only  from  contraction  on  the  principles  of 

We  shall  first  consider  how  far  the  theory  of  Helm- 
holtz affords  an  adequate  explanation  of  the  suste- 
nance of  the  solar  heat.  The  theory  of  Helmholtz  sug- 
gests that  the  heat  of  the  sun  is  continually  replenished 
by  its  contraction.  I  need  not  go  into  the  details  of  the 
experimental  investigation  of  the  present  amount  of 
solar  radiation ;  suffice  it  to  say,  that,  according  to  the 
determination  of  Schciner,  which  is  apparently  the 



best  attainable  result,  we  may  make  the  following 
statement : — 

At  a  point  in  open  space  distant  from  the  sun  by  the 
earth's  mean  distance,  one  square  foot  exposed  per- 
pendicularly to  the  solar  radiation  would  receive  in 
one  minute  enough  solar  heat  to  raise  one  pound  of 
water  14*  Fahrenheit. 

The  unit  of  heat  we  employ  in  these  investigations 
is  the  quantity  of  heat  which  would  be  given  out  in  the 
combustion  of  a  globe  of  ordinary  coal  as  heavy  as  the 
sun.  We  assume  that  this  coal  is  supplied  with  suffi- 
cient oxygen  for  perfect  combustion.  To  sustain  the 
radiation  of  the  sun  at  its  present  rate  by  the  combus- 
tion of  coal,  a  quantity  of  coal  would  have  to  be  con- 
sumed which  would  correspond  to  one  unit  every  2800 
years.  We  are,  therefore,  to  remember  that  a  globe  of 
coal  as  heavy  as  the  sun,  if  burned  continuously  and 
uniformly,  so  that  it  should  be  all  reduced  to  ashes  in 
2800  years,  would,  during  that  time,  give  out  just  as 
much  heat  as  the  sun,  radiating  at  its  present  rate, 
would  give  in  the  same  time. 

This  statement  at  least  demonstrates  that  combus- 
tion cannot  be  the  cause  of  the  sustenance  of  solar  heat. 
We  know  that  the  sun  has  been  shining  as  warmly  and 
brightly  as  it  does  at  present  for  many  thousands  or 
millions  of  years.  As  2800  years  would  be  the  utmost 
limit  to  the  time  during  which  a  sun  which  depended 
only  on  combustion  of  ordinary  fuel  could  give  out 
heat,  we  must  look  to  some  agent  much  more  powerful 
than  combustion  for  the  sustenance  of  solar  heat. 



For  the  purpose  of  our  illustration  we  shall  suppose 
that  a  pound  weight  of  the  sun  was  to  be  dragged  to 
infinity  against  the  attraction  of  the  sun.  This  attrac- 
tion is  very  considerable.  A  pound  weight  on  the  sur- 
face of  the  sun  would  weigh  about  twenty-six  times 
as  much  as  a  pound  does  on  the  surface  of  the  earth.  A 
pound  weight  on  a  spring  balance  would,  of  course,  on 
the  earth  be  indicated  as  one  pound.  If,  however, 
weight  and  balance  were  straightway  carried  to  the 
sun,  the  balance  would  then  show  twenty-six  pounds, 
though  there  was  no  alteration  in  the  mass  it  carried. 
To  move  this  body  a  foot  from  the  sun  would  therefore 
require  twenty-six  foot-pounds  of  work,  and  to  move 
it  two  feet  would  require  fif ty^two  units  of  work.  The 
task  of  pulling  the  pound  weight  away  to  infinity 
would  be  an  onerous  one.  The  attraction  of  the  sun 
would  not  appreciably  diminish  for  miles  and  thou- 
sands of  miles,  but  at  last  it  would  be  found  that  the 
weight  instead  of  being  twenty-six  pounds  was  only 
twenty-five  pounds,  and  then  twenty-four  pounds,  and 
as  the  body  got  further  away  from  the  sun's  surface  the 
attraction  would  lessen  continually,  when  the  body 
was  distant  from  the  sun's  center  about  five  times  the 
sun's  radius,  the  apparent  weight  would  be  reduced  to 
about  one  pound;  when  it  was  distant  ten  times  the 
sun's  radius  the  apparent  weight  would  be  reduced  to  a 
quarter  of  a  pound ;  and  in  like  manner  the  force  neces- 
sary to  drag  the  weight  away  from  the  sun  would  grad- 
ually lessen  until  it  at  last  became  imperceptible. 

The  quantity  of  energy  thus  employed  in  pulling 



the  body  away  from  the  sun  can  be  expressed  as  a  cer- 
tain number  of  foot-pounds.  We  might  imagine  the 
work  to  be  done  by  a  steam-engine,  in  which  case  a  cer- 
tain quantity  of  fuel  would  have  to  be  consumed.  We 
can  thus  conceive  that  the  energy  of  a  certain  amount 
of  coal  would  be  measured  by  its  capability  for  the 
task  of  removing  a  pound  weight  from  the  surface  of 
the  sun  and  taking  it  off  to  infinity. 

The  following  is  the  method  by  which  we  can  ascer- 
tain what  that  amount  of  coal  would  be.  We  know 
the  speed  that  would  be  acquired  by  an  object  let  fall 
from  infinity  and  traveling  direct  to  the  sun.  This  is 
much  the  same  speed  as  that  which  a  comet  would  ac- 
quire when,  in  being  drawn  in  from  an  indefinitely 
great  distance,  it  wheeled  round  the  sun,  grazing  the 
sun,  though  not  exactly  falling  into  it.  The  speed 
ultimately  attained  by  the  comet  is  about  390  miles  a 
second.  This  will  give  a  sufficiently  close  determina- 
tion of  the  speed  with  which  the  pound  weight,  if  let 
fall  from  infinity,  would  arrive  at  the  sun's  surface.  It 
is  an  elementary  principle  of  dynamics  that  the  energy 
which  the  stone  would  have  when  it  reached  the  sun's 
surface  would  be  precisely  equal  to  all  the  work  that 
was  required  in  dragging  it  away  therefrom.  If,  there- 
fore, we  can  find  the  energy  with  which  the  stone  would 
return  to  the  surface  of  the  sun,  we  have  the  measure  of 
the  energy  that  would  be  necessary  to  withdraw  it  to 

We  know  that  a  stone,  or  any  other  object  which 
travels  at  the  rate  of  five  miles  a  second,  will  possess  in 



virtue  of  that  velocity  an  energy  equal  to  that  which  is 
produced  by  the  combustion  of  an  equal  weight  of  coal. 
We  also  know  that  the  energy  is  proportional  to  the 
square  of  the  velocity,  so  that  a  stone  which  falls  with 
a  velocity  of  390  miles  a  second,  and  which  has  sev- 
enty-eight times  the  velocity  which  we  have  just  con- 
sidered, will  have  in  virtue  of  that  velocity  as  much 
energy  as  could  be  produced  by  the  combustion  of  60CX) 
pounds  of  coal.  Here,  then,  we  have  an  indication  of 
the  quantity  of  potential  energy  possessed  by  the  sun 
when  its  materials  were  in  a  widely  expanded  nebula. 
To  restore  the  sun  to  its  original  condition  of  a  nebula 
at  an  extremely  great  distance  would  require  for  each 
pound  of  solar  matter  as  much  energy  as  would  be 
yielded  by  the  combustion  of  tons  of  coal.  Hence,  we 
need  not  feel  surprised  at  the  statement  that  in  the 
process  of  its  contraction  from  infinity  to  its  present 
bulk  the  sun  has  yielded  3400  times  as  much  heat  as 
could  be  produced  by  the  combustion  of  a  globe  of  coal 
the  same  weight  as  the  sun.  This  figure,  3400,  is  no 
doubt  not  exactly  that  which  was  deduced  from  the 
actual  illustration,  but  it  is  the  correct  result  after 
various  points  now  overlooked  have  been  attended  to. 
Our  first  consideration  at  such  a  statement  is  one  of 
amazement.  It  is  truly  astonishing  that  a  mere  redis- 
tribution of  the  materials  of  the  sun  into  the  form  of 
a  very  diffuse  nebula  should  absorb  so  much  heat.  In 
this  we  have  taken  no  account  of  the  temperature  of  the 
sun.  That  is  obviously  of  trifling  moment  in  considera- 
tion of  the  solar  heat  assets.    The  sun  could  be  warmed 



from  the  cold  of  absolute  space  up  to  its  present  tem- 
perature by  the  combustion  of  a  quantity  of  coal  which 
would  probably  be  far  less  than  its  present  weight,  so 
that  a  single  one  of  the  coal  units  would  be  more  than 
sufficient  to  account  for  the  temperature  of  the  sun,  if 
that  was  all  that  was  involved.  What  we  have  now 
seen  is  that  literally  thousands  of  these  units  are  con- 
cerned when  we  are  estimating  the  quantity  of  heat 
given  out  in  the  course  of  the  contraction  from  the 

We  have  seen  that  one  of  our  coal  units  will  supply 
the  sun's  heat  for  2800  years.  We  have  also  seen  that 
the  whole  amount  of  contraction  will  produce  3400 
coal  units.  If  we  multiply  them  together  we  get  the 
disappointingly  small  product,  9,520,000.  This  tells 
us  that  if  Helmholtz's  theory  of  the  source  of  the  sun's 
heat  were  true,  the  sun  cannot  have  gone  on  radiating 
with  its  present  intensity  for  as  long,  let  us  say,  as  ten 
million  years.  This  result  is  distinctly  disconcerting 
to  one  who  expects  to  find  in  Helmholtz's  theory  an 
adequate  explanation  of  the  sustentation  of  sun-heat. 
Even  making  every  allowance  for  errors,  we  must  con- 
clude that  if  these  figures  are  correct  the  sun's  radia- 
tion could  not  have  warmed  the  earth  for  such  im- 
mensely greater  periods  of  time  as  those  which  are  de- 
manded by  the  undoubted  evidence  of  geology,  as  is  so 
ably  shown  in  Professor  Patterson's  most  valuable 

Compare  also  the  figures  which  resulted  from  Pro- 
fessor John  Joly's  investigation  of  the  antiquity  of  the 



earth  as  deduced  from  the  salt  of  the  sea.  He  showed 
that  a  period  of  nearly  a  hundred  million  years  would 
be  necessary  for  the  transformation  of  the  sea  from 
fresh-water  to  salt-water.  Now  this  period  is  ten  times 
as  long  as  the  total  period  during  which  the  sim  could 
have  been  shining,  if  the  Helmholtzian  view  were  cor- 

The  difficulty  which  has  here  been  stated  can  be  re- 
moved only  in  one  way.  There  must  be  some  source  of 
energy  in  the  sun  beside  that  arising  from  contraction^ 
and,  indeed,  much  larger  than  that  due  to  contraction. 
Until  this  main  source  of  energy  can  be  pointed  out  the 
physics  of  the  solar  system  lie  under  reproach. 

Happily,  we  now  see  a  way  out  of  the  difficulty. 
The  discoveries  of  corpuscular  motion  by  Professor  J. 
J.  Thomson  have  revealed  to  us  movements  of  matter 
with  velocities  enormously  transcending  those  with 
which  astronomy  has  made  us  acquainted.  Dr.  W.  £. 
Wilson  has  pointed  out  how  a  very  small  percentage  of 
radium  in  the  sun  would  account  for  the  sustentation 
of  its  heat,  and  the  Hon.  R.  Strutt  has  shown  how  the 
minute  quantity  of  radium  in  the  granites  of  the  earth 
would  enormously  slow  down  its  rate  of  cooling.  The 
terrestrial  indications  of  actual  matter  moving  with  the 
velocity  of  light  have  been  paralleled  and  illustrated 
in  a  striking  manner  by  the  astronomical  fact  that  the 
nebula  in  Nova  Persei  seemed  also  animated  with  a 
velocity  of  the  same  order. 

That  the  nebula  from  which  the  solar  system  orig- 
inated contained  particles  moving  with  velocities  500 



times  as  great  as  that  of  the  swiftest  comet,  will  now 
be  admitted.  That  an  enomious  supply  of  energy 
would  be  provided  by  even  a  very  small  quantity  of 
matter  so  moving  must  be  admitted.  It  is  to  be  remem- 
bered that  a  mass  of  one  pound  moving  with  the  ve- 
locity of  light  would  possess  in  virtue  of  that  velocity 
as  much  energy  as  could  be  produced  by  the  combustion 
of  half  a  million  tons  of  coal. 

Thus  the  discovery  of  radium  and  of  the  wonderful 
phenomena  associated  therewith,  has  provided  an 
escape  from  one  of  the  gravest  difficulties  in  science. 





Mr.  President^  Gentlemen  of  the  Board  of  ^rustees^ 
Ladies  and  Gentlemen: 

In  the  first  list  of  the  invited  guests  which  was  kindly 
sent  to  us  by  the  Board  of  Trustees  was  written  under 
my  name,  "The  only  soldier/'  I  am  sure  many  of  the 
illustrious  participators  in  to-day's  ceremony  will  have 
thought  in  reading  this  remark,  "Is  Saul  also  among 
the  prophets?"  and  will  have  taken  it  as  a  new  proof  of 
the  empire  of  militarism  in  Germany.  I  also  may  reply, 
"Mars  Musis  Amicus,"  for  an  officer,  like  every  other 
well  educated  man,  must  be  well  informed  in  the  pro- 
gress of  matters  of  science  and  literature.  An  officer, 
who  has  the  real  conception  of  the  task  which  human 
destiny  has  imposed  upon  him,  will  always  be  conscious 
that  he  ought  to  be,  not  only  a  drill-master  and  a  teacher 
of  military  specialties,  but  that  he  also  has  the  noble 
duty  of  leading  his  subordinates  in  the  direction  of  cul- 
ture and  civilization. 

From  this  point  of  view,  I  hope  you  will  pardon  me 



if  in  this  assembly  of  representatives  of  science,  art,  and 
literature,  I  dare  utter  some  few  words  about  Ger- 
many's Military  Constitution,  as  it  is  possible  there 
might  be  some  misunderstanding  about  this  matter. 

We  shall  see  that  this  military  constitution  is  not  the 
product  of  accidental  caprice,  but  on  the  contrary,  truly 
reflects  the  indigenous  character  of  the  nation.  By  re- 
stricting one's  self  to  reading  the  daily  and  periodical 
press  it  becomes  difficult  to  get  a  correct  insight  into  our 
military  life.  They  who  form  their  opinions  only  from 
such  articles  and  compare  them  with  the  caricatures  of 
the  comic  papers,  and  only  visit  the  big  towns  and 
princely  residences  of  the  Fatherland,  will  probably 
come  to  the  conclusion  that  the  whole  of  Germany  is 
little  more  than  barracks,  and  they  will  have  a  horror  of 
walking  in  the  streets  where  it  might  be  difficult  to 
avoid  a  disagreeable  meeting  with  the  extravagances 
and  haughtiness  of  young  officers  armed  with  quizzing- 

Of  course  no  reasonable  man  will  deny  that  in  such 
an  immense  organization  as  our  army,  here  and  there 
may  be  found  some  singularities,  and  we  would  natu- 
rally deeply  regret  if  these  laughable  trivialities  were 
not  slashed  up  by  cunning  humorists  and  witty  carica- 

It  is  not  possible  to  judge  a  nation,  her  whole  doings, 
and  all  her  exertions  in  the  competitions  of  the  world, 
without  studying  her  history.  Therefore  nobody  can 
understand  the  essence  of  German  military  constitu- 
tions if  he  does  not  try  to  find  out  the  reasons,  and  how 



Germany  was  obliged  by  circumstances  to  organize  the 
national  defense  as  it  now  is. 

Frederick  the  Great,  King  of  Prussia,  had  obtained 
the  position  of  his  kingdom  against  his  powerful  neigh- 
bors by  the  same  sort  of  weapons  they  used  against 
him.  That  is  to  say,  he  found  no  other  expedient  than 
to  form  and  support  an  army  of  enlisted  men  gathered 
wherever  his  recruiting  officers  could  get  them.  The 
more  foreigners  that  could  be  enlisted,  the  better  for 
his  own  kingdom;  for  every  man  not  a  Prussian  who 
entered  the  Prussian  army  made  it  possible  for  a  child 
of  the  country  to  remain  at  home  working  at  his  fireside. 
Prussia  being  at  that  time  rather  thinly  populated,  it  is 
clear  that  this  system  was  considered  a  real  benefit  for 
its  development. 

But  if  we  look  on  the  reverse  side  of  the  medal  we 
see  that  by  this  system  the  Prussian  people  acquired  the 
feeling  that  all  affairs  of  war  were  the  business  of  the 
sovereign  only.  The  army  was  looked  upon  as  an  in- 
strument in  the  hands  of  the  king.  He  had  to  pay  for  it 
as  you  have  to  pay  for  any  instrument  you  use.  Pe- 
rusing the  private  letters  of  that  time,  written  while 
warlike  preparations  were  going  on  between  armies, 
we  are  struck  with  the  indifference  we  find  on  every 
page  in  regard  to  events  upon  which  the  existence  of 
the  whole  kingdom  was  depending.  This  system  of 
an  enlisted  army  was  kept  up  until  the  beginning  of 
the  last  century.  The  army  and  the  leading  officers, 
resting  on  the  laurels  won  by  the  preceding  generation, 
were  not  able  to  stand  the  shock  of  an  attack  led  by  the 



genius  of  a  Napoleon.  Prussia  had  to  undergo  in  those 
sad  days  of  October,  1806,  a  calamity  than  which  a 
severer  one  can  not  be  imagined. 

But  not  only  was  something  rotten  in  the  state  of 
Prussia  at  that  time,  but  both  the  government  and  all 
classes  of  the  nation  had  forgotten  their  duties  and 
were  not  accustomed  to  regard  gigantic  events  from  a 
high  point  of  view.  I  suppose  it  will  not  be  possible  to 
describe  the  political  apprehension  of  the  whole  period 
better  than  by  the  following  example. 

When  the  news  of  the  terrible  defeat  of  Jena  arrived 
at  Berlin  the  governor  published  this  placard:  ''The 
King  has  lost  a  battle.  Now,  the  first  duty  of  every 
citizen  is  to  be  quiet.''  How  mistaken  the  governor 
was !  Not  only  the  king  had  lost  a  battle,  but  the  whole 
nation  was  defeated  in  the  lost  engagement  in  Thur- 
ingia.  It  was  not  inaction  that  had  to  be  the  first  task 
of  everybody;  on  the  contrary,  every  man,  from  the 
lowest  to  the  highest,  had  at  this  moment  to  do  all  he 
could  to  assist  the  general  struggle  for  the  reconstruc- 
tion of  the  destroyed  commonwealth.  The  peace  of 
Tilsit,  which  closed  the  unfortunate  campaign  of  1806, 
compelled  Prussia  to  relinquish  half  of  her  territory 
and  only  allowed  her  to  keep  in  arms  quite  a  small  mili- 
tary power.  This  time  of  deepest  humiliation,  when 
the  poor  and  tormented  people  had  yet  to  feed  a  whole 
foreign  army  quartered  in  their  own  country,  com- 
pelled the  leading  spirits  to  investigate  the  real  causes 
of  this  unexpected  disaster.  The  truth  gradually 
dawned  upon  them  that  the  real  reason  for  a  lasting 



success  in  war  does  not  depend  upon  the  number  of  the 
fighting  men  or  upon  the  efficiency  of  the  weapons,  but 
upon  the  superiority  of  the  entire  moral  qualities  of  the 
warring  nations.  This  truth  once  recognized,  a  strug- 
gle to  find  the  right  organization  began,  not  only  for 
the  armed  forces  but  also  for  the  whole  of  the  public 
service.  How  these  ideas  took  form,  how  truly  they 
were  carried  out,  is  shown  by  the  effects  they  had. 
From  this  period  of  sincere  but  silent  work,  we  date  the 
foundation  of  our  total  modern  legislation,  covering 
among  other  things  the  self-government  of  cities,  and 
last,  but  not  least,  the  founding  of  the  Berlin  Univer- 
sity. The  king  himself  gave  for  this  purpose  one  of  his 
own  palaces.  In  this  building  the  university  is  still 
at  work,  and  in  these  halls  during  the  last  two  winters 
the  German  students  had  the  honor  and  the  enviable 
privilege  of  attending  the  lectures  of  such  far-sighted 
and  enlightened  scholars  as  the  American  professors, 
Mr.  Peabody  and  Mr.  Burgess. 

In  order  to  bring  about  a  new  organization  of  the 
army  King  Frederick  William  III  had  the  talent  and 
the  good  fortune  to  choose  a  commission  of  men  who 
clearly  understood  the  necessities  of  the  army  as  well  as 
political  economy.  The  leading  genius  of  this  commis- 
sion was  General  Schamhorst,  a  son  of  a  simple  Han- 
overian farmer.  His  proposals  were  adopted  and  the 
principles  he  instituted  are  still — one  hundred  years 
later — dominant  in  our  whole  present  military  organ- 

The  ruling  idea  of  Scharnhorst  was,  that,  instead  of 



putting  in  the  ranks  only  enlisted  recruits,  every  citi- 
zen able  to  carry  arms  should  be  obliged  to  participate 
in  defending  his  native  soil.  We  ask,  where  did 
Scharnhorst  find  his  ideas  ?  Had  he  taken  them  from 
ancient  Rome  at  the  time  of  the  republic  when  the 
Roman  citizen  was  hauled  from  the  plow  to  march  di- 
rectly against  the  invading  Carthaginians  ?  It  was  not 
necessary  to  dive  so  deeply  into  classic  antiquity. 
George  Washington  had  shown  to  the  astonished 
world  but  a  few  years  before  that  simple  militiamen 
were  able  to  challenge  the  best  drilled  and  equipped 
regular  troops  if  the  militia  had  only  time  enough  to 
practise  before  going  into  the  campaign.  This  system 
proposed  by  Scharnhorst  and  adopted  by  the  necessity 
of  a  bitter  political  situation,  stood  the  severe  test  in 
the  following  decisive  wars  of  1813-15. 

By  Scharnhorst's  method  little  Prussia  was  at  that 
time  enabled  to  equip  armies,  which,  proportionately, 
have  never  been  numerically  surpassed  by  any  nation. 
Sixty  years  later,  when  our  empire  united  the  different 
branches  of  the  German  tree,  Schamhorst's  method  was 
embraced  by  the  whole  of  Germany. 

The  principal  idea,  as  I  have  already  said,  is  that 
every  young  man  has  personally  to  do  his  best  to  de- 
fend the  Fatherland,  and  that  no  influence,  either  of 
fortune  or  of  erudition,  may  excuse  him,  if  he  be  fit, 
from  this  gallant  task.  So  we  find  the  son  of  the  mil- 
lionaire standing  in  the  same  rank,  side  by  side  with  the 
shepherd,  both  wearing  the  same  uniform,  and  al- 
though coming  from  such  different  stations  in  life,  yet 



making  in  their  external  appearance  a  similar  impres- 
sion. The  young  soldier,  marching  for  months  in  the 
same  rank  with  comrades  of  all  social  classes,  naturally 
gets  an  idea  of  the  feelings  of  men  bom  in  quite  a  dif- 
ferent cradle.  The  regiments  being  garrisoned  in 
towns,  the  country  recruit  gets  an  impression  of  town 
life  and  his  horizon  is  enlarged.  On  the  other  hand, 
when  in  the  big  manoeuvers  the  troops  cross  a  province 
from  one  comer  to  the  other,  and  are  billeted  in 
small  places  or  villages,  the  town  recruit  is  able  to 
study  the  advantages  and  disadvantages  of  agrarian 
life.  In  their  whole  future  most  of  them  will  never 
find  such  a  favorable  opportunity  of  coming  together  in 
such  close  contact  with  people  in  other  conditions  in 

In  regard  to  the  general  standard  of  scientific  educa- 
tion, Scharnhorst's  system  has  produced  an  effectual  in- 
fluence. As  you  know,  every  child  is  compelled  by  our 
government  to  go  to  school  from  his  sixth  to  his  four- 
teenth year.  After  that  time  his  education  is  no  longer 
compulsory.  When  the  recruits  are  distributed  in 
autumn  to  the  different  regiments  the  first  thing  re- 
quired is  that  every  young  soldier  shall  write  his  own 
biography  without  any  help.  From  the  published 
statistics  based  on  the  summaries  of  this  examination 
we  are  able  to  see  what  percentage  the  enrolled  men 
of  every  district  have  retained  of  what  they  learned  in 
their  school-days. 

The  result  of  these  publications  is  bringing  about, 
of  course,  a  great  emulation  between  the  different  prov- 



inces.  No  district  likes  to  be  named  as  a  home  of 
ignorance.  Not  to  disturb  the  studious  young  men  in 
their  educational  career,  such  young  men  are  required 
to  remain  only  one  year  with  the  colors  instead  of  two 
or  three.  But  in  order  to  get  this  permission  it  is  indis- 
pensable to  prove  possession  of  a  certain  degree  of 
knowledge.  This  can  be  evidenced  either  by  a  special 
examination  or  by  a  certificate  which  the  young  man 
must  get  before  presenting  himself  to  the  military  en- 
rolling commission  which  is  to  decide  whether  he  be 
fit  or  not.  I  am  sure  that  you  will  agree  with  me  that 
the  ambition  to  get  this  one-year  certificate  is  a  great 
stimulus  for  the  majority  of  young  men.  For  I  am 
sorry  to  say  that  many  of  them  would  not,  were  it  not 
for  this  examination,  voluntarily  remain  in  school 
merely  from  a  desire  to  learn. 

I  hope  I  have  depicted  plainly  enough  that  our  mili- 
tary constitution  is  founded  upon  a  democratic  basis. 
Should  a  war  break  out,  every  one  will  have  a  dear 
relation  or  friend  who  must  hasten  to  arms.  I  think 
such  a  constitution  must  consequently  have  an  im- 
mensely peaceful  influence  upon  the  policy  of  the  gov- 
ernment. Our  army  in  time  of  war  is  nothing  more  than 
an  army  of  citizens.  Thanks  to  this  present  military 
constitution,  it  will  never  happen  again  that  a  foreign 
government  will  be  able  to  hire  German  regiments,  as 
was  unfortunately  the  case  during  your  War  of  Inde- 
pendence with  the  poor  Hessian  and  Brunswick  mer- 

You  may  say  that  it  is  to  be  regretted  on  the  whole 




that  wc  should  have  to  support  an  enormous  army.  But 
the  necessity  for  it  will  remain  until  the  efforts  for  gen- 
eral disarmament  have  succeeded.  Germany,  lying  in 
the  center  of  Europe,  must  not  be  less  prepared  for  an 
armed  decision  than  her  neighbors. 

I  fear  Polonius  would  say  to  my  modest  address: 
"This  is  too  long."  But  it  was  my  intention  to  show  also 
that  the  striking  thought  which  Andrew  Carnegie  has 
so  graphically  portrayed  respecting  the  development  of 
a  man's  character  can  also  be  applied  to  the  develop- 
ment of  a  great  nation.  Happy  the  man  who  can  look 
back  with  satisfaction  to  a  hard  and  struggling  youth. 
It  was  a  great  blessing  for  America,  as  well  as  for  Ger- 
many, that  both  of  them  had  in  their  years  of  political 
foundation  to  pass  through  such  a  series  of  long  and 
bitter  troubles.    [Great  applause] 





Le  Musee  de  Luxembourg,  qui  a  rhonneur  et  la  joie 
d'etre  votre  bote  en  la  personne  de  son  representant  au- 
torise,  est  la  plus  vieille  galerie  du  monde.  II  est  beu- 
reux  de  venir  porter  son  salut  f  ratemel  et  ses  voeux  de 
prosperite  a  Tun  des  plus  jeunes  Musces  du  Nouveau 
Continent.  ^ 

Le  baut  patronage  auquel  Tlnstitut  Carnegie  doit  le 
batiment  que  nous  venons  inaugurer  est  pour  lui  le 
gage  sur  d'une  canicre  indefiniment  utile  et  feconde. 
Le  nom  de  Carnegie  lui  portera  doublement  bonbeur. 
II  est  sjmonyme  de  passion  pour  la  baute  culture  intel- 
lectuelle  et  synonyme  d'amour  de  la  paix.  Or  les  arts, 
qui  sont  les  fruits  de  la  paix,  sont  un  des  plus  puissants 
instruments  de  concorde  et  d'barmonie  a  travers  les 
bommes.  L'Institut  Carnegie  est  appele  a  realiser  le 
double  but  que  son  bienfaiteur  a  assigne  a  une  vie  qui 
veut  ctre  citce  en  exemple. 

On  ne  saurait  trop,  en  effet,  multiplier  les  asiles  de 
TArt  et  de  la  Science.  On  ne  saurait  trop  attendre  de 
leur  role  social  et  de  TefBcacitc  de  leur  mission. 

Si  les  temoignages  n'en  etaient  pas  manif estes  a  tons 
les  yeux,  Tbistoire  de  ce  vieux  Luxembourg  en  four- 
nirait  une  preuve  eclatantc.    II  a  etc,  comme  vous  savez, 



fonde  en  1750;  Un  modeste  ecrivain  d'art,  La  Font  dc 
Saint- Yennc,  dans  un  opuscule  intitule:  "Reflexions 
sur  quelques  causes  de  Tetat  present  dc  la  peinture  en 
France,"  paru  en  1747,  faisait  valoir  les  avantages 
qu'il  y  aurait  pour  les  artistes  et  pour  le  public  a  pou- 
voir  ctudier  les  richesses  des  collections  royales,  reunies 
dans  une  Galerie  qui  leur  f ut  ouverte. 

Jusqu'alors,  il  faut  le  dire,  les  artistes  etaient  si  de- 
pourvus  de  moyens  de  completer  leur  education  devant 
les  chefs-d'oeuvre  des  maitres  que  le  grand  Ministre 
Colbert  avait  du  inventer  tout  expres  cette  institution, 
devenue  glorieuse,  de  TAcademie  de  France  a  Rome, 
Ceux  qui  avaient  etc  juges  dignes  d'encouragements 
pouvaient,  enfin,  aller  achever  leurs  etudes  dans  cet 
incomparable  Musee  vivant  de  Tltalie. 

L'idee  du  critique,  si  simple  qu'elle  nous  semble 
aujourd'hui,  parut  alors  si  neuve,  si  originale  et  si  heu- 
reuse,  on  Tentrevoyait  comme  devant  etre  tellement 
feconde  pour  les  progr^s  des  arts  que  chacun  en  re- 
vendiqua  la  patemitc.  II  n'y  eut  pas  jusqu'a  la  toute- 
puissante  favorite,  la  Marquise  de  Pompadour,  qui  ne 
la  reclamat  pour  son  compte. 

Le  14  octobre  1750,  le  nouveau  Musee  fut  inaugure. 
Les  bienf  aits  de  son  enseignement  ne  tardcrent  pas  a  se 
fair  sentir.  Deja  la  celebre  Galerie,  dediee  a  Marie  de 
Medicis,  qui  se  deroule  aujourd'hui  dans  toute  sa  mag- 
nificence et  sa  gloire  sur  les  parois  de  notre  auguste 
Maison  du  Louvre,  avait  etc  Tecole  la  plus  suivie  de 
nos  peintres  et  Rubens  fut  tou jours,  grace  a  elle,  un  des 
principaux  directeurs  de  TEcole  frangaise-    Jusqu'aux 



heures  des  grandes  luttes  qui  marquerent  les  premieres 
annees  du  XlXme  siecle  et  meme  dans  les  milieux  en- 
tierement  classiques,  son  influence  y  fit  constamment 
contrepoids  a  celle  des  grands  Italiens. 

A  partir  du  jour  ou  les  collections  du  Cabinet  du 
Roi  f urent  ouvertes  au  public,  le  Luxembourg  continua 
plus  inmiediatement  cette  mission  et  devint  le  veritable 
foyer  d'enseignement  de  Tart,  Longtemps  recrutees 
d'une  maniere  presque  exclusive  parmi  les  maitres  ita- 
liens, et  en  particulier  chez  les  grands  rhetoriciens  ou 
les  praticiens  savants  des  ccoles  de  Bologne  ou  de  Na- 
ples, ces  collections  s'ctaient  renouvelces  et  develop- 
pces,  depuis,  du  cote  des  petits  maitres  flamands  et 
hoUandais  qu'on  avait  fort  dedaignes  anterieure- 
ment.  C'est  devant  ces  peintures  plus  intimes,  plus 
f  amili^res,  plus  humaines,  que  se  f ormerent  les  precur- 
seurs  obscurs  mais  clairvoyants  qui  ont  prepare  revo- 
lution des  caractcres  les  plus  modemes  de  notre  art 
contemporain.  C'est  devant  Ruysdael,  Huysmans  ou 
Van  Goyen,  devant  Cuyp,  Potter  ou  Berchem,  devant 
Ostade  ou  Teniers,  Gerard  Dow,  Metsu  ou  Mieris,  que 
se  f ormerent  De  Mame,  Moreau  Taine,  Georges  Michel, 
Drolling  et  Boilly,  annongant  les  uns,  avant  que  se  f ut 
exercee  Tinfluence  des  Maitres  d' Outre  Manche,ravcne- 
ment  du  paysage  romantique  avec  Paul  Huet,  les 
autres  favorisant  Teclosion  de  la  peinture  d'interieurs 
avecGranet,  que  sui vit  Bon vin,  d' autres  creant  le  genre 
ou  s'illustrera  Meissonier. 

Cest  grace  a  ces  petits  maitres  reunis  dans  la  galerie 
du  Luxembourg,  que  se  maintient,  derri^re  les  vastes 



manifestations  heroiqucs  de  la  tourmcntc  revolution- 
naire  ou  dc  Tepopee  impcrialc,  un  petit  courant  etroit, 
mais  profond,  de  productions  modestes,  intimes,  plus 
terre  a  terre:  scenes  de  moeurs,  tableaux  d'interieurs, 
sujets  d'intimitc,  aspects  de  nature,  peintures  de  fleurs 
ou  de  nature  morte.  Et  ce  flot,  a  travers  les  angoisses 
des  grandes  crises  qui  changerent  le  sort  de  la  France  et 
la  face  de  TEurope,  assura  la  persistance  d'un  ideal  plus 
humain,  plus  proche^  destine  progressivement  a  sup- 
planter  rideal  artificiel,  fonde  uniquement  sur  la 
mythologie  ou  sur  Thistoire  antique,  qui  regnait  alors. 
Tel  est  le  premier  bienf ait  d'un  Musee. 

Le  romantisme,  vous  le  savez.  Messieurs,  vous,  les 
citoyens  d'un  pays  ou  les  grands  romantiques  fran- 
gais  sont  si  particulierement  honores,  le  romantisme  a 
cte  la  plus  eclatante  manifestation  de  cette  rupture 
avec  le  passe  immediat— de  ce  mouvement  d'emanci- 
pation  de  la  pensce  qui  fait  de  cette  epoque  comme  une 
sorte  de  Renaissance  du  XlXme  siecle. 

Le  principal  caractere  de  cette  glorieuse  periode  f ut 
un  eveil  comme  spontane  de  curiosite  universelle,  un 
elan  libre  et  passionne  vers  toutes  les  choses  de  la  nature 
et  de  rhomme.  On  s'interesse  avec  une  ardeur  intense 
a  toutes  les  formes  et  a  tous  les  ctats  de  Thumanite,  soit 
dans  le  present,  soit  dans  le  passe,  mais  dans  tous  les 
passes  a  la  fois.  Dans  chaque  pays  ce  fut  un  retour 
sympathique  vers  les  origines  nationales  et  c'est  le 
point  de  depart  de  la  magnifique  eclosion  historique  qui 
se  manifesta  dans  Terudition,  dans  les  lettres,  et  dans 
les  arts. 



Mais,  dans  Tart  il  n'y  a  pas  que  Tinspiration  qui  soit 
appclcc  a  ctrc  rcnouvelec,  il  y  a  le  mode  d'cxprcssion, 
car  Tart  est  Tideal  realise  par  la  forme.  Or,  justement, 
pendant  ces  temps  si  agitcs,  un  petit  Musce  s'ouvrait 
dans  la  Chapelle  des  Augustins  ou  Alexandre  Lenoir 
rescueillait  pieusement,  pour  les  sauver  de  la  destruc- 
tion, les  reliques  sacrees  de  nos  vieux  monuments  fran- 
gais.  Et,  c'est  la,  devant  ces  fragments  plus  ou  moins 
respectes  par  Touragan  revolutionnaire,  que  prirent 
naissance  les  premieres  etudes  attentives  de  notre  passe 
national.  EUes  aboutirent,  en  art,  a  ce  mode  particulier 
de  la  peinture  de  "genre  historique"  qui  va  occuper  une 
place  si  importante  dans  la  production  de  TEcole  fran- 
gaise,  avant  que  se  furent  repandus  les  romans  de 
Walter  Scott,  et  jusqu'aux  extremites  des  deux  camps 
hostiles  des  romantiques  ou  des  classiques.  Plus  tard, 
en  1830,  la  fondation  d'un  autre  Musee,  le  Musec 
Historique  de  Versailles,  contribuera,  a  son  tour,  au 
developpement  de  la  grande  peinture  d'histoire. 

Mais  que  dire  alors  de  Tinfluence  qu'a  exercee  sur  les 
arts  notre  glorieux  Musee  du  Louvre  ?  Fondc  en  pleine 
Convention,  il  usurpait  peu  a  peu  le  role  primitif  du 
Luxembourg  auquel  il  enle  vait  les  collections  anciennes 
et  qui  se  limitait  desormais  a  consacrer  les  chef-d'oeuvre 
de  TArt  vivant.  II  y  eut,  dans  Thistoire  du  Louvre, 
une  heure  inoubliable :  ce  f ut  celle  de  Tarrivee  de  ces 
monceaux  de  chefs-d'oeuvre,  conquis  par  les  guerres, 
assures  par  les  traites,  qui  reunirent,  durant  quelques 
annees,  a  Paris  presque  tout  ce  qu'il  y  avait  de  plus 
admirable  au  monde.    On  ne  pent  se  figurer  Timpres- 



sion  que  produisit  cet  evenement  sur  les  imaginations 
tnmultuenses  des  jeunes  maitres,  Gericault  ou  Dela- 
croix, qui  allaient  lever  Tetendart  de  la  revoke  contre 
les  tutelles  despotiques  et  surannees  et  jeter  les  bases 
d'un  art  nouveau,  expressif,  pathetique,  emu,  en  con- 
f ormite  avec  les  aspirations  de  la  pensee  moderne. 

Qu'ajouterais-je  encore  si  ce  n'est  que  le  Musce, 
mieux  que  TEcole,  est  le  veritable  educateur  ou  du 
moins  qu'il  est,  dans  bien  des  cas,  non  seulement  le 
complement,  mais  le  palliatif  de  I'Ecole.  En  effet, 
lorsque  le  culte  du  beau  n'est  plus  compris  que  dans  sa 
litteralite  scolaire,  que  les  plus  nobles  et  les  plus  sures 
traditions  se  trouvent  denaturees  a  travers  Tetroitesse 
des  dogmes  pedagogiques,  ce  sont  les  Musees  qui, 
dresses  comme  des  phares,  indiquent  la  vraie  voie  aux 
esprits  convaincus  et  clairvoyants.  lis  garden t  le 
depot  des  grandes  traditions  sacrees  et  on  doit  les 
venerer  comme  des  temples. 

Les  chefs-d'oeuvre  qu'ils  renferment  nous  ouvrent 
tons  les  jours  les  yeux  sur  la  grandeur  et  la  beaute  des 
spectacles  qui  nous  entourent  dans  la  realite,  en  nous 
montrant  comment  de  nobles  imaginations  les  ont  com- 
pris et  traduits  avant  nous.  Leur  action  est  meme  si 
intense  que  c'est  aussi  bien  devant  les  tableaux  des 
maitres  que  devant  la  nature  que  se  sont  accomplies  les 
revolutions  les  plus  hardies  qui  ont  eu  pour  but  de 
penctrer  et  de  f  econder  Tart  par  la  vie  et  de  dessiller  les 
yeux  obstrues  par  les  prejuges.  Demandez  aux  roman- 
tiques  les  plus  f  ougueux,  a  Delacroix,  par  exemple,  ce 
qu'il  est  alle  prendre  a  Rubens ;  demandez  aux  realistes 



les  plus  farouches  depuis  Courbct  jusqu'a  Fantin- 
Latour  tout  ce  qu'ils  doivent  aux  grands  botes  du 
Louvre.  Demandez  meme  aux  impressionistes,  a 
Manet  ce  qu'il  devait  a  Velasquez  ou  a  Goya,  a  Claude 
Monet  ce  que  lui  dirent  Constable  et  Turner  et  a  ce 
dernier  ce  que  lui  avait  appris  deja  Claude  Lorrain? 

Telle  est,  Messieurs,  vous  le  voyez,  la  mission  baute- 
ment  educatrice  des  Musees.  EUe  n'est  point,  d'ail- 
leurs,  restreinte  a  I'instruction  professionnelle  des 
artistes.  Son  role  social  est  encore  plus  etendu.  Les 
galeries  du  temps  jadis  n'avaient  ete  recueillies  par  les 
princes,  les  grands  sei^eurs  ou  les  financiers  que  conune 
des  fondations  destinees  a  satisfaire  leur  plaisir  ou  a 
flatter  leur  vanite.  La  Revolution  f rangaise,  en  redon- 
nant  la  vie  aux  Musees,  a  justement  defini  leurs  devoirs. 
EUe  les  a  qualifies  d'  "etablissements  d'enseignement." 
C'est  ainsi  desormais  que  nous  les  considerons,  avec 
rambition  d'y  enscigner  metbodiquement  Tbistoire  des 
manifestations  du  Beau,  sur  tous  les  modes  d'expres- 
sion,  et  a  travers  les  conceptions  les  plus  diverses  des 
races  bumaines.  C'est  ainsi  que  vous  avez  compris  le 
role  de  cette  auguste  maison  que  nous  inaugurons 
aujourd'bui.  EUe  est  largement  ouverte  a  tous,  aux 
beureux  et  surtout  aux  bumbles,  qui  ont  droit,  plus  que 
tous  les  autres,  vous  Tavez  compris,  aux  joies  et  aux 
consolations  de  Tart.  Son  present  repond  de  son  avenir 
et,  a  cette  beure  solennelle  dans  son  bistoire,  je  me  sens 
fier  et  beureux  de  lui  porter  les  voeux  du  vieux  Luxem- 
bourg en  saluant  avec  reconnaissance  et  avec  respect  le 
nom  de  son  f ondateur :  Andre  Carnegie.    \_Applause'] 





Mr.  Chairman^  Ladies  and  Gentlemen: 

There  arc  some  of  you  who  have  been  here  a  long  time 

and  are  rather  tired.    I  want  you  to  go  out  now. 

Voices:  No!  No! 

Well,  then,  stop  until  I  finish.  [Applause^  I  have 
to  speak  to  you  upon  a  subject  of  the  greatest  impor- 
tance, and  I  hope  that  what  I  may  say  may  have  some 
practical  result,  so  I  have  done  what  I  never  did  before 
in  my  life,  I  have  taken  the  precaution  to  write  my 
speech,  because  I  have  things  to  say  which  I  know  "for 
weal  or  for  woe"  will  make  echoes  in  the  press  of  the 
whole  world.  I  want  to  be  sure  that  I  say  exactly  what 
I  ought  to  say,  and  am  not  led  by  any  indiscretion  to 
say  any  words  that  might  be  stronger  or  more  profane 
than  I  ought  to  utter.    [Laughter] 

I  have  just  made  a  journey  through  ten  countries  for 
the  purpose  of  finding  out  what  is  the  next  step  toward 
international  peace.  I  have  seen  and  talked,  con- 
fidentially, with  three  kings,  two  queens,  one  prince 
regent,  one  imperial  chancellor,  and  all  the  prime 
ministers,  foreign  ministers,  ambassadors,  and  public 
men  who  were  worth  seeing.     [Applause]     I  found 



them  all  unanimous  upon  two  points.  The  first  was 
that  in  whatever  country  I  found  myself,  the  people  of 
that  country,  whether  they  were  the  subjects  or  citizens, 
rulers  or  ministers,  were  quite  clear  that  they  in  that 
countxy  were  the  most  devoted  to  peace  of  all  the  peo- 
ples of  the  world.  \^Applause\  None  of  them  would 
answer  for  the  other  nine  countries,  but  for  their  own. 
Whether  it  was  the  Kaiser,  or  our  own  King,  or  the 
President  of  the  French  Republic,  the  President  of 
your  own  Republic,  [Applause]  they  were  all  abso- 
lutely sure  that  the  people  at  the  head  of  which  they 
stand  are  absolutely  devoted  to  peace.  Now,  you  all 
like  that.    [Laughter] 

The  second  point  upon  which  they  are  all  agreed  is 
one  upon  which  I  wonder  whether  you  will  all  be  agreed. 
The  unanunity  is  quite  as  great  in  the  one  case  as  in 
the  other.  They  all  agreed  that  the  greatest,  if  not  the 
only,  danger  to  the  peace  of  the  world  lay  in  the  exis- 
tence of  a  large  number  of  violent,  unscrupulous,  and 
irresponsible  newspapers,  which  were  constantly  en- 
gaged in  making  mischief.  The  Imperial  Chancellor 
of  Germany,  Prince  von  Billow,  said  to  me,  "The 
Emperor  is  for  peace;  the  King  is  for  peace;  the  par- 
liaments are  for  peace ;  the  ministers  are  for  peace ;  only 
the  newspapers  are  for  war.  [Applause]  We  diplo- 
matists have  to  spend  our  time  in  running  around  with 
pails  of  water  to  put  out  the  fires  which  the  newspapers 

Eighteen  years  ago,  when  I  was  at  St.  Petersburg,  I 
met  General  von  Schweinitz,  the  German  ambassador 



at  the  court  of  Russia.  He  said  to  me,  "Mr.  Stead,  I 
hear  you  are  anxious  to  preserve  peace."  "Yes,"  said  I. 
'If  so,"  said  he,  "I  can  give  you  a  prescription  which 
will  secure  the  peace  of  the  world  for  all  time."  "Oh! 
give  it  to  me!  quick!  quick!  quick!"  I  said,  "I  want 
the  prescription."  "It  is  very  simple,"  he  said.  "You 
have  only  to  hang  twelve  newspaper  editors,  and  let 
me  choose  the  editors.  [Laughter  and  applause]  I 
would  begin  with  the  editor  of  the  'Cologne  Gazette,' 
and  the  second  man  whom  I  would  hang  would  be  the 
editor  of  the  London  Times.'  "  [Laughter^  in  which 
Mr.  C.  F.  Moberly  Bell,  of  the  London  '""iifnesr  who 
was  seated  on  the  platform,  joined  heartily]  I  do  not 
think  General  von  Schwcinitz  was  in  the  habit  of  read- 
ing American  newspapers.  I  hope  none  of  the  honor- 
able fraternity  will  feel  themselves  insulted  by  being 
left  out  of  the  first  position  in  the  category  of  the  hang- 
man.   [Laughter] 

The  other  day  I  was  in  Washington,  and  an  eminent 
American  statesman  told  me  that  the  newspapers  in 
the  New  World,  as  in  the  Old,  rendered  the  task  of  the 
government  in  maintaining  peace  very  difficult. 
"Have  you  any  remedy?"  I  asked.  "Alas,"  he  said, 
"I  see  no  remedy,  excepting  the  use  of  the  electrocution 
chair."  While  I  am  a  journalist,  proud  of  the  profes- 
sion to  which  I  have  devoted  nearly  forty  years  of  a 
busy  life,  and  yield  to  no  man  in  my  belief  in  the  enor- 
mous usefulness  of  the  press,  and  regard  the  freedom  of 
the  press  as  the  palladium  of  national  safety  and  na- 
tional progress,  partly  on  that  very  account  I  do  not 



hesitate  to  declare  that  in  the  discussion  of  interna- 
tional affairs  the  liberty  of  the  press,  in  many  scan- 
dalous cases,  has  degenerated  into  license,  which  at  this 
moment  is  the  greatest  danger  which  threatens  the 
peace  of  the  world.  Standing  here,  as  it  were,  upon 
the  housetop  of  the  world,  and  knowing  that  my  words 
will  be  heard  throughout  all  the  continents,  I  proclaim 
the  truth  which  all  reasonable  men  recognize,  but 
which  none  dare  to  declare,  that  the  irresponsible 
license  of  the  modern  press  is  increasing  and  must  be 
abated,  not  only  in  the  interests  of  international  peace, 
but  in  the  interest  of  the  press  itself.  {Prolonged  ap- 

At  Washington,  the  other  day,  I  was  told  that  in 
Panama  you  have  practically  banished  yellow  and 
malarial  fevers  from  the  Isthmus.  It  used  to  be 
thought  that  these  regions  were  cursed  by  nature  and 
doomed  to  suffer  from  these  pestilences.  It  always  had 
been  so,  and  it  was  considered  a  mere  fantasy  of  enthu- 
siasm to  imagine  that  it  ever  could  be  otherwise.  You 
Americans  have  discovered  that  yellow  fever  can  be 
banished  if  you  only  extirpate  the  malaria-bearing 
mosquito.  Therein  I  saw,  as  in  a  parable,  the  way  to 
secure  peace.  There  is  in  my  own  country — I  will  not 
venture  to  say  in  yours — a  plague,  not  of  the  yellow 
fever,  but  of  the  yellow  press !  [Applause^  Thanks 
to  its  activity,  the  nations  are  continually  in  danger  of 
war.  What  mankind  has  now  to  do  is  to  extirpate 
these  malaria-bearing  mosquitoes  of  sensational  jour- 
nalism.   [Applause]    Being  a  merciful  man,  I  do  not 



recommend  either  the  gallows  or  the  electrocution 
chair,  but  it  ought  not  to  be  beyond  the  resources  of  civil- 
ization for  laws  to  be  passed  which  would  consign  to  a 
convict  prison  every  journalist  who  could  be  convicted 
by  twelve  jurors,  good  men  and  true,  of  having  pub- 
lished false  or  misleading  statements,  in  scare  heads, 
or  in  the  body  of  his  paper,  which  were  calculated  to  in- 
flame national  animosity  against  a  neighboring  peace- 
ful nation  so  as  to  endanger  the  maintenance  of  peace. 
^Applause']  If  this  law  could  be  passed  it  would  help 
to  restore  the  somewhat  degraded  dignity  of  the  press, 
it  would  be  of  great  benefit  to  the  respectable  papers, 
and  it  would  enormously  facilitate  the  tasks  of  govern- 
ments anxious  to  maintain  peace.  It  is  written, 
"Blessed  are  the  peacemakers,  for  they  shall  be  called 
the  children  of  God,"  but  I  say  unto  you :  "Cursed  are 
the  mischief-makers,  for  they  are  verily  and  truly  the 
children  of  the  devil."    ^Applause] 

Your  experience  in  Panama  suggests  another  great 
lesson.  The  great  obstacle  to  the  safe  working  of  that 
great  trans-oceanic  waterway,  is  the  fact  that  the  river 
Chagres  is  subject  to  great  floods,  which,  unless  they  can 
be  dammed  back,  will  certainly  wreck  the  canal.  Na- 
tions, especially  nations  which  are  cursed  with  a  jingo 
press,  are  subject  to  torrential  floods  of  passion,  which 
from  time  to  time  sweep  away  all  the  efforts  of  their 
governments  to  maintain  peace.  The  danger  is  uni- 
versally recognized,  and  no  one  attempts  any  serious, 
earnest  eflFort  to  find  a  remedy.  The  last  Hague  Con- 
ference recognized  the  peril,  and  upon  the  motion  of 



Mr.  Holls,  an  American  citizen,  it  requested  and  ear- 
nestly recommended  that  hostilities  should  never  be 
entered  upon,  until  opportunity  had  been  a£Forded  for 
special  mediators  chosen  by  the  disputants  themselves, 
to  ascertain  whether  or  not  a  peaceful  settlement  could 
be  arranged.  It  further  recommended  that  a  period  of 
grace,  not  exceeding  thirty  days,  should  be  allowed  for 
such  special  mediators  to  try  and  make  peace.  If  this 
recommendation  had  been  acted  upon,  we  should  have 
escaped  both  the  war  in  South  Africa  and  the  Russian- 
Japanese  war.  What  the  coming  Hague  Conference 
should  do  is  to  transform  that  recommendation  into  an 
imperative  international  law.  [^Applause']  There  is, 
of  course,  no  absolute  remedy,  but  in  nine  cases  out  of 
ten  it  could  be  enforced  by  enacting  that  if  any  state 
goes  to  war  without  allowing  this  period  of  grace  for 
special  mediation,  it  should  be  declared  an  outlaw  and 
placed  under  an  international  ban,  as  an  enemy  of  the 
human  race,  {^Applause^  to  whom  it  shall  not  be  lawful 
for  the  citizens  or  subjects  of  any  other  state  to  lend 
money  for  the  prosecution  of  the  war,  \_Applause^  and 
all  whose  imports  shall  be  declared  ipso  facto  contra- 
band of  war.  "The  power  of  the  press"  is  often  mis- 
quoted as  the  "power  of  the  sword,"  and  if  only  Amer- 
ica, Great  Britain,  and  France  were  to  agree  to  enforce 
this  interdict  (as  they  are  the  three  money-lending 
powers  of  the  world) ,  the  nightmare  dread  of  sudden 
outbreak  of  war  without  an  opportunity  being  afforded 
for  reflection,  mediation,  or  inquiry,  would  be  banished 
from  the  world. 



There  is  an  admirable  bureau  at  Washington  estab- 
lished for  the  facilitation  of  friendly  and  fraternal  re- 
lations between  the  United  States  and  the  South  Amer- 
ican republics.  There  ought  to  be  such  an  interna- 
tional bureau  of  hospitality  in  every  capital  in  the 
world,  charged  with  similar  duties  in  relation  to  all 
foreigners.  The  coming  Hague  Conference  ought  to 
recommend  an  appropriation  for  peace  by  every  coun- 
try there  represented,  to  be  spent  in  aiding  and  abet- 
ting and  in  promoting  international  friendship,  and  in 
developing  a  system  of  international  hospitality.  The 
sum  needed  would  not  be  large.  If,  for  every  ten  dol- 
lars voted  every  year  for  our  armies  and  our  navies,  one 
little  red  cent  were  voted  for  peace,  it  would  be  quite 
sufficient.  [Applause']  Surely  that  is  not  an  extrav- 
agant demand. 

Another  step  which  ought  to  be  taken  at  The  Hague 
Conference  is  to  make  arbitration  obligatory  upon  all 
nations  on  all  questions  which  do  not  involve  national 
honor  or  vital  national  interests.  Yet  another  one  is 
to  create  and  maintain  at  The  Hague  a  small  Per- 
manent Board  of  Peacemakers,  say  of  three  members, 
whose  duty  it  would  be  to  take  prompt  measures  to 
bring  into  operation  the  peacemaking  machinery  laid 
down  by  The  Hague  Conference. 

These  measures  are  all  simple,  practical,  logical,  and 
necessary.  But  will  they  be  adopted?  I  will  reply: 
It  depends  solely  upon  you  citizens  of  America.  If  you 
are  apathetic  and  do  nothing.  The  Hague  Conference 
will  do  little  to  achieve  these  great  progressive  ad- 



vances  toward  international  peace;  but  if  you  arouse 
yourselves  to  a  true  sense  of  the  magnitude  of  this 
opportunity,  you  may  achieve  all  these  reforms  with 
more  to  follow.  A  great  obligation  lies  upon  you  to 
make  the  coming  Hague  Conference  successful.  The 
Conference  was  originally  proposed  by  Mr.  Bartholdt, 
a  member  of  the  American  Congress,  the  head  of  the 
American  group  of  the  American  Interparliamentary 
Union,  at  the  suggestion  of  that  Union's  meeting  on 
American  soil.  The  assembly  or  conference  was  ori- 
ginally proposed  by  the  President  of  the  United  States. 
The  most  important  proposal  likely  to  come  before 
them  is  to  make  obligatory  Article  Eight,  Mr.  HoUs', 
or  the  American  article,  in  the  convention  of  1899.  The 
most  important  proposal,  that  of  the  peace  appropria- 
tion to  enable  the  government  to  promote  good  feeling 
among  nations,  and  to  abate  defects  of  war,  also  ori- 
ginated in  the  American  brain.  The  Americans  are 
the  one  great  international  nation  of  the  world. 
[Applause]  The  Constitution  of  the  United  States 
of  America  is  based  upon  those  principles  of  liberty 
and  law  upon  which  will  yet  be  reared  the  Consti- 
tution of  the  United  States  of  the  World.  [Ap- 
plause'] You  are  rich,  energetic,  enthusiastic,  and  most 
practical  withal.  It  is  at  once  your  duty  and  your 
privilege  to  take  the  lead  of  this  human  race  in  this 
great  and  critical  movement.  Are  you  prepared  to  do 
it?  You  ask  me  in  reply,  "How  can  we  do  it?"  My 
answer  is  clear,  definite,  and  practical.  Our  Secretary 
of  State  for  War  said  to  me  before  I  was  starting  on  my 



journey,  "Remember  that  you  are  far  more  likely  to 
achieve  good  results  by  making  your  appeal  to  the  peo- 
ples rather  than  appealing  to  the  governments.  The 
governments  will  do  what  the  people  tell  them.  If  the 
people  are  apathetic,  the  governments,  who  are  all 
overdriven,  weighed  down  with  many  burdens,  will  do 
as  little  as  they  can.  You  will  effect  nothing  of  im- 
portance by  sending  a  deputation  of  one  or  two  or  three 
notables  to  make  representations  to  the  Kaiser,  or  to 
the  Czar,  or  to  the  King,  or  to  the  President  of  the  Re- 
public, unless  there  is  at  the  back  of  such  deputation 
the  manifested  determination  of  the  millions  to  have 
something  done  and  done  now.  Any  proposition  to  be 
practicable  must  be  in  the  first  instance  an  appeal  to  the 
masses  of  the  toilers  of  the  world.  Arouse  them  and 
the  rest  is  easy."  Therefore,  I  propose  that  the  coming 
Peace  Conference  at  New  York  pick  out,  let  us  say, 
twelve  representative  men  and  women  from  among 
the  first  citizens  of  the  Republic,  persons  who  are  not 
in  government  service,  but  who  are  of  international 
reputation,  and  ask  them  to  form  the  nucleus  of  a  great 
international  pilgrimage,  with  the  object  of  arousing 
the  nations  of  the  Old  World  to  appeal  with  you  to 
their  own  governments  to  give  to  their  delegates  at  The 
Hague  imperative  instructions  to  carry  out  some  strong, 
practical  program,  such  as  I  have  just  outlined.  If  this 
recommendation  is  adopted,  these  twelve  pilgrims  from 
the  New  World  to  the  Old  would  have  to  be  willing  to 
devote  a  month,  say  from  May  15th  to  June  15th,  when 
The  Hague  Conference  will  meet,  to  a  tour  around 



Europe.  They  will  be  joined  when  they  come  to  Lon- 
don by  twelve  British  pilgrims  of  similar  rank  and 
standing,  and  twelve  pilgrims  from  Scandinavia, 
four  from  Sweden,  four  from  Denmark,  and  four  from 
Norway.  After  they  had  made  their  appeal  to  the 
people  of  Great  Britain  and  addressed  themselves  to 
his  Majesty,  the  King,  whose  zeal  for  peace  is  equal  to 
that  of  any  one  in  this  assemblage  or  anywhere  else, 
\_Applause'\  and  after  they  had  waited  upon  the  min- 
isters of  the  Crown,  whose  great  ambition  it  is  to  use 
this  Hague  Conference  for  the  purpose  of  creating  a 
great  league  of  peace-loving  nations,  anxious  and  ear- 
nest to  secure  for  the  peoples  of  the  world  some  relief 
from  the  heavy  burden  which  weighs  upon  them  so 
much  at  the  present  time,  they  would  pass  over  to 
France,  and  at  Paris  they  would  be  received  by  the 
President  of  the  Republic  and  the  ministers.  The 
French  people,  ever  prompt  to  recognize  the  lofty  ideas 
of  the  American  people,  as  attested  in  those  times  long 
ago  when  they  were  with  you  in  war,  so  they  will  now 
be  with  you  in  peace.  l^Applause'l  From  Paris,  the 
pilgrimage,  with  twelve  distinguished  Frenchmen 
added  thereto,  will  travel  southward  toward  Italy.  At 
Geneva  they  would  pick  up  four  Swiss,  and  en  route 
to  some  place  they  would  take  the  representatives  of 
Spain  and  Portugal — Spain,  your  recent  foe,  but  now 
your  firm,  prompt,  and  gallant  ally.  [Applause']  Last, 
they  would  reach  the  Eternal  City.  There,  I  can  assure 
you,  they  would  receive  from  every  one,  from  the  king 
upon  the  throne  to  the  poorest  in  the  street,  the  warm- 



est  and  the  most  enthusiastic  welcome.  I  speak  of 
what  I  know,  for  I  have  discussed  this  question  with 
the  King  of  Italy.  Nowhere  on  the  continent  of 
Europe  do  I  find  a  monarch  so  passionate  for  peace,  so 
earnest  to  do  everjrthing  to  give  effect  to  the  public 
opinion  of  the  world  in  the  reduction  of  armaments  and 
securing  of  lasting  peace.  [Applausell  From  Rome, 
they  would  turn  northward,  passing  through  Venice, 
reaching  Vienna,  adding  six  Austrians  there.  Then  on 
to  Budapest  to  pick  up  six  Hungarians.  Then  on  to 
St.  Petersburg,  where  they  would  be  received  by  the 
monarch  to  whose  generous  initiative  we  owe  the  first 
Hague  Conference,  and  to  the  representative  of  the 
Russian  people  in  the  second  Duma,  which  would  prob- 
ably then  be  in  session,  and  from  whom  we  should 
receive  a  welcome — the  first  international  welcome,  the 
first  international  greeting  from  the  public  of  the 
world  to  the  representative  assembly  of  the  Russian 
nation.  [Applausell  With  twelve  added  Russian  pil- 
grims we  would  come  back,  now  one  hundred  strong,  to 
the  capital  of  the  German  Empire,  and  there  you  would 
find  a  monarch,  who  has  been  so  worthily  represented 
by  the  general  who  has  addressed  you  from  this  plat- 
form to-day,  a  monarch  who  has  reigned  for  eighteen 
years  over  Germany,  at  the  head  of  the  strongest  army 
in  the  world,  and  who  has  never  made  a  war.  \^Ap- 
plause]  In  these  eighteen  years  Britain  has  made  war 
in  South  Africa,  you  have  made  war  with  Spain,  Russia 
has  made  war  with  Japan,  France  has  made  war  in 
Madagascar,  Italy  has  made  war  on  Abyssinia,  Ger- 



many  has  made  no  war.  \^Great  applause']  And  I  was 
told  by  those  who  knew  in  Berlin  that  the  proudest  am- 
bition, the  greatest  ambition  of  the  Kaiser  is  that  when 
he  should  go  down  to  the  grave  and  be  gathered  to  his 
fathers,  history  might  record  of  him  that  here  lies  an 
emperor  whose  reign  was  never  stained  by  a  single  war. 
[Great  applause] 

If  this  pilgrimage  is  to  be  a  distinctly  American 
realization  of  a  distinctively  American  idea,  it  must 
be  distinctively  democratic  all  through,  and  especially 
democratic  in  its  finance.  [^Applause]  Mr.  Carnegie 
is  a  marvelous  man.  If  I  may  say  it  in  Pittsburgh 
without  blasphemy,  he  is  not  exactly  Grod  Almighty. 
[Laughter  and  applause]  But  even  if  he  were,  he 
would  probably  act  upon  the  adage  that  God  helps 
those  who  help  themselves.  [Great  applause]  From 
those  among  you  to  whom  much  has  been  given,  much 
naturally  is  expected.  If  America  has  received  more 
than  any  other  nation  in  the  world  in  liberty,  in  order, 
in  prosperity,  from  you,  therefore,  much  will  be  ex- 
pected. Now  is  your  opportunity.  Remember  the 
solemn  warning  of  your  American  poet : 

If,  before  his  duty,  man  with  reckless  spirit  stands, 
Ere  long  the  great  Avenger  takes  the  work  from  out 
his  hands. 

[Great  applause] 

[Mr.  Stead  being  forced  to  respond  to  the  volume  of 
applause,  reappeared  at  the  front  of  the  stage  and 

said] : 



My  friends,  what  are  you  clapping  for?  Do  you 
think  that  every  one  of  you  who  is  clapping  would  give 
fifty  cents  for  that  pilgrimage  ?    [  Great  applause^ 

[The  response  to  the  question  was  a  rain  of  fifty- 
cent  pieces  upon  the  floor  of  the  rostrum.] 





My  friends,  Provost  Macbeth  and  Dr.  Ross,  have  told 
you  something  of  the  old  gray  city  from  which  we  come, 
of  its  long  and  interesting  history,  and  of  its  ancient 
and  close  relations  with  this  great  and  prosperous  city 
in  which  we  are  met. 

There  is  much  in  its  history  not  mentioned  by  them 
that  would  repay  your  study,  and  which  would  perhaps 
induce  you  to  pay  it  a  visit  and  so  afford  us  an  oppor- 
tunity of  offering  to  you  a  real  Scottish  welcome,  and 
in  an  humble  way  reciprocating  the  magnificent  hos- 
pitality which  has  been  so  lavishly  extended  to  us. 

May  I  now  in  a  few  words  endeavor  to  give  you  some 
idea  of  the  aims  and  efforts  of  the  sister  trust  founded 
in  his  native  city  by  Mr.  Carnegie  ?  It  is,  of  course,  al- 
ways a  great  privilege  to  be  born  in  such  a  city  as  Dun- 
fermline, and  Provost  Macbeth  and  myself  (both  of  us 
Dunfermline  bairns)  appreciate  the  ambition  and  ex- 
cellent judgment  of  our  friend.  Dr.  Ross,  who,  denied 
this  privilege,  sought  to  share  it  by  coming  when  he  was 
yet  young  and  settling  among  us. 

As  you  may  readily  guess,  he  quickly  made  a  place 
for  himself  in  the  community  of  which  he  is  admittedly 
to-day  its  foremost  member. 

The  Carnegie  Dunfermline  Trust,  instituted  in  the 



year  1903,  has  set  itself  seriously  to  secure  for  the  peo- 
ple of  Dunfermline  the  many  good  things  which  in  his 
broad-minded  sympathy  Mr.  Carnegie  has  designed 
for  them,  and  which  by  his  unboimded  generosity  he 
has  made  possible  for  them  to  enjoy. 

In  his  deed  of  gift,  Mr.  Carnegie  expressly  points  to 
the  children  as  being  those  to  whose  interest  the  Trust 
should  especially  direct  its  efforts.  Following  this  lead 
the  Trust  has,  with  the  whole-hearted  cooperation  of 
the  School  Board,  gone  to  all  the  schools,  and  has 
through  its  two  medical  officers.  Dr.  Ash  and  Dr.  Isabel 
Cameron,  with  the  consent  of  the  parents,  examined 
the  physical  condition  of  each  child.  Where,  through 
deformity  or  deficient  physique,  a  child  is  likely  to  be 
handicapped  in  life's  battle,  special  remedial  exercises 
are  being  given  with  the  most  gratif  jdng  results.  Un- 
der a  highly  qualified  staff  all  the  school  children  are 
trained  in  physical  culture.  These  classes  are  taught 
in  a  gymnasium,  perhaps  the  finest  in  Great  Britain, 
which,  with  the  equally  magnificent  swimming  and 
other  baths  under  the  same  roof,  is  one  of  Mr.  Car- 
negie's latest  and  greatest  gifts  to  us. 

The  children  are  also  being  taught  to  swim,  special 
encouragement  being  given  to  the  classes  for  the  teach- 
ing of  life-saving.  I  venture  to  predict  that  one  of  the 
distinguishing  features  of  the  Dunfermline  Trust's 
mark  will  be  on  the  part  of  its  children,  not  only  an 
ability,  but  also  in  case  of  need,  a  readiness  to  render 
speedy  and  efficient  help  to  any  one  in  danger  of  death 
by  drowning. 



Rcccndy,  a  well  furnished  library  has  been  provided 
for  each  school,  greatly  to  the  benefit  and  pleasure  of 
the  scholars. 

Dunfermline  has  always  been  noted  as  a  musical 
center,  and  with  a  desire  to  discover  and  develop  native 
talent  the  Trustees  have  appointed  a  director  of  music, 
Mr.  Stephen,  who,  helped  by  his  able  assistant,  Mr. 
Kerr,  is  doing  excellent  work;  so  that  even  after  only 
two  years  most  striking  and  satisfactory  results  are 
being  shown. 

The  red-letter  day  of  the  year  with  Dunfermline 
children  is  undoubtedly  the  Margaret  Carnegie  Day  in 
June,  when  practically  every  child  in  the  city  able  to 
walk  goes  in  procession  to  Pittencrie£F  Glen  and  holds 
high  holiday.  In  their  assembled  thousands  they  never 
forget  to  send  a  loving  greeting  to  a  certain  little  lady 
who,  although  born  in  this  distant  land,  has  been 
taught  to  know  and  led  to  love  them  and  their  home. 

For  those  of  older  years  opportunities  are  provided 
of  improving  their  musical  and  artistic  gifts. 

The  music  committee  of  the  Trust  arranges  for  open- 
air  music  almost  daily  in  the  Glen  during  the  summer, 
and  in  the  winter  months  brings  to  instruct  and  enter- 
tain us  the  most  eminent  lecturers  and  musicians. 

Mrs.  Carnegie,  a  lady  admired  and  loved  by  all  who 
know  her,  has  long  taken  a  great  interest  in  stimulating 
the  people's  love  of  flowers,  and,  taking  up  her  work, 
the  horticulture  committee  of  the  Trust  has  already 
done  splendid  service  by  encouraging  a  healthy  rivalry 
among  the  working  classes  as  to  who  can  show  the 



brightest  and  best-kept  cottage  garden.  We  may  al- 
ready claim  that  in  Dunfermline  we  have  flower  shows 
equal  to  any  in  the  kingdom.  But  perhaps  the  Com- 
mittee's most  promising  work  is  being  done  among  the 
school  children  to  whom  many  thousands  of  bulbs 
(hyacinths,  tulips  and  lilies)  are  supplied  at  a  cheap 
price,  and  no  flower  show  evokes  more  interest  or  pro- 
vokes keener  competition  than  that  held  in  the  spring, 
when  prizes  are  awarded  to  the  most  successful  of  these 
young  lovers  of  flowers. 

From  a  social  point  of  view,  perhaps  the  most  inter- 
esting of  the  Trust's  schemes  is  that  of  district  reading 
and  recreation  rooms.  Included  in  the  burgh  of  Dun- 
fermline, although  situated  about  one  and  a  half  miles 
distant,  is  the  village  of  Townhill.  It  is  essentially  a 
mining  village,  all  the  male  residents  being  employed 
in  the  adjacent  coal-mines.  It  has  a  population  of 
some  2500  souls.  In  this  detached  part  of  the  burgh 
the  first  of  these  district  institutions  has  been  erected. 
Opened  only  a  year  ago  it  has  already  become  the  liv- 
ing heart,  the  inspiring  soul  of  the  village  life.  In  the 
words  of  the  schoolmaster,  the  men  of  the  village  are 
already  carrying  themselves  better.  If  proof  were 
needed  of  this  institution's  efficiency  as  a  counter-at- 
traction to  the  public  house,  I  may  mention  that  only  a 
few  days  before  I  sailed,  the  village  policeman  in- 
formed me  that  he  had  had  only  one  case  since  the 
New  Year,  and  that  the  offender  was  a  stranger. 

Behind  the  library  building  is  a  playing  ground  for 
young  children,  and  alongside  of  it  a  bowling-green, 



made,  and,  with  the  assistance  of  the  Trust,  managed 
by  the  men  of  the  village. 

On  a  summer  evening  no  more  pleasing  sight  can  be 
met  with  than  that  of  the  wives  and  mothers,  all  with 
their  everlasting  knitting,  seated  watching  on  the  one 
side  their  husbands  and  on  the  other  side  their  chil- 
dren at  play.  In  the  building  spray  and  slipper  baths 
have  been  provided,  a  luxury  greatly  appreciated  by 
the  village  folk,  and  which  they  enjoy  at  the  cost  of  one 
penny — two  cents. 

The  library  has  already  eight  hundred  readers  on  its 
list,  and  issues  about  two  thousand  books  a  month.  The 
success  of  this  first  district  institution  has  been  so  com- 
plete that  the  Trustees  have  secured  ground,  and  have 
selected  plans  for  one  of  a  similar  kind  to  be  erected  in 
the  northwest  division  of  the  city  where  already  a 
bowling-green  has  been  laid  out  and  will  be  thrown 
open  for  play  in  the  course  of  a  few  weeks. 

In  addition  to  these  we  hope  to  provide  plajring 
fields  and  probably  also  skating  ponds  as  suitable 
spaces  become  available.  Of  all  Mr.  Carnegie's  great 
gifts  to  his  native  city,  none  has  given  the  people  more 
true  enjoyment  and  pure  delight  than  the  romantic 
glen  and  lovely  park  of  Pittencrieff.  Touching  as  it 
does  the  very  center  of  our  old  town,  two  of  whose  ex- 
tended arms  embrace  it  on  the  north  and  west,  it  is  the 
constant  resort  of  old  and  young. 

Without  in  any  way  interfering  with  its  natural 
beauties  the  Trustees  are  spending  much  thought  and 
work  and  money  in  laying  out  walks  and  otherwise 



opening  up  its  many  charms  and  improving  its  amen- 
ities. In  the  very  heart  of  this  Glen  stands  all  that  is 
left  of  Malcolm  Canmore's  Tower  on  its  rocky  founda- 
tion, protected  and  encircled  by  the  crooked  stream,  a 
conjunction  which  gives  our  old  city  at  once  its  name 
Dunfermline,  "The  tower  on  the  hill  by  the  crooked 
stream,"  and  "Esto  Rupes  inaccessa."  "Be  thou  an 
inaccessible  rock/' 

From  this  hurried  sketch  of  the  operations  of  the 
Carnegie  Dunfermline  Trust  it  will  be  seen  that  the 
Trustees  are  striving  after  the  same  end  and  very 
much  along  the  same  lines  as  your  larger  Carnegie 
Trust  here.  And  this  is  only  to  be  expected  seeing  both 
bodies  owe  their  being  to  and  derive  their  ideals  from 
the  same  inspiring  and  generous  source.    [Applause'] 


At  the  conclusion  of  the  speaking  in  the  Hall  of  Music, 
the  ladies  of  the  party  were  taken  to  the  new  building 
of  the  Margaret  Morrison  Carnegie  School  for  Women, 
where  tea  was  served  in  the  midst  of  a  beautiful  deco- 
ration of  flowers  and  plants,  with  the  sweet  harmony  of 
music  abiding  through  it  all.  Mrs.  Arthur  A.  Hamer- 
schlag  was  hostess,  assisted  by  the  wives  of  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Faculty  of  the  Carnegie  Technical  Schools. 




iN  Friday  evening,  a  banquet  given  at  the 

I  Hotel  Schcnley  by  the  members  of  the 

^  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Insti- 

H  tute  in  honor  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Andrew 

Carnegie,  was  attended  by  all  the  guests 

who  had  come  to  Pittsburgh  in  connection  with  the 

dedication  ceremonies.  The  Schenley  banquet-hall  was 

decorated  with  the  flags  of  all  nations,  and  when  the 

guests  had  taken  their  places  at  the  table  the  scene  was 

one  of  impressive  beauty.  The  spirit  of  the  evening  was 

that  of  the  most  cordial  good  humor,  and  the  banquet, 

with  its  menu  and  its  speeches,  was  greatly  enjoyed  by 


MR.  S.  H.  CHURCH 

ladies  and  Gentlemen: 

Before  the  speaking  begins,  the  Founder's  Day  Com- 
mittee have  requested  me  to  make  an  announcement 


changing  the  official  program.    On  account  of  the  very 
inclement  and  cold  weather,  we  have  thought  it  best  to 
omit  the  boat-ride  for  to-morrow  afternoon.    There- 
fore, with  your  kind  permission,  the  official  exercises 
will  close  in  the  Music  Hall  to-morrow  morning  after 
the  conferring  of  the  honorai 
be  no  boat-ride.    [Applause  I 
dissent  from  some  others. 1 
groans.    \Laughter'\  Before 
to  Mr.  Frew  and  the  Toasti 
requested  me  to  read  this  ti 
opportunity  of  reading  it. 


Andrew  Carnegie, 


Please  accept  my  hearty 
great  and  good  speech  on  th 
Institute  in  your  home  city  c 
right  ring.  I  am  with  you. 
for  the  success  of  all  your  gi 
fellow-men.  I  hope  and  trust 
the  country  over  will  be  stii 
noble  example.  I  believe  th: 
suit  therefrom. 


And  this  reply  has  been  taken  from  the  wire : 


«  < 


John  D.  Rockefeller, 

Lake  wood,  N.  J. 

Many  thanks,  fellow-worker  in  the  task  of  distribut- 
ing surplus  wealth  for  the  good  of  others.  I  clasp  your 
hand.    Your  congratulations  highly  valued. 

Andrew  Carnegie 

MR.  W.  N.  FREW 

Ladies  and  Gentlemen: 

It  may  be  that  something  of  "that  tired  feeling"  has 
crept  over  you  when  you  see  me  rising  again  to  my 
feet ;  and  in  my  inner  consciousness  there  comes  a  con- 
viction that  possibly  you  have  some  grounds  for  that. 
It  may  be  that  I  should  feel  as  one  who  afterward  be- 
came a  great  poet  felt  when  he  was  a  young  man,  and 
was  turning  out  what  at  best  was  rubbish.  He  rushed 
enthusiastically  into  the  office  of  an  editorial  friend  of 
his  and  said,  "Charley,  have  you  read  my  last  poem?" 
Charley  said :  "Yes,  I  hope  so."  [Laughter]  I  want, 
before  I  sit  down,  to  again  express  our  appreciation  of 
your  visit,  and  to  tell  you  how  much  we  have  all  en- 
joyed the  presence  here  of  our  guests  from  this  coun- 
try, and  from  the  other  side  of  the  water,  and  especially 
of  the  ladies,  who  have  risked  so  much  to  be  here. 

Speaking  of  the  ladies,  I  am  going  to  appropriate  to 
myself  a  toast  in  advance  of  the  Toastmaster,  to  whose 



tender  mercies  I  will  deliver  you  later.  It  is  a  toast  to 
which  I  attach  a  peculiar  significance,  because  I  think 
it  involves  the  recognition  of  much  of  the  good  that 
has  come  to  the  Carnegie  Institute.  You  may  drink  the 
health  of  the  Founder,  if  you  will,  and  I  hope  you  will, 
but  I  am  going  to  propose  the  health  of  the  Founder's 
wife,  Mrs.  Andrew  Carnegie.    {^Applause']  ' 

[Mr.  Carnegie  here  started  the  song  ''For  She  ^s 
a  Jolly  Good  Fellow^''  etc.^  in  which  the  banqueters 
heartily  joined^ 

And  now  my  labors  are  about  at  an  end.  I  can  only 
wish  that  when  our  friends  leave  us,  they  will  meet 
with  safe  and  pleasant  journeys  to  their  respective 
homes.  Now,  I  hand  you  over  to  the  Toastmaster  of 
the  evening,  the  Honorable  James  H.  Reed.  \^Ap- 


The  president's  remarks  remind  me  of  a  small  girl  in 
our  neighborhood  whom  I  overheard  the  other  day  say- 
ing to  another:  "Must  you  go?  What 's  your  hurry? 
Here 's  your  hat.''  \Laughter'\  I  trust  I  shall  have  the 
S3anpathy  of  our  guests  in  the  performance  of  my  duties, 
for  the  lot  of  a  toastmaster  is  not  a  happy  one,  when  he 
has  to  obey  orders  from  a  many-sided  committee,  with 
many  minds  working  in  different  and  changing  direc- 
tions under  pressure.  In  sheer  desperation  the  other 
day  I  said  to  the  committee,  and  it  seemed  finally  to 
have  some  effect,  that  I  was  in  the  condition  of  a  dog 



down  at  the  Union  Station  which  a  baggage*master  was 
seen  dragging  along  by  a  rope  over  his  ears.  Another 
baggage-master  said :  "  Where  is  that  dog  going?"  He 
said:  "I  don't  know  where  he  is  going;  he  don't  know 
where  he  is  going;  nobody  knows  where  he  is  going;  he 
ate  his  tag."  [Applause']  The  committee  had  a  daily 
lunch  for  the  last  week,  and  ate  its  tag  every  day,  but 
we  have  finally,  by  a  series  of  mishaps,  landed  at  this 
point  in  our  program.  I  suppose  those  were  the  *1iard- 
ships"  which  the  president  said  that  the  ladies  had 
undergone  in  coming  here.  Before  I  enter  upon  my 
duties,  I  want  to  take  this  opportunity  of  seriously  ex- 
pressing before  this  assemblage  the  very  great  obliga- 
tion of  the  Board  of  Trustees  to  its  president,  Mr. 

Mr.  Carnegie:  "Hear!  Hear!  Hear!" 


Not  simply  at  this  time,  but  since  the  organization  of 
the  Carnegie  Library  and  the  Carnegie  Institute  have 
his  tact,  sound  judgment,  and  close  attention  to  the 
interests  of  the  two  institutions  greatly  contributed  to 
their  success,  and,  given  as  they  were  from  love  of  the 
work,  they  are  entitled  to  the  highest  commendation. 
He  is  worthy  of  everything  that  you  heard  Mr.  Car- 
negie say  about  him  yesterday,  and  I  hope  that  he  will 
continue  to  be  president  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of 
these  allied  institutions  for  many  years  to  come. 

These  exercises  must  have  been  of  great  interest  to 
our  visiting  guests,  and,  as  to-night  marks  the  culmina- 
tion of  the  exercises  of  the  Institute,  it  is  possibly 
proper  to  say  to  you  something  about  the  Institute  and 



its  founder.  I  am  not  going  to  perpetrate  a  lengthy 
speech.  We  all  know  in  Pittsburgh  the  wonderful  ef- 
fect this  institution  has  had  upon  the  higher  life  of  the 
city.  Before  the  building  of  the  Carnegie  Library,  we 
had  a  habit  of  making  money  here,  and  when  I  say 
'Ve"  I  mean  the  community,  and  I  do  not  mean  all  of 
us ;  just  some  of  our  people;  and,  when  we  made  money, 
then  we  made  some  more  money,  but  such  a  thing  as 
leisure  was  unfashionable.  As  a  gentleman  said  to  me 
a  short  time  ago,  any  man  stopping  work  at  three  or 
four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  to  take  a  horseback  ride 
was  supposed  to  be  in  a  decline,  on  his  road  to  the 
grave;  and  the  last  thing  his  doctor  could  recommend 
to  him  was  to  ride  horseback,  and  generally  he  died 
within  five  or  six  months.  In  other  words,  no  man  in 
Pittsburgh,  who  was  supposed  to  be  well  and  in  his 
right  mind,  ever  stopped  to  take  any  recreation,  and 
even  in  my  own  youthful  recollection  I  can  remember 
that  the  man  who  took  a  vacation  in  the  winter-time 
was  considered  to  be  on  the  downward  road,  and  his 
business  going  to  the  dogs  because  he  did  not  attend  to 
it.  He  was  allowed  in  the  general  course  of  the  year 
to  have  a  couple  of  weeks  in  the  sunmfier,  but  to  take  a 
couple  of  weeks  in  the  winter  to  go  south,  showed  that 
he  was  neglecting  his  business,  and  sooner  or  later  his 
note  would  have  to  be  called.  Now,  however,  since  the 
opening  of  these  institutions,  there  has  been  a  distinct 
improvement  in  the  life  of  Pittsburgh.  Interest  is 
being  evoked  in  music,  and  in  art,  and  in  reading,  and 
all  those  things  which  go  to  make  life  in  a  city  pleasant. 



This  brings  me  to  the  founder  of  this  institution,  and 
I  told  him  this  afternoon,  that  I  was  going  to  have  one 
chance  to  tell  the  truth  about  him  where  he  could  not 
stop  me.  I  do  not  intend  to  flatter  him,  but  his  life  and 
character  must  of  necessity  be  of  great  interest  to  our 
visitors  and  guests,  and  I  have  no  doubt  you  have 
studied  these  in  the  last  two  or  three  days  as  much  as 
you  have  the  Institute  itself.  Mr.  Carnegie's  business 
life  was  typical  of  thousands  of  similar  cases  in  this 
land  of  opportunity.  Starting  in  poverty,  coming  to 
this  country  to  seek  advancement,  working  in  the  city 
of  Pittsburgh  as  a  bobbin  boy,  as  a  messenger  boy,  as  a 
telegraph  operator,  as  a  railroad  superintendent,  and 
finally  as  a  small,  and  then  a  greater,  and  still  greater 
manufacturer,  his  career,  except  in  its  amazing  success, 
has  been  duplicated  time  and  again  in  this  great  coun- 
try. But  when  he  retired  from  business  then  his  real 
greatness  appeared. 

A  Voice :  "Good  r 

It  was  my  province  to  represent  him  and  his  company, 
and  to  look  after  the  legal  affairs  in  connection  with  the 
sale  of  his  interest  to  the  United  States  Steel  Corpora- 
tion, and  I  was  with  him  a  great  deal  at  that  time,  and 
the  thing  that  struck  me,  and  I  have  never  before  had 
an  opportunity  to  say  it,  the  thing  that  struck  me  as  re- 
markable at  the  time,  was  that  he  had  no  appreciation 
of  the  money  which  was  coming  into  his  hands.  He  did 
not,  figuratively  speaking,  stack  his  dollars  up  and  look 
at  them,  but  his  first  thought  was,  '"What  good  can  I  do 
with  this  money?"    And  in  the  talks  which  he  had  with 



me,  that  was  the  whole  current  of  his  thought.  He  did 
not  say:  "I  have  so  much  money,  so  much  more  money 
than  other  people,  and  I  am  going  to  do  this  and  that 
with  it  for  my  own  benefit,"  but  the  first  thing  he  asked 
himself  was  how  he  could  best  distribute  this  money  for 
the  good  of  his  fellow-men ;  and  before  the  ink  was  dry 
on  the  papers  he  had  formulated  a  princely  gift  for  the 
Carnegie  Relief  Fund,  for  the  widows  and  orphans  of 
his  former  employees,  that  they  might  be  taken  care  of. 
[Applause']  In  that  respect  he  is  great  and  he  is  unique. 
We  have  seen  men  accumulate  money,  lock  it  up,  die 
and  leave  it;  but  we  never  before  have  seen  a  man  take 
so  much  absolute  pleasure  in  giving  it  away  for  the 
benefit  of  other  people,  as  does  Mr.  Carnegie.  [Hear! 
Hear!']  And  you  saw  his  happiness  yesterday  when  he 
had  succeeded  in  divesting  himself  of  five  or  six  mil- 
lions more ;  and  I  will  venture  to  say  he  is  already  plan- 
ning some  other  method  of  depleting  his  treasury. 
[Laughter  and  applause] 

I  am  not  going  to  take  up  any  more  time  because  it  is 
late.  I  could  say  a  great  deal  more  about  him.  He  had 
an  awfully  bad  habit  when  he  was  in  business :  he  had 
a  reprehensible  habit  of  wanting  to  have  his  own  way, 
and  a  worse  habit  of  getting  it.  To  put  it  in  the  popular 
saying  of  the  day:  "I  want  what  I  want  when  I  want 
it."  [Applause]  And  that  about  describes  him  in 
business.  Since  his  retirement  he  still  wants  what  he 
wants,  and  what  he  wants  is  the  happiness  of  his  fel- 
low-men. [Applause]  Now,  I  want  you  to  drink  to 
his  health,  his  long  life,  prosperity,  and  happiness. 



After  Judge  Reed's  opening  speech,  the  guests  all 
arose  and  drank  to  the  health  of  Mr.  Carnegie.  The 
orchestra  then  played  the  Scotch  song,  "Will  he  no' 
come  back  again?'* 



[Great  applause^  cheers^  and  waving  of  handker^ 

Mr.  President^  ^ oastmaster^  Ladies^  and  Gentlemen: 
This  is  one  of  the  sweetest  of  all  Scotch  songs  sung 
in  memory  of  Prince  Charlie,  a  man  who  has  succeeded 
in  weaving  around  himself  many  of  the  most  exquisite 
songs  that  any  human  being  has  been  honored  with. 
[Applause]  Ah,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  it  is  unneces- 
sary to  sing  that  song  for  me  in  reference  to  Pittsburgh. 
Travel  where  I  may — and  I  have  wandered  much,  and 
all  around  this  world,  have  lived  in  many  places — ^my 
heart  never  wanders  from  the  city  where  I  passed  my 
boyhood,  right  here  in  smoky  Pittsburgh.    [Applause] 

Wherever  I  may  be  in  the  world,  I  can  paraphrase  an- 
other Scotch  song,  "My  heart 's  in  old  Pittsburgh,  my 
heart  is  not  here."  I  find  myself,  in  foreign  places,  al- 
ways going  back  to  my  boyhood  in  Pittsburgh,  where  I 
spent  the  happiest  time  of  all  my  life ;  where  I  emerged 
from  boyhood  at  thirteen  and  became  a  man ;  a  bread- 
winner, with  my  mother  and  my  brother  to  support. 
Ah !  there  is  no  triumph  like  that  on  earth  for  the  young 
boy.     [Applause]     But  every  dog  has  his  day,  and 



Pittsburgh  has  had  two  days  already,  and  I  am  now 
going  to  carry  you  to  another  town,  another  city,  be- 
cause I  see  the  representatives  of  my  native  place  here, 
and  when  I  speak  fondly  of  two  countries,  I  find  no 
inconsistency  between  the  deep  love  for  the  Pittsburgh 
of  my  manhood,  and  the  filial  love  for  the  mother  town 
of  Dunfermline  where  I  was  born.  [Cries  of  "Hear! 
hearri  I  wander  back  to  Dunfermline,  and  imagine, 
if  you  can,  the  happiness  I  have  in  this  bond  between 
them.  You  will  be  amazed  to  know  what  Dunferm- 
line is,  and  in  what  relation  she  stands  to  Pittsburgh. 
Let  me  recall.  You  know  General  Forbes,  after  Brad- 
dock's  defeat,  started  from  Philadelphia  with  an  army 
to  conquer  Fort  Duquesne.  You  know  he  cut  his  way 
through  the  Alleghany  Mountains,  some  days  making 
only  a  mile  or  two  through  the  forests ;  you  know  that 
he  was  carried  on  a  litter  most  of  the  way.  But  he  had 
the  Scotch  blood.  No  retreat  for  him!  He  started 
out  for  this  place  and  he  got  here.  General  Washing- 
ton came  from  Virginia  by  an  easy  trail  to  join  him. 
Forbes  captured  Fort  Duquesne  and  he  wrote  to  Pitt, 
the  great  minister  of  Britain,  and,  curiously  enough, 
the  letter  was  dated  on  my  birthday,  the  25th  of  No- 
vember, and  he  said  to  Pitt :  "You  have  been  so  grand 
a  man,  you  have  made  your  country  so  great,  that  I 
have  called  this  place,  Pittsburgh,  destined  to  become 
in  the  future  a  most  important  city."  [Applause'] 
That  is  very  well,  but  who  was  General  Forbes  ?  Gen- 
eral Forbes  was  born  in  Dunfermline,  as  I  was.  [Ap- 
plause]  Ah,  more  than  that.  I  tell  you,  it  almost  looks 



as  if  it  were  providential.  I  choose  to  call  it  so  because 
it  pleases  me  so  much,  and  that  is  what  we  always 
consider  providential.  \^Laughter'\  You  laugh;  but 
for  anything  that  does  n't  please  us,  we  have  serious 
doubts  upon  its  origin.  Well,  General  Forbes  was 
bom  upon  an  estate  called  Pittencrieff,  where  King 
Malcolm  built  his  tower  in  1070,  or  something  near 
that,  and  where  he  married  Queen  Margaret,  now  the 
patron  saint  of  Scotland.  Turgot,  her  confessor,  will 
tell  you  all  about  her.  There  they  lived.  General 
Forbes  was  Laird  of  Pittencrieff,  including  Malcolm's 
tower  and  Margaret's  shrine,  when  he  captured  Pitts- 
burgh. I  am  Laird  of  Pittencrieff  to-day.  Through  my 
dear  friend,  counsellor,  and  guide,  John  Ross,  present 
with  us  to-night,  [Applause']  I  have  given  to  the  town 
of  Dunfermline  all  of  the  domain  of  Pittencrieff  for  a 
public  park,  but  I  hold  on  to  the  sacred  spot  of  King 
Malcolm's  tower,  and  to  the  title  of  the  Laird  of  Pit- 
tencrieff, who  is  a  great  dignitary  in  Dunfermline.  I 
would  n't  exchange  that  title,  no,  not  for  any  title  in 
Britain.  We  were  all  excluded  from  Pittencrieff  when 
we  were  children,  and  especially  the  children  who  bore 
the  name  of  Morrison  or  Carnegie,  because  my  grand- 
fathers and  my  uncles  fought  the  Laird  of  Pittencrieff 
then — it  was  not  Forbes,  but  another — ^because  he  had 
taken  away  from  the  city  some  of  their  rights.  There- 
fore, the  Laird  of  Pittencrieff  declared  that  no  Morri- 
son or  Carnegie  should  ever  enter  that  sacred  precinct. 
We  were  all  banished  from  this  paradise,  because  it 
was  to  all  Dunfermline  boys  a  paradise.    Imagine  the 



gratification  I  had,  the  delight — ^nothing  on  earth,  no 
triumph,  can  equal  this — ^to  hand  that  estate  over  to 
my  native  town  as  a  park  where  you  may  see  thousands 
and  thousands  of  children  playing  every  day,  and 
everybody  with  free  access  to  it.  [Applause'l  1  tell  you, 
ladies  and  gentlemen,  I  never  realized  so  keenly  what 
wealth  could  do  before.  I  want  you  to  mark  the  inti- 
mate connection  between  Pittsburgh  and  my  native 
town.  [Applause]  A  man  of  my  native  town  created 
Pittsburgh.  There  was  no  Pittsburgh  until  he  made  it. 
And  then  another  came  and  happened  to  aid  in  its  de- 
velopment. More  than  that,  at  the  battle  of  Braddock's 
defeat  two  officers  fell.  Sir  Arthur  Halket  and  his  son, 
and  Sir  Arthur  Halket  was  at  that  time  Provost  of  Dun- 
fermline, whose  worthy  successor  we  have  here  to- 
night— ^James  Currie  Macbeth.  [Applause]  Upon 
that  very  field,  Braddock's  field,  we  erected  the  first 
steel-works  of  our  firm.  [Applause]  It  is  clear,  I 
think,  that  Providence  really  did  intend  that  Dunferm- 
line and  Pittsburgh  historically  should  be  woven  and 
clasped  together.    [Applause] 

I  am  not  going  to  make  you  a  speech  to-night.  You 
have  heard  a  telegram  from  Mr.  Rockefeller,  which  is 
exceedingly  gratifying  to  me.  I  congratulated  him 
upon  his  first  gift  to  the  Southern  Educational  Fund. 
And  this  brings  up  the  problem  of  wealth.  I  have 
spoken  to  you  a  great  deal  about  Dunfermline.  I  want, 
before  closing,  to  read  you  something  else  from  Dun- 
fermline, but,  remember  this,  ladies  and  gentlemen, 
Dunfermline  was  the  metropolis  of  Scotland — Sir  Rob- 



crt  Cranston,  ex-provost  of  Edinburgh,  sitting  before 
me,  will  please  excuse  me  for  mentioning  the  fact — ^it 
was  the  metropolis  long  before  Edinburgh.  l^ApplauseJi 
It  is  the  Westminster  of  Scotland.  More  royal  remains 
are  buried  around  that  abbey  than  in  any  abbey  or  any 
place  in  Great  Britain.  A  halo  of  romance  pervades  it. 
The  boy  bom  in  Dunfermline  walks  around  that  abbey 
where  lie  the  remains  of  King  Robert  the  Bruce,  with 
all  the  holy  fervor  of  the  Catholic  counting  his  beads, 
bowing  to  the  great  monument  of  King  Robert  the 
Bruce,  and  is  fed  on  Bruce  and  Wallace,  and  oh,  the 
vein  of  Scottish  prejudice  that  may  be  in  a  boy  of  seven 
or  eight  years  of  age!  When  I  heard  that  England 
was  bigger  than  Scotland,  I  was  miserable.  {^"'Hear! 
hearT^  When  I  asked  my  uncle:  "Is  England  bigger 
than  Scotland?"  he  replied,  "No,  no,  ma'  laddie,  not  if 
you  roll  Scotland  out  flat.  [Laughter^  And  would 
you  have  it  flat  like  England?"  "No,  never."  [Laugh- 
ter]  And  there  was  a  balm  in  Gilead  for  the  young 
patriot.  But  I  heard  again  England  had  seven  times 
more  population  than  Scotland.  Oh,  but  that  was  a 
hard  blow — more  Englishmen  than  Scotchmen! 
\Laughter'\  What  did  Providence  mean  by  that?  My 
uncle  reminded  me  there  were  more  than  seven  Eng- 
lishmen at  Bannockburn  to  one  Scotchman,  and  yet  the 
Scotch  triumphed.  [Laughter\  That  is  the  curse  of 
war !  It  can  not  but  be  so.  War  determines  only  who 
is  strong,  never  who  is  right.  I  hope  that  day  is  soon  to 
pass  away.  [Applause]  Of  course,  when  boys  grow 
up  and  know  what  a  loving  mother  England  is  now  to 



her  colonies,  and  see  the  splendid  institutions  she 
spreads  over  the  world,  and  the  liberal  constitution  she 
has  just  given  to  the  Boers,  and  see  what  she  has  done 
for  Canada,  the  bitter  feeling  must  pass  away.  There 
is  where  England  shines,    [Great  applause^ 

Well  now,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  excuse  me,  I  did 
not  intend  to  enter  upon  that  subject.  But  here  is  what 
I  want  to  read  you  in  conclusion.  There  is  a  Dunferm- 
line working-man  who  has  written  some  verses ;  for  the 
Scotch  know  the  value  of  education.  You  would  be 
surprised  at  the  books  they  read  in  the  cottages  of  the 
Highlands.  I  don't  put  Scotland  behind  any  country, 
not  even  America,  in  the  education  of  her  men  and 
women.  Now,  here  is  a  working-man,  a  man  who 
works  every  day.  I  know  him  to  be  a  hard  working- 
man,  and  here  is  how  he  teaches  the  gospel  of  the  prob- 
lem of  wealth.  I  want  you  to  hear  it.  It  is  in  the 
Scotch.  I  will  read  it  for  you.  It  is  entitled  "Me  and 
Andra,'*  not  "Andra  and  Me."  Do  you  get  that,  "Me 
and  Andra?" 


We  're  puir  bit  craiturs,  Andra,  you  an'  me, 
Ye  hae  a  bath  in  a  marble  tub,  I  dook  in  the  sea. 
Cafe  au  lait  in  a  silver  joog  for  breakfast  gangs  to  you ; 
I  sup  my  brose  wi'  a  horn  spuin,  an*  eat  till  I  'm  fu*. 

An'  there 's  nae  great  differ,  Andra,  hardly  ony, 

My  sky  is  as  clear  as  yours,  an'  the  cluds  are  as  bonnie ; 

I  whussle  a  tune  thro'  my  teeth  to  mysel'  that  costs  nae  money. 



The  bobolink  pipes  in  the  orchards  white,  in  your  hame  on  the 

ither  side ; 
Gray  whaups  cry  up  on  oor  muir  t'  me,  white  seamaws  soom  on 

oor  tide. 
An  organ  bums  in  your  marble  hall  wi'  mony  a  sough  an'  swell ; 
I  list  to  the  roar  o'  the  wind  an'  the  sea  in  the  hollow  o'  a  shell. 

An'  there  's  nae  great  diflPer,  Andra— hardly  ony  ava; 
For  the  measure  that  throbs  thro'  eternal  things  to  me  is  as 

An'  it  wafts  me  up  to  the  gate  o'  Grod  to  hear  His  choir  ana'. 

We  're  draiglit  bit  craiturs,  Andra,  plowterin'  i'  the  glaur, 
Paidlin'  ilk  in  oor  ane  bit  dub,  and  glowerin'  ilk  at  his  star ; 
Rakin'  up  the  clert  o'  the  trink  till  oor  Faither  airts  us  hame. 
Whiles  wi'  a  strap,  whiles  wi'  a  kiss,  or  carryin'  us  when  we  're 

An'  there  's  nae  great  differ,  Andra,  we  're  sib  as  peas  in  a  cod, 
lU-faured  weans  at  the  best— the  draiglit  wi'  the  snod; 
An'  we  '11  a'  get  peyed  what  we  're  ocht,  Andra,  when  we  gang 
hame  to  God. 

What  if  I  win  fame  of  gear,  Andra,  what  if  I  fail. 

Be  gleg  as  a  f  umart  whitrock,  or  dull  as  a  snail  ? 

It  '11  be  a'  ane  in  a  hxmder  year,  whether  I  sally  or  slide— 

The  nicht  sits  as  dark  on  a  brawlin'  linn  as  it  broods  on  a  sleepin' 

An'  there 's  nae  great  differ,  Andra,  whether  ye  bum  or  bizz; 

If  no  a  wheel  ye  may  be  a  clink — if  we  canna  pull,  we  can 


We  maim  tak'  the  world  as  we  find  it,  lad,  an'  content  wi'  't  as 
it  is. 


That  is  the  philosophy  of  a  working-man  who  is  a 
poet.    Now,  I  will  read  you  my  reply.    I  happened  to 



see  these  verses  accidentally  in  a  paper,  and  I  wrote  a 
letter  to  the  editor. 

Dear  Sir: 

Please  tell  "R.  C/'  that  I  have  greatly  enjoyed  his 
verses.  He  is  both  philosopher  and  poet,  but  he  can 
not  know,  as  I  do,  how  trifling  are  the  advantages  of 
wealth.  He  has  to  imagine  one  side.  I  have  lived 
both,  and  have  learned  that 

If  happiness  has  not  its  seat 

And  center  in  the  breast. 
We  may  be  wise,  or  rich,  or  great, 

But  never  can  be  blessed. 

Beyond  a  competence  for  old  age,  and  that  need  not 
be  great,  and  may  be  very  small,  wealth  lessens  rather 
than  increases  human  happiness.  Millionaires  who 
laugh  are  rare.  This  is  just  as  it  should  be,  and  "R.  C." 
has  done  a  bit  of  good  work  (better  than  most  sermons) 
in  putting  a  great  truth  so  vividly  before  us. 

I  hope  he  has  more  of  such  ore  to  smelt. 

Yours  truly, 

Andrew  Carnegie 

I  wished  you  to  know  that  the  race  of  poets  is  not  ex- 
tinct yet  in  Scotland.  There  is  a  touch  of  Burns  in 
this.  Now,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  I  have  only  to  say 
farewell  for  the  present,  and  yet  I  realize  that  there  is 
no  farewell  to  scenes  like  these.  They  linger  in  the 
memory.    We  shall  travel  far,  Mrs.  Carnegie  and  I, 



and  we  shall  meet  with  many  people,  but  be  assured 
of  this,  there  is  always  a  warm  spot  in  our  hearts  for  the 
dear  old  city  of  Pittsburgh,  which  we  never  can  forget. 


We  are  honored  to-night  by  the  presence  of  Baron  des 
Planches,  the  ambassador  from  Italy  to  the  United 
States,  and  Dean  of  the  Diplomatic  Corps  at  Wash- 
ington, who  has  traveled  from  Washington  expressly 
to  attend  this  banquet,  and  to  express  his  opinions  of 
triumphant  democracy  as  exemplified  by  Andrew 


I  WILL  not  deliver  a  speech.  I  will  only  say  a  few 
words  in  my  capacity  of  representative  of  Italy,  of 
whom  our  very  honored  host,  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie, 
appreciates  the  arts  and  the  beauties,  and  in  my  capa- 
city, also,  of  Dean  of  the  Diplomatic  Corps,  by  which 
I  feel  authorized  to  express  to  him  the  universal  ad- 
miration for  the  liberalities  and  benefactions  which 
render  his  name  celebrated  in  all  the  world,  and  will 
render  it  celebrated  in  all  ages. 

A  French  author  wrote,  some  seventy  years  ago,  that 
social  democracy  does  not  develop  wealthy  and  in- 
fluential citizens;  that  personal  influence  and  wealth 



are  only  the  prerogative  of  aristocratic  countries.  The 
United  States,  as  a  large  human  community,  and  An- 
drew Carnegie,  among  others,  as  an  individuality, 
have  demonstrated  the  error  of  that  assertion.  Some 
moralists  object  to  the  accumulation  of  wealth;  An- 
drew Carnegie  has  effectively  demonstrated  that 
wealth  may  be  eminently  moral,  and,  when  it  is  placed 
at  the  service  of  a  bright  mind  and  of  a  kind  heart,  is  a 
benefit  for  humanity. 

Personally,  I  thank  Mr.  Carnegie  for  the  occasion  he 
has  offered  me  by  his  courteous  invitation  to  live  some 
days  in  his  delightful  company.  Yes,  sir ;  I  am  not  only 
your  guest  since  yesterday,  here,  in  your  own  good  city 
of  Pittsburgh,  as  affectionately  you  called  her  some- 
where; I  am  your  guest  since  many  days,  and  in  debt  to 
you  for  many  pleasant  hours.  Owing  to  my  intention 
to  be  present  at  these  gatherings,  at  the  solemn  meet- 
ings, at  this  apotheosis,  I  was  anxious  to  read  and  re- 
read your  books,  in  which  you  have  put  so  large  a 
part  of  yourself.  I  traveled  with  you  "Around  the 
World";  I  listened  to  your  "Gospel  of  Wealth'*;  I  vis- 
ited with  you  the  "Empire  of  Business" ;  I  accompanied 
you  and  the  gay  charioteers  from  Brighton  to  Inverness, 
in  your  very  interesting  trip  in  "Four-in-hand  through 
Britain" ;  I  was,  with  you,  astonished  at  the  progress  of 
the  "Triumphant  American  Democracy,"  a  book  which 
I  considered  one  of  the  best,  most  efficient,  most  com- 
plete, ever  written  on  this  country,  comparable  with  the 
"Democratic  en  Amerique"  of  De  Tocqueville  and 
"The  American  Commonwealth"  of  my  dear  colleague, 



the  Hon.  James  Bryce.  Let  me  object  to  an  emblem 
of  the  j&rst  edition  of  this  last  book  of  yours,  the  bind- 
ing of  which  was  decorated  with  a  broken  scepter  and 
an  overturned  crown.  There  are  thoroughly  monarchic 
nations,  free  and  happy,  and  kings — I  know  one  of 
them — as  wise  and  liberal  and  broad-minded,  as  the 
best  president  in  the  best  republic.  [Great  applause'] 
Before  reading  your  books,  I  was  acquainted  with 
you  as  every  one  is :  I  knew  you  as  a  man  of  strong  and 
good  will,  of  high  intelligence,  of  noble  character,  of 
powerful  means;  as  a  magician  who  once  transformed 
iron  into  gold,  and  now  transforms  gold  into  science, 
into  art,  into  education,  into  welfare,  into  heroism,  into 
other  people's  happiness;  as  a  great  benefactor  of 
humanity;  as  an  apostle  of  peace.  [Applause]  But 
there  are  sides  of  your  mind  and  of  your  character  I  did 
not  know.  I  discovered  with  utmost  pleasure  your  con- 
soling philosophy:  '^Whatever  is,  is  right."  I  discov- 
ered that  you  doubt  the  existence  of  enemies — ^you 
happy  man! — being  yourself  the  enemy  of  none. 
[Laughter  and  applause]  I  read  this  delicious  sen- 
tence, and  so  true:  "The  happiness  of  giving  happi- 
ness is  far  sweeter  than  the  pleasure  direct.'*  I  was 
deeply  impressed  by  your  love  for  your  mother,  your 
"Queen  Dowager,"  your  "Favorite  Heroine,"  and  you 
gave  me  a  new  evidence  of  a  principle  of  mine :  "In  the 
destiny  of  every  great  man,  seek  the  mother."  [Ap* 
plause]  You  are  a  poet  by  the  soul,  and  you  are  an 
orator,  because  you  describe  the  feelings  of  the  orator 
in  the  precious  moment  which  tells  him  that  the  audi- 



ence  is  his  own,  as  a  man  who  knows  that  supreme  mo- 
ment of  life. 

Besides  all  this,  you  are  a  modest  man-  You  could 
pretend  to  be  one  of  the  first  in  every  human  aristocracy 
— I  take  the  word  in  the  ancient  Greek  meaning;  yet 
you  are  the  most  zealous  and  fervent  in  promoting 
equality  among  men.  You  despise  conventional  su- 
periority and  are  proud  to  be  the  equal  of  all.  For  all 
those  reasons  you  deserve  the  admiration,  the  bless- 
ings, and  the  love  of  the  world.  I  convey  to  you  here 
the  expression  of  such  feelings,  on  behalf  of  Italy, 
and,  I  may  say,  of  foreign  countries.  And  you  know 
that  the  judgment  of  those  beyond  the  frontiers  is  the 
anticipation  of  the  judgment  of  after  life.  May  this 
life  be  long  and  happy  for  you,  for  your  family,  for  the 
citizens  of  your  country,  for  mankindL  We  enjoy 
seeing  you  so  young,  so  active,  so  interested  in  well- 
doing, and  we  hope — I  specify  my  wish — that  you  may 
add  many  chapters  to  your  master  work,  in  honor  of 
this  republic,  this  really  "Triumphant  Democracy." 
[Great  applause] 


Germany  has  given  us  a  fresh  evidence  of  friendship 
in  its  delegation  which  came  across  the  ocean  to  at- 
tend this  celebration.  And  one  of  the  prominent 
members  of  that  delegation,  of  whom  I  may  say  to 
you,  the  members  of  the  Conunittee  have  learned  to 



think  a  great  deal  for  the  good-natured  way  in  which 
he  has  met  us  in  all  our  efforts,  is  his  Excellency  Gen- 
eral von  Loewenfeld.  I  am  going  to  ask  him  to  say 
a  few  words,  and  I  am  going  to  give  him  a  sentiment, 
which  he  probably  will  not  follow  as  a  text,  but 
which  I  have  taken  from  the  writings  of  one  of  the 
great  German  statesmen:  "Germans  fear  God  and 
nothing  else  in  the  world,  and  the  fear  of  God  leads 
us  to  cherish  peace/' 


Mr.  President^  Mr.  Chairman^  Mr.  l^oastmaster^ 
Ladies^  and  Gentlemen: 
Speaking  in  a  foreign  language,  and  being  no  lin- 
guist, I  am  somewhat  handicapped.  To  tell  the  truth, 
I  am  rather  doubtful  if  I  shall  be  able  to  express  all  that 
my  heart  feels  on  this  occasion.  Of  course,  my  German 
friends  and  I  are  inunensely  flattered  by  the  distin- 
guished invitation  to  assist  at  the  dedication  of  the  new 
buildings  of  the  Carnegie  Institute.  Two  years  ago 
the  Emperor  sent  me  to  deliver  to  the  people  of  the 
United  States  the  statue  of  King  Frederick  the  Great 
at  Washington ;  [Applause"]  so  I  dare  say  I  am  a  little 
more  accustomed  to  American  habits  than  our  gracious 
host  conceded  yesterday.  In  remembrance  of  my  first 
visit  to  this  hospitable  soil,  I  looked  forward  with  the 
greatest  pleasure  to  this  trip,  and  to  my  second  meeting 
with  my  good  old  American  friends  who,  in  1904,  did 



everything  possible  to  make  me  feel  at  home.  My  ex- 
pectations of  their  cordial  hospitality  have  been  more 
than  realized.  The  marked  attention  of  the  United 
States  government  in  attaching  Grcncral  Duvall  as  my 
personal  escort  during  my  stay  here,  has  not  only  facil- 
itated my  official  functions,  but  has  also  given  me  the 
welcomed  opportunity  of  renewing  an  old  friendship. 
[Applausell  My  gratitude,  and  that  of  my  German 
colleagues,  has  grown  deeper  through  the  appreciative 
remarks  made  by  your  mayor,  Mr.  Guthrie,  yesterday, 
concerning  the  policy  of  King  Frederick  the  Great  to 
the  young  republic  of  the  United  States,  and  still  more 
by  the  sympathetic  words  that  Mr.  Carnegie  kindly  ut- 
tered' yesterday  respecting  Germany  and  our  beloved 
Emperor.    [Applause'] 

I  take  this  opportunity,  Mr.  President,  to  repeat  once 
more  the  heartfelt  greetings  the  Emperor  charged  me 
with  in  the  last  audience,  when  I  took  leave  of  him  on 
the  day  before  sailing.  The  Kaiser  sends  his  compli- 
ments to  you  and  to  your  associates,  and  wishes  the 
greatest  success  to  your  Institute,  and,  to  emphasize  his 
appreciation  of  your  aspirations  and  ambitions,  he 
entrusted  us  to  deliver  to  the  trustees  a  collection  of  the 
latest  scientific  publications  of  our  government,  both 
civil  and  military.    [Applause] 

During  my  stay  in  this  country  I  have  gotten  the 
impression  that  in  America  the  people  were  very  quick 
to  understand  and  appreciate  the  Kaiser's  personality 
early  in  his  career,  and  also  his  loyal  intentions  toward 
the  whole  world.    [Applause  and  cries  of  ^'Hear^  hear^^ 



and  '*Tou  are  right T^  The  Emperor's  opinion  is  that 
the  nations  should  not  only  trade  with  each  other  in 
commerce,  but  should  also  trade  in  ideas  concerning  the 
progress  of  civilization.  [Applause^  A  constant  intel- 
lectual intercourse  would  certainly  not  prevent  all  fric- 
tions and  collisions,  but  it  would  tend  to  improve  mat- 
ters and  help  to  avoid  awkward  misunderstandings, 
and  will  be  an  excellent  agent  in  furthering  the  interest 
of  general  peace.  The  man  who  was  the  first  in  this 
country  to  show  a  clear  understanding  of  the  impor- 
tance of  this  intellectual  exchange  was  your  President. 
Mr.  Roosevelt  proved  this  by  the  sympathy  and  aid  he 
gave  in  the  exchange  of  American  and  German  profes- 
sors.   [Applause^ 

And,  by  the  way,  Mr.  Carnegie,  it  might  be  fitting 
for  me  to  call  your  attention  to  a  fact  sometimes  over- 
looked that  the  nations  which  possess  the  greatest  mili- 
tary institutions  have  so  infrequently  availed  them- 
selves of  the  mighty  power  which  such  armaments  place 
in  their  hands.  For  thirty-six  years  it  has  been  the  good 
fortune  of  Germany  to  be  involved  only  in  unimpor- 
tant expeditions.  For  instance,  the  Chinese  expedition, 
when  the  United  States  troops  were  fighting  shoulder 
to  shoulder  with  European  soldiers  for  the  protection 
of  civilization  and  Christianity.  [Applause']  But  none 
of  those  expeditions  could  justly  be  dignified  with  the 
name  of  war. 

In  conclusion,  let  me  repeat  that  my  German  friends 
and  I  do  not  know  how  we  shall  ever  repay  our  indebt- 
edness ;  but  we  shall  do  all  in  our  power  to  support  and 



promote  the  high  ideals  which  are  illustrated  by  the 
Carnegie  Institute.  [Great  applause^  Ladies  and 
gentlemen,  I  thank  you  for  your  kind  attention. 


We  all  know  that  Scotland  annexed  England  some 
three  hundred  years  ago.  While  the  English  have 
written  the  histories  of  England,  and  of  course  col- 
ored the  facts  to  suit  themselves,  [Laugkter'l  yet  the 
real  students  of  history  who  have  read  between  the 
lines  know  perfectly  well  that  Scotland  took  posses- 
sion of  England  and  has  controlled  it  more  or  less 
ever  since — with  occasional  help  from  Ireland. 
[Laughter^  You  have  heard  from  one  of  the  domi- 
nant race  to-night,  and  I  am  going  to  ask  another  of 
the  dominant  race  to  say  a  few  words.  Sir  Robert 
Cranston,  ex-Lord  Provost  of  Edinburgh,  will  tell 
us  what  Mr.  Carnegie  has  done  for  Scotland.  I  know 
he  can  not  tell  us  all,  because  there  would  not  be 
time  enough  to-night;  but  he  will  give  us  some  of 
the  things  which  Mr.  Carnegie  has  done. 


Mr.  President^  Ladies^  and  Gentlemen: 

I  hope  I  shall  not  be  thought  egotistical  when  I  say  I 
am  very  proud  to  be  present  to-night.  I  am  Scotch,  and 
I  do  not  think  I  am  going  beyond  my  province  in  saying 



that  Scotland  feels  very  proud  of  Andrew  Carnegie. 
[Applause^  I  take  away  the  "Mr.,"  I  take  away  the 
"Dr." ;  for  I  think  the  greatest  compliment  that  can  be 
paid  to  a  man  is  that  he  shall  be  called  by  his  name, 
Andrew  Carnegie,  which  is  a  household  word  over  the 
whole  of  Scotland,  and  rightly  so.  [Applause']  I  do 
not  know  what  to  say.  I  am  the  guest  of  Dr.  Carnegie 
and  this  kind  Institute.  Will  you  permit  me,  on  behalf 
of  Scotchmen  throughout  the  world,  to  tender  to  the 
Institute  and  to  Dr.  Carnegie  the  warmest  and  best 
thanks  for  the  honor  he  has  done  to  Scotland  by  asking 
me  to  be  here  this  evening.  I  could  not  come  when  I 
was  Lord  Provost,  but  the  moment  that  my  office  had 
ceased  to  exist  I  was  glad,  I  assure  you  frankly,  to  ac- 
cept the  kind  invitation,  and  feel  highly  honored  in 
being  asked  to  Pittsburgh.  I  have  no  right  to  speak  on 
behalf  of  his  Majesty,  although  for  many  years  his 
representative,  yet  I  am  sure  there  is  no  man  to-night 
more  proud  of  a  boy  born  in  Scotland  than  Edward, 
King  of  Great  Britain,  is  of  Andrew  Carnegie.  [Ap- 
plause'] The  king  is  one  of  the  kindest  and  best- 
hearted  of  men,  and,  I  thank  God,  he  makes  no  differ- 
ence between  peer  and  peasant.  He  respects  them  all 
over,  he  aids  them  wherever  he  can,  and  I  am  sure  to- 
night, that  if  words  could  convey  to  him  this  banquet 
given  in  honor  of  Andrew  Carnegie,  he  would  feel  more 
proud  than  ever  that  he  is  King  of  Great  Britain,  and 
that  Andrew  Carnegie  at  least  had  the  honor  of  being 
bom  under  his  government. 

Speaking  on  behalf  of  my  own  country  which  I  have 



some  right  to  represent,  seeing  I  was  elected  by  them, 
there  is  no  name  to-night  in  Scotland  more  respected 
or  more  beloved  for  what  he  has  done  for  Scotland  than 
the  name  of  Carnegie.  Ladies  and  gentlemen,  when  I 
tell  you  that  your  grand  Pittsburgh  man  has  spent 
$15,0CX),0CX),  or  3,0CX),CXX)  pounds  sterling,  upon  giv- 
ing education  to  the  people  of  Scotland  I  need  say  no 
word  more.  [Applause']  I  had  the  honor  to  be  one  of 
his  trustees  for  some  three  years,  and  the  sum  of  49,0CX} 
pounds  sterling  was  spent  yearly  in  doing,  what^  In 
aiding  those  who  were  unable  to  pay  their  fees  in  uni- 
versities, and  in  giving  the  children  of  the  working- 
man  power  to  reach  the  higher  point,  if  possible.  And, 
although  some  remarks  have  been  passed,  allow  me  to 
assure  you  as  a  trustee,  that  there  has  been  no  money 
spent  wrongfully.  And  he  has  done  a  great  good  to 
Scotland  which  no  man  can  ever  tell.    [Applause] 

Then  he  has  spoken  about  peace.  I  will  cover  up 
what  decorations  and  honors  I  have  received  as  a  sol- 
dier, but  I  know  no  man  who  would  draw  the  sword 
quicker  than  Andrew  Carnegie  for  the  freedom  and 
liberty  of  his  country.    [Applause] 

Mr.  Carnegie  :  "That  is  correct." 

It  is  the  duty  of  every  soldier,  a  right  and  a  priv- 
ilege; [Applause]  and  Scotland — thank  God  for  the 
honor — has  been  allied  in  all  the  past  with  France, 
which  I  am  as  proud  to  acknowledge  as  any  man  could 
possibly  be.  France  and  Scotland  have  stood  hand 
in  hand,  heart  by  heart,  for  freedom  and  liberty  in  civil 
and  religious  matters.  I  know  no  man  that  would  draw 



the  sword  more  readily  than  Andrew  Carnegie  in  de- 
fense of  freedom  and  liberty  of  his  civil  and  religious 
rights.  That  is  no  law,  that  is  the  right  of  every  man, 
the  duty  of  every  man,  to  protect  his  home  and  his  coun- 
try to  the  last  drop  of  blood  that  remains  in  his  body. 

I  do  thank  you  very  sincerely  for  your  kind  invita- 
tion, and  permit  me  to  present  to  you  from  your  many, 
many  friends  in  Scotland  our  best,  our  kindest,  our 
most  heartfelt  wishes  for  your  long  life  and  prosperity. 
You  deserve  it,  for  you  have  done  what  Burns  has  said 
is  the  noblest  thing  on  earth.    [Applause^ 


I  have  pressed  into  the  service  one  more  orator,  and  I 
am  going  to  ask  a  representative  of  that  strange  land 
of  contrasts,  Holland,  to  say  a  word  or  two  to-night; 
and  I  think  he  ought  to,  because  one  of  Mr.  Car- 
negie's numerous  shafts  has  descended  upon  that 
country  in  the  shape  of  a  temple  of  peace.  You  all 
know  the  gentleman,  all  the  English-reading  world 
knows  him,  and  I  do  not  want  to  take  time  to  say 
more  than  to  present  to  you  Mr.  van  der  Poorten- 
Schwartz,  better  known  as  Maarten  Maartens. 


Mr.  Chairman^  Mr.  Carnegie^  Ladies^  and  Gentlemen: 

Your  toastmaster  most  courteously  commands  me  ta 

say  a  few  words.    I  am  not  going  to  make  a  speech.    If 



he  will  allow  me  to  quote  him,  "I  *m  in  a  hurry;  you  Vc 
in  a  hurry;  where 's  my  hat?"  [Laughter]  And  when 
I  get  up  to  make  a  speech  like  this,  if  I  may  quote  him 
again,  "I  don't  know  where  I  'm  going;  you  don't  know 
where  I  am  going;  it 's  very  late.  Somebody  has  eaten 
my  tag."  [Laughter]  I  have  not  a  long  speech  in  my 
pocket,  but  there  are  a  few  words  I  really  would  like  to 
say  now  that,  for  the  first  and  possibly  for  the  last  time, 
I  am  able  to  speak  them  in  this  so  strangely  foreign,  so 
swiftly  familiar  country,  which  has  been  so  exceed- 
ingly, so  swiftly  friendly  tome,  and  to  many  other  guests. 
I  am  not  going  to  give  you  any  lengthy  impressions 
of  America.  It  is  too  late  for  that.  It  is  too  late  in  two 
respects  for  that.  I  gave  them  all  to  the  reporters  who 
asked  me  for  them  as  I  came  over  the  gangway  off  the 
steamer  at  New  York.  [Laughter]  But  I  was  then  not 
yet  able  to  express  my  gratitude  and  my  appreciation 
of  the  splendid  reception  we  have  had  here,  and  I  am 
especially  glad  to  say  a  few  words  to  the  Mayor  of  this 
city,  who  spoke  yesterday  far  too  kindly,  and  yet  so 
justly  sympathetic,  words  of  welcome.  I  have  ever 
been  proud — as  who  would  not  be? — of  my  country 
and  my  blood,  but  I  have  never  been  so  consciously  and 
rationally  proud  as  in  this  last  week  since  I  landed  in 
America.  It  is  doubtless  true,  as  Monsieur  Paul 
Doimier  so  eloquently  told  us  yesterday,  that  the  Amer- 
icans are  the  children  of  Europe.  The  greater  part  of 
Europe — I  don't  suppose  you  want  to  bring  in  Turkey 
— is  their  mother,  or  mothers,  a  sort  of  European  harem 
of  mothers.  [Laughter]  But,  if  so,  then  my  little  coun- 



try,  with  its  big  history  of  ideals,  must  be  the  grand- 
mother; and  very  kind  you  are  in  the  memory  of  the 
dear  old  lady.  For  it  is  true,  as  you  so  generously  tell 
us,  that  northern  America,  as  a  white  state,  begins  with 
the  Dutch  settlements.  At  two  supreme  stages  of  your 
country's  history,  its  birth  and  its  majority,  you  were 
closely  allied  with  us.  Your  very  name,  "The  United 
States,"  is  ours,  and  we  proudly  remember  that  we  were 
first  to  recognize  in  your  Star  Spangled  Banner  a  new 
flag  of  liberty.  {Applausel^  In  New  York,  at  any  rate, 
these  things  are  remembered.  As  I  told  some  of  my 
friends  there  on  leaving,  you  say  that  the  population  of 
New  York  is  a  mixed  race.  Surely  that  is  a  mistake. 
With  the  exception  of  the  foreign  servants,  everybody 
I  've  spoken  to  has  told  me  he  has  Dutch  blood  in  his 
veins.    ILaughter^ 

But  here  in  Pittsburgh,  if  you  will  spare  me  just 
one  moment  more,  I  have  more  serious  things  to  say. 
Within  five  minutes  after  I  had  entered  the  magnificent 
building  over  yonder,  a  kindly  intuition  drew  me  to- 
ward the  impressive  presentation  of  labor  which  your 
eminent  American  artist,  Mr.  Alexander,  has  immortal- 
ized upon  its  walls.  To  me,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  it 
seems  as  if  the  whole  story  of  the  founder's  work  is 
written  there.  Mr.  Carnegie  said  yesterday  that  he 
did  n't  know  whether  the  building  belonged  to  him;  he 
did  n't  even  know  whether  he  had  a  bond  less.  Indeed, 
I  can  tell  him  that  he  has  many  bonds  more.  To  him  it 
has  been  given,  not  to  etherealize  labor,  not  to  emas- 
culate it,  but  to  take  it  up  and  to  infuse  into  it  his  own 



life  of  imagination  and  love.  [Applause]  Many  an 
honorary  title  has  been  given  him.  I  should  like  to  say, 
— the  word  is  n't  a  good  one,  but  it  will  serve  until  you 
give  me  a  better — I  should  like  to  say  that  he  has  poet- 
ized work.  You  all  know  the  story  of  the  painter  who 
was  asked  with  what  he  mixed  his  colors,  and  he  an- 
swered that  he  mixed  them  with  brains.  Well,  I  think 
Mr.  Carnegie  has  mixed  human  labor  with  that  highest 
gift  of  the  gods,  imagination.  He  has  taken  the  glass 
of  pure  water — ^no,  not  pure,  for  it  is  stained  with 
himian  sweat  and  material  dregs — ^and  suffused  it  with 
the  red  glow  of  the  poet's  and  the  painter's  wine  from 
heaven.  [Applause']  He  has  shown  us  as  we  have 
never  quite  been  shown  before  the  light  there  is  behind 
the  dull,  dead  dollar.  Oh,  I  know  there  is  many  a  Mae- 
cenas in  our  countries,  but  a  Maecenas  separates  the 
powers  which  this  man  has  combined.  We  foreign 
guests  who  have  enjoyed  this  splendid  hospitality,  who 
have  come  here  as  witnesses  of  what  one  great  man  has 
achieved, — we  foreign  guests  can  carry  away  with  us 
this  lesson  from  Pittsburgh,  that  no  work  is  a  drudgery 
unless  we  make  it  so.  The  cloud  we  have  seen  hang 
over  your  city  is  gilded  with  the  golden  glow  of  en- 
nobled and  ennobling  wealth.  The  man  who  built  the 
Carnegie  Technical  Schools  and  the  Carnegie  Hall  of 
Music  is  teaching  us  the  deepest  meaning  of  that  won- 
drously  blended,  divinely  philosophic  utterance,  "Man 
shall  not  live  by  bread  alone,  but  by  every  word  of 
imagination,  love  and  duty  that  proceeds  from  the  soul 
of  God."    [Great  applause] 




And  now  I  have  a  little  surprise  for  Mr.  Carnegie.  I 
will  next  introduce  William  Archer,  the  eminent 
English  dramatic  critic,  who  has  kindly  consented  to 
read  a  Scotch  poem  of  which  he  is  the  author,  and 
which  is  eminently  appropriate  to  this  occasion. 




Man  Andra,  wi'  the  guid  Scots  face ; 

Man  Andra,  wi'  the  auld  Scots  name, 
We  Scots,  to  this  f  ar-sinder'd  place, 

Bring  ye  kind  greeting's  ower  the  f  aim. 

Auld  Scotland  lo'es  ye  fine,  ye  ken, 
Her  wanderin'  son,  yet  leal  an'  true ; 

On  her  lang  roll  o'  guid,  great  men, 
Tho'  latest,  no  the  least  are  you. 

It  isna  for  yer  siller,  man. 

It  isna  for  yer  guids  an'  gear, 
Nor  yet  for  yer  aye  open  han', 

Yer  native  country  hands  ye  dear. 

Siller,  nae  doot,  's  a  bonny  thing. 

An'  gifts — sic  gifts  as  yours — are  braw ; 

But  greater  than  the  gifts  ye  bring 
Is  the  great  heart  ahint  them  a*. 



Ithers  smelt  ore  to  steel,  an'  steel 

To  gowd — tho'  ye  were  grand  at  baith ; 

But  Scotland  kens  that  ye  're  the  chiel 
For  smeltin'  gowd  to  love  an'  faith  : 

Love  for  yer  neebor,  near  or  far; 

Faith  in  the  future,  great  an'  free ; 
Hatred  for  nocht,  save  bluid-red  war, 

An'  ignorance,  an'  cruelty. 

A  king  o'  steel  they  ca'  ye,  man ! 

In  palaces  kings  cower  an'  hide. 
Your  palaces,  f  rae  Ian'  to  Ian', 

To  a'  folk  throw  their  portals  wide. 

Here,  on  Monongahela's  shore, 

A  kingly  palace  ye '  ve  decreed. 
We  bring  it  brither-blessing's  o'er 

Frae  Forth  an'  Clyde,  f rae  Tay  an'  Tweed ; 

But  chiefly  frae  Dumf arlane  toon, 
Yer  mither-toon  that  lo'es  ye  weel, 

We  hail  this  latest,  greatest  boon 
To  Pittsburgh  frae  her  king  o'  steel. 

An'  here  to  you,  great  man,  guid  freen', 
We  drink  a  health,  wi'  three  times  three. 

Lang  life  to  you,  to  wife  an'  wean, 
An'  blessin's  frae  humanity. 




And  now  I  want  to  return  the  thanks  of  the  trustees  to 
our  guests  who  have  done  so  much  to  make  a  success 
of  these  functions.  Your  cordial  cooperation,  and 
your  good-natured  acceptance  of  things  as  they  have 
happened,  has  been  greatly  appreciated  by  the  trus- 
tees, and  with  this  I  will  say  to  you  good  night. 

Mr.  Carnegie  then  extended  his  hands  on  either  side 
of  him  catching  hands  with  his  neighbors,  and  com- 
menced to  sing:  "Should  auld  acquaintance  be  forgot." 
The  banqueters  joined  heartily  in  the  song,  and  thus 
brought  the  evening's  entertainment  with  great  good 
fellowship  to  an  enthusiastic  conclusion. 






ATURDAY  morning  was  the  day  set  apart  on 
the  official  program  for  the  ceremony  of 
conferring  honorary  degrees  upon  the 
European  guests  under  the  auspices  of  the 
Western  University  of  Pennsylvania,  an 
institution  venerable  in  this  country  by  reason  of  its 
charter  which,  issued  in  1787,  makes  it,  with  one  excep- 
tion, the  oldest  institution  of  learning  on  the  continent 
west  of  the  Appalachian  ranges. 

As  soon  as  the  doors  were  opened  a  large  throng  of 
interested  people  began  to  fill  the  Hall  of  Music.  The 
students  from  the  University,  who  had  for  some  mo- 
ments been  making  the  foyer  and  corridors  ring  with 
their  college  cheers,  marched  to  the  second  balcony,  and 
took  the  seats  assigned  to  them,  where  their  presence 
was  quickly  indicated  to  the  audience  by  their  rhyth- 
mical applause,  punctuated  once  or  twice  by  the  college 
yell,  their  by-play  being  much  enjoyed  by  those  who 
were  seated  in  other  parts  of  the  house. 



The  trustees  of  the  Western  University  of  Pennsyl- 
vania led  by  their  president,  Mr.  Alexander  Dempster, 
and  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute,  the  faculties 
of  the  University  and  of  the  Carnegie  Technical 
Schools,  together  with  representatives  of  other  institu- 
tions of  learning  and  the  invited  American  guests,  took 
their  places  upon  the  platform,  and  were  quickly  fol- 
lowed by  the  distinguished  foreign  guests,  the  brilliant 
colors  of  the  academic  costumes,  as  on  previous  days, 
presenting  a  most  attractive  spectacle. 

Just  before  the  moment  of  assembling  on  the  plat- 
form, the  trustees  had  learned  of  the  intention  of  one 
of  the  Grerman  representatives  to  present  to  the  Car- 
negie Institute  on  behalf  of  his  Majesty,  the  German 
Emperor,  a  collection  of  gifts  comprising  books,  photo- 
graphs, and  other  important  objects;  at  the  same  time 
Mr.  Carnegie  had  indicated  his  desire  to  present  to  the 
people  of  Germany  and  of  France  replicas  of  the  great 
Diplodocus,  similar  to  that  which  had  been  given  to  the 
British  Museum  for  the  people  of  England.  This 
pleasing  episode  caused  a  slight  postponement  in  the 
regular  order  of  the  program.  When  all  had  been 
seated  and  the  strains  of  the  organ  had  died  away,  Mr. 
S.  H.  Church  advanced  and  said : 

'In  the  unavoidable  absence  of  our  president,  Mr. 
Frew,  and  of  our  vice-president,  Mr.  Pitcaim,  my  asso- 
ciates have  asked  me  to  preside  for  a  few  moments  in 
connection  with  an  incident  which  has  not  been  set 
down  on  the  program  which  is  in  your  hands.  Our  great 
celebration  will  come  to  a  close  this  morning.    I  am 



sure  it  has  been  successful.  The  splendid  building 
which  has  grown  up  here  in  these  past  years  has  now 
been  opened  to  the  world,  and  all  its  manifold  trea- 
sures belong  to  the  people.  It  has  been  an  occasion  of 
great  joy — of  very  great  distinction.  The  accomp- 
plished  men,  the  charming  women,  who  have  come 
here  from  other  lands  to  meet  under  our  roof  with 
those  who  have  won  distinction  in  our  own  country, 
have  given  this  celebration  a  renown  which  can  never 
perish.  [Applause']  They  have  all  bound  themselves 
to  Pittsburgh  by  permanent  ties  of  esteem.  I  am  sure 
they  will  never  forget  us,  and  I  know  well  that  we  can 
never  forget  them.  You  have  all  seen  those  wonderful 
mural  paintings  by  John  W.  Alexander  in  the  next  hall 
— ^paintings  that  teem  with  all  the  energy  and  sweat 
and  welter  of  labor,  as  we  know  it  in  the  workshops  of 
Pittsburgh,  and  out  of  all  that  riot  of  toil  you  see  rising 
on  the  higher  panels  creations  which  represent  the  pur- 
pose and  fruition  of  labor — Pittsburgh  in  its  intellec- 
tual splendor,  with  figures  coming  from  all  directions 
— they  must  be  angels,  because  they  are  women — 
.[Laughter  and  applause]  bringing  rich  gifts  to  Pitts- 
burgh. This  painting  is  really  emblematic  of  our  dedi- 
cation. Men  and  women  have  come  from  all  over  the 
world,  every  one  of  them  bringing  a  rich  gift,  for  the 
richest  gift  of  all  is  their  personal  attendance.  [Ap- 
plause] But  other  gifts  have  come  to  the  Institute. 
Mr.  Paul  Doumer,  distinguished  in  the  statesmanship 
of  France,  has  sent  books  to  the  Library.  [Applause] 
Our  English  friends  have  left  similar  memorials  of 



their  good-will.  \_Applause']  And  now,  that  good 
friend  of  America,  his  Majesty,  the  German  Emperor, 
[Applause']  directs  his  Minister  of  State,  Mr.  von 
Moeller,  to  convey  a  gift  from  his  Majesty.  I  have  the 
honor,  therefore,  to  present  to  you  his  Excellency  Mr. 
von  Mceller." 

Mr.  von  Moeller  said : 

''Mr.  Churchy  and  Ladies  and  Gentlemen:  I  am 
directed  by  his  Majesty,  the  Emperor,  to  deliver  to  the 
trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  various  books  con- 
taining official  publications  issued  by  the  German  gov- 
ernment, photographs  of  important  buildings  and 
statues,  and  other  objects  named  in  the  following  list, 
which  I  beg  you  to  accept  with  the  compliments  of  his 
Majesty,  the  Emperor." 

The  list  of  the  gifts  presented  through  Mr.  von 
Moeller  is  published  as  Appendix  A. 

Mr.  Church:  "Your  Excellency,  on  behalf  of  the 
Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute,  I  grate- 
fully accept  the  generous  and  rich  gifts  which  you  have 
just  presented  from  his  Majesty,  the  German  Emperor, 
and  I  beg  you  to  assure  your  august  master  that  this 
token  of  his  Majesty's  kind  forethought  and  courtesy 
will  ever  be  preserved  as  one  of  the  treasures  of  the 

Turning  to  the  audience,  Mr.  Church  continued : 
"Mr.  Carnegie,  who  left  Pittsburgh  this  morning  for 
New  York,  has  already  been  apprised  of  these  gifts, 



which  have  come  to  us  from  Germany  and  from  France, 
and  he  is  very  desirous  to  make  a  reciprocal  little  gift 
— little  in  one  way,  but  very,  very  big  in  another,  as 
you  will  now  learn  from  Dr.  W.  J.  Holland,  who  will 
make  the  presentation  in  Mr.  Carnegie's  name.'* 

Dr.  W.  J.  Holland,  the  Director  of  the  Museum, 
arose,  and,  addressing  his  Excellency  Mr.  Theodor  von 
Moeller,  Minister  of  State  of  Germany,  and  the  repre- 
sentatives from  France,  at  the  head  of  whom  stood 
Monsieur  Paul  Doumer,  said : 

"Your  Excellency,  I  am  requested  by  Mr.  Andrew 
Carnegie,  as  his  personal  representative,  and  for  him- 
self individually,  to  tender  through  you  and  your  asso- 
ciates as  a  gift  from  himself,  a  replica  of  the  skeleton 
of  the  colossal  Diplodocus  which  was  discovered  in  the 
mountains  of  Wyoming  a  number  of  years  ago,  the  re- 
plica being  similar  to  the  one  which  he  had  the  pleasure 
of  presenting  to  the  British  Museum  in  the  spring  of 
the  year  1905,  at  the  instance  of  his  Majesty,  King 
Edward  VII,  of  England.  I  am  commissioned  to  say 
that  this  offer,  which  Mr.  Carnegie  makes,  is  a  slight 
token  of  his  appreciation  of  the  interest  which  your 
august  master,  the  German  Emperor,  has  shown  upon 
the  present  occasion,  and  his  great  kindne  s  in  permit- 
ting so  many  of  the  distinguished  men  of  the  empire 
over  which  he  rules  with  such  signal  wisdom,  to  par- 
ticipate with  us  in  the  pleasures  of  these  dedicatory  ex- 

Then,  turning  to  the  French  delegates.  Dr.  Holland 



"And  likewise  to  you,  Monsieur  Doumer,  and  to 
your  associates,  I  am  authorized  by  Mr.  Carnegie  to 
make  the  tender  of  a  like  gift  to  the  President  of  the 
Republic  of  France,  to  be  installed  as  may  seem  best  to 
the  authorities  of  the  republic,  in  whatever  museum 
may  be  designated^ — possibly  the  Musee  d'Histoire  Na- 
turelle  in  the  Jardin  des  Plantes.  But  all  details  in 
reference  to  the  form  of  installation  of  the  gift  tendered 
to  you,  the  distinguished  representatives  of  Germany 
and  France,  will  be  left  to  future  correspondence  with 
myself  as  the  Director  of  the  Carnegie  Museum. 

"To  you,  gentlemen  of  the  Republic  of  France,  Mr. 
Carnegie  desires  me  to  express,  as  I  have  already  done 
to  the  gentlemen  who  represent  in  our  midst  German 
culture  and  achievement,  his  sincere  appreciation  of 
your  kindness  in  honoring  us  by  your  presence ;  and  you 
will  accept  his  proffered  gift  as  a  slight  token  of  the 
gratitude  which  he  sincerely  cherishes  on  the  present 

M.  Paul  Doumer  expressed  the  grateful  thanks  of 
the  French  government  and  people  for  the  most  inter- 
esting gift  which  Mr.  Carnegie  had  presented. 

Mr.  Church  then  said:  "The  telegraph  acts  very 
quickly.  The  keen  interest  which  his  Majesty,  the 
German  Emperor,  has  taken  in  our  celebration  is  shown 
by  the  fact  that  a  cablegram  has  this  instant  been  re- 
ceived by  his  Majesty's  representative.  General  von 
Loewenfeld,  and  as  Mr.  Carnegie  told  me  last  night 
that  I  might  have  full  control  of  his  correspondence  to- 
day, I  give  General  von  Loewenfeld  permission  from 




Mr.  Carnegie  to  communicate  this  despatch  to  you,  in 
case  he  thinks  proper  to  do  so." 

There  was  great  applause  at  this  remark,  indicating 
the  very  lively  interest  with  which  the  audience  was 
following  the  incident.  General  von  Loewenf eld  then 
stepped  forward  and  read  the  following  telegram : 

Berlin,  13  April,  07 

Carnegie  Institute,  for  General  Loewenfeld, 
Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

Sprechen  Sie  Mr.  Carnegie  f  lir  seine  Darbietung  die  ich 
gerne  annehmen  will  und  fiir  die  mir  durch  das  Ge- 
schenk  erwiesene  Aufmerksamkeit  meinen  warmsten 
Dank  aus. 



Berlin,  April  13,  1907 

Carnegie  Institute,  for  General  Loewenfeld, 
Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

Please  express  to  Mr.  Carnegie  my  warmest  thanks 

for  his  offer,  which  I  am  happy  to  accept,  and  also  for 

the  attention  to  me  shown  by  his  gift. 


Mr.  Church :  "It  is  with  very  full  hearts  that  we,  of 
this  Board  of  Trustees,  the  whole  thirty-six  of  whom 
have  worked  so  hard — or  at  least  thirty-five  have — 
[Laughter]  to  arrange  this  important  celebration,  find 



that  our  labors  are  drawing  rapidly  to  an  end.  It  makes 
one  wish  for  that  situation  which  is  described  in  Tenny- 
son's 'Lotus-Eaters/ 

In  the  af  teraoon  they  came  unto  a  land 
In  which  it  seemed  always  afternoon. 

"Would  that  it  might  always  be  afternoon  here — 
that  you  in  front  of  us,  and  these  famous  men  on  the 
platform,  and  these  charming  women  in  the  boxes  who 
have  crossed  the  seas  with  them,  might  linger  on  here 
in  a  perpetual  afternoon !  But  the  program — ^we  must 
no  longer  invade  the  fixed  order  of  that!  I  therefore 
hand  over  the  control  of  this  platform  to  Chancellor 
Samuel  Black  McCormick,  of  the  Western  University 
of  Pennsylvania."  To  Dr.  McCormick:  "Dr.  Mc- 
Cormick, will  you  now  take  charge  of  it?"  \_Great  ap- 

Dr.  McCormick:  'It  is  a  distinguished  privilege 
which  is  mine  to-day,  to  have  a  part,  as  the  head  of  our 
University,  in  welcoming  you,  the  guests  from  abroad, 
as  well  as  from  at  home,  to  the  exercises  of  this  hour. 
The  cegion  where  we  meet  to-day  is  historic  ground.  It 
was  once  the  battle-field  whereon  nations  contended  to- 
gether for  world-supremacy.  It  was  the  French  people 
who  first  brought  to  the  place  where  we  now  are  the 
light  of  civilization.  The  sway  of  the  French  yielded 
to  that  of  Great  Britain,  and  this,  in  the  course  of  time, 
passed  over  into  the  hands  of  a  new  nation,  a  composite 
people  in  whose  veins  flows  the  rich  blood  of  Grermany, 
of  France,  of  Holland,  and  of  Great  Britain,  producing 



in  the  free,  pure  air  of  this  broad  land  a  race  hardy  and 
vigorous,  worthy  to  be  heirs  of  what  was  best  and  finest 
in  the  splendid  and  glorious  peoples  from  whom  we 
have  sprung. 

"In  1787,  the  year  of  the  constitutional  convention 
out  of  which  was  bom  the  fundamental  law  of  our  na- 
tion, the  Western  University  of  Pennsylvania  was 
brought  into  existence  by  the  Commonwealth  of  Penn- 
sylvania. From  that  time  on,  now  120  years,  it  has 
done  its  work  modestly,  quietly,  thoroughly.  It  has 
sent  into  the  professional  and  business  world  over  25CX} 
men,  of  whom  many  achieved  national  and  some  world- 
wide eminence.  From  time  to  time  it  has  conferred 
upon  distinguished  men  honorary  degrees — one  of  the 
earliest  upon  that  man,  Pittsburgh's  great  and  illus- 
trious son,  whose  splendid  munificence  has  created  the 
institution,  the  dedication  of  whose  building  has  gath- 
ered from  the  four  quarters  of  the  world  the  notable 
men  in  whose  honor  we  hold  the  exercises  of  this  hour. 

"It  is  fitting  that  Pittsburgh's  University  should 
honor  itself,  and  honor  this  great  institution  whose 
guests  we  all  are  proud  to  be  to-day,  and  honor  these 
distinguished  men  who  have  come  across  the  sea  to 
grace  these  exercises  of  dedication  by  their  illustrious 
presence,  by  conferring  upon  them  degrees  of  high  char- 
acter, in  testimony  of  our  appreciation  of  their  merits 
and  attainments. 

"Nothing  we  can  do  here  to-day,  no  honor  we  can 
confer,  can  add  to  the  glory  of  their  achievements,  or  to 
the  splendid  luster  of  their  fame  throughout  the  world; 



but  we  can  show  that  here,  in  this  city,  where  indus- 
trialism has  achieved  its  most  marvelous  triumphs,  and 
has  reared  for  the  future  its  most  enduring  monu- 
ments, marking  Pittsburgh  as  the  greatest  center  of  ap- 
plied science,  in  its  every  form,  in  all  the  world,  there  is 
also  high  appreciation  of  learning,  of  scientific  attain- 
ment, and  of  personal  merit.  It  is  fitting  that,  here,  in 
this  place,  the  University  which  stands  for  education 
and  cultuf e,  which  stands  for  intellectual  and  spiritual 
values,  which,  in  the  very  midst  of  the  most  stupendous 
aggregation  of  material  riches  the  world  has  ever 
known,  proclaims  its  conviction  that,  after  all,  culture 
and  character  are  things  of  more  enduring  and  im- 
perishable worth,  should  confer  these  insignia  upon 
those  distinguished  sons  of  the  great  nations  beyond 
the  seas. 

"The  University  especially  values  this  privilege  at 
this  time,  as  it  stands  on  the  eve  of  its  own  new  and 
splendid  development,  all  its  departments  soon,  we 
hope,  to  be  gathered  upon  one  campus ;  as  it  looks  for- 
ward into  the  not  distant  future  when  new  buildings 
will  begin  to  rear  themselves  in  splendid  form,  to  be- 
come the  beautiful  material  manifestation  of  the  spir- 
itual entity  which  is  the  real  University;  as  it  stands  in 
its  120th  year,  with  its  seven  great  departments.  Col- 
lege, Engineering,  Observatory,  Medicine,  Law,  Den- 
tistry and  Pharmacy,  with  its  150  instructors,  its  965 
students,  its  seven  buildings,  its  $i,250,CX)0  of  property 
and  endowment,  and  expects  these  in  time  to  be  in- 
creased and  multiplied — as  the  Western  University, 



proud  of  its  history  in  the  past,  and  splendidly  confi- 
dent of  a  still  more  glorious  future,  stands  here  to-day, 
she  deems  it  a  peculiar  privilege  to  join  the  Carnegie 
Institute  in  honoring  the  great  men  from  other  lands 
present  with  us  to-day. 

"It  is  equally  appropriate  that  Dr.  William  J.  Hol- 
land, formerly  the  honored  Chancellor  of  this  Uni- 
versity, now  Director  of  this  Museum,  whose  scientific 
attainments  have  carried  his  name  to  the  far  parts  of 
the  earth,  and  who  enjoys  the  personal  acquaintance 
of  several  of  the  men  who  are  to  be  honored  to-day, 
should  present  them  at  this  time.  This  he  will  now 
proceed  to  do." 

Dr.  Holland,  on  behalf  of  the  faculty  and  trustees, 
introduced  the  candidates,  and  as  they  arose,  one  by 
one.  Chancellor  McCormick  in  time-honored  Latin 
phrase  conferred  upon  them  their  degrees  and  they 
were  forthwith  invested  by  the  waiting  attendants  with 
the  academic  hoods  emblemizing  their  academic  rank. 
The  brief  introductions  made  by  Dr.  Holland  were  as 
follows : 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Laws  Sir  Robert  Stawell  Ball,  Fellow  of 
the  Royal  Society,  Lowndean  Professor  of  Astronomy 
and  Geometry  at  Cambridge,  Director  of  the  Cam- 
bridge Observatory,  whose  exact  work  in  astronomy 
has  been  of  the  highest  order,  who  has  the  great  gift  of 



popularizing  the  knowledge  of  his  favorite  science,  and 
who  has  also  distinguished  himself  in  other  fields  of  re- 
search, having  been  at  one  time  President  of  the  Royal 
Zoological  Society  of  Ireland.  In  honoring  him  the 
University  honors  itself.    [Applause'l 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  present  for  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws 
Monsieur  Paul  Doumer,  one  of  the  most  famous  of 
living  Frenchmen,  who,  in  his  youth,  by  his  own  un- 
aided efforts,  attained  learning  and  distinction,  rapidly 
rose  to  leadership  in  political  circles,  has  twice  served 
as  President  of  the  Chamber  of  Deputies,  gained  dis- 
tinction as  Governor-General  of  French  Indo-China  by 
his  remarkably  successful  administration  of  the  affairs 
of  that  vast  colony  covering  a  period  of  six  years,  a  suc- 
cessful author,  and  one  of  the  most  influential  leaders 
of  political  thought  in  France.    [Applause] 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  desire  to  present  for  the  degree  of  Doctor  of 
Laws  Paul  Henri  Benjamin  Balluet  d'Estour- 
NELLES,  Baron  de  Constant  de  Rebecque,  once  a 
member  of  the  French  Chamber,  now  Senator  for 
Sarthe,  a  most  distinguished  publicist,  and  one  of  the 
most  eloquent  and  potent  advocates  of  universal  peace, 
permanent  member  of  The  Hague  Tribunal  of  Arbi- 
tration, a  man  who  has  distinguished  himself  as  a 



diplomat  and  as  an  author.  In  his  absence  the  degree 
will  be  received  for  him  by  his  friend  Monsieur  Paul 
Doumer.    [^Applause'\ 

Mr.  Chancellor: 

It  gives  me  real  pleasure  to  present  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Laws  Sir  Robert  Cranston,  Knight  Com- 
mander of  the  Victorian  Order,  ex-Lord  Provost  of  the 
City  of  Edinburgh,  a  man  who,  in  early  life,  achieved 
distinguished  success  in  mercantile  pursuits;  who, 
during  his  tenure  of  office  as  the  chief  executive  of  the 
capital  city  of  Scotland,  introduced  many  valuable 
administrative  reforms;  and  whose  distinguished  ser- 
vices to  his  country  in  connection  with  the  war  in 
Egypt  against  the  Mahdi,  and  during  the  recent  war 
in  South  Africa,  proved  him  to  be  a  genuine  Scotch 
patriot.    [Applause'] 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Laws  Sir  Edward  Elgar,  Knight,  Doctor 
of  Music  of  the  Universities  of  Cambridge,  Oxford, 
and  Yale,  Professor  of  Music  in  the  University  of  Bir- 
mingham, a  man  from  whose  brain,  attuned  to  sweet 
harmonies,  have  emanated  some  of  the  very  choicest 
compositions  which  have  delighted  the  ears  of  men  io 
recent  years,  a  prince  among  musical  composers. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree 



of  Doctor  of  Laws  Heir  Ernst  von  Ihne,  Chief 
Architect  of  the  German  Emperor,  the  architect  of  the 
Kaiser  Friedrich  Museum,  of  the  castle  built  by  her 
late  Majesty  the  Empress  Frederick,  of  the  country 
seat  Hemmelmarck  belonging  to  Prince  Henry,  and 
of  the  State  Library  now  in  process  of  construction, 
beside  a  multitude  of  other  noble  buildings ;  one  of  the 
most  distinguished  of  living  European  architects. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Laws,  Doctor  Rein  hold  Koser,  Doctor  of 
Philosophy,  Privy  Councilor,  Director-in-Chief  of  the 
Prussian  State  Archives,  member  of  the  Royal  Acad- 
emy of  Sciences  of  Berlin,  author  of  a  biography  of 
Frederick  the  Great,  editor  of  the  "Politische  Corres- 
pondenz  Friedrichs  des  Grossen,"  in  thirty-one  vol- 
umes. President  of  the  Central  Direction  of  "Monu- 
menta  Germanica  Historica";  one  of  the  most  distin- 
guished historians  of  modem  Germany. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  his  Excellency  Lieutenant-General  Al- 
fred F.  J.  L.  VON  Loewenfeld,  Adjutant-General  of 
his  Majesty  the  German  Emperor,  who  has  held  many 
most  distinguished  military  positions,  and  stands  in 
close  personal  and  confidential  relations  to  his 



Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  Dn  Peter  Chalmers  Mitchell,  Doctor 
of  Science  of  the  University  of  Oxford,  Fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society,  the  Secretary  of  the  Zoological  Society 
of  London,  whose  researches  in  avian  and  mammalian 
anatomy  have  won  him  distinction,  under  whose  ad- 
ministration the  famous  Zoological  Society  of  London, 
one  of  the  greatest  institutions  of  its  kind  in  the  world, 
the  past  record  of  which  has  been  glorious,  promises  to 
achieve  a  record  even  more  glorious. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Laws  his  Excellency  Theodor  von  Mcel- 
LER,  of  Berlin,  Minister  of  State,  who  has  highly  dis- 
tinguished himself  in  political  life,  and  especially  by 
his  generous  efforts  to  secure  the  amelioration  of  the 
social  condition  of  the  working-classes  in  the  German 
empire;  one  of  the  most  famous  of  living  German 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  Sir  William  Henry  Preece,  Knight 
Commander  of  the  Order  of  the  Bath,  Fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society,  past-President  of  the  Institution  of 
Civil  Engineers  in  England,  formerly  Engineer-in- 
Chief  to  the  General  Postoffice,  and  Consulting  En- 



gineer  to  the  Colonies,  who  is  sometimes  styled  by 
Pittsburghers  "the  Westinghouse  of  England";  a  m^ 
whose  name  is  known  the  wide  world  over  for  his  dis- 
tinguished ability  in  applying  a  knowledge  of  the  laws 
of  nature  to  the  advancement  of  human  welfare. 

Mr,  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  Professor  John  Rh^s,  Doctor  of  Letters  of 
the  University  of  Oxford,  Principal  of  Jesus  College, 
Oxford,  a  distinguished  Celt,  who  has  made  his  race 
glorious  by  developing  our  knowledge  concerning  their 
place  in  the  history  of  the  world. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  the  Reverend  Ernest  Stewart  Roberts, 
Master  of  Arts,  Master  of  Gonville  and  Caius  College, 
Cambridge,  Vice-Chancellor  of  his  University,  who,  in 
addition  to  having  achieved  a  most  distinguished  re- 
putation as  a  scholar  in  one  of  the  most  difficult  depart- 
ments of  Greek  research,  has  also  become  an  authority 
of  international  repute  in  all  matters  touching  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  internal  affairs  of  universities  and 
kindred  institutions. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  John  Ross,  Doctor  of  Laws  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  St.  Andrews,  member  of  the  Senate  of  that 
University,  who  has  devoted  his  life  to  the  welfare  of 



the  city  of  Dunfermline,  the  birthplace  of  the  generous 
founder  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  in  Pittsburgh. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Laws  Professor  Fritz  Schaper,  Chancellor 
of  the  Order  of  Merit  for  Science  and  Art,  member  of 
the  Royal  Academy  of  Arts  of  Berlin,  the  author  of 
many  splendid  works,  among  them  portrait  busts  of 
many  of  the  most  famous  men  and  women  of  Germany, 
the  heroic  figure  of  Victory,  the  figure  of  Christ  in  the 
new  Cathedral  at  Berlin,  and  many  other  works  of  art 
by  which  he  has  greatly  adorned  the  German  capital. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor,  on  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trus- 
tees of  the  University,  to  present  the  name  of  a  gentle- 
man whose  determination  to  visit  Pittsburgh  was 
formed  too  late  for  the  authorities  of  the  University  to 
communicate  with  him,  but  whom  they  have  authorized 
me  to  present  to  you  for  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws 
— Colonel  GusTAv  Dickhuth,  Chief  of  the  General 
Staff  of  the  Seventeenth  Corps  d' Armee  of  the  Prussian 
army,  lecturer  on  military  topics  to  the  princes  of  the 
royal  household,  and  to  his  Majesty  the  Emperor. 

Mr.  Chancellor : 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Letters,  Mr.  Charles  Frederic  Moberly  Bell, 
one  of  the  most  distinguished  authorities  upon  the  his- 



tory  of  modem  Egypt,  the  manager  of  "The 

of  London,  who  represents  in  his  person  the  majesty  of 

the  British  press. 

Mr.  Chancellor  : 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Letters  L^once  Bi^NfeDiTE,  the  Conservateur 
of  the  Musee  du  Luxembourg,  Paris,  President  of  the 
Societe  des  Peintres  Orientalistes  Frangais,  of  the  So- 
ciete  des  Peintres  Graveurs  Frangais,  and  of  numerous 
other  societies  founded  for  the  advancement  of  art.  He 
has  written  many  beautiful  and  important  works  upon 
modem  art,  and  his  later  years  have  been  consecrated 
to  the  cultivation  and  upbuilding  of  the  interests  of  the 
great  institution  over  which  he  presides,  and  thus  of 
promoting  esthetic  culture  among  the  French  people. 

Mr.  Chancellor: 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Letters  Mr.  Joost  Marius  Willem  van  der 
PooRTEN-ScHWARTZ,  kuown  to  couutlcss  admiring 
readers  by  the  easier  title  of  "Maarten  Maartens," 
Doctor  of  Laws  of  the  universities  of  Utrecht  and  of 
Aberdeen,  who  is  the  sole  representative  here  to-day  of 
that  brave  little  kingdom  of  Holland,  whose  descen- 
dants in  the  new  world  are  renewing  the  world-wide 
fame  of  their  ancestors  across  the  seas. 

Mr.  Chancellor: 

I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of  Doc- 
tor of  Letters  Mr.  William  Thomas  Stead,  whose 



name  is  known  wherever  the  English  language  is 
spoken — and  elsewhere — as  a  prince  among  journal- 
ists, who  never  has  sullied  his  pen  by  advocating  an 
unworthy  cause,  who  comes  to  us  to  plead  on  behalf  of 
the  cause  of  universal  peace. 

Mr.  Chancellor: 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree 
of  Doctor  of  Science  Herr  Friedrich  S.  Archenhold, 
the  Director  of  the  Treptow  Observatory,  Berlin,  who 
has,  in  addition  to  his  labors  in  the  field  of  exact 
science,  rendered  distinguished  services  by  popular- 
izing a  knowledge  of  astronomy  among  his  country- 

Mr.  Chancellor: 

On  behalf  of  the  Faculty  and  Trustees  of  the  Uni- 
versity I  have  the  honor  of  presenting  for  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Science  Monsieur  Camille  Enlart,  Direc- 
tor of  the  Trocadero  Museum  in  Paris,  whose  know- 
ledge of  the  sciences  of  archeology  and  architecture  is 
illustrated  in  numerous  beautiful  and  important  works 
which  he  has  published,  and  whose  professional  labors 
in  various  schools  in  Paris  and  in  the  University  of 
Geneva  have  kindled  great  enthusiasm  in  a  large  body 
of  eager  and  delighted  students. 






MADB  APRIL  11,  1907 





Berichtc  iibcr  Handel  und  Industrie. 
Zusammengestellt  im  Reichsamt  des  Innem.    Vols.  IV-IX, 
1903-1906.    8vo,  half  calf.    Berlin,  Carl  Heymann. 

Internationale  Ausstellung  in  Mailand,  1906.    Amt- 
lichcr  Katalog  dcr  Dcutschen  Abteilung. 
8vo,  blue  linen,  pp.  192.    Berlin,  Georg  Stilkc,  1906. 

Herausgegeben  vom  Kaiserlichen  Statistischen  Amt,  Abteilung 
fur  Arbeiterstatistik.     JahrgJlnge  I-IV,   1903-1906.     4to, 
half  morocco.    Berlin,  Carl  Heymann. 


Amtlichcr  Bericht  iibcr  die  WcltausstcUung  in  Saint 
Louis,  1904. 

Small  folio,  linen,  pp.  577,  profusely  illustrated.  Berlin, 
Reichsdruckerei,  1906. 

Geschaftsbericht  des  Reichs-Vcrsichenings-Amts  fur 
die  Jahre  1894-1905. 

4to,  half  morocco,  bound  as  one  volume.  Reichsdruckerei, 
Berlin,  1894-1905. 

Versichenings-Statistik  fur  1902-1903  iiber  die  unter 
Reichsauf  sicht  stehenden  Untemehmungen. 

Herausgegeben  vom  Kaiserlichen  Aufsichtsamte  fur  Privat- 
versicherung.  2  vols.,  4to,  half  morocco.  Berlin,  J.  Gutten- 
tag,  1905-6. 

Berichte,  Denkschriften,  und  Verhandlungen  des 
Fiinften  Intemationalen  Kongresses  fiir  Versiche- 
rungs-Wissenschaft  zu  Berlin  vom  lo.  bis  15.  Sep- 
tember, 1906. 

Herausgegeben  im  Auftrag  des  Deutschen  Vereins  fur  Ver- 
sicherungs-Wisscnschaft  von  Alfred  Manes,  Dr.  phil.  et  jur., 
Gcneralsekretar  des  Vereins,  Greschaftsfuhrer  des  Kongresses. 
Vols.  I— III,  8vo,  half  morocco.  Berlin,  Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1906. 

Guide  to  the  Workmen's  Insurance  of  the  German 

Revised  edition  brought  up  to  date  for  the  Universal  Exposi- 
tion at  Saint  Louis,  1904.  Officially  compiled  by  Dr.  2^cher, 
Imperial  Privy  Counsellor.  8vo,  paper,  pp.  32,  8  tables.  Ber- 
lin, A.  Asher  &  Co.    (Two  copies.) 

Die  Gewinnbeteiligung  der  Versicherten  bei  den  im 
Deutschen  Reiche  arbeitenden  Lebensversicherungs- 



Don  V.  Interaationalen  Kongress  fur  Vcrsichcrungs-Wisscn- 
schaft  zu  Berlin  gewidmet  vom  Kaiserlichen  Aufsichtsamt  fur 
Privatversichcrung  zu  Berlin.  8vo,  paper,  pp.  no.  Berlin, 
Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1906. 

Die  gebrauchlichsten  Sterblichkcitstaf eln  der  im  Deut- 
schen  Reiche  arbeitendcn  Lebensversicherungsunter- 

Heft  XI  der  "VeroflFentlichungen  des  Deutschen  Vereins  fur 
Versicherungs-Wissenschaft."  8vo,  paper,  pp.  112.  Berlin, 
Mittler  u.  Sohn,  Oct.,  1906. 

Der  Begriff  der  Erwerbsunfahigkeit  auf  dem  Gebiete 
des  Versicheningswesens. 

Im  Auftrage  des  Reichs-Versicherungsamts  fur  den  V.  Inter- 
nationalen  Kongress  fur  Versicherungs-Wissenschaft  und  den 
IV.  Intemationalen  Kongress  fur  Versicherungs-Medizin  in 
Berlin,  1906,  bearbeitet  von  H.  Siefart,  Kaiserlichem  Regie- 
rungsrat  und  standigem  Mitgliede  des  Reichs-Versicherungs- 
amts.   Paper,  8vo,  pp.  166.    Berlin,  A.  Asher  &  Co.,  1906. 

Statistik  der  Arbeiterversicherung  des  Deutschen 
Reichs  fur  die  Jahre  1885-1904. 

Im  Auftrage  des  Reichs-Versicherungsamts  fur  die  Intematio- 
nalen Kongresse  fur  Versicherungswissenschaft  und  Versiche- 
rungsmedizin  in  Berlin,  1906,  bearbeitet  von  Dr.  jur.  G.  A. 
Klein,  Kaiserlichem  Regierungsrat  im  Reichs-Versicherungs- 
amt.  Sonderabdruck.  Paper,  small  folio,  pp.  37.  Berlin, 
Carl  Heymann,  1906. 

Das  Gefahrentarifwesen  der  Unfallversicherung  des 
Deutschen  Reichs.  Mit  einem  Anhang :  Die  Umlage- 
beitrage  der  wichtigeren  Gewerbezweige  fur  das  Jahr 

Im  amtlichen  Auftrage  fur  die  Weltausstellung  zu  Paris  bear- 



beitet  von  Konrad  Hartmann,  Kaiserlichcm  Geheimem  Regie- 
ningsrath  und  standig^n  Mitgliede  des  Reichs^-Versicheruiigs^ 
amts,  U.S.W.  Paper,  8vo,  pp.  94.  Berlin,  A.  Asher  &  Co., 

Die  Bedeutung  des  Pramienreservef onds  nach  dem 
Deutschen  Privatversicheningsgesetze. 

Von  Dr.  Broecker,  Kaiserlichem  Regieningsrat  im  Aufsichts- 
amt  fur  Privatvcrsichening,  u.s,w.    Paper,  8vo,  pp.  20,  n.  d. 

Die  Arbeiterversicherung  des  Deutschen  Rcichs, 

Fur  die  Weltausstellnng  in  Saint  Louis,  1904,  dargestellt  vom 
Reidis-Versicheningsamt,  u.s.w.  Katalog  und  Fuhrcr.  Bear- 
beitct  von  Dr.  jur.  G.  A.  Klein.    8vo,  paper,  pp.  36,  n.  d. 

The  Workmen's  Insurance  of  the  Grennan  Empire. 
Catalogue  and  Guide. 

St.  Louis  Universal  Exposition,  1904.  (English  translation 
of  the  foregoing.)    8vo,  paper,  pp.  36.    (Two  copies.) 

ie  Deutsche  Arbeiterversicherung  als  soziale  Ein- 

Zweite  Auflage  im  Auf trage  des  Reichs-Versicherungsamts  fur 
den  VII.  Intemationalen  Arbciterversicherungs-Kongrcss  in 
Wicn,  1905,  bearbeitet  von  A.  Biclefeldt,  K.  Hartmann,  G. 
A.  Klein,  L.  Lass,  und  F.  Zahn.  8vo,  paper,  pp.  152.  Berlin, 
A.  Asher  &  Co.,  1905. 

Deutsche  Arbeiterversicherung  als  soziale  Ein- 

Vom  Reichs-Versicherungsamt  fur  den  V.  Intemationalen 
Kongress  fiir  Versicherungs-Wissenschaft,  Berlin,  Sept.  10- 
15,  1906,  bearbeitet.  8vo,  paper,  pp.  37.  Berlin,  A.  Asher  & 
Co.,  1906.    (Extract  from  the  foregoing.) 



Leitf  aden  zur  Arbeiterversichening  des  Deutschen 

Neu  zusammengestellt  fur  die  Intemationalen  Kongresse  fur 
Vcrsichenmgswissenschaft  imd  Versicherungsmedizin  in  Ber- 
lin, 1906.  Bearbeitet  von  Dr.  Zacher,  Prof.  Dr.  jur.  L.  Lass, 
und  Dr.  jur.  G.  A.  Klein.  8vo,  paper,  pp.  47.  Berlin,  A. 
Asher&Co.,  1906. 

The  German  Workmen's  Insurance  as  a  Social 

G)mpiled  for  the  Universal  Exposition  at  St.  Louis,  1.904,  by 
order  of  the  Imperial  Insurance  Office. 

Part  II.  Statistics.  By  Dr.  G.  A.  Klein.  Paper,  8vo,  pp. 
36.    Berlin,  Reichsdruckerei,  1904. 

Part  III.  Prevention  of  Accidents  and  Workmen's  Hygiene. 
By  Konrad  Hartmann.  8vo,  pp.  23.  Berlin, 
Reichsdruckerei,  1904. 

Part  IV.  Workmen's  Insurance  and  National  Health.  By 
A.  Bielefeldt.  Svo,  pp.  28.  Berlin,  Reichsdruck- 
erei, 1904. 

Part  V.  Workmen's  Insurance  and  National  Economy.  By 
Dr.  Friedrich  Zahn.  8vo,  pp.  36.  Berlin,  Reichs- 
druckerei, 1904. 

Beitrage  zur  Statistik  der  Deutschen  Lebens-  und 
Fcuerversicherung  im  Jahrc  1901. 
Herausgegeben  vom  Kaiserlichen  Auf sichtsamte  fur  Privatver- 
sicherung.    Small  folio,  half  morocco,  pp.  69.    Berlin,  J.  Gut- 
tentag,  1903. 

Geschaf tsbericht  des  Kaiserlichen  Deutschen  Auf- 
sichtsamts  fiir  Privatversichening,  1902-1905. 

Compiled  from  the  '^er5ffentlichungen."  Small  4to,  half  mo- 
rocco.   Berlin,  1903-1906. 




Die  Bucher  der  Chronika  der  drei  Schwestem.    By  I. 
K.  A.  Musaeus. 

Illnstrirt  von  H.  Lefler  und  J.  Urban.  Querfolio,  linen,  S5 
pp.,  edition  de  luxe.  Gedruckt  in  der  Reichsdruckerei.  Berlin, 
J.  A.  Stargardt,  1900. 

Dnickschrif ten  des  fiinf zehnten  bis  achtzehnten  Jahr- 
hunderts  in  getreuen  Nachbildungen. 

Herausg^geben  von  der  Direction  der  Reichsdruckerei.  Large 
portfolio,  full  morocco,  gilt,  silk-lined,  with  the  Imperial  Arms 
on  the  covers.    Berlin,  1884-1887. 

Monumenta  Germanise  et  Italic  Typographica.  Deut- 
sche und  Italienische  Inkunabeln  in  getreuen  Nach- 

Herausgegeben  von  der  Direction  der  Reichsdruckerei.  Aus- 
wahl  und  Text  von  K.  Burger,  Gustos  des  Buchgewerbe-Mu- 
seums  zu  Leipzig.  Lieferungen  1—6.  200  plates  in  two  port- 
folios full  morocco,  gilt,  silk-lined,  with  the  Imperial  Arms  on 
covers.  Edition  de  luxe.  Berlin,  Reichsdruckerei,  1892— 

The  Songs  of  Selim  I,  Sultan  of  Persia. 

Text  in  Persian.  Folio,  illuminated  borders.  Edition  de  luxe. 
One  of  a  very  small  number  of  copies  printed  at  the  Reichs- 
druckerei in  Berlin  for  presentation  on  the  occasion  of  a  visit 
of  the  Sultan  Muzaffer-ed-din  to  Germany. 

Large  portfolio,  full  morocco,  gilt,  satin-lined,  with 
the  Imperial  Arms  on  covers. 



Containing  43  facsimile  reproductions  of  copperplates,  mezzo- 
tints, and  wood-cuts  of  the  old  masters  from  the  beginning  of 
the  15th  to  the  end  of  the  18th  centuries,  and  six  water-mark 
sheets  with  portraits  of  His  and  Her  Imperial  and  Royal 
Majesties,  His  Royal  Highness  Prince  Henry  of  Prussia,  and 
of  Presidents  Washington,  Jefferson,  and  Roosevelt.  Reichs- 
druckerei.    Edition  de  luxe. 

Lucas  Cranach.    Sammlung  von  Nachbildungen  seiner 
vorziiglichsten  Holzschnitte  und  seiner  Stiche. 

Hergestellt  in  der  Reichsdruckerei  und  herausgegeben  von  F. 
Lippmann,  Direktor  des  Koniglichen  Kupferstichkabinets  in 
Berlin.    Folio,  boards,  64  plates.    Berlin,  1895. 

ill  from  the  royal  prussian  ministry  of  education 


A  receptacle,  four  feet  four  inches  long,  three  feet  six 
inches  wide,  and  twelve  and  one-half  inches  deep, 
bound  in  red  morocco,  in  imitation  of  a  colossal  book, 
with  brazen  bosses  on  the  sides  and  back,  and  in- 
scribed in  large  gilt  letters :  "Arbeiten  aus  dem  Denk- 
maler-Archiv  des  Konigl.  Preuss.  Kultusministeri- 
ums  zum  1 1,  April,  1907." 

This  contains  mounted  photographs  on  frames  of  the  fol- 
lowing : 

1.  Denkmal  des  Grossen  Kurfursten  zu  Berlin. 

2.  Dom  in  Limburg  a.  L. 

3.  Erechtheion  auf  der  Acropolis  von  Athen. 

4.  Dom  in  Worms. 

5.  Hagia  Sophia  zu  Constantinopel. 

6.  Burg-Eltz  am  Mosel. 



7.  Munster  in  Freiburg. 

8.  Dom  in  Bamberg. 

9.  Liebfrauenkirche  in  Trier. 

10.  Munster  in  Freiburg.    (Interior  View.) 

11.  Dom  in  Halberstadt. 

12.  Porta  Nigra  in  Trier. 

Das  Kastell  in  Bari. 

Herausgegeben  vom  Kdniglichen  Preussisdien  Historischen 
Institut  in  Rom.  Bearbeitet  von  Arthur  HaseloflF.  Folio, 
linen,  pp.  25,  plates  I-XIX.    Berlin,  A.  Asher  &  Co.,  1906. 

Adolph  von  Menzel.    Abbildungen  seiner  Gemaldc 
und  Studien. 

Auf  Grand  der  von  der  Kgl.  National-Galerie  im  Fruhjahr, 
1905,  veranstalteten  Ausstellung  imter  Mitwirkung  von  Dr. 
E.  Schwedeler-Mayer  und  Dr.  J.  Kem  herausgegeben  von  Dr. 
Hugo  von  Tschudi.  Folio,  half  vellum,  gilt,  pp.  454,  profusely 
illustrated.    Munich,  F.  Bruckmann,  A.-G.,  1906. 

Die  Deutsche  Jahrhundert- Ausstellung,  Berlin,  1906. 

Ausstellung  Deutscher  Kunst  aus  der  Zeit  von  1775—1875  in 
der  Kdniglichen  National-Galerie,  Berlin,  1906.  Herausge- 
geben vom  Vorstand  der  Deutschen  Jahrhundertausstellung. 
Auswahl  der  hervorragendsten  Bilder  mit  einleitendem  Text 
von  Hugo  von  Tschudi.  2  vols.,  folio,  cloth,  gilt  tops,  pro- 
fusely illustrated.    Munich,  F.  Bruckmann,  A.-G.,  1906. 

Collection  Pisani,  Palais  Pisani,  Place  Manin, 

G>llection  of  photographs  of  important  paintings  bound  sump- 
tuously as  an  oblong  folio  volume,  green  cloth,  gilt. 






Denkschrif  t  liber  den  Entwurf  eines  Rhein-Elbe- 

Auf  Grund  der  Vorarbeiten  aufgestellt,  Berlin,  i.  Januar, 
1 899,  von  Prusmann,  Koniglichem  Wasser-Bauinspektor.  Heft 
I,  Text;  Heft  II,  Atlas;  4to,  cloth.    Berlin,  B.  Gisevius. 

Lichtbilder  von  der  Koniglichen  Versuchsanstalt  fiir 
Wasserbau  und  Schiffbau  zu  Berlin. 

Aufgenommen  von  Egon  Schumann,  Koniglichem  Wasserbau- 
inspektor.  Als  Handschrif  t  gedruckt.  29  plates  in  blue  muslin 
portfolio.    Berlin,  1904. 

Die  Versuchsanstalt  fur  Wasserbau  und  Schiffahrt  zu 

Vortrag  gehalten  in  der  Sitzung  des  grossen  Ausschusses  des 
"Central  Vereins  fiir  Hebung  der  Deutschen  Fluss-  und  Kanal- 
SchiflFahrt"  vom  3.  April,  1903,  von  Wasserbauinspektor  Schu- 
mann. Sonderabdruck  aus  der  "Zeitschrift  fiir  Binnen-Schif- 
fahrt,"  X.  Jahrgang,  Heft  8,  1903.  Folio,  pp.  13,  folding 
plate.   Berlin,  1903. 

Kommissionsbericht  iiber  die  Wasserstrassen-Vorlage 
des  Jahres  1904  mit  Ausnahme  des  Grossschiffahrt- 
weges  Berlin-Stettin. 

No.  594,  Haus  der  Abgeordneten,  20.  Legislaturperiode,  I.  Ses- 
sion, 1904-5.  Berichtserstatter  Abgeord.  Dr.  am  2^hnhoff. 
Small  folio,  blue  muslin,  pp.  351,  maps  and  charts.  Berlin, 
W.  Moeler,  1904. 


Das  Eisbrechwesen  im  Deutschen  Reiche. 

Auf  Veranlassung  des  Koniglichen  Preussischen  Herm  Minis- 
ters der  Oeffentlichcn  Arbeiten,  dargestellt  von  M.  Gorz  und 
M.  Buchmeisten  4tO|  green  cloth,  pp.  248^  46  plates.  Ber- 
lin, A  Asher  &  Co.,  1900. 

Memel-,  Pregel-  und  Weichselstrom,  ihre  Stromgebiete 
und  ihre  wichtigsten  Nebenfliisse. 

Eine  hydrographische,  wasserwirthschaftliche  und  wasser- 
rechtliche  Darstellung.  Auf  Gnind  des  allerhochsten  Erlasses 
vom  28.  Februar,  1892,  im  Auftrage  des  Preussischen  Wasser- 
Ausschusses,  herausgegeben  von  H.  Keller,  Geheimer  Baurath, 
Vorsteher  des  Bureaus  des  Ausschusses.  4  vols.,  small  4to, 
Text;  1  vol.,  large  folio.  Maps;  cloth.  Berlin,  Dietrich 
r.  1899. 


Weser  und  Ems,  ihre  Stromgebiete  und  ihre  wichtig- 
sten Nebenfliisse. 

Eine  hydrographische,  wasserwirthschaftliche  und  wasser- 
rechtliche  Darstellung,  u.s.w.  Herausgegeben  von  H.  Keller, 
Greheimer  Baurath,  u.s.w.  4  vols.,  small  4to.  Text;  1  vol., 
sm.  folio,  Tabellen  und  Anlagen;  1  vol.  large  folio,  maps; 
cloth.    Berlin,  Dietrich  Reimer,  1901. 

Haf  en  zu  Emden. 

Denkschrift  uber  den  weiteren  Ausbau  des  Eitiden  Hafens. 
Sm.  folio,  text  and  maps;  half  morocco.  Berlin,  B.  Gisevius, 

Die  Neuen  Wasserwirthschaf  tlichen  Gesetzc  in 

Im  Auftrage  des  Preussischen  Herm  Ministers  der  Oeffentli- 
chcn Arbeiten  fur  den  X.  Intemationalen  Schiffahrt-Kongress 
in  Mailand  zusammengestellt  von  Dr.  Ing.  S3rmpher,  Gehei- 
mer Oberbaurat.  8vo,  half  morocco,  pp.  108.  Berlin,  Wil- 
liam Ernst  u.  Sohn,  1905. 



Ingenicurwerke  in  und  bei  Berlin. 

Festschrift  zum  50-jahrigen  Bestehen  des  Vereines  Deutscher 
Ingenieure.  Small  4to,  cloth,  pp.  535,  numerous  illustrations, 
maps,  and  plates.    Berlin,  Julius  Sittenfeld,  1906. 

Binnenschiffahrt  in  Europa  und  Nordamerika, 

Im  Auftrage  des  Herm  Ministers  der  oflFentlichen  Arbeiten 
nach  amtlichen  Berichten  und  VerofFentlichungen,  bearbeitet 
von  Eger,  Regierungs-  und  Baurath.  Small  folio,  half  mo- 
rocco, gilt,  pp.  142,  maps.  Berlin,  Siemenroth  u.  Troschel, 

Arbeiten  der  Rheinstrom-Bauverwaltung,  1851- 

Denkschrift  anlasslich  des  50-jahrigen  Bestehens  der  Rhein- 
strom-Bauverwaltung und  Bericht  fiber  die  Verwendimg  der 
seit  1880  zur  Regulinmg  des  Rheinstroms  bewilligten  ausser- 
ordentlichen  Geldmittel,  nach  amtlichen  Materialen  bearbeitet 
von  R.  Jasmund,  Regierungs-  und  Baurath.  Folio,  liaen,  dec- 
orated cover,  pp.  242.  Leipziger  Buchdruckerei,  A.-G.,  vorm. 
Giistav  Fritsche,  1900. 

Der  Rhein  von  Strassburg  bis  zur  HoUandischen 

Ein  in  technischer  imd  wirthschaftlicher  Beziehung  unter  Be- 
nutzung  amtlicher  Quellen  im  Auftrage  des  Herm  Ministers 
der  Oeffentlichen  Arbeiten  bearbeitet  im  Frfihjahr  1902  von 
E.  Beyerhaus,  Wasserbau-Inspektor  bei  der  Kgl.  Rheinstrom- 
bauverwaltung  in  Coblenz.  Folio,  cloth,  pp.  128.  Profusely 
illustrated  with  maps  and  plates.  Leipziger  Buchdruckerei, 
A.-G.,  vorm.  Gustav  Fritsche,  1902. 

Der  Bau  des  Dortmund-Ems-Canals. 

Bearbeitet  im  Auftrag  des  Herm  Ministers  der  offentlichen 
Arbeiten.    Vol.  I,  text,  small  folio,  pp.  100,  with  124  illustra- 



tions;  Vol.  II,  Atlas,  31  plates,  large  folio;  half  moiocco,  gilt. 
Imperial  Anns  on  covers.  Berlin,  Wilhelm  Ernst  u.  Sohn, 

Festschrift  zur  Eroffnung  des  Dortmund-Ems- 
Kanals,  1899. 

Folio,  linen,  pp.  59,  numerous  photogravures  and  maps.  Ber- 
lin, Gisevius,  n.  d. 

Dcr  Haf  en  von  Dortmund. 

Denkschrift  zur  Feier  der  Hafeneinweihung  am  11.  August, 
1899.  Fur  die  Stadt  Dortmimd  bearbeitet  von  Mathies,  Re- 
gierungs-  und  Baurath.  Folio,  full  yellow  morocco,  pp.  83, 
profusely  illustrated  with  cuts,  plates,  and  maps.  Dortmund, 
Fr.  Wilh.  Ruhf us,  n.  d. 

Die  wirthschaf  tliche  Bedeutung  des  Rhein-Elbe- 

Von  Sympher,  Regierungs^  und  Baurath.  Band  I,  Text,  pp. 
154;  Band  II,  Anlagen.  Small  folio,  linen  limp.  Berlin, 
Siemenroth  u.  Troschel,  1899. 

Die  Betriebseinrichtungen  des  Teltowkanals. 

Von  Erich  Block.  Sonderabdruck  aus  der  "Elektroteknischen 
Zeitschrift,"  Jahrgang  1906.    Folio,  half  morocco,  gilt  top. 

Festschrift  zur  Einweihung  des  Teltow-Kanals  durch 
seine  Majestat  den  Kaiser  und  Konig  Wilhelm  11. 

Im  Auf trage  des  Kreises  Teltow  verf asst  von  Christian  Have- 
stadt,  Koniglichem  Baurat,  u.s.w.  Folio,  linen,  pp.  104.  Il- 
lustrated with  cuts,  plates,  and  maps.    Berlin,  Rohde,  1906. 

Bau  und  Betrieb  der  Dampfbagger  der  Preussischen 

Bearbeitet  im  Ministerium  der  offentlichen  Arbeiten.    104  Ab- 



bildungen  und  7  Tafeln.  Small  folio,  half  morocco,  gilt  top, 
pp.  104.    Berlin,  Stankiewicz,  1904. 

Statistische  Nachweisungen  iiber  Ausgefiihrte  Was- 
serbauten  des  Preussischen  Staates. 

Bcarbeitet  im  Ministcrium  der  oflFentlichen  Arbeiten  von  P. 
RoloflF,  Regienmgs-  und  Baurat.  Folio,  half  morocco,  gilt 
top,  pp.  136.    Berlin,  Wilhelm  Ernst  u.  Sohn,'  1907. 

Deutsche  Wasserstrassen  und  ihr  Verkehr. 

Portfolio,  half  morocco,  containing  folding  maps  published  by 
Sympher,  and  a  pamphlet  with  explanations.  Berlin,  Julius 
Moser,  1902. 

Kaiser  Wilhelm-Kanal. 

Large  portfolio,  half  morocco,  with  Imperial  Arms  on  side, 
containing  20  large  photographs  of  the  Canal,    n.  d. 


Large  portfolio,  half  morocco,  gilt  with  the  Imperial  Arms  on 
the  side,  containing  20  photographs  of  dams  (Talsperren) 
erected  in  different  parts  of  Prussia.    Edition  de  luxe. 

Herrenhaus  und  Abgeordnetenhaus  in  Berlin. 

Twenty-five  photographs  bound  as  one  large  folio  volume,  half 
morocco,  gilt,  with  the  Imperial  Arms  on  the  covers.  Edition 
de  luxe. 

Neubauten  der  Stadt 

Gesamtansichten  und  Einzelheiten  nach  den  mit  Massen  ver- 
sehenen  Originalzeichnungen  der  Fassaden  und  des  Innenraums 
so  wie  Naturauf nahmen  der  Bemerkenswertesten  Teile  der  seit 
dem  Jahre  1897  in  Berlin  errichteten  stadtischen  Bauten.  Mit 
beschreibendem  Text  von  Stadtbaurat  Ludwig  Hoffmann. 
Vols.  I-V,  folio,  cloth,  250  plates.  Berlin,  Bruno  Hessling, 



Berlin  und  seine  Bauten. 

Bearbeitet  und  hcrausgegeben  vom  Architektenvereinc  zu  Ber- 
lin iind  der  Vcreinigung  Berliner  Architekten.  Mit  2150  Ab- 
bildungen  im  Text,  18  Lichtdrucktafeln,  1  Stichtafel,  und  4 
Anlagen.  Vols.  I— II,  half  morocco,  Wilhelm  Ernst  u.  Sohn, 
Berlin,  1896. 

Large  Portfolio.    Bound  in  half  morocco,  gilt. 

Containing  19  photographs  of  the  Dortmimd-Ems-Canal,  the 
Teltow-Canal,  and  the  Home  for  Seamen  near  Teltow. 

Large  Portfolio.    Bound  in  half  morocco,  gilt. 

G)ntaining  2 1  photographs  of  the  Harbor  of  Memel,  the  Har- 
bor of  Pillau,  the  new  n\puth  of  the  Vistula,  Ice-breaking  on 
the  Vistula,  the  Harbor  of  Brahemunde,  and  the  Cylindrical 
Watergate  at  Brahnau. 

Large  Portfolio.    Bound  in  half  morocco,  gilt. 

Containing  20  photographs  of  the  Harbor  of  Emden,  the  Har- 
bor of  Ruheort,  the  Harbor  of  Geestemiinde,  the  fire-ship 
"Fehraambelt,"  the  Lighthouse  at  Helgoland,  and  the  dredg- 
ing-ship  of  the  Department  of  Construction  of  the  River  Elbe. 

Large  stand  of  oak  with  swinging  frames  containing 
the  following  mounted  photographs : 
Railroad  bridge  (Kaiser  Wilhelm  Brucke)  near  Mungsten. 
Railroad  bridge  crossing  the  Kaiser  Wilhelm  Canal  near  Le- 

Viaduct  on  the  line  from  Remscheid  to  Solingen. 
Viaduct  of  the  Elevated  crossing  the  Potsdam  Terminal  in 

Railroad  bridge  crossing  the  Rhine  near  Worms. 
Dammtor-Depot  at  Hamburg.    Train-shed. 
Viaduct  of  the  Elevated  over  the  Anhalt-Railroad  in  Berlin. 



The  new  Terminal  at  Frankfurt-am-Main.    Middle  section  of 

the  train-shed. 

Railroad  bridge  (Kaiser  Brucke)  crossing  the  Rhine  near 

Mainz  on  the  line  from  Mainz  to  Wiesbaden. 

Passenger  bridge  over  the  classification-yard  near  Strassburg 


The  new  Terminal  at  Altona.    Train-shed. 

Railroad  bridge  crossing  the  Rhine  near  Q>blenz-Horchheim. 

The  Bellerman  Street  Bridge  crossing  the  Suburban  Station 

Gesundbrunnen  in  Berlin. 

Die  Strassen-Briicken  der  Stadt  Berlin. 

Herausgegeben  vom  Magistrat.    2  vols.,  folio,  linen,  profusely 
illustrated.    Berlin,  Julius  Springer,  1902. 



Bucher-Vcrzeichniss  des  Vereins  fiir  die  Bergbaulichen 
Interessen  im  Oberbergamtsbczirk  Dortmund  zu 

Dritte  Ausgabe,  Dec.  31,  1904.  4to,  buckram.  Berlin,  H.  S. 
Hermann,  1905. 

Die  Entwickelung  des  Niederrheinisch-Westfalischen 
Steinkohlen-Bergbaues  in  der  zweiten  Halfte  des 
igten  Jahrhunderts. 

Herausgegeben  vom  Verein  fur  die  bergbaulichen  Interessen  im 
Oberbergamtsbczirk  Dortmund  in  Gemeinschaf t  mit  der  West- 
falischen  Berggewerkschaf ts-Kasse  und  dem  Rheinisch-Westfa- 
lischen  Kohlensjmdikat.  Vols.  I -XII.  Royal  8vo,  linen, 
many  maps  and  plates.    Berlin,  Julius  Springer,  1903—4. 



Jahres-Berichte  der  Koniglich  Preussischen  Gcwerbc- 

Jahrgang  1896—1905.  10  vols.,  8vo,  crushed  Levant,  full 
gilt,  tooled.  Edition  de  luxe.  Berlin,  W.  T.  Bruer,  1897— 

Bcricht  uber  den  9.  allgemeinen  Deutschen  Bcrg- 
mannstag  zu  St.  Johann-Saarbriicken  vom  7.  bis  10. 
September,  1904. 

Mit  58  Text-Figuren  und  10  lithographischen  Tafcln.  Royal 
8vo,  linen,  pp.  180.    Berlin,  Julius  Springer,  1905. 

Erster  Verwaltungsbericht  des  Koniglichen  Preussi- 
schen Landesgewerbeamts,  1905. 

8vo,  full  vellum,  gilt,  tooled  edges.  Special  edition  de  luxe. 
Berlin,  Carl  Heymann,  1906. 

vi    from  the  imperial  department  of  war 


Militarische  Schrif  ten  weiland  Kaiser  Wilhelms  des 
Grossen  Majestat. 

Auf  Befehl  Seiner  Majestat  des  Kaisers  und  Konigs  herausge- 
geben  vom  Koniglich  Preussischen  Kriegsministerium,  Vols.  I— 
II.  Folio,  half  morocco,  gilt,  tooled.  Edition  de  luxe,  with 
Imperial  Arms  on  cover.    Berlin,  Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1897. 

Die  Mobilmachung  von  1870-71. 

Mit  allerhochster  Genehmigung  Seiner  Majestat  des  Kaisers 
imd  Konigs  bearbeitet  im  Koniglichen  Kriegsministerium  von 
Gustav  Lehmann,  wirklichem  geheimem  Kriegs-Rat  imd  vor- 
tragendem  Rat  im  Kriegsministerium.  Folio,  half  morocco, 
gilt,  pp.  366,  plates.    Berlin,  Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1904. 



Geschichte  der  Bekleidung,  Bewaffnung,  und  Ausriis- 
tung  dcs  Kaniglich  Preussischen  Heeres. 

Auf  allerhdchsten  Befehl  Seiner  Majestat  des  Kaisers  und  Kd- 
nigs  herausgegeben  von  dem  Koniglichen  Kriegsministerium. 
Erster  Teil:  Die  Infanterie-Regimenter  im  Jahre  1806;  Zwei- 
ter  Teil :  Die  Kurassier-  und  Dragoner  Regimenter  seit  Anf  ang 
des  18.  Jahrhunderts  bis  zur  Reorganisation  der  Armee  1808. 
Bearbeitet  von  C.  Kling.  Full  morocco,  gilt,  tooled.  Exiition 
de  luxe,  with  Imperial  Arms  on  cover.  Weimar,  Putze  &  Hol- 
zer,  1902-6. 

Geschichte  der  Koniglich  Preussischen  Fahnen  und 
Standarten  seit  dem  Jahre  1807. 

Bearbeitet  vom  Koniglichen  Kriegsministerium.  2  vols.  Folio, 
half  morocco,  gilt.  Edition  de  luxe.  Berlin,  Mittler  u.  Sohn, 

Karte  des  Deutschen  Reiches,  1 :  looooo. 

Vols.  I— II.  Two  receptacles  elegantly  bound  in  full  morocco, 
gilt,  with  the  Imperial  Arms  on  the  covers,  containing  674 
maps  of  the  German  Empire  as  loose  sheets. 

Topographische  Uebersichtskarte  des  Deutschen 
Reiches,  1 :  2000CX). 

Receptacle  elegantly  bound  in  full  morocco,  gilt,  with  the  Im- 
perial Arms  on  the  covers,  containing  194  topographic  maps  of 
the  German  Empire  as  loose  sheets. 

Karte  von  Ost-China,  1 :  lOOCXXX). 

Herausgegeben  von  der  Kgl.  Preussischen  Landesaufnahme. 
Large  portfolio,  full  morocco,  gilt,  with  the  Imperial  Arms  on 
the  covers,  containing  twelve  large  maps  mounted  on  muslin. 



vii   from  the  imperial  navy  department 



Jahrgange  XV- XVII,  6  Tcilc,  8vo,  blue  cloth,  gilt  tops.  Ber- 
lin, Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1904—1906. 

Deutsches  Seemannisches  Worterbuch. 

Im  Auf  trage  des  Staatssekretars  des  Reichs-Marine-Amts  her- 
ausgegeben  von  A.  Stenzel,  Kapitan  zur  See  a.  D.  Mit  2 
bunten  und  7  schwarzen  Tafeln,  sowie  6  Tafeln  und  33  Ab- 
bildungen  im  Text.  Royal  8vo,  blue  cloth,  gilt  top.  Berlin, 
Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1904. 

Die  Forschungen  S.M.S.  "Gazelle"  in  den  Jahren  1874 
bis  1876  untcr  Kommando  des  Kapitan  zur  Sec  Frei- 
herm  von  Schleinitz. 

Herausgegeben  von  dem  Hydrographischen  Amt  des  Reichs- 
Marine-Amts.  Vols.  I-V,  4to,  blue  cloth,  gilt,  many  maps, 
charts,  and  plates.    Berlin,  Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1889—1900. 

ie  Entwickelung  der  Dcutschcn  See-In  tercsscn  im 
letztcn  Jahrzehnt. 

Zusammengcstellt  im  Reichs-Marine-Amt.     4to,  blue  cloth, 
gilt  top.    Berlin,  Reichsdruckerei,  1905. 

Annalen  der  Hydrographie  und  Maritimcn  Metcoro- 

Vols.  XXXII-XXXrV,  1904-1906.    Small  4to,  half  mo- 
rocco.   Berlin,  Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1904—1906. 

Nauticus :  Jahrbuch  f  iir  Deutschlands  Sceintercssen. 

Unter  theilweiser  Benutzung  amtlichen  Materials  herausge- 


gcbcn.  Vols.  VI-VIII,  8vo,  blue  cloth,  gilL  Berlin,  Mittlcr 
u.  Sohn,  1904-1906. 

Lehrbuch  der  Navigation. 

Herausgegeben  vom  Reichs-Marine-Amt.  Zweite  umgearbei- 
tete  Auflage.  Band  I.  Terrestrische  Navigation ;  Band  II.  As- 
tronomische  Navigation.  2  vols.,  8vo,  blue  cloth,  gilt.  Ber- 
lin, Mittler  u.  Sohn,  1906. 


Segelhandbuch  f iir  den  Atlantischen  Ozean. 

Zweite  Auflage.  Herausgegeben  von  der  Direktion  der  Dcut- 
schen  Seewarte.  Mit  61  Tcxt-Figuren  und  4  Steindracktafeln. 
Royal  8vo,  pp.  598.    Hamburg,  L.  Friedrichsen  &  Q>.,  1899. 

Atlantisdier  Ozean.    Ein  Atlas  von  36  Kartcn. 

Zweite  Auflage.  Large  folio.  Hamburg,  L.  Friedrichsen  & 
Co.,  1902. 

Segelhandbuch  f  iir  den  Stillcn  Ozean. 

Erste  Auflage.  Herausgegeben  von  der  Direktion  der  Deut- 
schen  Seewarte.  Mit  32  Text-Figuren  und  9  Steindracktafeln. 
Royal  8vo,  pp.  916.    Hamburg,  L.  Friedrichsen  &  G).,  1897. 

Stiller  Ozean.    Ein  Atlas  von  31  Karten. 

Oblong  folio.    Hamburg,  L.  Friedrichsen  &  Co.,  1896. 

Segelhandbuch  fur  den  Indischen  Ozean. 

Herausgegeben  von  der  Direktion  der  Deutschen  Seewarte. 
Mit  41  Text-Figuren  und  9  Steindracktafeln.  Royal  8vo,  pp. 
812.    Hamburg,  L.  Friedrichsen  &  Co.,  1892. 


Indischer  Ozean.    Ein  Atlas  von  35  Karten. 

Oblong  folio.    Hamburg,  L.  Friedrichsen  &  Co.,  1891. 

Aus  dem  Archiv  der  Deutschen  Secwarte. 

Jahrgang  27-29.  3  vols.,  4to,  half  morocco.  Hamburg, 

Tagliche  Synoptischc  Wetterkartcn  fiir  den  Nordat- 
lantischen  Ozcan  und  die  anliegenden  Teile  dcr 

Herausgegeben  von  dem  Danischen  Meteorologischen  Institut 
imd  der  Deutschen  Seewarte.  XIX.  Jahrgang.  Folio,  half 
morocco.    G>penhagen  &  Hamburg,  1905. 



Containing  photographs  of  Schloss  Friedrichshof ,  the  country- 
seat  of  Her  Majesty  the  Empress  Frederick.  Built  by  Emst 
von  Ihne,  1889-1893. 


Containing  photographs  of  Haus  Sonneck,  the  seat  of  Herr 
Henry  T.  von  Boettinger  of  Elberfeld.  Built  by  Emst  von 
Ihne,  1892-1894. 

Six  photographs 

Of  the  interior  of  the  Royal  Stables  in  Berlin.  Built  by  Emst 
von  Ihne.    Finished  in  1903. 




Ulndo-Chine  f  rangaise. 

Ouvrage  couronne  par  I'Academie  f rangaise  et  la  Society  de 
Geographie.  Second  Exlition.  4to,  linen,  pp.  424,  many  illus- 
trations.   Paris,  Vuibert  &  Nony.  n.  d. 

Livre  de  mes  fils. 

8vo,  cloth,  pp.  344.    Paris,  Vuibert  &  Nony,  1906. 


Das  Wcltall. 

Illustrierte  Zeitschrif t  fur  Astronomic  und  verwandte  Gebiete. 
Herausgegeben  von  F.  S.  Archenhold,  Direktor  der  Treptow 
Stemwarte.  Jahrgang  I— VI,  1900- 1906.  Small  folio,  cloth, 
illustrated.    Berlin,  Schwetschke  u.  Sohn. 




Pittsburgh,  Penn.,  May  15, 1907 

To  His  Majesty  William  II 

German  Emperor,  King  of  Prussia 

Tour  Majesty: 

On  behalf  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie 
Institute,  we  desire  to  express  a  deep  sense  of  apprecia- 
tion of  Your  Majesty's  kindness  in  arranging  for  the 
attendance,  on  the  occasion  of  the  recent  dedication  of 
the  Carnegie  Institute  at  Pittsburgh,  of  certain  of  the 
most  distinguished  citizens  of  Germany,  whose  pres- 
ence added  to  the  charm,  while  their  eloquent  felicita- 
tions enhanced  the  interest,  of  the  occasion. 

We  also  desire  to  express  our  grateful  thanks  for  the 
noble  gift  of  important  publications  issued  by  the  Ger- 
man Grovemmcnt,  which  will  forever  remain  in  the 
Carnegie  Library  as  a  treasured  token  of  Your  Maj- 
esty's good  will. 

These  gracious  and  generous  attentions  toward  the 


Camegic  Institute  and  the  people  of  Pittsburgh  can  not 
fail  to  strengthen  the  bonds  of  friendship  which  have 
always  existed  unimpaired  between  our  country  and 
the  German  Empire. 

Praying  that  Your  Majesty  may  long  be  spared  in 
health  and  strength  to  lead  a  prosperous  and  happy 
people,  and  assuring  Your  Majesty  of  our  abiding  es- 
teem, we  have  the  honor  to  subscribe  ourselves,  on  be- 
half of  the  Trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Institute, 

With  profound  respect, 

W.  N.  Frew 


S.  H.  Church 





"The  trustees  of  the  Carnegie  Art  Galleries  have  put  themselves 
at  the  head  of  the  art  movement  not  only  in  America,  but  also  in 
Europe.  An  exhibition  so  choice,  varied,  and  at  the  same  time 
summarizing  so  completely  the  art  tendencies  of  to-day  is  with* 
out  parallel  anywhere." — Charles  H.  Cafpim,  in  Heirper*s 
Weekly^  November,  1899. 

"This  international  exhibition  of  Pittsburgh  is  the  only  interna- 
tional art  society  existing  in  the  United  States."— Jean  Fran- 
cois Raffaeli,  1899. 

"The  exhibition  which  has  just  been  opened  is  the  best  one  you 
ever  had,  and  I  am  disposed  to  say,  one  of  the  best  exhibitions  of 
the  century." — William  M.  Chase,  1899. 

"Mr.  Zorn  agrees  entirely  with  me  in  the  opinion  that  the  gen- 
eral average  is  hi^er  than  in  any  collection  that  has  ever  come 
before  us  as  jurors."— Alexander  Harrison,  1900. 

"The  galleries  now  contiun  as  high  a  quality  of  canvases  as  has 
ever  been  gathered  together  in  America,  with  the  exception  prob- 
ably of  the  World's  Fair  at  Chicago."— Ken  yon  Cox,  1900. 



'The  standard  of  the  works  sent  here  for  exhibition  is,  to  my 
mind,  an  exceptionally  hi^  one/'— Anders  L.  Zorn,  1900. 

"The  Cam^e  Institute  is  the  first  institution  in  the  United 
States  that  has  invited  the  works  of  international  artists  to  be  ex- 
hibited in  America,  thereby  giving  the  public  a  fair  idea  of  what 
is  being  done  in  the  art  world" — Robert  W.  Allan,  1901. 

"Your  Loan  Exhibition,  in  representative  range  and  in  art  value, 
is  superb.  It  has  entirely  compelled  the  profound  gratitude  and 
honor  of  the  nation."— Dr.  F.  W.  Gunsaulus,  President  Ar- 
mour Institute,  Chicago,  1902. 

"You  have  a  very  beautiful  exhibition— in  point  of  evenness  and 
quality,  the  best  in  this  country."— Childe  Hassam,  1903. 

"Considering  the  size  of  the  display  and  the  number  of  works 
on  view  I  do  not  hesitate  to  pronounce  this  one  of  the  finest  col- 
lections of  modem  art  that  I  have  seen.'' — Alexander  Roche, 
Exlinburgh,  1904. 

'The  annual  shows  of  the  Carnegie  Institute  are  like  yearly 
World's  Fairs  of  pictures." — Ernest  Knaufft,  in  Review  of 
Reviews^  1904. 

"The  Pittsburgh  exhibition  expresses  in  the  most  remarkable 
manner  the  present  art  movement  of  the  world." — Alfred 
EUsT,  1905. 

"The  exhibition  is  very  important  and  interesting  in  the  quality 
of  American  works  and  in  the  great  variety  of  schools  of  all  coun- 
tries represented;  and  I  was  greatly  impressed  by  the  Institute's 
methods  of  administration  and  general  organization." — 
Charles  Cottet,  1905. 

"The  Carnegie  Institute's  Exhibition  of  1907  was  the  most  im- 
portant international  exhibition  ever  made  in  America,  except  at 
expositions."— W.  M.  R.  French,  1907. 



Palais  du  Trocad£ro, 

November  15, 1907 
The  architectural  collection  represents  a  selection  which  evi- 
dences indubitable  taste.  One  sees  placed  in  equal  relation  works 
of  the  antique,  the  middle  age,  the  Renaissance,  the  Grecian,  the 
French,  and  the  Italian  periods.  Such  perfect  reproductions  of 
the  best  models  could  not  be  gathered  without  great  effort.  It 
was  thus  that  the  magnificent  cast  of  the  Porch  of  St.  Gilles,  at 
Grard,  France,  of  which  no  other  museum  possesses  more  than  a 
third,  or  some  of  the  smaller  parts,  was  secured,  and  made  an 
imposing  background  in  the  grand  hall  of  architecture.  Such  a 
collection  is  an  incomparable  instrument  of  education,  and  one 
cannot  restrain  himself  in  congratulating  the  organizers. 

Camillb  Enlart, 
Director,  Trocadero  Museum,  France 





Aberdeen,  University  of,  237 

Abraham,  94 

Academie  de  Dijon,  213 

Academie  Imperiale  des  Sci- 
ences de  St.-Pctersbourg,  212 

Academie  de  Montpellier, 
France,  214 

Academy  of  Natural  Sciences 
of  Philadelphia,  103 

Academy  of  Science  of  St. 
Louis,  104 

Adelbert  College,  203 

Aix-Marseille,  Universitc  d', 

Alabama  Polytechnic  Institute, 

Aladdin,  55 

Albright  Art  Gallery,  119 

Alden,  Frank  E.,  9,  42 

Alden  &  Harlow,  89 

Alderman,  £.  A.,  193 

Aldrich,  William  S.,  10, 41 

Alexander,  John  W.,  10,  42, 

399»  407 
Allan,  Robert  W.,  450 

Allegheny  College,  106 

Allegheny  Coimty  Public 

Schools,  107 

Allegheny  Library,  56,  57 
Alma-Tadema,  Sir  Lawrence, 

American  Association  for  the 
Advancement  of  Science,  109 
"American  Commonwealth," 


American  Guests,  list  of,  9 

American  Institute  of  Elec- 
trical Engineers,  110 

American  Museum  of  Natural 

.  History,  111 

American  Philosophical  So- 
ciety, 113 

Amherst  College,  112 

Anderson,  Edwin  H.,  56 

Andrews,  Dr.  C.  W.,  277 

Andrews,  E.  B.,  190 

Angcll,  James  B.,  187 

Archeniiold,  F.  S.,  18,  39,  423; 
gifts  from,  445 

Archenhold,  Mme.,  45 

Archer,  William,  19,  39;  poem 
by,  401 

Argentine  Republic,  guests  in- 
vited from,  14 

Armour  Institute  of  Technol- 
ogy, 114 



Armour,  Philip  D.,  309 
"Around  the  World,"  388 
Art  Institute  of  Chicago,  115 
Astrophysical  Observatory,  171 
Atkinson,  F.  W.,  10, 41,  164 
Aurivillius,  Chr.,  222 
Australia,  guests  invited  from, 


Austria-Himgary,  guests  in- 
vited from,  14 

Ayres,  Brown,  192 

Bach,  J.  S.,  89 
Bad^,  Souvenir,  30 
Ball,  Sir  Robert  S.,  19,  39, 
415;  address  by,  327 
Balz,  Herman,  10 
Banquet,  37 1 
Barr,  A.  J.,  v,  43 
Bartholdt,  Richard,  10,  40, 

Beatty,  John  W.,  v,  38,  60, 


Beaver,  James  A.,  10,  40 

Beit,  Alfred,  309 

Belgium,  guests  invited  from, 

Belin,  Dr.,  223 

Bell,  Dr.  C.  F.  M.,  19,  39, 

353.  421 
Bell,  Mrs.,  45 

Bell,  H.  M.,  10,  41,  134 

Benedite,  Lconce,  17,  39 

422 ;  address  by,  344 

Benedite,  Mile.,  45 

Benoist,  Antoine,  214 

Berlin  High  School,  76 

Berlin  University,  339 

Berriel,  Leopolds,  233 

Bertram,  James,  10 

Bessemer,  Sir  Henry,  308 

Bible,  reading  from,  47 

Bigelow,  E.  M.,  V,  43 
Billings,  John  S.,  10,  41 
Blasema,  Dr.,  264 
Boirac,  E.,  213 
Boissier,  (raston,  220 
Bolivia,  guests  invited  from, 

Bordeaux,  Universite  de,  224 

Boston  Museum  of  Fine  Arts, 

Bouvier,  Bernard,  235 

Bovey,  Dr.  Henry  T.,  15,  41 
Bowdoin  G)lleg^  1 16 
Boys'  Naturalists  Club,  60 
Boznanska,  Olga  de,  96 
Braddock,  General  Edward, 

Brand,  William,  v,  43 
Brashear,  John  A.,  v,  43,  60 
Brazil,  guests  invited  from,  15 
Briggs,  L.  B.  R.,  167 
Brill,  H.  v.,  157 
Britton,  N.  L.,  155 
Broegger,  Dr.,  260 
Brooklyn  Institute  of  Arts  and 
Sciences,  117 
Brooklyn  Polytechnic  Insti- 
tute, 164 
Brown,  E.  E.,  10, 40,  102 
Brown  University,  118 
Bruxelles,  Universite  Libre  de, 

Bryce,  James,  389 
Bryn  Mawr  College,  120 
Buffalo  Fine  Arts  Academy, 

Buffington,  Joseph,  v,  43 
Bulgaria,  guests  invited  from. 

Billow,  Prince  von,  352 
Bumpus,  H.  C,  10,  41 
Bureau  of  Education,  102 



Bureau  of  Ethnology,  171 
Burgess,  J.  W,,  339 
Butler,  E.  C,  281 
Butler,  Nicholas  Murray,  1 29 
Buttrick,  Wallace,  258 

Cable,  George  W.,  10,  42 
Caen,  University  of,  265 
CafBn,  Charles  H.,  449 
Caldwell,  John,  v,  43,  61,  63 
California,  University  of,  149, 

Calvin,  John,  235 
Calvo,  Don  J.  B.,  16,  39 
Cambridge,  University  of,  240, 

Campbell,  W.  W.,  10, 41,  149 
Campbell-Bannerman,  Sir 
Henry,  293 
Canada,  guests  invited  from,  15 
Cape  University,  260 
Carlton,  W.  N.,  178 
Carnegie,  Andrew;  address  at 
the  dedication,  54;  address  at 
banquet,  379;  gifts  to  Scot- 
land, 396;  references  to,  3,  4, 
28,  30,  31,  36,  38,  46,  77, 83, 
93,  172,  173,  174,  175,  176, 
179,  180,  183,  196,  201,  204, 
210,  217,  228,  232,  233,  238, 
245,  246,  248,  253,  257,  267, 
268,  291,  292,  293,  299,  300, 

309*  343i  344.  362,  364.  365^ 
378, 386, 387. 388,  392, 393» 
394, 396, 397, 399, 400, 401, 
403, 406, 408, 409, 410, 41 1 
Carnegie,  Mrs.  Andrew,  28, 30, 

3U  36,  45»  54»  55^  292,  293, 
Carnegie  Art  Galleries,  found- 
ing of,  4;  international  ex- 

hibitions in,  60;  jury  system, 
61;   gifts   to,   66;   painting 
awards,  96 
Camegie  Dunfermline  Trust, 

293.  364 
Camegie  Hall  of  Music,  56, 58 

Camegie  Hero  Fimd,  68 

Camegie  Institute,  inception  of 
the  idea,  3,  S5'»  gi^^  to,  66; 
organization  and  endowment 
of,  6;  description  of,  7, 89-96; 
painting  awards  by,  96 

Camegie  Institution  of  Wash- 
ington, 121 

Camegie  Library,  inauguration 
of,  3;  gifts  to,  66;  statistics  of 
circulation,  90,  91 ;  branches, 
56,  91 

Camegie  Museum,  foimduigof, 
4;  gifts  to,  66;  description  of, 

61,  93 
Camegie  Pension  Fimd,  68 

Camegie  Relief  Fund,  378 

Camegie,  Thomas,  299 

Camegie,  T.  Morris,  10 

Camegie    Technical    Schools, 

founding  of,  6;  organization 

of,  61,  94;  scholarships  in,  66 
Camegie  University  Trust,  293 
Case  School  of  Applied  Science, 

Ceska  Universita,  Prague, 

Bohemia,  216 
Chapin,  John  H.,  10 
Chaplin,  W.  S.,  199 
Charlottenburg,  70 
Chase,  William  M.,  449 
Chester,  Rear-Admiral  Colby 

M.,  10,  40,  184 
Chicagp,  University  of,  185 
Chile,  guests  invited  from,  16 
China,  guests  invited  from,  16 



Christiania,  University  of,  260 
Church,  S.  H.,  v,  42,  46,  52, 

63*  279,  371,  406,  408,  410, 

41 1,  448;  address  by,  89 
Church^  Mrs.  S.  H.,  46 
Cincinnati  Museum  Associa- 
tion, 123 
Cincinnati,  University  of ,  186 
Clapp,  George  H.,  v,  43 
Clark  University,  1 24 
Clarke,  Sir  Caspar  Purdon,  10, 

Clemson  Agricultural  College, 

Cohen,  Josiah,  v,  43 
College  of  the  City  of  New 

York,  126 
Colombia,  guests  invited  f rom, 

Colorado  College,  127 
Colorado  School  of  Mines,  1 28 
Columbia  University,  129 
Connecticut  Academy  of  Arts 

and  Sciences,  130 
"Connection  between  Science 

and  Engineering,"  303 
Corea,  Don  L.  F.,  24,  39 
Cornell,  Ezra,  64 
Cornell  University,  131 
Costa  Rica,  guests  invited 

from,  16 
Cottet,  Charles,  450 
Cox,  Kenyon,  449 
Craighead,  Exiwin  B.,  10,  41, 

Cranston,  Sir  Robert,  19,  39, 

417 ;  address  by,  394 
Cranston,  Lady,  45 
Crawford,  William  H.,  10,  41, 

Cuba,  guests  invited  from,  16 
Curie,  Mme.,  261 

Dabney,  C.  G.,  186 
Dalhousie  University,  217 
Danilevsky,  Dr.,  262 
Darwin,  Charles,  241 
Dauge,  £.,  245 
Davis,  William  M.,  10, 40 
Day,  James  R.,  174 
deForest,  Robert  W.,  150 
Degrees,  Conferring  of  honor- 
ary, 405-423 
"Democratic  en  Amerique,"  388 
Dempster,  Alexander,  205, 406 
Denmark,  guests  invited  from, 

Denny,  Greorge  H.,  10, 41,  202 
Department  of  the  Interior,  102 
d'Estoumelles     de     Constant, 
Baron,  17,  39,  46,  416;  ad- 
dress by,  78 
Detaille,  J.  B.  E.,  60 
Dethier,  Gaston  M.,  46 
Detroit  Museum  of  Art,  132 
"Development  of  Architectural 
Style  in  Germany,"  315 
Dickerson,  J.  S.,  10 
Dickinson  College,  133 
Dickhuth,  Colonel,  18,  39,  42 1 
Dickhuth,  Miss,  46 
Dijon,  France,  Academic  de, 

Diplodocus,  406,  409 
d'Oldenburg,  Serge,  212 
Dominican  Republic,  guests  in- 
vited from,  1 7 
Donaldson,  James,  254 
Doumer,  Paul,  17,  39, 46,  398, 
409,  410,  416,  417;  address 
by»  77 ;  gifts  from,  407,  445 
Drake  University,  134 
Drinker,  Henry  S.,  10,  40,  146 
Dunfermline,  5,  380,  381, 
383 ;  address  from,  293 



"Dunfermline's  Son,"  290 
"Diinfennline  Trust,"  364 
Duquesne,  Fort,  298,  380 
Duvall,  General  W.  P.,  10, 

Eads,  James  B.,  312 
Eakins,  Thomas,  96 
East,  Alfred,  450 
Ecuador,  guests  invited  from, 

Edinburgh,  University  of,  244 
Edward  VII,  King,  84,  296, 

352,  359i  360,  395»  409 
Elgar,  Sir  Edward,  20,  29,  39, 

Elgin,  Lord,  293 

Emmert,  David,  10,  41 

"Empire  of  Business,"  388 

Endowments,  6,  90 

Engler,  Edwin  A.,  10,  40, 

Enlart,  Camille,  17,  39,  423, 

45 1 ;  address  by,  279 
Enlart,  Mme.,  45 
Erlangen,  University  of,  261 
Evans,  Thomas  C,  11,  41 

Fallieres,  President,  218,  352, 

359»  360 
Faunce,  W.  H.  L.,  118 
Fay,  C.  Norman,  1 1 
Field,  Dr.  H.  H.,  272 
Fine  Arts,  Department  of,  4; 

description  of,  91 
Finley,  John  H.,  1 1,  40,  126 
Fleuret,  Edwin,  97 
Forbes,  Colonel  John,  298, 

299,  301,  380 
Forrest,  John,  217 
Founder's  Day  celebrations,  8, 


"Four-in-hand  through 

Britain,"  388 
Fox,  William  Henry,  1 1,  42 
France,    guests   invited   from, 
17;  American  obligations  to, 


France,  Institut  de,  220 

Franklin,  Benjamin,  297 
Franks,  Robert  A.,  11,  $$ 
Frederick  the  Great,  34,  337, 

391*  392 
Frederick  William  III,  King, 

Free  Library  of  Philadelphia, 

French  Republic,  President  of, 

"French  Sculpture  of  the  Mid- 
dle Ages,"  279 
French,  W.  M.  R.,  1 1, 42,  115, 

Frew,  William  N.,  v,  28,  31, 
38,  46,  54,  S5^  63,  96,  211, 

372,  373*  375*  406, 448 
Frew,  Mrs.  William  N.,  28, 45 

Friday  Afternoon,  exercises 

on,  267 
Friday  Luncheon,  265 
Friday  Morning,  exercises  on, 

Friday  Night,  Banquet,  37 1 
Frissell,  H.  B.,  1 1 
Fulton,  Robert,  312 

Galbraith,  Dr.  John,  16,  41 
Galileo,  89,  304 
Gambetta,  Leon,  82 
Geneve,  Universite  de,  235 
Geological  Society  of  America, 


Gottingen,  219 



George  Washington  Univer- 
sity, 137 
Gennan  Military  G)nstitu- 

tion,"  335 
Germany,  guests  invited  from, 
18;  her  contributions  to  our 
citizenship,  34 
Gcst,  J.  H.,  1 1,  42,  123 
Ghent,  University  of,  245 
Gifts  received:  from  F.  S.  Ar- 
chenhold,    445;    from    Paul 
Doumer,  445;  from  the  Ger- 
man Emperor,  425-444;  from 
Ernst  von  Ihne,  445 
Gilder,  Richard  Watson,  11, 

Gilman,  B.  L,  11,  42,  154 
Gladstone,  William  E.,  82 
Glasgow,  University  of,  246 
Goetze,  Frederick  A.,  1 1,  41 
Gonzalez,  Joaquin  V.,  263 
Gordon,  Daniel  M.,  228 
Gospel  of  Wealth,"  388 
Gottingen,  Georgc-August- 

Universitat,  219 
Granville-Smith,  W.,  96 
Great  Britain,  guests  invited 
from,    19-21;   American  ob- 
ligations to,  35 
Greece,  guests  invited  from,  2 1 
Greene,  Jerome  D.,  139 
GreiflFenhagen,  Maurice,  96 
Grey,  Earl,  Govemor-Greneral 
of  Canada,  259 
Griffith,  A.  H.,  11,  42,  132 
Grove  City  College,  138 
Guatemala,  guests  invited 

from,  22 
Guests,  list  of,  9-27;  program 

for,  28 ;  procession  of,  37-43 
Gunsaulus,  F.  W.,  115,  450 
Gunther,  Dr.  Albert,  269 

Guthrie,  Hon.  George  W.,  offi- 
cial welcome,  31,  36;  address 
by,  32;  references  to,  v,  28, 

39. 392,  398 
Guthrie,  Mrs.  George  W.,  28, 


Habana,  Universidad  de  la, 

Hadley,  Arthur  T.,  1 1,  40 

Hague  Conference,  70,  80,  81, 

83. 356,  357.  358,  359 
Haiti,  guests  invited  from,  22 

Halket,  297,  382 

Halket,  Sir,  297, 382 

Hall,  G.  Stanley,  11,  40,  124 

Halle,  Saxony,  University  of, 

Hamerschlag,  Arthur  A.,  v,  37, 

Hamerschlag,  Mrs.  Arthur  A., 

Hamilton,  Samuel,  108 

Harlan,  Richard  D.,  11,  41 

Harlow,  Albert  B.,  9,  42 

Harris,  A.  W.,  160 

Harrison,  Alexander,  449 

Harrison,  Benjamin,  57 

Harrison,  C.  C,  191 

Harvard,  John,  64 

Harvard  University,  139 

Harvey,  William,  241 

Hassam,  Childe,  450 

Haverford  College,  140 

Hay,  John,  83 

Hays,  I.  Minis,  11,  41 

Heinroth,  Charles,  38, 46,  92, 

Helsingfors,  University  of, 

Henderson,  Miss  Helen  W.,  1 1 
Henry,  Prof.  Joseph,  270 



Herron,  John,  Art  Institute, 

Heywood,  John  G.,  11, 42 

Hitchcock,  Edward,  112 

Hjclt,  Dr.,  262 

Hlava,  J.,  216 

Hochschule,  Bern,  Switzer- 
land, 215 

Hoeber,  Arthur,  1 1 

Holden,  L.  E.,  11,  196 

Holland,  Dr.  W.  J.,  v,  38,  59, 
409,  415 

HoUs,  G.  F.  W.,  83,  356, 


Holmes,  Joseph  A.,  11,41 
Hooper,  Franklin  W.,  1 1,  42 
Hopkins,  Anderson  H.,  v,  38, 

Hopkins,  Henry,  207 
Homaday,  W.  T.,  11,  42, 

Hombostel,  Henry,  1 1 

Home,  Durbin,  v,  43 

Houdon,  J.  A.,  287 

Hovey,  E.  O.,  136 

Howard,  L.  O.,  109 

Howe,  Charles  S.,  11, 40,  122 

Hudson,  James  F.,  v,  43 

Humphreys,  A.  C,  173 

Himicke,  H.  A.,  104 

Hyde,  William  D.,  1 16 

Dme,  Ernst  von,  18, 39, 418; 

address  by,  315 
Ihne,  Mme.  von,  45 
Imperial  Military  Academy  of 

Medicine,  St.  Petersburg,  262 
India,  guests  invited  from,  22 
Institut  de  France,  220 
International  Arbitration  and 

Peace  Conference,  268,  359 
International  Exchanges,  171 

International  Cooperation  in 

Zoology,"  267 
International  Founder's  Day, 

Invocation,  49 

Italy,  guests  invited  from,  22 

Jackson,  John  B.,  v,  43 
Jacobi,  H.,  229 
James,  E.  J.,  11,  40 
Jamison,  S.  C.,  v,  43 
Japan,  guests  invited  from,  23 
Jesse,  R.  H.,  189 
Jesup,  Morris  K.,  111 
Johns  Hopkins  University, 

Jones,  Paul,  287 
Jordsm,  David  Starr,  147 
Joseph  in  Egypt,  93 
Joubert,  Don  E.  C,  17, 39 
Judson,  H.  P.,  185 

Kaiserliche  Akademie  der 

Wissenschaften,  221 
Kamebeek,  Jonkheer  A.  P.  C. 

Van,  263 
Kates,  Charles  S.,  12 
Kelly,  William,  151 
Ketler,  I.  C,  12,  41,  138 
King,  Alexander,  12 
King,  Henry  C,  12,  40,  161 
Kingston,  Ontario,  Queen's 

University,  228 
Kirkland,  J.  H.,  197 
Klason,  Peter,  222 
Knaufft,  Emest,  450 
Kobert,  R.,  234 
Koch,  Theodore  W.,  12 
Koser,  Dr.  Reinhold,  19*  39» 

Krehbeil,  Henry  E.,  12,  42 
Kurtz,  Charles  M.,  12, 42,  I20 



Lafayette  College,  143 
Lafayette,  General  Marquis 

Lambing,  Rev.  A,  A.,  v,  43 
Lameere,  A.,  236 
Lang,  Dr.,  22 1 
Lang,  John  Marshall,  239 
Lankester,  Prof.  Ray,  274 
La  Plata,  National  Univer- 
sity of,  263 
Laronze,  Dr.,  251 
La  Touche,  Gaston,  96 
Lauder,  George,  299 
Lawrence  University,  144 
Leboucq,  H.,  245 
Lefavour,  Henry,  12,  41,  170 
Lehigh  University,  145 
Letter  of  thanks  to  German 
Emperor,  447 

Macf  arlane,  James  R.,  v,  43 
Magee,  Christopher  L.,  57 
Mancini,  E.  231 
Manion,  P.  A.,  v,  43 
Margaret  Morrison  Carnegie 

School  for  Women,  369 
Massachusetts  Institute  of 

Technology,  149 
McClelland,  Thomas,  12, 41 
McClure,  S.  S.,  12,  42 
McConway,  William,  v,  43, 63 
McCormick,  Robert  S.,  259 
McCormick,  S.  B.,  12, 40, 415; 

address  by,  412 
McCurdy,  George  G.,  12,  41 
McGec,WJ,  12 
McGill  University,  226 
McMichael,  C.  F.,  191 
McNair,  F.  W.,  12,  151 

Lewis  Institute  of  Chicago,  148  "Me  and  Andra,"  384 

Lick  Observatory,  149 
Lindsay,  Henry  D.,  41 
Linhart,  S.  B.,  205 
Loewenfeld,  General  von,  18, 

39,  69,  410,  411,  418;  ad- 
dress by,  335 ;  address  at  ban- 
quet, 391 

Lucas,  F.  A.,  12, 42,  1 17 
Luncheon,  265 

Luther,  Flavel  S.,  12,  40,  178 
Luther,  Martin,  46 

"Maarten  Maartens,"  see 

Mabie,  Hamilton  W.,  12,  42 
MacAlister,  Donald,  246 
Macbeth,  George  A.,  v,  43,  63 
Macbeth,  J.  C,  20,  39,  296, 

297»  364,  382;  address  by, 

MacCracken,  Henry  M.,  12, 

40,  158 

Mees,  C.  L.,  169 
Meissonier,  J.  L.  E.,  60 
Melchers,  Gari,  12 
Mell,  P.  H.,  125 
Mellon,  A.  W.,  v,  43 
Mellor,  C.  C,  v,  42,  63 
Meredith,  W.  R.,  255 
Merriman,  Daniel,  12,  42,  209 
Merton,  Mr.,  76 
Metcalf,  William,  Jr.,  v,  43, 


Metropolitan  Museum  of  Art, 

Mewissen,  Mr.  von,  76 
Mexico,  guests  invited  from,  23 
Meyer,  Annie  Nathan,  12 
Michelangelo,  89 
Michigan  College  of  Mines, 

Michigan,  University  of,  187 

Minnesota  Academy  of 

Science,  152 



Minnesota,  University  of,  188 
"Mission  of  an  Art  Museum," 

Missouri,  University  of,  189 

Mitchell,  Dr.  P.  C,  20,  39, 
257,  419;  address  by,  267 

Mitchell,  Mrs.,  45 

Moechel,  J.  R.,  175 

Moeller,  Theodor  von,  18,  39, 
46,  69,  408,  409,  419;  ad- 
dress by,  72 

Moffat,  James  D.,  12,  41,  2cx) 

Moncheur,  Baron,  15,  39 

Montgomery,  Thomas  L.,  1 2, 

Montpellier,  France,  Acade- 
mic de,  214 

Montreal,  McGill  University, 

Moore,  J.  Percy,  103 

Morris,  Harrison  S.,  12 

Morse,  K  S.,  162 

Mount  Holyoke  G)llege,  153 

Murray,  W.  C,  217 

Napoleon,  338 

National  Zoological  Park,  171 
Nebraska,  University  of,  190 
Needham,  Charles  W.,  12,  40, 

Netherlands,     guests     invited 

from,  24;  her  influence  on  his- 
tory, 35 
Newspapers,  obligations  to,  68 
Newton,  Sir  Isaac,  241,  304 
New  York  Botanical  Garden, 

New  York  Trade  School,  156 
New  York  University,  158 
New  York  Zoological  Park,  1 59 
"Next  Step  toward  Interna- 
tional Peace,"  351 

Nicaragua,  guest  invited  from, 

Nicholas  II,  Emperor  of  Rus- 
sia, 359 

Northrop,  Cyrus,  189 

North westem  University,  160 

Norway,  guests  invited  from, 

Oberlin  College,  161 
O'Brien,  M.  E.,  v,  43 
Olds,  George  D.,  112 
Oliver,  George  T.,  v,  43 
Orchestra,  Pittsburgh,  58,  92, 


"Organization  of  Peace,"  78 

Oxford,  University  of,  248 

Padua,  University  of,  250 
Palmer,  George  C,  1 2,  42 
Panama,  guests  invited  from, 

Paraguay,  guests  invited  from, 

Paris,  Universite  de,  225 
Parker,  Lawton  S.,  97 
Paur,  Emil,  29,  38,  58,  92 
Peabody,  F.  G.,  339 
Peabody,  G.  A.,  162 
Peabody  Mu^um,  162 
Pendleton,  Ellen  J.,  202 
Pennsylvania,  University  of, 

Pennsylvania,  Westem  Uni- 
versity of,  204 ;  conferring  of 
degrees  by,  405-423 
Peoples  Institute,  New  York, 

Persia,  guests  invited  from,  25 
Peru,  guests  invited  from,  25 
Peterson,  William,  16,  40, 



Philadelphia,  Free  Library  of, 

Pichon,  S.,  218 

Pitcaim,  Robert,  v,  42,  406 

Pitt,  William,  298 

Pittsburgh,  founding  of,  298 

Planches,  Baron  des,  22,  39 ; 
address  by,  387 

Plantz,  Samuel,  12,  40,  144 

Polacco,  v.,  250 

Poland,  guests  invited  from,  25 

Polytechnic  Institute,  Brook- 
lyn, 164 

Poorten-Schwartz,  J.  M.  W. 
Van  der,  24,  39,  422 ;  address 

by,  397 
Poorten-Schwartz,  Miss,  45 

"Popular  Significance  of  the 

Carnegie  Institute,"  72 

Porrit,  Edward,  13 

Porter,  H.  K.,  v,  43 

Porterfield,  John,  65 

Portugal,  guests  invited  from, 

Prague  University,  216 
Pratt,  Frederick  B.,  13,  41,  165 
Pratt  Institute,  165 
Prayer,  49 
Preece,  Sir  W.  H.,  20, 39, 419; 

address  by,  303 
President  of  the  United  States, 

letter  from,  52 
Preyer,  David  C,  13 
Pritchett,  Henry  S.,  13, 40, 149 
Prize  Paintings,  list  of,  96 
Procession,  37-43 
Program  of  the  Celebration,  28 
Purdue  University,  166 
Purinton,  D.  B.,  206 

Queen's  University,  228 
Quesada,  Don  G.  de,  1 6,  39 

Radcliffe  College,  167 
Raffaeli,  Jean  Francois,  449 
Rais,  Jules,  18,  39 
Raymond,  A.  V.  V,,  181 
Reale  Accademia  dei  Lincei, 

231,  264 
Redfield,  Edward  W.,  13 
Reed,  George  Edward,  13,  41, 

Reed,  James  H.  v,  42,  63*  374^ 

387*  390i  394*  397»  4oi»  403 
Reed,  Mrs.  James  H.,  46 

''Relationship  of  Pittsburg 

and  Dunfermline,"  296 
Remsen,  Ira,  13,  40,  142 
Rennes,  France,  University  of, 

Rensselaer  Pol3rtechnic  Insti- 
tute, 168 
"Review  of  the  Work,"  89 
Rheinische  Friedrich-Wil- 

helms-Universitat,  229 
Rhind,  J.  Massey,  89 
Rhodes,  Cecil,  309 
Rh;ys,  Dr.  John,  21,  39, 46,  47, 

249,  420 
Rh^  Miss,  46 
Ricketts,  Palmer  C,  168 
Robert,  C,  247 
Roberts,  Dr.  E.  S.,  21,  39,  46, 

420;  prayer  by,  49;  remarks 

on    presentation    of    address 

from  Cambridge  University, 

Roberts,  Mrs.,  46 
Robertson,   William,   21,   39, 

296,  3CX) ;  address  by,  364 
Robinson,  Eklward,  41 
Roche,  Alexander,  450 
Rockefeller,  John  D.,  185, 309 ; 

telegram  to  Mr.  Carnegie, 




Roma,  Reale  Accademia  dei 
Lincei,  231,  264 
Rontgen,  Wilhelm  K.,  264, 

Roosevelt,  President  Theodore, 

letter  from,  52;  references  to, 

69,  82,  83,  352,  358,  393 

Rose  Polytechnic  Institute,  169 

Rosengarten,  Joseph  G.,  13, 

42,135    • 
Ross,  Dr.  John,  21,  39,  293, 

364,  420;  address  by,  296 

Rostock,  Universitat,  234 

Roumania,  guests  invited  from, 

Russia,  guests  invited  from,  26 

Saint-Graudens,  Augustus,  289 
St.  Andrews,  University  of, 

St.-Pctersbourg,  Russia,  Acade- 

Scottish  Guests  to  Andrew 

Carnegie,"  401 
Scovel,  S.  F.,  13, 42 
Servia,  guests  invited  from,  26 
Seven  Wonders  of  the  Old 

World,  305 
Shafer,  John  D.,  v,  43 
Shakspere,  William,  63,  89 
Sharpless,  Isaac,  140 
Sheldon,  Samuel,  13, 41,  110 
Shrigley,  John  M.,  208 
Shroder,  Dr.,  219 
Siam,  guests  invited  from,  26 
Simmons  College,  170 
Slocum,  W.  F.,  13,  127 
Smith,  Charles  Sprague,  13, 

42,  163 
Smith,  Charles  Stewart,  13 
Smith,  Edgar  F.,  113 
Smith,  William  R.,  13 
Smithsonian  Institution,  171 

mie   Imperiale   des   Sciences,   "Solution  of  a  Great  Scien- 

212;  Imperial  Military  Acad- 
emy of  Medicine,  262 

Saturday  Morning,  exercises 
on,  405 

Scaife,  W.  L.,  v,  43 

Schaeffer,  Nathan  C.,  13, 41 

Schaper,  Dr.  Fritz,  19,  39,  421 

Schaper,  Mme.,  45 

Schamhorst,  General  G.  L.  D. 
von,  339,  340,  341 

Schmidlapp,  J.  G.,  13, 40 

Schurman,  Jacob  G.,  13,  40, 

Schwab,  C.  M.,  13 

Schwab,  J.  C,  130 

Schweinitz,  Greneral  H.  L.  von, 

352, 353  . 
Scotland,  gifts  received  from 

Mr.  Carnegie,  396 

Scott,  H.  L.,  182 

tific  Difficulty,'*  327 
"Some  Jewels  Set  Together," 

Southern  Educational  Fund, 

Spain,  guests  invited  from,  26 
Spencer,  Herbert,  57 
Stanford,  Leland,  Jimior, 

University,  147 
Stead,  Dr.  W.  T.,  21,  39,  422; 

address  by,  351 
Stead,  Mrs.,  45 
Stephenson,  George,  312 
Stevens  Institute  of  Tech- 
nology, 172 
Stewart,  William,  246 
Stockholm,  University  of,  222 
Stokes,  Anson  Phelps,  Jr.,  211 
Stone,  Winthrop  E.,  13,  40, 



Strauss,  Dr.  Richard,  230 
Strutt,  R.,  333 
Stuart,  Gilbert  C,  289 
Suess,  E.,  22 1 
Swain,  Joseph,  173 
Swarthmore  College,  173 
Sweden,  guests  invited  from, 

Swinderen,  Jonkheer,  24,  39 

Switzerland,  guests  invited 
from,  27;  Hochschule,  Bern, 

Syracuse  University,  174 

Taylor,  Charles  L.,  v,  43 
Taylor,  J.  M.,  198 
Tea  for  the  Ladies,  369 
Tebar,  J.  M.,  232 
Technological  Society  of  Kan- 
sas City,  1 75 
Tennessee,  University  of,  192 
Thamin,  R.,  224 
Thach,  C.  C,  105 
Thomas,  J.  F.,  13 
Thomas,  M.  C,  120 
Thomas  S.  Clarkson  Memorial 

School  of  Technology,  1 76 
Thompson,  Dwinel  F.,  13,  41 
Thomson,  John,  13,  135 
Thurlings,  Prof.  Dr.  A.,  215 
Thursday  afternoon,  exercises 

on,  45 
Thursday  morning,  reception 

of  guests,  31 
Thursday  night,  gala  concert 

on,  99 
Thwing,  Charles  F.,  13,  40, 

Tocqueville,  A.  C.  H.  M.  C. 

de,  388 
Tokyo,  University  of,  265 
Trinity  College,  177 

"Triumphant  American  De- 
mocracy," 388 

Trustees  of  Carnegie  Insti- 
tute, v;  Mr.  Carnegie's  ap- 
preciation of,  67 

Tulane  University  of  Louis- 
iana, 179 

Turkey,  guests  invited  from, 

Turner,  William,  245 

Tuskegee  Normal  and  Indus- 
trial Institute,  180 

Union  College,  181 

United  States  Military  Acad- 
emy, 182 

United  States  National  Mu- 
seum, 171 

United  States  Naval  Acad- 
emy, 183 

Universite  d'Aix-Marseille, 

Universite  de  Bordeaux,  224 

Universite  de  Paris,  225 

Uruguay,  guests  invited  from, 


Vanderbilt  University,  197 
Vanderhoef,  George,  13 
van  Hise,  C.  R.,  194 
Vassar  College,  198 
Venezuela,  guests  invited  from, 


Venezuela,  Universidad  Cen- 
tral de,  232 

Vetter,  Theodore,  256 

Victor  Emmanuel  III,  King  of 
Italy,  361 

Vienna,  Kaiserliche  Akademie 
der  V^^issenschaf  ten,  22 1 

Virginia,  University  of,  193 

Voorst,  Mr.  Van,  270 



Wactzholdt,  G.  D.,  13 

Walcott,  Charles  D.,  13,  40, 

Walker,  T.  B.,  153 

Wall,  A.  Bryan,  v,  43 

Walters,  E.  R.,  v,  43 

Warfield,  E.  D.,  143 

Warren,  Joseph  W.,  120 

Washington  and  Jefferson 
College,  200 

Washington  and  Lee  Univer- 
sity, 201 

Washington,  Booker  T.,  13, 
41,  180 

Washington,  George,  82,  287, 

297»  34o»  380 
Washington  University,  199 

Wasson,  J.  C,  v,  43,  63 
Watt,  James,  306,  312 
Welch,  William  H.,  13,  40 
Wellesley  College,  202 
Werner,  John,  v,  43 
Wesley,  John,  304 
Western  Reserve  University, 

Western  University  of  Penn- 
sylvania, 204;  conferring  of 
degrees  by,  405 
Westinghouse,  (Jeorge,  14,  40 
Westinghouse,  Mrs.  George,  46 
West  Virginia  University,  206 
Wharton,  Joseph,  14,  40,  71 

White,  Henry,  218 
Whitfield,  Henry  D.,  14 
Willert,  Arthur,  14 
William  II,  German  Emperor, 

34*  69,  70, 72, 352>  359»  39^ 
39^»  393»  406,  408,  410; 
cablegram  from,  411;  gifts 
from,  425-444;  letter  of 
thanks  to,  447 
Williams  College,  207 
Williamson  Free  School  of 

Mechanical  Trades,  208 
Wilson,  George  H.,  37,  46,  58 
Wilson,  W.  E.,  333 
Wisconsin,  University  of,  194 
Woodward,  R.  S.,  14,  40,  121 
Woodwell,  Joseph  R.,  v,  43 
WooUey,  Mary  E.,  153 
Wooster,  University  of,  195 
Worcester  Art  Museum,  209 
Worcester  Polytechnic  Insti- 
tute, 210 
Wycliff,  John,  304 

Yale,  Elihu,  64 

Yale  University,  130,  211 

Zevort,  Dr.,  265 

Zoological  Society  of  London, 

Zom,  Anders  L.,  450 

Zurich,  University  of,  256